Another Ploy: [Distressed Mu’mayyi’ah Deceitfully Utilising Hadeeth to Confuse People Regarding The Precise Distinction Between Blameworthy Debate and Praiseworthy Debate In The Path of Aiding The Truth]
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy
Indeed, when the Baatil of the callers to falsehood is spreading like wild fire on a very windy day, some of the Mu’mayyi’ah are tight-lipped because those deviants were nurtured and sheltered within their organisations, but when our brave Salafi teachers refute and annihilate the doubts with robust proofs-by the Tawfeeq of Allaah- the Mu’mayyi’ah are quick to quote Ahaadeeth in the wrong context. So once again, we quote for them a precise statement of Shaikh Uthaymeen [rahimahullaah] to expose their flimsy evil ploy and doubt. The Shaikh [rahimahullaah] stated in Sharh Hilyati Taalibil Ilm’ page 245:
Some people refrain from debating even if they are right and they site this hadeeth as evidence: ”I guarantee a house in Jannah for one who gives up arguing, even if he is in the right.” [Ref 1] So they abandon debate.
Response: The one who abandons debate in the religion might not be completely right in doing so, because this might obstruct the truth and lead to defeat. [NB: The Shaikh (rahimahullaah) stated on page 243 that many people argue based on falsehood and defeat a person who is upon truth, so we do not say that such a person gained the upper hand over the truth, rather he gained the upper hand over the person who is upon truth due to his inability to debate][Ref 2]
However, it may be that a person is in the right whilst arguing with another person about something that is not related to the religion, for example he says: “I saw such and such person in the market” and the other person says, “Rather I saw him in the Masjid”, and thus an argument occurs between them. This is the type of argument mentioned in the hadeeth (i.e. the one that should be abandoned by a person even if he is in the right). As for the one who abandons debate in the path of aiding the truth, then he is not completely right in doing so and this action of his is not sanctioned by the hadeeth. [End of paraphrased quote]
Finally, you can find a series of very beneficial lectures on the principles of debate by Ustaadh Abu Hakeem on this link: https://soundcloud.com/masjidassunnahaston/sets/principles-of-debates
[Ref 1: Reported by Imaam Abu Dawud (rahimahullaah). Hadeeth Number 4800. Declared Hasan By Imaam Albaani (rahimahullaah) in his checking of Abu Daawud].