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Consolation – [Believers Are Granted Relief after They Exercise Patience and Adhere To Piety Whilst Facing Trials and Enduring Insults]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Allaah [The Most High] said:

لَتُبۡلَوُنَّ فِىٓ أَمۡوَٲلِڪُمۡ وَأَنفُسِڪُمۡ وَلَتَسۡمَعُنَّ مِنَ ٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ مِن قَبۡلِڪُمۡ وَمِنَ ٱلَّذِينَ أَشۡرَكُوٓاْ أَذً۬ى كَثِيرً۬ا‌ۚ وَإِن تَصۡبِرُواْ وَتَتَّقُواْ فَإِنَّ ذَٲلِكَ مِنۡ عَزۡمِ ٱلۡأُمُورِ

You shall certainly be tried and tested in your wealth and properties and in your personal selves, and you shall certainly hear much that will grieve you from those who received the Scripture before you and from those who ascribe partners to Allah, but if you persevere patiently, and become Al-Muttaqun (the pious) then verily, that will be a determining factor in all affairs, and that is from the great matters, [which you must hold on with all your efforts]. [3:186]

Few Reminders from this Aayah

Your wealth will vanish and diminish. You will be afflicted by way of killing, sickness etc. [Ref 1] You will hear insults directed at you, your religion, your book and your Prophet; but if you exercise patience when facing these calamities and trials and the oppressive deeds of the oppressors, and you fear Allaah when exercising this patience and your intention is to attain the pleasure of Allaah and to get close to Him -without violating the legislated boundaries of [halaal and haraam[Ref A] in a particular situation where you are not allowed to refrain from taking action, rather your duty would be to take revenge against the enemies of Allaah- then [فَإِنَّ ذَٲلِكَ مِنۡ عَزۡمِ ٱلۡأُمُورِ – that will be a determining factor in all affairs, and that is from the great matters, (which you must hold on with all your efforts)]- Meaning: This is among those determining factors in all affairs and that which the believers compete [to excel] one another. And none is granted this except those people with a strong [upright] determination and lofty ambition, just as Allaah [The Most High] said in another Ayah:

وَمَا يُلَقَّٮٰهَآ إِلَّا ٱلَّذِينَ صَبَرُواْ وَمَا يُلَقَّٮٰهَآ إِلَّا ذُو حَظٍّ عَظِيمٍ۬

But none is granted it (the above quality) except those who are patient, and none is granted it except the owner of the great portion (of the happiness in the Hereafter i.e. Paradise and in this world of a high moral character). [41:34]

Ref A: Revenge And The Law

Revenge Should Be Pursued Through The Courts and Under The Authority of The Rulers of a land:  Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [rahimahullaah] said about the Aayah:

[وَإِذَا بَطَشْتُمْ بَطَشْتُمْ جَبَّارِينَ – And when you seize, you seize as tyrants?” [26:130]. Allaah rebuked Aad-the people of Hud [alayhis-salaam], that they are oppressors who strike people without right. They oppress people by way of striking, killing and seizing wealth by force. This is a blameworthy trait of theirs. It is not permissible; rather it is obligated on a Muslim that he does not take wealth except based on what is right and he does not strike anyone except based on what is right. He neither has a right to transgress against the people nor to strike them; rather he seeks what is right through the path of the Islamic Law. If he has a right to seek after, he should seek it through the courts; through an upright path and through the authorities. He does not strike the people by way of oppression, transgression and injury. He should not oppress them by confiscating their wealth and striking; rather it is obligated on him to take his rights through the path of the Islamic Law and from an Islamic perspective. This (i.e. this statement of Allaah) is a rebuke against Aad and a blameworthy affair for which Allaah sent a devastating barren wind against them. They used to oppress the people and transgressed against them. [Ref B]

The Obligations On Muslims Living In The West:

 http://www.islamagainstextremism.com/articles/mbowy-shaikh-al-uthaimeen-how-muslims-should-behave-in-non-muslim-societies.cfm

One Cannot Take The Law Into His [or Her] Own Hands

Question to Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz (Rahimahullaah): Is enjoining Ma’ruf and forbidding Munkar, namely correcting the wrong by the hand, a right for all Muslims or is it just confined to those in authority and their deputies?

A: Correcting the wrong is a right for all Muslims according to their ability, because the Messenger (peace be upon him) said, “Anyone of you who sees Munkar (that which is unacceptable or disapproved of by Islamic law and Muslims of sound intellect), let them change it with their hand (by taking action); if they cannot, then with their tongue (by speaking out); and if they cannot, then with their heart (by hating it and feeling that it is wrong); and that is the weakest of Iman (faith).”(Muslim, Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi & others)

However, changing by the hand must be based on ability that will not result in greater corruption or evil. Man has the right to rectify matters with his hand (by taking action) in his home, with his children, wife, and servants; and a manager has the authority to make changes with the hand within the organization they are responsible for, in accordance with the instructions that were given to them. Otherwise, people should not change with their hand anything they are not authorized to change.  If they do make changes in matters that they have no authority over, this will result in more evil and great corruption between them and the people and between the people and the state.

In this case they should make the change with their tongue (by speaking out). They may say: “O so-and-so! Fear Allah! That is not permissible,” “This is Haram (prohibited),” or: “That is Wajib (obligatory) on you,” and clarify it with Shar’iy (Islamic legal) evidence. This is what can be done by the tongue. As for changing matters with the hand, this should be done where one has authority, such as one’s home, with those under one’s responsibility, or those authorized by the ruler, such as organizations given permission and authority to enjoin Ma’ruf (that which is judged as good, beneficial, or fitting by Islamic law and Muslims of sound intellect). They should make changes in accordance to the degree of authority that has been given to them, in the way prescribed by the Shari’ah (Islamic law), without exceeding their jurisdiction. The same applies to the governor of a city; he should make changes with his hand, in accordance with the instructions he has. [Ref C]


[Ref 1: (Zaadul Maseer’ by Ibnul Jawzi – rahimahullaah). Abridged]

[Ref 2: Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan]

[Ref B: link: http://www.binbaz.org.sa/mat/9111 (abridged and slightly paraphrased]

[Ref C: Al-Fataawaa 8/208]

 

 

 

 

 

 

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The Quran and Sunnah Upon The Understanding of The Salaf

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