In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

When Aadam and Hawaa (alayhimas-salaam) disobeyed Allaah’s command, they repented. Allaah (The Most High) said that they said:

رَبَّنَا ظَلَمْنَا أَنْفُسَنَا وَإِنْ لَمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ

They said: “Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You forgive us not, and bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers.”

Meaning: Indeed we committed a sin; we harmed ourselves by committing the sin and fell into an affair that would put us in a state of loss (i.e. in this life and the next), except if  You (Allaah) forgive us by wiping away our sin and the punishment attached to it, show us mercy by accepting our repentance and protect us from the likes of these sins. [Ref 1]

Aadam (and likewise Hawaa) received (happiness and success) through five affairs (i.e. after committing the sin): [a] He acknowledged that a sin was committed (and likewise Hawaa acknowledge that a sin was committed; [b] He was remorseful (and likewise Hawaa was remorseful); [c] He blamed himself (and likewise Hawaa blamed herself); [d] He hastened towards repentance (and likewise Hawaa did) and [e]He did not despair of Allaah’s Mercy (and likewise Hawaa did not despair of Allaah’s Mercy).

Iblees was condemned to wretchedness through five affairs: [a] He did not acknowledge that he committed a sin; [b] he was not regretful; [c] he did not blame himself, rather he blamed his Lord; [d] he did not repent and [e] he despaired of Allaah’s Mercy. [Ref 2]

[Ref 1: Fiqhul Ad’iyah Wal Adhkaar ‘page 344’ parts 3 & 4. abridged & slightly paraphrased]

[Ref2: Fiqhul Ad’iyah Wal Adhkaar ‘ page 345’ parts 3&4. abridged & slightly paraphrased]


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