In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
Allaah [The Most High] says in Surah Ghaafir [Aayaat 41-44] that a believer from the house of Fir’awn said: [وَيَـٰقَوۡمِ مَا لِىٓ أَدۡعُوڪُمۡ إِلَى ٱلنَّجَوٰةِ – O my people! How is that I call you to salvation]; Meaning: Based on what I say to you; [وَتَدۡعُونَنِىٓ إِلَى ٱلنَّار – while you call me to the fire]; Meaning: That I abandon following the Prophet of Allaah Moosaa [alayhis-salaam].
[تَدۡعُونَنِى لِأَڪۡفُرَ بِٱللَّهِ وَأُشۡرِكَ بِهِۦ مَا لَيۡسَ لِى بِهِۦ عِلۡمٌ۬ -You invite me to disbelieve in Allaah (and in His Oneness), and to join partners in worship with Him; of which I have no knowledge]; [وَأَنَا۟ أَدۡعُوڪُمۡ إِلَى ٱلۡعَزِيزِ ٱلۡغَفَّـٰرِ – And I invite you to the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving!]; Meaning: The one Who owns all power, but others besides Him do not have control over anything (except by His Will). The one Who when His slaves transgress against themselves and act in a manner that incurs His wrath, but then if they repent and turn to Him in repentance, submission and obedience, He expiates their evil deeds and sins, and prevents what such (sins and acts of disobedience) necessitate of punishment in this life and the next.
[لَا جَرَمَ- No doubt]; Meaning: In truth and with certainty [أَنَّمَا تَدۡعُونَنِىٓ إِلَيۡهِ لَيۡسَ لَهُ ۥ دَعۡوَةٌ۬ فِى ٱلدُّنۡيَا وَلَا فِى ٱلۡأَخِرَةِ -You call me to (worship) one who cannot grant (me) my request (or respond to my invocation) in this world or in the Hereafter]; Meaning: It is neither worthy of being invoked nor (worthy) that protection is sought from it–neither in the world nor in the Hereafter- due to its weakness and deficiency. Indeed, it neither owns the power of benefit nor harm, and it neither owns the power to cause death nor give life, nor (the power) to resurrect. [وَأَنَّ مَرَدَّنَآ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ – And our return will be to Allaah]; Meaning: After death, He will reward every doer of deeds for his deeds. [وَأَنَّ ٱلۡمُسۡرِفِينَ هُمۡ أَصۡحَـٰبُ ٱلنَّارِ – And the (polytheists and arrogant one, those who commit great sins, the transgressors of Allaah’s set limits)! They shall be dwellers of the Fire!
After advising them, they neither obeyed him nor agreed with him; so Allaah [The Most High] says that he said to them: [فَسَتَذۡكُرُونَ مَآ أَقُولُ لَڪُمۡۚ- And you will remember what I am telling you]; Meaning: You will remember this advice and you shall see the consequences for not accepting it, when the punishment befalls you and you are deprived of much reward. [وَأُفَوِّضُ أَمۡرِىٓ إِلَى ٱللَّهِۚ- And my affair I leave it to Allah]; Meaning: I turn to Allaah; I seek shelter from Allaah and I place all my affairs in Allaah’s Hands. I rely on Allaah for my well-being and in repelling the harm I receive from you.
[إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ بَصِيرُۢ بِٱلۡعِبَادِ -Verily, Allah is the All-Seer of (His) slaves]; Meaning: Allaah knows their state of affairs and what they deserve. Allaah knows my state of affairs and weakness, so Allaah will protect me against you and Allaah suffices me against your evil. Allaah knows your state of affairs and you cannot act except by Allaah’s Pre-decree and Will. If you overpower me, it will be due to Allaah’s Pre-decree and Will.
[An Excerpt from ‘Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer kalaam Al-Mannaan; of Imaam Sadi (rahimahullaah)]