Shaikh Rabee (may Allaah preserve him) was asked:
Is Jarh and Tadeel (carried out against) specific individuals an affair (to be) specifically (carried out by) the scholars only, or can even the youth (i.e. those students of knowledge still in their youth) who possess knowledge (do so)? [NB: see link for more clarification regarding the levels of those students who are below the level of the scholars:
Jarh Wat-Tadeel must be accompanied with sound Aqeedah as pointed out by Khateeb al-Baghdaadee. And there has to be knowledge of the reasons for (carrying out) the Jarh-the reasons must be known and there has to be Wara and Taqwa in it (i.e. the criticism).
So if the person performing the Jarh has knowledge of Jarh Wat-Tadeel and he has Wara and Taqwa, then he can perform Jarh. And if the affair of the Majrooh (i.e. the one against whom valid criticism is established) is clear and known to specific individuals and the general people–(for example), it is well known that this (person) steals; this person commits adultery; this one is a deceiver; this one is a raafidi shiite; this one is a soofee who makes Tawaaf around the graves and establishes the Mamaaleed- [i.e. celebrates the birthday of the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam), other pious people; (or so called religious personalities etc)]- then these are clear affairs known to both a scholar and the one who is not a scholar, and it is not a condition that one has to go to someone who knows the misguidance of those people, (such as) a scholar to criticize them because their affair is clear to the scholar and other than him.
Therefore, it is obligated on every Muslim to make known the affair of such (deviants, sinners, deceivers), warn against them and reject their acts of misguidance. The Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallaam) said: ”Whoever sees an evil deed, then let him stop it with his hand…etc [Ref 1: See complete hadeeth in footnotes and Shaikh Rabee’s statement regarding it]
So it is obligated on every Muslim to give sincere advice to the Muslims. [Jarir Bin Abdillaah(Radiyallaahu-anhu)] said: I gave the pledge of allegiance to Messenger of Allaah (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) to establish the prayer, pay the zakaat and give sincere advise to every Muslim.
[Tameem Ibn Aws ad-Daaree (radhiyAllahu anhu) said that the Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said]: Ad-deenun naseehah (The Deen is sincerity)”. So we said, “To who O Messenger of Allah?” He said, “To Allah (i.e. to be sincere to Allaah in all affairs of the religion etc) and to His Book (i.e. to follow it etc) and to His Messenger (i.e. to follow him etc) and to the leaders of the Muslims (i.e. to obey them in good, make du’aa for them and not rebel against them etc) and to the common people (i.e. to guide them; love for them what you love for yourself; teach them the truth; warn them against what is harmful to their religious and worldly affairs etc)
At present if you see a raafidi mixing with a common Muslim and calling him to rafd (i.e. the beliefs of the raafidah), do you go to a scholar to refute that shiite! A soofee grave worshipper mixes with a commoner who is upon a sound natural disposition and directs him to his bidah (of grave worship), whilst I know that he is a grave worshipper, then no one can make it binding upon me to go to a scholar to clarify the affair of that grave worshipper and to warn against him. [(NB: Majmoo 14/262-263)…Slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 1] Whosoever of you sees an evil deed, then let him (stop) it with his hand. If he is unable to do so, then let him (stop it) with his tongue. If he is unable to do so, then with his heart (i.e. hate it, consider it to be wrong and keep away from it) and this is the weakest of Eemaan.
So whoever among them (i.e. those students of knowledge) with Sultaan (i.e. authority given to him by the law of the land or the authorities), then it is obligated on him to stop these evil affairs with his hand and tongue. The one who does not have Sultaan (i.e. authority given to him by the law of the land or the authorities), then it is obligated on him to stop these evils with his tongue, his pen (i.e. through writing) or his stature (amongst the people). Then Shaikh Rabee said: I do not think that either a scholar or a student of knowledge would be in opposition in this (affair). See link http://salaficentre.com/2015/12/part-4-observations-on-dr-ibraaheem-ar-ruhayli-sh-rabee-unveils-the-reality-behind-a-statement-of-dr-ar-ruhayli-regarding-refutations/
To be continued…In-Shaa-Allaah