In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

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Allaah [The Most High] said:

وَجَعَلۡنَـٰهُمۡ أَٮِٕمَّةً۬ يَہۡدُونَ بِأَمۡرِنَا وَأَوۡحَيۡنَآ إِلَيۡهِمۡ فِعۡلَ ٱلۡخَيۡرَٲتِ وَإِقَامَ ٱلصَّلَوٰةِ وَإِيتَآءَ ٱلزَّڪَوٰةِ‌ۖ وَكَانُواْ لَنَا عَـٰبِدِينَ

And We made them [i.e. Ibraaheem, Ishaaq and Ya’qoob (alayhimus-salaam)] leaders, guiding [mankind] by Our Command, and We inspired in them the doing of good deeds, performing Salaat, and the giving of Zakaat and of Us (Alone) they were worshippers. [Surah Al-Anbiyaa. Aayah 73]

[وَجَعَلۡنَـٰهُمۡ أَٮِٕمَّةً۬  – And We made them leaders]– Meaning: Leaders  who were guides for others to good. [يَہۡدُونَ بِأَمۡرِنَا  – by Our Command]– Meaning: They called people to the religion ordained by Allaah based on Allaah’s command. [Ref 1]

[وَأَوۡحَيۡنَآ إِلَيۡهِمۡ فِعۡلَ ٱلۡخَيۡرَٲتِ   – And We inspired in them the doing of good deeds]– Meaning: They performed good deeds and called people to it. This includes all types of good deeds related to the rights of Allaah and the rights of the people. [وَإِقَامَ ٱلصَّلَوٰةِ وَإِيتَآءَ ٱلزَّڪَوٰةِ‌ۖ performing Salaat, and the giving of Zakaat]: This is a specific mention of something in connection to a general affair due to the nobility and virtue of these two acts of worship [i.e. Salaah and Zakaat]; because whoever performs them perfectly will establish his religion and whoever neglects them will be more negligent towards other affairs of the religion; and [also because] Salaah is the best of deeds related to the rights of owed to Allaah and Zakaat is the best of deeds related to the rights owed to Allaah’s servants.

[وَكَانُواْ لَنَا عَـٰبِدِين and of Us (Alone) they were worshippers]– Meaning: They were worshippers of Allaah and not worshippers of others; and they worshipped Allaah through acts of worship of the heart [i.e. such as love, fear, hope, reliance upon Allaah etc], statements [i.e. all acts of worship uttered by the tongue] and actions [i.e. deeds of the limbs]. [Ref 2]


[Ref 1: An Excerpt from ‘Zaarul Maseer Fee Ilmit Tafseer’. By Imaam Ibnul Jawzi (rahimahullaah). Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 2: An Excerpt from ‘Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan’ by Imaam As-Sadi (rahimahullaah). Slightly paraphrased]

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