In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy
A Rebuke Against the Militant Atheists
Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: If you want to know the misguidance of the materialistic atheists who say that “The creation and phenomena in the universe came into existence by chance without a Creator who created them, and there was none who brought them into existence prior to its non- existence” and (you want to know) in addition to their clear misguidance that they are in a state of foppery and madness, which is not hidden except to the one who neither has sound intellect nor discerning ears and sight; if you want to know this about them, whilst knowing that all these things came into existence because Allāh created them based on His Perfect Decree and Perfect Plan; then look at this mighty universe- its sun, its moon, its earth and the phenomena within them! Contemplate with your sight and insight, and you will find that all of it is at the highest level of beauty and perfection, and based on an amazing system which clearly shows that its Creator is One, unique in every sense, One Alone in His Oneness, in His Self, and His Attributes, and Alone in His Divinity; The Perfect Lord and Master upon Whom all of creation depends; The Lord and Master Whose control is complete, Upon Whom the whole of creation depends for its needs, because of His Perfection in His Self, His Names, His Attributes and His Actions, The One Who remains and never passes away; The One Who neither eats nor drinks, Free of all needs. The All-Wise, The One Who is completely Wise in everything He decrees, and completely Wise in His Sayings, and in His Actions. There is no deficiency in anything He decrees, says or does; The All-Knowing – knows everything in the seven heavens and the seven earths and whatever is between them and whatever is beneath the ground and whatever is in the depths of the oceans, and knows all the places (nothing hidden from Him), and He able to do all things. The intellects and sound precise comprehensions are baffled when attention is given to His Wisdom and Amazing Plan in some of the things He has created, let alone all of them. Therefore, Blessed is the One Who perfected everything He has created and measured it exactly according to its due measurement.
Look at the sun and the moon and their distance from the earth?! If they were closer to the earth more than what it is, then much damage would have afflicted the bodies, the plants and all that is on it. Look at the results of their movements in relation to the four seasons, which humans, animals and plants are compelled in their need for them, the benefits of light from them, plant growth and maturity and other benefits!
Look at yourself and the great lessons within you- how every limb is placed in its appropriate place! Had they been placed in other than their place, the created image would have been in disarray and benefit would have diminished. Likewise, this is case regarding all the animals. Therefore, can it be imagined that this happened by chance, and that neither a Creator created nor brought them in existence prior to their state of non-existence?! Indeed, the conformity of the elements of life, its perfect measurement and due proportion- whose increase or decrease would have disrupted life- is the greatest proof regarding the Oneness of Al-Baari [The Originator, The One Who – by His Power – originated and created and fashioned the created beings upon their separate forms without any prior example to follow, and Who created and fashioned the souls in the wombs], a nullification of the doctrine of the materialists and and that the One Who gave life to living things and the effects He laid down in them is able to do everything. Whoever looks at the huge and small animals and how Allāh inspired them to acquire everything they need, assigned their means of wellbeing, discernment and intelligence, and the amazing actions He gave them, which a person is unable to do, then he will know that this indeed did not occur except from the inspiration of the One Who gave everything its nature and then guided it. [An Excerpt from Ad-Dalaa’il Al-Qur’aaniyyah Fee Annal Uloom Wal-A’maal An-Naafi’ah Al-Asriyyah Daakhilatun Fid Deen Al-Islaamiy. page 20-22. Slightly paraphrased]
How to Approach The Contemporary Worldly Sciences
Shaikh Saaleh Aala Ash-Shaikh [may allaah preserve him] said: The Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said: Verily, the creation of each of you is brought together in his mother’s womb for forty days as a drop [of water, semen], then he is a clot for a similar period, then a morsel for a similar period…. [An-Nawawi’s Forty Hadeeth. Hadeeth 4]
It is well known that during that era, the Sahaabah did not know these stages (of development of the human being in the womb) through experimental knowledge, vision [i.e. by way X-rays or ultrasound that enables the human to see something in the womb) or other than that; rather it was simply (a statement of the Prophet) which they (believed and affirmed). They were scholars by way of the revelation sent down to the Prophet and not by way of experimentation (examination). [Sharh Al-Arba’een. Hadeeth 4]
Imaam Muhammad Bin Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: We do not say, “We do not give consideration to anything stated by the people in the subject matter regarding medicine, astronomy and the celestial bodies”, however, we do not accept everything they say. If what they say opposes the Book and the (authentic) Sunnah, then indeed we do not accept their statements. We take [i.e. believe and affirm without any doubt] that which is conveyed in the Book and the Sunnah], and we say, “An era will come in which the people will bear witness to the falsity of those statements of theirs – at present – that are in opposition to the Book and Sunnah and (bear witness) to the soundness of that which has been conveyed in the Book and the Sunnah. [An excerpt from the ‘Explanation of Bulooghul Maraam’ Vol 1. page 130. Shared by Ustaadh abu Tasneem (Mushaf Al-Banghaalee- may Allaah preserve him)]
Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: Indeed, that which is stated by the astronomers about the celestial bodies, their sizes and the distance between them, and that which is said about the earth [i.e. by the geologists etc] is categorized into three affairs: [a] That which is backed by the sound knowledge-based proofs [i.e. the Sharee’ah], therefore it is accepted. [b] That which the knowledge-based proofs [i.e. the sharee’ah] declares to be false, therefore it is rejected. [c] That which there is no proof to either accept or reject it, therefore it is unproven until a person from the people of knowledge [i.e. upright scholars of Ahlus Sunnah] examines it [i.e. examines what it indicates based on the Book and Sunnah] to show whether it should be accepted or rejected. As for accepting it without [sound] investigation and observation, but merely accepting it by blindly following them [i.e. the astronomers, geologists etc], then this is impermissible because of the numerous mistakes that occur as a result of that, and speaking -without knowledge – about Allaah and that which He has created [i.e. the entire universe and all that is within it]. [An Excerpts from ‘Al-Adillah An-Naqliyyah Wal-Hissiyyah Alaa Imkaanis Su’ood Ilal Kawaakib Wa Alaa Jarayaan Ash-Shams Wal-Qamar Wa Sukoon Al-Ard’ page 74. slightly paraphrased]
Therefore, we return to those honest investigators – those students of sound Aqeedah who are well acquainted with both the statements of the upright scholars and the contemporary worldly sciences, such as the likes of Dr. Shaikh Abu Iyaadh Amjad Rafiq [may Allaah preserve him, increase him in beneficial knowledge and righteous deeds. And likewise preserve all the students and Ahlus Sunnah Aameen].
Read: Understanding the Two Definitions of ‘Science’ in Operation – By Shaikh Dr. Abu Iyaadh: