[Part 9: Observations on Dr Ibraaheem Ar’Ruhayli- Shaikh Rabee Begins To Examine and Detail Some of Dr Ibraaheem’s Statements Regarding the Sharee’ah Aims (or Goals) Behind Boycotting]
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy
Dr Ibraaheem stated in his defective and deficient advice to Ahlus Sunnah that Hajr (boycotting) is legislated to achieve three legislated goals (Ref 1) based on evidence and affirmed (or confirmed) by the A’immah Al-Muhaqqiqoon of Ahlus (i.e. those Imaams of the religion who are well known for their abilities in carrying out research in the issues of the religion with precision, assertiveness, thorough examination etc.) [Ref2]
The first goal (or aim) behind boycotting according to Dr Ibraaheem is carried out by a person for his benefit (or well being), so he boycotts everyone who is harmful to him amongst the Mukhaalifeen, such as Ahlul Bidah Wal-Ma’aasee (the people of bidah and sin)- those who are harmful to a person in the affairs of his religion if he sits with them. The evidence indicating to this (according to Dr Ibraaheem) is found in the Hadeeth narrated by Abu Moosaa Al-Ash’aree in Bukhaari and Muslim that the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi wasallam) said:
The example of a good pious companion and an evil one is that of a person carrying musk and another blowing a pair of bellows. The one who is carrying musk will either give you some perfume as a present, or you will buy some from him, or you will get a good smell from him. But the one who is blowing a pair of bellows will either bum your clothes or you will get a bad smell from him. [Bukhaari 5534 English Translation]
Then Dr Ibraaheem stated that this Hadeeth is a guide from the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) that one should sit with the righteous people due to the benefit that is reached by way of them and a warning against sitting with the evil ones due to the harm received in the affairs of one’s religion by sitting with them.
Shaikh Rabee responded to this above view f Dr Ibraaheem stating that he will elaborate on the noble Hadeeth (i.e. the above one narrated by Abu Moosaa and quoted by Dr Ibraaheem) and will add the rebuke found in Allaah’s speech against the people of deviation and a clarification of their state of affairs that they (people of deviation) intend to cause trials; and [he will also elaborate on this noble Hadeeth] based on the Messenger’s (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) warning against the people of deviation.
Then Shaikh Rabee said: Allaah (The Most High) said:
هُوَ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ مِنْهُ آيَاتٌ مُّحْكَمَاتٌ هُنَّ أُمُّ الْكِتَابِ وَأُخَرُ مُتَشَابِهَاتٌ ۖ فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ زَيْغٌ فَيَتَّبِعُونَ مَا تَشَابَهَ مِنْهُ ابْتِغَاءَ الْفِتْنَةِ وَابْتِغَاءَ تَأْوِيلِهِ ۗ وَمَا يَعْلَمُ تَأْوِيلَهُ إِلَّا اللَّهُ ۗ وَالرَّاسِخُونَ فِي الْعِلْمِ يَقُولُونَ آمَنَّا بِهِ كُلٌّ مِّنْ عِندِ رَبِّنَا ۗ وَمَا يَذَّكَّرُ إِلَّا أُولُو الْأَلْبَابِ
It is He Who has sent down to you (Muhammad) the Book (this Qur’an). In it are Verses that are (entirely clear, they are the foundations of the Book [and those are the Verses of Al-Ahkam (commandments, etc.), Al-Fara’id (obligatory duties) and Al-Hudud (legal laws for the punishment of thieves, adulterers, etc.)]; and others are Mutashaabihaat (i.e. not entirely clear in what they indicate, so they are to be referred back to the Muhkamaat to be explained]. So as for those in whose hearts there is a deviation (from the truth) they follow that which is not entirely clear thereof, seeking Al-Fitnah (polytheism and trials, etc.), and seeking for its hidden meanings, but none knows its hidden meanings save Allah. And those who are firmly grounded in knowledge say: “We believe in it; the whole of it (clear and unclear Verses) are from our Lord.” And none receive admonition except men of understanding. (Tafsir At-Tabari).
The Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said: If you see those who follow thereof that is not entirely clear, then they are those whom Allah has named [as having deviation (from the truth)] so beware of them. [Bukhaari Number 4547]
After quoting the above ayah and hadeeth, Shaikh Rabee stated that we benefit from this ayah, the hadeeth and other evidences that the intent behind rebuking Ahlul Bidah and warning against them is to benefit (or preserve the well-being of) those who boycott them, even if they are scholars. So this should be understood and it is what the pious predecessors understood and applied by boycotting, clarifying ahlul bidah’s misguidance, passing judgements against them and their acts of misguidance.
Then Shaikh Rabee stated that [ووالله – and by Allaah] we cannot reach the level of the Salaf in their application of this affair. And what an enormous difference between us and others (i.e. in this affair of following the Salaf in warning against ahlul bidah and boycotting them); but despite this, they accuse us of extremism and over-stringency! So what is your (i.e. those people who accuse us) view of the pious predecessors, their methodology, their application of this affair and their rulings?! [Bayaan Maa Fee Naseehati Ibraaheem Ar’Ruhayli Minal Khalal Wal-Ikhlaal’ pages 29-30.abridged and paraphrased]
[Ref 1] In the footnotes on page 29, Shaikh Rabee made some observations on Dr Ibraaheem’s above statement, but we’ll suffice with the mention of only one of them in order not to lengthen the discussion. Shaikh Rabee observed that Dr (Ibraaheem) limited Hajr (boycotting) to three Masaaqid Shar’iyyah [i.e. that boycotting is legislated in order to achieve three legislated goals (or aims)]. Shaikh Rabee then stated that an important clarification about this will follow later.
[Ref 2]: Shaikh Abdullaah Al-Bukhaari pointed out in his Radd that Dr Ibraaheem gave a picture (i.e. the impression) that Boycotting is legislated to achieve three Maqaasid (goals or aims) only and that these three Maqaasid have been confirmed by the A’immah al-Muhaqqiqoon (i.e. those Imaams of the religion who are well known for their abilities in carrying out research in the issues of the religion with precision, assertiveness, thorough examination etc.). The use of the phrase A’immah Al-Muhaqqiqoon indicates to a group of people, whom Dr Ibraaheem claims have confirmed his view that boycotting is legislated to achieve three goals (or aims); yet Dr Ibraaheem only quoted Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah. There is no doubt that Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah is one of the Imaams of Ahlus Sunnah, but is it befitting that we only quote Shaikhul Islaam and then say that this statement have been confirmed (or affirmed) by the Imaams of Ahlus Sunnah! It obligatory from the angle of fulfilling trusts in affairs of knowledge that Dr Ibraaheem presents at least a small number of people (i.e. Imaams) to back up his own claims or a small number of Imaams to back up the three goals (or aims) which he claims are the only reasons for boycotting. [See pages 53 and what follows in At-Ta’aqqubaat As-Sareehah Alaa Risaalah An-Naseehah Lid-Doctoor Ibraaheem Bin Aamir Ar-Ruhayli]
Reader: Refer to the links in order to get a fuller picture on the affair of boycotting until we reach the sections where both Shaikh Rabee and Shaikh Abdullah clearly unveiled the unsubstantiated claims of Dr Ibraaheem Ar-Ruhayli through the understanding and narrations of the Salaf.