In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
Ali Bin Abee Taalib [radiyallaahu-anhu] said: Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] told me four things: “Allaah has cursed the one who slaughters [i.e. an animal as sacrifice] for other than Allaah. Allaah has cursed the one who curses his parents. Allaah has cursed the one who shelters a Muhdith. Allaah has cursed the one who alters the landmarks”. [Reported by Imaam Muslim 1978]
[لَعَنَ الله- Allaah has cursed]: It means to be repelled and distanced from Allaah’s mercy [Ref 1] Shaikhul Islaam [i.e. Imaam Muhammad Ibn Abdul Wahhaab (rahimahullaah)] said: Allaah curses the one who deserves to be cursed by way of statement, just as he sends blessings to the one who deserves blessings. Allaah said:
هُوَ ٱلَّذِى يُصَلِّى عَلَيۡكُمۡ وَمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَتُهُ ۥ لِيُخۡرِجَكُم مِّنَ ٱلظُّلُمَـٰتِ إِلَى ٱلنُّورِۚ وَڪَانَ بِٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ رَحِيمً۬ا
تَحِيَّتُهُمۡ يَوۡمَ يَلۡقَوۡنَهُ ۥ سَلَـٰمٌ۬
He it is Who sends His blessings and praises on you, and His angels too [ask Allaah to bless and forgive you], that He may bring you out from darkness [of disbelief and polytheism] into light [of Belief and Islamic Monotheism]. And He is Ever Most Merciful to the believers. Their greeting on the Day they shall meet Him will be “Salam: Peace (i.e. the angels will say to them: Salamu ‘Alaikum)!” [Surah Al-Ahzaab. Aayaat 43-44]
Allaah said: [إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَعَنَ ٱلۡكَـٰفِرِينَ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُمۡ سَعِيرًا -Verily, Allah has cursed the disbelievers, and has prepared for them a flaming Fire (Hell)]. [Surah Al-Ahzaab. Aayah 64] [Ref 2]
“Allaah has cursed the one who slaughters [i.e. an animal as sacrifice] for other than Allaah”.
He [i.e. the Prophet (sallal laahu alayhi wasallam)] mentioned this first because it is shirk – the greatest sin. And La’an [curse] is to be repelled from [Allaah’s Mercy] and this shows that slaughtering for other than Allaah is a major act of shirk, just as it has been reported in the hadeeth, “The greatest of all major sins is to associate partners with Allaah [in worship]”. [Bukhaari 2654 & Muslim 87] [Ref 3]
“Allaah has cursed the one who curses his parents”.
This is also one of the major sins. [Ref 4] Cursing one’s parents can either be committed by the person himself, or he becomes the reason his parents are cursed; [Ref 5] because he curses someone and that person curses his parents and thus he becomes the cause behind his parents being cursed, as it has been reported in the hadeeth, “From the major sins is that a man reviles his parents”, so it was said, “O Messenger of Allaah! Will a man revile his parents?” He said, “Yes, a man reviles another man’s father, so he [i.e. that man] reviles his father; and he reviles [another person’s mother], so he [i.e. that person] reviles his mother”. [Ref 6] This curse [i.e. cursing one’s parents] includes the father, the mother and those above them [i.e. the grandparents], because a grandfather is like a father in relation to rights owed to him, but not in relation to wealth [i.e. inheritance]. [Ref 7a]
“Allaah has cursed the one who shelters a Muhdith”.
[The word Muhdith pronounced with a kasrah under the Daal means a culprit, perpetrator; and pronounced with a Fat-hah on the Daal (Muhdath) means an affair innovated in the religion, sheltering and being pleased with it] [7b]
“Allaah has cursed the one who shelters a Muhdith”- Meaning: [a] Those who shelter Ahlul Bidah Wal Ma’aasee [The People of Bidah and Disobedience] and aid them; [b] Those who stop the one who establishes the legislated Islamic punishment against the innovator [i.e. such as preventing the Muslim ruler from punishing the innovator or the scholar who refutes him]. [c] Those who establish Bidah and support it. [Ref 8] This innovation includes that of the Jahmiyyah, the Mutazilah and others. So, whoever shelters an innovator is cursed and likewise the one who aids him [is cursed]. In this is a warning against Bidah and newly invented matters in the religion. The Prophet said, “Beware of newly invented matters in the religion, for every innovation [in religious affairs] is misguidance”. The apparent meaning of this hadeeth [is that this is the case regarding bidah], even if it is a small bidah. [Ref 9]
“Allaah has cursed the one who alters the landmarks”.
The landmarks that distinguishes the land that belongs to you and what belongs to your neighbour, but you alter it – either to take more or reduce it. [Ref 10] The one who alters them has been cursed because this might lead to problems, calamities and fighting. Also this curse is applicable to the one who alters the routes that guides the people to the different roads and countries [i.e. to cause difficulties]. [Ref 11]
[Ref 1: Al-Qawlul Mufeed Alaa Kitaab At-tawheed. page 1/221. Shaikh Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah)]
[Ref2: Sharh Fat-hul Majeed Li-Sharh Kitaab At-tawheed. 1/429. Shaikh Saaleh Aala Ash-Shaykh (hafidhahullaah)]
[Ref 3 & 4: An Excerpt from At-taleeqaat Al-Baaziyyah Alaa Ar-Rasaa’il Al-Aqadiyyah. pages 250-251.slightly paraphrased].
[Ref 5: Sharh Kitaab at-tawheed. Lesson 4 by Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr (hafidhahullaah). Lesson 4]
[Ref 6: An Excerpt from At-taleeqaat Al-Baaziyyah Alaa Ar-Rasaa’il Al-Aqadiyyah. pages 250-251.slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 7a: Al-Qawlul Mufeed Alaa Kitaab At-tawheed. page 1/221. Shaikh Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah)]1/222]
[Ref 7b: Al-Mulakh’khas Fee Sharhi Kitaab At-tawheed. page 97 by Shaikh Saaleh Al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah)]
[Ref 8: An Excerpt from At-taleeqaat Al-Baaziyyah Alaa Ar-Rasaa’il Al-Aqadiyyah. pages 250-251.slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 9: Al-Qawlul Mufeed Alaa Kitaab At-tawheed. page 1/222. Shaikh Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah)]
[Ref 10: Al-Qawlus Sadeed Sharh Kitaab At-tawheed. Imaam As-Sadi. Page121]
[Ref 11: An Excerpt from At-taleeqaat Al-Baaziyyah Alaa Ar-Rasaa’il Al-Aqadiyyah. pages 250-251.slightly paraphrased]