بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
In light of the “scandal”[!] that has broken in the U.K. recently regarding certain products being labelled incorrectly as beef when in fact they are horse, we present here a brief summary of the affair regarding the actual ruling on horse meat.
It should be known that there is a difference of opinion that exists regarding eating horse meat amongst scholars. However the correct position is that it is permissible to eat as the majority of scholars explained; the statements of the scholars follow:
Shaikh bin Baz: “Horse meat is permissible, the prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم permitted that in his statement narrated from Jaabir bin ‘Abdillah رضي الله عنه, “The prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم forbade on the Day of Khaibar from eating domesticated donkeys however he permitted horses” [al-Bukhary and Muslim].
Similarly Asmaa bint Abi Bakr رضي الله عنهما stated, “We slaughtered a horse during the time of the prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم and we ate it whilst we were in Madinah” [al-Bukhary and Muslim].
Shaikh ibn ul-Uthaymeen: “Yes [it is permissible to eat] due to the narration in al-Bukhary of Asmaa bint Abi Bakr رضي الله عنهما “We slaughtered a horse….[as above]”
Shaikh ‘Abdul Muhsin al-’Abbad: “[The hadith of Asmaa bint Abi Bakr رضي الله عنهما] indicates that horse meat is halal and permissible and from the good affairs”.
Shaikh al-Fawzan: “[The hadith of Asmaa bint Abi Bakr] indicates the permissibility of horse meat, and horse meat is permissible amongst many of the people of knowledge such as Imaam Ahmad and Imaam as-Shaafi’ee”. [Explanation of Buloogh al Maraam v6 p9].