Hadith: The Old Woman of Bani Israa’eel – As-Saheeha (313)
[AS-SAHEEHAH (no. 313)]:
Aboo Ya’laa reported in his ‘Musnad’ (3/441), and al-Haakim (2/404-405 and 571-572), through three chains from Yoonus ibn Abee Ishaaq: from Aboo Burdah: from Aboo Moosaa who said: ‘The Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) came to a bedouin who treated him generously, so he said to him: ‘Come to us.’ So he came to him, Allaah’s Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said [and in one narration: Allaah’s Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) stopped off as a guest with a bedouin, and he treated him generously. So Allaah’s Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said to him: ‘We will remember this, so come to us.’ So later the bedouin came to him, and Allaah’s Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said:
‘Ask for whatever you need.’ so he said: ‘A she-camel with its saddle, and some goats which my wife can milk.’ So Allaah’s Messenger said: ‘Are you unable to be like the old woman of the Banoo Israa.eel?’ [So his Companions said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah! And what does ‘the old woman of the Banoo Israa.eel’ refer to?’
He said: ‘When Moosaa left Egypt at night with the Banoo Israa.eel they lost their way. So he said: ‘What is wrong?’ So their learned men said:[‘We shall tell you.] When death came to Yoosuf he took a solemn agreement from us in Allaah’s Name that we would not depart from Egypt until we carried his body along with us.’ He said: ‘Then who knows the place of his grave?’ [They said: None of us knows where the grave of Yoosuf is, except for ] an old woman of the Banoo Israa.eel. So he sent for her, and she came to him.
He said: ‘Guide me to the grave of Yoosuf.’ She said: [‘No, by Allaah! I will not do so] until you grant me my reward.’ He said: ‘And what reward do you want?’ She said: ‘That I should be with you in Paradise.’ So he disliked to grant her that, but Allaah revealed to him: ‘Grant her her due reward.ý So she went with them to a pond: a place where water gathered, and she said: ‘Drain this water away.’ So they drained it. She said: ‘Dig, and extract the body of Yoosuf.’ So when they lifted it out and placed it upon the ground the path suddenly became bright like the light of day.’
The context is Aboo Ya’laa’s, and the (bracketed) additions along with the other narrations are al-Haakim’s, and he said; ‘Saheeh’ to the standard of the two Shaikhs, and Ahmad and Ibn Ma’een judged that Yoonus heard the hadeeth ‘There is no marriage except with a guardian’ from Aboo Burdah.’ And adh-Dhahabee agreed.
And I say: It is to the standard of Muslim alone, since al-Bukhaaree did not report any of Yoonus’s narrations in his ‘Saheeh’, but rather in his ‘Juz.ul-Qiraa’ah…..’
Translated by Ustaadh Abu Talhah (may Allaah have mercy upon him and his wife). This hadeeth was sent to us by brother Haroon As-Salafi (may Allaah preserve him)