Mu’āwiyah (Allāh be pleased with him) said (whilst delivering a khutbah) (1), I heard the Prophet (sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam) saying, “If Allāh wants to do good to a person, He makes him comprehend the religion. I am just a distributor, but the grant is from Allāh. (And remember) that this nation (those upon Tawheed and Sunnah) will not cease to be obedient to Allāh’s orders and they will not be harmed by those who oppose them until Allah’s order (Day of Judgment) is established.” (2)
Shaykh Abdul Muḥsin (ḥafidahullāh) begins his book, (‘Ishroona Ḥadeethan min Ṣaḥīḥ Al-Bukhāri Diraasa Asānīdihā wa Sḥarḥ Mutūnihā), with this ḥadīth, he then explained it in various ways:
- Firstly, he proceeds to mention the various wordings, who recorded them and establishing the authenticity of the narration.
- Secondly, he acquaints us in a summarised fashion of the 6 men in the chain of narration.
- Thirdly, he discusses the isnād and benefits extracted from it.
- Fourthly, the Shaykh (ḥafidahullāh) explains the ḥadīth.
- Finally, he enumerates benefits extracted from the ḥadīth.
Benefits Extracted from the Ḥadith:
- Exhortation and encouragement with the seeking of knowledge.
- Elucidation of the virtue of the scholars over the rest of the people.
- Clarification of the virtue of possessing understanding in the religion over the other sciences.
- Affirmation of the attribute of Irādah for Allāh.
- Fiqh in the religion is a sign of Allāh wanting good for His slave.
- Directing people to the Sunnah and announcing it upon the pulpit.
- Believing in pre-destination and decree and that the one who gives and withholds is Allāh.
- Giving glad tidings to this nation that goodness will remain within it.
- Allāh’s Messenger (sallallāhu alaih wa sallam) informing about what will occur, and this is from the ghayb (unseen), which Allāh notified him (sallallāhu alaih wa sallam) of.
- Informing of this matter of the unseen is a sign from the signs of his Prophethood (sallallāhu alaih wa sallam) as he informed us 14 generations ago, and it (a group from this nation being manifestly upon the truth) will certainly continue until the command of Allāh comes, just as he (salawātullāhi wa salāmuhu alaih) informed.
- Obligation in believing that the truth will continue and that it will not cease until the command of Allāh comes, as was reported from he who does not speak from his own desires (salawātullāhi wa salāmuhu alaih).
- This information from him (sallallāhu alaihi wa salam) about what will occur in the future is one way of learning something Allāh has decreed and the second way is it (actually) taking place.
- The Aided Group has opposers and enemies.
- Encouragement upon adhering tightly to the Book and the Sunnah, so that the servant can be from this (Aided) Group.
- Explanation that the enemies of this (Aided) Group will not harm or affect those who remain upon the truth.
- That the continuation of this nation of Muḥamamd (sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam) upon the truth is an outstanding, tremendous virtue it has.
- Ijmā’ (Consensus of the Salaf) is an evidence.(3)
Summarised from Kutub wa Rasāil ‘Abdul Muḥsin ibn Ḥamad Al‘Abād AlBadr Vol. 2 Pgs. 37-60
(1) Shaykh ‘Abdul Muḥsin: The place where Mu’āwiyah ibn Abī Sufyān delivered the khutbah is known and it was the pulpit (minbar) of Allāh’s Messenger (sallāhu alaihi wa sallam) in Madīnah, as alluded to by one of the narrators in Ṣahīh Muslim, and clarified by the narration reported by Ibn ‘Abdil Barr.
(2) English Sahih Al-Bukhāri V.2 Pg. 98, Chapter of Knowledge, Hadith 72
(3) “It is impossible that the Salaf would unite upon error or misguidance. So in his subscribtion to the way of the Salaf, the Salafi has attached himself to that which cannot go wrong. This is taken from the hadith: “My Ummah will not unite upon error.” [Reported by at-Tirmidhee and Haakim – Sahih], and it is not correct that this hadith refers to the people of later ages, since it was only in the era of the Prophet, peace be upon him, and his Companions that the Ummah was free from widespread division and deviation. The deviant sects separated themselves from the Jamaa’ah after them, and from that time onwards their was disunity.” Introduction to the Salafi Dawah by Salafi Publications