In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam Muhammad Ibn Abdul Wahhaab [rahimahullaah] said in Al-Qawaa’idul Ar’ba’ah: Know that the unbelievers – those whom Allaah’s Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] fought against- affirmed that indeed Allaah [The Most High] is the Creator, the Provider and the One Who controls all the affairs [in the universe], but that [i.e. this belief alone] did not enter them into Islaam. And the proof is the statement of Allaah [The Most High]:

قُلۡ مَن يَرۡزُقُكُم مِّنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ أَمَّن يَمۡلِكُ ٱلسَّمۡعَ وَٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرَ وَمَن يُخۡرِجُ ٱلۡحَىَّ مِنَ ٱلۡمَيِّتِ وَيُخۡرِجُ ٱلۡمَيِّتَ مِنَ ٱلۡحَىِّ وَمَن يُدَبِّرُ ٱلۡأَمۡرَ‌ۚ فَسَيَقُولُونَ ٱللَّهُ‌ۚ فَقُلۡ أَفَلَا تَتَّقُونَ

Say (O Muhammad): “Who provides for you from the sky and from the earth? Or who owns hearing and sight? And who brings out the living from the dead and brings out the dead from the living? And who disposes the affairs?” They will say: “Allah.” Say: “Will you not then be afraid of Allah’s Punishment (for setting up rivals in worship with Allah)?” [Surah Yunus. Aayah 31]

Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [rahimahullaah] said: The first principle is to know that those unbelievers whom Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] and the Sahaabah fought against used to affirm Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah – that Allaah is the Creator, The Provider and the One Who controls all the affairs [of the universe] and they had no doubt about that; but today [i.e. in this era] the ignorant Muslims think that this category of Tawheed is enough. This is tantamount to ignorance, because the idolaters [of Quraish] were even more knowledgeable than them [in this affair]. Therefore, if a person [i.e. someone amongst the Muslims of today] affirms Tawheed Ar-Ruboobiyyah and says, “Allaah is my Lord and Provider”, then still this is not enough, because even the idolaters affirmed this due to the statement of Allaah [The Most High]: [لَٮِٕن سَأَلۡتَهُم مَّنۡ خَلَقَهُمۡ لَيَقُولُنَّ ٱللَّهُ‌ۖ – And if you ask them who created them, they will surely say: “Allah”. [Surah Az-Zukhruf. Aayah 87]

And Allaah said: [وَلَٮِٕن سَأَلۡتَهُم مَّنۡ خَلَقَ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ وَسَخَّرَ ٱلشَّمۡسَ وَٱلۡقَمَرَ لَيَقُولُنَّ ٱللَّهُ‌ۖ فَأَنَّىٰ يُؤۡفَكُونَ – If you were to ask them: “Who has created the heavens and the earth and subjected the sun and the moon?” They will surely reply: “Allah.” How then are they deviating (as polytheists and disbelievers)? [Surah Al-Ankaboot. Aayah 61]

So, the idolaters affirmed this [i.e. Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah]. Allaah said:

قُلۡ مَن يَرۡزُقُكُم مِّنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ أَمَّن يَمۡلِكُ ٱلسَّمۡعَ وَٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرَ وَمَن يُخۡرِجُ ٱلۡحَىَّ مِنَ ٱلۡمَيِّتِ وَيُخۡرِجُ ٱلۡمَيِّتَ مِنَ ٱلۡحَىِّ وَمَن يُدَبِّرُ ٱلۡأَمۡرَ‌ۚ فَسَيَقُولُونَ ٱللَّهُ‌ۚ فَقُلۡ أَفَلَا تَتَّقُونَ

Say (O Muhammad): “Who provides for you from the sky and from the earth? Or who owns hearing and sight? And who brings out the living from the dead and brings out the dead from the living? And who disposes the affairs?” They will say: “Allah.” Say: “Will you not then be afraid of Allah’s Punishment (for setting up rivals in worship with Allah)?” [Surah Yunus. Aayah 31]

Meaning: Indeed, despite that you know this [i.e. you’ve affirmed Tawheed Ar-Ruboobiyyah], then do you not fear [the destructive consequences of] associating partners with Allaah in worship and return to worshipping Allaah alone, and return to the truth?!

So, they knew these affairs [regarding Tawheed Ar-Ruboobiyyah] and affirmed them, but it did not benefit them; rather the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] fought them because they did not sincerely single out Allaah in worship, and they associated Laat, Uzzaa, Manaat and many of their idols as partners with Allaah in worship.

Therefore, Tawheed is to direct acts of worship to Allaah alone and to believe that Allaah alone has the right to be worshipped. And what will acquaint you with this is that indeed the idolaters used to say: “We do not invoke them [i.e. the idols] and turn towards them, except to seek closeness and intercession [with Allaah]. [An excerpt from At-ta’leeqaat Al-Baaziyyah Alaa Ar-Rasaa’il Al-Aqadiyyah Li-Shaikhil Islaam Muhammad Ibn Abdil Wahhaab’. Page 13. Slightly paraphrased]

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