Sharing a Reminder and Some Fawaa’id With Fellow Islamic Studies Teachers and Others [i.e. Those Teaching Children at Primary School Level]
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy
A Brief Acquaintance with The Affair of Those Who Wander Blinding and Cause More Harm When Seeking to Find Remedies for Social Ills
Imaam Sadi [rahimahullaah] said: Allaah [The Most High] said:
لَقَدۡ مَنَّ ٱللَّهُ عَلَى ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ إِذۡ بَعَثَ فِيہِمۡ رَسُولاً۬ مِّنۡ أَنفُسِهِمۡ يَتۡلُواْ عَلَيۡہِمۡ ءَايَـٰتِهِۦ وَيُزَڪِّيہِمۡ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ وَٱلۡحِڪۡمَةَ وَإِن كَانُواْ مِن قَبۡلُ لَفِى ضَلَـٰلٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ
Indeed, Allah conferred a great favour on the believers when He sent among them a Messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves, reciting unto them His Verses (the Qur’an), and purifying them (from sins by their following him), and instructing them (in) the Book (the Qur’an) and Al-Hikmah [the wisdom and the Sunnah of the Prophet (i.e. his legal ways, statements, acts of worship, etc.)], while before that they had been in manifest error. [3:164]
Allaah [The Most High] said:
وَٱذۡكُرُواْ نِعۡمَتَ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيۡكُمۡ إِذۡ كُنتُمۡ أَعۡدَآءً۬ فَأَلَّفَ بَيۡنَ قُلُوبِكُمۡ فَأَصۡبَحۡتُم بِنِعۡمَتِهِۦۤ إِخۡوَٲنً۬ا وَكُنتُمۡ عَلَىٰ شَفَا حُفۡرَةٍ۬ مِّنَ ٱلنَّارِ فَأَنقَذَكُم مِّنۡہَاۗ كَذَٲلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ ٱللَّهُ لَكُمۡ ءَايَـٰتِهِۦ لَعَلَّكُمۡ تَہۡتَدُونَ
And remember Allah’s Favour on you, for you were enemies one to another but He joined your hearts together, so that, by His Grace, you became brethren (in Islamic Faith), and you were on the brink of a pit of Fire, and He saved you from it. Thus, Allah makes His Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.,) clear to you, that you may be guided. [3:103]
Allaah [The Most High] said:
ٱلۡيَوۡمَ أَكۡمَلۡتُ لَكُمۡ دِينَكُمۡ وَأَتۡمَمۡتُ عَلَيۡكُمۡ نِعۡمَتِى وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ ٱلۡإِسۡلَـٰمَ دِينً۬اۚ
This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion. [5:3]
Allaah [The Most High] said:
وَمَنۡ أَحۡسَنُ مِنَ ٱللَّهِ حُكۡمً۬ا لِّقَوۡمٍ۬ يُوقِنُونَ
And who is better in judgement than Allah for a people who have firm Faith. [3:50]
Whoever utilises sound intellect to examine what the Messengers brought [i.e. the revelation] – what they commanded and guided the people to, such as knowledge and Awareness of Allaah, the worship of Allaah alone, turning to Allaah in repentance and obedience with true Faith (Islamic Monotheism) and the command to fulfil all the rights [of the people] based on courteous good will, perfecting one’s actions [i.e. based on sincerity to Allaah alone] and treating others with kindness [by sincerely seeking to benefit them though one’s knowledge, wealth or position], and that which they [i.e. Messengers] forbade; then thereafter he examines what the Mul’hidoon call to, he will know that good [and its outcomes], success, sound rectification of the hearts and deeds, [sound rectification of] the worldly affairs and [sound rectification of the religious affairs and their end results in the afterlife] are all in agreement with what the Messengers called to.
On the other hand, he will know that the call of the Mul’hidoon is designed to do away with good manners [traits, characteristics etc], whose end result is nothing but complete chaos and a state in which one goes along with lust [or evil desires of the self] until the animals become more noble and of more benefit than humans. This is no doubt their state of affairs – clearly manifested by what they are upon and what they proclaim with their tongues.
Among the most amazing of affairs is that many contemporary writers and politicians seek to remedy the many social ills and try to do so do from many angles, however as for the problem of Il’haad – whose surge has carried away the majority of young people – they have not rushed to stop it by returning to sound Eemaan and certainty; rather they [i.e. the Mul’hidoon] have been abandoned to wander blindly in their misguidance and wavering in beguilement, and thus the social ills they seek to remedy gives birth to other social ills- because if the path to remedying social ills is not based on Eemaan and sound Deen, they will increase and become worse. [End of quote] [Ref 1]
Meaning of the terms Il’haad, and Mul’hid [plural (Mul’hidoon)]
The Mul’hidoon are the people of Il-haad. Ilhaad means to turn away from that which one is obligated to believe in or do. This is a general definition of Il’haad and anyone who turns away from that which is obligated upon him to believe or do, then such a person is referred to as a Mul’hid. But Il’haad is of two types: Major Il’haad and Minor Il-haad.
Complete Il’haad is to turn away from Islaam completely and that is Major Il’haad, which exits a person from the fold of Islaam, such as the Il’haad of the communists, the idol worshippers and those similar to them. Minor Il-haad does not exit a person from the Religion of Islaam, such as turning away from some actions. Allaah [The Most High] said: [وَمَن يُرِدْ فِيهِ بِإِلْحَادٍ بِظُلْمٍ نُذِقْهُ مِنْ عَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ -And whoever inclines to evil actions therein or to do wrong, him We shall cause to taste a painful torment.” [22:25] [Ref 2]
Protecting Ourselves and Those Under Our Guardianship, Enjoining What Is Right and Clarifying Error Based on Knowledge and Wisdom
On the authority of Abu Hurairah [radiyallaahu-anhu] who said: The Messenger of Allaah (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said, ‘’Part of the perfection of a person’s Islaam is his leaving that which is of no concern to him” (Hassan Hadith. Reported by Imaam Tirmidhi and others)
Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saaleh al Uthaimeen [rahimahullaah] said: Among the benefits of this narration are: Indeed, Islaam gathers all the excellent qualities. Our Shaikh Abdur Rahmaan Bin Sa’di [rahimahullaah] has written a treatise on this topic (titled): ‘The Excellence of The Religion of Islaam’. Likewise, Shaikh Abdul Azeez Bin Muhammad Bin Sulaymaan [rahimahullaah] has written a treatise on this topic. All the excellent qualities of Islaam are gathered in two statements- Allaah [The Might and Majestic] said:
إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُ بِالْعَدْلِ وَالْإِحْسَانِ
Verily, Allaah enjoins Al Adl (i.e. justice and worshipping none but Allaah Alone) and Al-Ihsaan [i.e. to be patient in performing your duties to Allaah, totally for Allaah’s sake and in accordance with the Sunnah (legal ways) of the Prophet in a perfect manner.” 16:90
Part of the perfection of [a person’s] Islaam is his leaving what is of no importance to him and that which has no connection to his affairs and needs. One cannot perfect his Islaam by preoccupying himself with what does not concern him. This happens to many people, so you either find him speaking about affairs that do not concern him, or a person asks him about affairs that do not concern him, and he enters what does not concern him. This leads to weakening [one’s Islaam].
Indeed, it is obligated on a person to seek after the excellent qualities of Islaam, to abandon what does not concern him and to be at ease. He will exhaust himself if he busies himself with affairs that are neither important nor of concern to him. However, there is something unclear on this and that is: Does the slave’s abandonment of that which does not concern him [mean] that he is to abandon enjoining good and Forbidding Evil?
The Answer: No, because Enjoining Good and Forbidding Evil is something that concerns the person, as Allaah [The Most High] said:
وَلْتَكُن مِّنكُمْ أُمَّةٌ يَدْعُونَ إِلَى الْخَيْرِ وَيَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ ۚ
”Let there arise out of you a group of people inviting to all that is good and forbidding Al-Munkar” 3:104
So if you see a person upon evil, you should say to him, ‘’O brother! This is an evil deed. It is not permissible.’’ The person who witnesses that [evil] has no right to say, “This does not concern me”, and it will not be accepted were you to say this. That is because enjoining good and forbidding evil concerns the whole Ummah.
And there is [also] what is connected to a person’s family- his sons and daughters, for it is the concern of the shepherd of the house to guide them towards good and command them with it, and to warn them against evil and prohibit them from that. He [The Mighty and Majestic] said:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا قُوا أَنفُسَكُمْ وَأَهْلِيكُمْ نَارًا وَقُودُهَا النَّاسُ وَالْحِجَارَةُ
O you who believe! Ward off yourselves and your families against a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones. 66:6
Imaam Sa’di [rahimahullaah] said: The Good Doer busies himself with the obligations that concern him and abandons disobedience and evil deeds. He [abandons] that which does not befit him – the detested affairs and those permissible things that bring him no benefit; rather he loses goodness by indulging in such affairs. Therefore, his [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] statement: “Part of the perfection of a person’s Islaam is his leaving that which is of no concern to him” has a more general meaning than what we have mentioned. [Ref 3]
Allaah [The Most High] said:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا عَلَيْكُمْ أَنْفُسَكُمْ ۖ لَا يَضُرُّكُمْ مَنْ ضَلَّ إِذَا اهْتَدَيْتُمْ ۚ إِلَى اللَّهِ مَرْجِعُكُمْ جَمِيعًا فَيُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ
O you who believe! Take care of your own selves. If you follow the right guidance no hurt can come to you from those who are in error. The return of you all is to Allah, then He will inform you about (all) that which you used to do. [5:105]
Allaah (The Most High) said: يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا عَلَيْكُمْ أَنْفُسَكُمْ ۖ O you who believe! Take care of your own selves. That is: Strive to rectify and perfect your own souls, and keep them firm upon the straight path; because if you are righteous, you will not be harmed by the one deviated from the straight path and is not guided to the upright religion; rather he only harms himself. [However], this does not indicate that the slave [i.e. the Muslim] is not harmed if he abandoned enjoining good and forbidding evil, and is negligent towards it; for indeed his guidance will not be complete except through fulfilling what is obligated on him with regards to enjoining good and forbidding evil. Yes, if he is [genuinely] unable to stop evil with his hand and his tongue, but rejects it in his heart, then indeed he will not be harmed by the misguidance of others.
[إِلَى اللَّهِ مَرْجِعُكُمْ جَمِيعًا -The return of you all is to Allah] That is: Your final destination is the day of Judgement and your gathering will be in the presence of Allaah (The Most High);فَيُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ ”then He will inform you about (all) that which you used to do” regarding (your) good and evil (deeds). [Ref 4]
Question to Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz (Rahimahullaah): Is enjoining good and forbidding evil, namely correcting the wrong by the hand, an obligation upon all Muslims or is it just confined to those in authority and their deputies?
A: Correcting the wrong is an obligation upon all Muslims according to their ability, because the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi-wasallam] said, “Anyone of you who sees evil, let them change it with their hand (by taking action); if they cannot, then with their tongue (by speaking out); and if they cannot, then with their heart (by hating it and feeling that it is wrong); and that is the weakest of Iman (faith).”(Muslim, Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi & others)
However, changing by the hand must be based on ability that will not result in greater corruption or evil. Man has the right to rectify matters with his hand (by taking action) in his home, with his children, wife, and servants; and a manager has the authority to make changes with the hand within the organization they are responsible for, in accordance with the instructions that were given to them [i.e. the allowance given to them by the state authorities]. Otherwise, people should not change with their hand anything they are not authorised to change. If they do make changes in matters that they have no authority over, this will result in more evil and great corruption between them and the people and between the people and the state.
In this case they should make the change with their tongue (by speaking out). They may say: “O so-and-so! Fear Allah! That is not permissible,” “This is Haram (prohibited),” or: “That is Wajib (obligatory) on you,” and clarify it with Shar’iy (Islamic legal) evidence. [Ref 5] [NB: Before speaking about any subject matter- in class- that might be connected to the Deen, then make sure that you ask those brothers – elder Salafi students of knowledge – who are well-known to the scholars and have been given guidelines by the scholars regarding how to deal with different circumstances in the west, lest we unintentionally say something that violates the Aqeedah, Manhaj and Morality or unintentionally say something that can be utilised by the biased Mulhidoon to tarnish the image of Muslim teachers]. If the elder Salafi students do not have an answer from a scholar regarding any affair, they will seek guidance from the scholars, especially if the affair is serious. Therefore, we remind ourselves of the importance of consultation.
The Importance of Consultation
Being Proactive –
Fulfilling the Rights of Non-Muslim, Protecting Them and Ourselves from The Terrorists
Be Warned Against Conspiracy Theorists, But Not Forgetting to Return to the scholars in times of Nawaazil
[Ref 1]: Al-Adillatul Qawaatiq’ pages 40-41′ abridged and slightly paraphrased]
 [Source: ‘Sharh Al-Arba’een An-Nawawiyyah’ of Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saaleh al Uthaimeen (rahimahullaah), (Hadith No: 12), (page 158-159). Sharh Al-Arba’een Nawawiyyah, with comments of Imaam Nawawi, Imaam Sa’di, Imaam Ibn Da-qeeq al Eed and Imaam Muhammad Bin Saaleh al Uthaimeen (rahimahumullaah jamee-an), page:96]
 Source: Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer kalaam Al-Mannaan of Imaam as-Saa’di (rahimahullaah)]
 Fataawa Ibn Baaz 8/208]