Part 1: Rights of The Scholars – By Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool [may Allaah preserve him]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

The Characteristics of a Scholar

The scholar intended in this lecture and a clarification of the rights he is [owed], is that one who has knowledge of the Book of Allaah [The Most High] and the Sunnah of His Messenger [sallal -laahu-alayhi-wasallam]. And from the most important characteristics of this scholar is that he is submissive and he humbles himself to the command of Allaah, which is a characteristic of those who possess knowledge. Allaah [The Blessed and Exalted] said:

قُلۡ ءَامِنُواْ بِهِۦۤ أَوۡ لَا تُؤۡمِنُوٓاْ‌ۚ إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ ٱلۡعِلۡمَ مِن قَبۡلِهِۦۤ إِذَا يُتۡلَىٰ عَلَيۡہِمۡ يَخِرُّونَ لِلۡأَذۡقَانِ سُجَّدً۬ا

وَيَقُولُونَ سُبۡحَـٰنَ رَبِّنَآ إِن كَانَ وَعۡدُ رَبِّنَا لَمَفۡعُولاً۬

وَيَخِرُّونَ لِلۡأَذۡقَانِ يَبۡكُونَ وَيَزِيدُهُمۡ خُشُوعً۬ا

Say (O Muhammad to them): “Believe in it (the Qur’an) or do not believe (in it). Verily! Those who were given knowledge before it (the Jews and the Christians like ‘Abdullah bin Salam and Salman Al-Fraise), when it is recited to them, fall down on their faces in humble prostration.” And they say: “Glory be to our Lord! Truly, the Promise of our Lord must be fulfilled.” And they fall down on their faces weeping and it adds to their humility. [Surah Al-Israa’ Aayaat 107-109]

Allaah [The Blessed and Exalted] said:

وَمِنَ ٱلنَّاسِ وَٱلدَّوَآبِّ وَٱلۡأَنۡعَـٰمِ مُخۡتَلِفٌ أَلۡوَٲنُهُ ۥ كَذَٲلِكَۗ إِنَّمَا يَخۡشَى ٱللَّهَ مِنۡ عِبَادِهِ ٱلۡعُلَمَـٰٓؤُاْۗ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ غَفُورٌ

And of men and AdDawab (moving living creatures, beasts, etc.), and cattle, in like manner of various colours. It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allah. Verily, Allah is All-Mighty, Oft-Forgiving. [Surah Faatir’ Aayah 28]

He [i.e. this scholar] is Zaahid [i.e. his heart is not attached to the worldly life in a blameworthy manner], suffices himself with little and urges his people to be on guard regarding this affair. [Allaah stated that those who were given knowledge amongst Bani Israa’eel said to their people when they became amazed with Qaaroon’s wealth]:

وَقَالَ ٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ ٱلۡعِلۡمَ وَيۡلَڪُمۡ ثَوَابُ ٱللَّهِ خَيۡرٌ۬ لِّمَنۡ ءَامَنَ وَعَمِلَ صَـٰلِحً۬ا وَلَا يُلَقَّٮٰهَآ إِلَّا ٱلصَّـٰبِرُونَ

But those who had been given (religious) knowledge said: “Woe to you! The Reward of Allah (in the Hereafter) is better for those who believe and do righteous good deeds, and this none shall attain except those who are patient (in following the truth). [Surah Al-Aqsa’s’ Aayah 80]

Allaah [The Blessed and Exalted] said:

وَمَا كَانَ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ لِيَنفِرُواْ ڪَآفَّةً۬‌ۚ فَلَوۡلَا نَفَرَ مِن كُلِّ فِرۡقَةٍ۬ مِّنۡہُمۡ طَآٮِٕفَةٌ۬ لِّيَتَفَقَّهُواْ فِى ٱلدِّينِ وَلِيُنذِرُواْ قَوۡمَهُمۡ إِذَا رَجَعُوٓاْ إِلَيۡہِمۡ لَعَلَّهُمۡ يَحۡذَرُونَ

And it is not (proper) for the believers to go out to fight (Jihad) all together. Of every troop of them, a party only should go forth, that they (who are left behind) may get instructions in (Islamic) religion, and that they may warn their people when they return to them, so that they may beware (of evil). [Surah At-Taw bah’ Aayah 122]

To be continued InShaaAllaah


Source:

في قلب الحدث مقالات متنوعة

Page 35

Abridged and slightly paraphrased

 

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The Quran and Sunnah Upon The Understanding of The Salaf

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