In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Allaah [The Most High] said:

[بَلِ ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنُ عَلَىٰ نَفۡسِهِۦ بَصِيرَةٌ۬  وَلَوۡ أَلۡقَىٰ مَعَاذِيرَهُ  – Nay! Man will be a witness against himself; though he may put forth his excuses] [Soorah Al-Qiyaamah Aayaat 14-15]

Few Reminders From The Ayah

[بَلِ ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنُ عَلَىٰ نَفۡسِهِۦ بَصِيرَةٌ۬ – Nay! Man will be a witness against himself]- Meaning: A witness and accept facts about himself; [وَلَوۡ أَلۡقَىٰ مَعَاذِيرَهُ  – Though he may put forth his excuses]- Meaning: Those excuses will not be accepted; rather it will confirm what [a person did], just as Allah stated: [اقْرَأْ كِتَابَكَ كَفَىٰ بِنَفْسِكَ الْيَوْمَ عَلَيْكَ حَسِيبًا – Read your book. You yourself are sufficient as a reckoner against you this Day] [Soorah Al-Israa: Ayah 14]

So, even if the slave denies or seeks excuses concerning what he did, his denial and excuse will not benefit him in anything; for indeed his hearing and sight, and all his limbs will witness against him concerning what he used to do, and that is because his time for a return to seeking Allaah’s Pleasure had expired, just as Allaah [The Most High] said: [فَيَوۡمَٮِٕذٍ۬ لَّا يَنفَعُ ٱلَّذِينَ ظَلَمُواْ مَعۡذِرَتُهُمۡ وَلَا هُمۡ يُسۡتَعۡتَبُونَ – So on that Day no excuse of theirs will avail those who did wrong, nor will they be allowed (then) to return to seek Allah’s Pleasure] [Soorah Rum: Ayah 57] [Ref 1]

Imaam Ibn katheer [rahimahullaah] mentioned in his Tafsir:

[بَلِ ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنُ عَلَىٰ نَفۡسِهِۦ بَصِيرَةٌ۬ -Nay! Man will be a witness against himself]- Meaning: He is a witness against himself and he knows what he did, even if he seeks an excuse and denies [responsibility], just as Allaah [The Most High] said: [اقْرَأْ كِتَابَكَ كَفَىٰ بِنَفْسِكَ الْيَوْمَ عَلَيْكَ حَسِيبًا – Read your book. You yourself are sufficient as a reckoner against you this Day]. [Soorah Al-Israa: Ayah 14]

Ali Ibn Abee Talhah [rahimahullaah] reports from Ibn Abbaas [radiyallaahu-anhu] regarding the meaning of the Ayah:

[بَلِ ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنُ عَلَىٰ نَفۡسِهِۦ بَصِيرَةٌ۬ – Nay! Man will be a witness against himself]- by way of his hearing, sight, two hands, two legs and his (other) limbs. Qatadah said, ‘’He is a witness against himself’’. In another narration from Qatadah, he said, ‘’By Allah! If you wish to see him, you would see him looking at the faults and sins of the people, whilst being heedless of his own sins’’. [Ref 2]


References:

[Ref 1: An Excerpt from ‘Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan of Imaam Sadi (rahimahullaah)’. Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 2: An Excerpt from ‘Al-Misbaah Al-Muneer Fee Tahdheeb Tafseer Ibn Katheer’. Slightly paraphrased]

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