In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
The Middle Path Regarding Aashooraa- A Rebuttal Against The Raafidah And Other People of Innovation
Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [rahimahullaah] was asked about what some people do on the day of Aashooraa, such as: Applying kohl and Hena, shaking hands, taking a bath, preparing food such barley and other grains, and manifesting happiness; are there any authentic hadeeth from the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] regarding this or not? If there are none, then would this be considered bidah or not? As for what is done by the other group, such as mourning, manifesting grief, deliberately making oneself thirsty and scarring oneself, wailing, reciting [poems] and fainting as a result of that and slapping the cheeks, do these actions have a basis in the religion or not?
Answer: All the praises and thanks be to Allaah, Lord of the Aalameen. No authentic hadeeth from the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi sallam] has been reported in this regard nor from his companions; neither any of the Imaams of [ahlus sunnah] have declared this to be recommended nor the four Imaams [Abu Haneefah, Maalik, Ahmad and Shaafi’ee]; neither have the scholars- those who authored and compiled the books that are relied upon due to their authenticity- reported anything authentic or weak regarding this from the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], nor from the Sahaabah and the Taabi’een; neither in the authentic books of hadeeth nor in the Sunan, nor in the [compilations such as Musnad Ahmad and other compilations similar to it]. The virtuous first three generations of Islaam knew nothing about these narrations.
However, some of those who came after the first three virtuous generations of Islaam have narrated reports related to this, such as: ‘’Whoever applies kohl on the day of Aashooraa, he will not be sore-eyed in that year’’; ‘’Whoever bathes on the day of Aashooraa, he will not become sick in that year.’’ They also transmitted reports regarding the virtue of prayer on the day of Aashooraa; and that Aadam’s [alayhis salaam] repentance [i.e. after eating from the tree he was forbidden] took place on the day of Aashooraa; and that it was the day Nuh’s [alayhis salaam] ark settled on mount Judi; and that it was the day Ya’qoob [alayhis salaam] reunited with Yoosuf [alayhis salaam]; and that it was the day Ibraaheem [alayhis salaam] was saved from the fire etc They also narrated fabricated reports and lies attributed to the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] that he said, “Whoever gives [generously] to his family on the day of Aashooraa, Allaah will give him [generously] throughout the year.” All these reports are lies attributed to Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam]. 
There emerged an ignorant and transgressing group [i.e. the Shia Rawaafid]-they are either disbelieving hypocrites or misguided straying ones. They manifested a (so called) allegiance to the Prophet’s household and took Ashoorah as a day of mourning, sadness and wailing (i.e. due to the murder of Husayn-radiyallaahu-anahu). They manifest the acts of the days of pre-Islamic ignorance (on this day of Ashoorah) by slapping the cheeks, tearing their clothes and calling to the slogans of the pre-Islamic period of ignorance and disbelief. However, that which Allaah and His Messenger commanded when new calamities occur is that (one) exercises patience, hoping for the reward of Allaah, recalling one’s faults and repenting, as Allaah (The Most High) said:
الَّذِينَ إِذَا أَصَابَتْهُم مُّصِيبَةٌ قَالُوا إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ
أُولَٰئِكَ عَلَيْهِمْ صَلَوَاتٌ مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ وَرَحْمَةٌ ۖ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُهْتَدُونَ
But give glad tidings to As-Saabireen (the patient ones, etc.). Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: “Truly! To Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return.” They are those on whom are the Salaam (i.e. blessings, etc.) (i.e. who are blessed and will be forgiven) from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His Mercy, and it is they who are the guided ones. [Soori Al-Baqarah: Ayaan: 55-57]
And it has been reported in the Saheehayn (Bukhaari and Muslim) from the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) that he said: ‘’He is not from us, he who slaps his cheeks, tears his cloths and calls to the slogans of the pre-Islamic period of ignorance.’’ 
They also recite poems that convey sadness and narrate reports that contain a lot of lies. As for the truth in them, it only renews their [exaggerated and misguided manner of grieving], bigoted allegience, incitement to hatred and war, initiating trials between the people of Islaam by way of that and as a means of reviling those who were foremost to enter into the fold of Islaam [i.e. the Sahaabah of Badr]. The evil of these people [i.e. the raafidah] and their harm on the people of Islaam cannot even be expressed by an eloquent man.
However, they [i.e. Raafidah] are opposed by another people – a people who are either Nawaasib [i.e. those who hate the family of the Prophet] or ignoramuses; so, they oppose the corruption of the [Shia Raafidah] with another type of corruption, lies with other lies, evil with another type of evil, and bidah with another type of bidah. They fabricate poems that convey rejoice and happiness on the day of Aashooraa, apply kohl, dye their clothes with a different colour, spend more on their families and cook food they do not normally cook. So, these people take the day of Aashooraa as an occasion similar to the occasions of celebrations and happiness [i.e. such as the two eeds]. On the other hand, the Raafidah take it as a day of mourning, grief and pain [i.e. inflicting injuries on themselves]. Both groups are mistaken and have exited the authentic sunnah in this affair.
As for all the other deeds [i.e. the deeds innovated and specified on the day of Aashoraa], such as making food that is not normally made based on the customs of the people – be it grains or other than them, renewing one’s clothing, spending more on [families etc], performing a specific act of worship, such a prayer specified on the day of [Aashooraa], making an intention to offer a sacrifice, preserving the meat of the slaughtered animals to cook it with grains, applying kohl, dying one’s clothing, taking a bath, shaking hands, visiting one another, visiting mosques, [so called] sacred places and other than that, all these deeds are evil and innovations in the religion. Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] never legislated these deeds [on the day of Aashooraa] nor the rightly guided Khulafaa, nor did any of the Imaams of the Muslims, such as Maalik, Ath-Thawree, Al-Layth Bin Sa’d, Abu Haneefah, Al-Awzaa’ee, Ash-Shaafi’ee, Ahmad Bin Hanbal, Ishaaq Bin Raahawayh. 
How Do We Deal With The Raafidah- A Rebuttal Against The Khawaarij [ISIS and Ilk] Due to The Atrocities And Terrorist Activities They Perpetrate Against The Raafidah On The Day of Aashooraa
Shaikh Rabee [hafidhahullaah] was asked: Our Shaikh (may Allaah preserve you); the questioner says: What is the ruling on the common people of the Rawaafid (shia) and how do we deal with them?
Answer: The questioner differentiates between the common people and other than them. This is a good approach. The common people who neither speak ill of the wives of the Messenger of Allaah [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] nor do they make Takfeer of the Sahaabah [radiyallaahu-anhum], nor do they believe that the Qur’aan is distorted; but they have some Rafd [i.e. beliefs of the raafidah] and some hatred for the Sahaabah without making Takfeer of them and what is similar to [these deeds]; then these ones are misguided innovators and we do not declare them disbelievers.
And whoever joins their heretics in pronouncing Takfeer against Muhammad’s [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] Sahaabah; speaking ill of the wives of the Messenger of Allaah [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] and the filthy belief that the Qur’aan has been distorted, and that there is an addition and deficiency in it, then this [person] is a Kaafir [disbeliever]- similar to the disbelievers of the Yahood and Nasaaraa. There is no differentiation between their common people and their scholars [in this affair].
Question: How do we deal with them? Answer: If dealing with them is with regards to a worldly affair-business transaction and what is similar to that- it is permissible to trade with a Yahoodi, a Nasraani and a Raafidee. However, as for co-operating with them in the affairs of religion, then never. [Allaah (The Most High)] said: [وَلَا تَعَاوَنُواْ عَلَى ٱلۡإِثۡمِ وَٱلۡعُدۡوَٲنِۚ -Do not help one another in sin and transgression][5:2] Rather their scholars and callers are boycotted and they are warned against. [Ref 4]
Rebuttal Against The Proponents of False Unity- By Shaikh rabee Bin Haadi
Question: What is your view regarding the statement of the one who says that indeed unity is a fundamental requirement, so if a person comes along to split that unity, it [is] obligatory to reject him, even if it is Tawheed he [propagates]?
Answer: Does Allaah [The Blessed and Exalted] merely intend unity, even if the Rawaafid, khawaarij, the Baatiniyyah, the grave worshippers and their ilk are part of this unity?! Is this the unity commanded by Allaah? Is this the meaning of Allaah’s [The Blessed and Exalted] statement: وَاعْتَصِمُوا بِحَبْلِ اللَّهِ جَمِيعًا وَلَا تَفَرَّقُوا ۚ – And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allaah, and be not divided among yourselves]? [Surah Aal Imraan’ Aayah 103]
What is the Rope of Allaah? It is the Qur’aan and [authentic] Sunnah; therefore the bond of Tawheed between you has to be the Book of Allaah. Allaah [The Most High] said:[ إِنَّ هَٰذِهِ أُمَّتُكُمْ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً وَأَنَا رَبُّكُمْ فَاعْبُدُونِ – Truly! This, your Ummah is one Ummah, and I am your Lord, therefore worship Me [Alone]. [Surah Al-Anbiyaa’ Aayah 92] This is the unity that Allaah wants- [unity] upon truth and the revelation Allaah- and obligated on us.
On the other hand, what do we call these people [i.e. those who want to unite upon divergent beliefs and methodologies]? [They are either] enemies of the Prophets or foolish ignoramuses [who carry] political views that are in opposition to the methodology of the Prophets, the methodology of Muhammad, the Dawah that consolidates unity upon truth and does not split the religion [i.e. into divergent sects], just as Allaah [Glorified and Exalted be He] said:
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ فَرَّقُوا دِينَهُمْ وَكَانُوا شِيَعًا لَّسْتَ مِنْهُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ ۚ إِنَّمَا أَمْرُهُمْ إِلَى اللَّهِ ثُمَّ يُنَبِّئُهُم بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْعَلُونَ
Verily, those who divide their religion and break up into sects [all kinds of religious sects] , you [O Muhammad] have no concern in them in the least. Their affair is only with Allah, Who then will tell them what they used to do. [Surah Al-An’aam’ Aayah 159]
The sound Dawah [necessitates] that we unite the people upon the Book of Allaah and the [authentic] Sunnah of Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], so whoever responds will enter – InshaaAllaah- in the shelter of the saved sect and victorious group, and whoever refuses, then indeed he has chosen to be from the destroyed sects- those whom Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] informed us about; because they [i.e. these sects] refuse to unite under the banner of Tawheed, the Qur’aan and the [authentic] Sunnah, therefore they follow nothing else but the paths which the devils amongst mankind and Jinn call to [Ref 1], and Allaah has not burdened any soul beyond what it can bear.
At present, we experience the end results of these Da’waat [i.e. calls of the deviated sects] on the face of the earth! What is taking place at present in Afghanistan between the people of these calls? What took place after Kabul was liberated [i.e. from the Russians]? Did the people of these calls not start to quarrel and kill one another for sake of position! At present we’ve seen divisions [amongst the groups], except the Dawah of the Imaam – The Mujaddid – Muhammad Bin Abdil Wahhaab [rahimahullaah].
The [upright] scholars of this Dawah have not differed up to this era – no differing in Manhaj, Aqeedah or politics has occurred between them, because indeed it is a Dawah based on: “Allaah said and Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said”, however others besides them have become [divergent] groups – Jamaa’atut Takfeer [i.e. the Takfeeri Group], Jamaa’atul Jihaad [i.e. the Jihaadi Takfeeris], groups based on splitting and schism, [the emergence] of group after group, without an end…and one cannot find anything to protect them from splitting, [because] that which will protect [this Ummah] from splitting is the Qur’aan [i.e. sound understanding of the Qur’aan based on the understanding of the Sahaabah] and unity upon that. This is why the affair of the sincere ones has been prolonged and amongst those sincere ones are the people upon the Da’wah of Imaam Muhammad Bin Abdil Wahhaab [rahimahullaah], and you will find the [upright] scholars of this Da’wah upon [true and sound] brotherhood- neither differing in Methodology and Creed nor does politics [i.e. innovated political activity] exist amongst them. [Ref 5]
Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ood[radiyallaahu-anhu] drew a straight line and drew lines to its right and to its left and then said: The Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) drew just like this, and he said about the straight line: This is the path of Allaah and about the lines to its right and left he said: These are different ways, upon each of these ways is a devil calling to it.” Allaah the Exalted said: “And verily, this is my Straight Path, so follow it, and do not follow other paths.”[Al-An–aam 6:153]. Read a more detailed article on this link:
Who Are The Takfeeris And Terrorists? [A Lie And False Claim of The Ignorant Raafidah and Militant Secularists Rebutted By Shaikh Rabee (hafidhahullaah)]
The political parties [or groups] emerged in this era [whilst] affected- to some extent- by the creed and methodologies of [the khawaarij]. And for this reason they do not give importance to [other affairs] besides politics. Neither do they give any concern to rectifying the situation of the Ummah though [sound] Creed and Knowledge nor do reflect upon [the affair about] returning the Ummah to the Book, the [authentic] Sunnah, and the piety and steadfastness the Salafus Saaleh were upon in every aspect of the Religion. Rather they [i.e. these political parties (or groups)] increase the Ummah in corruption upon corruption-in creed and manners. So, you see them giving allegiance to the people of Bidah and Misguidance; waging war against the people who [truly] follow the Qur’aan and the Sunnah, and the scholars [i.e. waging war against those scholars who truly adhere to the Qur’aan and the Sunnah].
They erect false objectives and slogans for Ahlul Bidah Wad-Dalaalah [the people of Bidah and Misguidance] and their books; and amongst them [i.e. these people of bidah] are Sayyid Qutb and his followers – the one [i.e. Sayyid Qutub] who embark upon the stratagem of the Khawaarij, the Rawaafid, the Mu’tazilah and the Jahmiyyah in creed, methodology and politics; especially in the subject matter of Takfeer based on oppression and ignorance [i.e. he make Takfeer based on ignorance and oppression]. According to him all human societies are societies of Pre-Islamic ignorance and the Muslim Ummah is the severest in its apostasy and Pre-Islamic state of ignorance. Thereafter, the path of the Baatiniyyah was added to this [methodology of his, such] as assassinations, blowing up [buildings, people etc]. Then his followers attribute themselves to the Salafi Methodology based on a mighty plot against the [true, upright] leaders [of the Salafi Methodology].
[Therefore], when you come to know this, you will know that the Salafi Methodology is free from this [type] of Takfeer, [the evil act of blowing up buildings, people etc] and destruction; and you will know who the treacherous people are. If you know this, then it is tantamount to an act of manifest oppression when the Raafidah, the Secularists and Rationalists attribute [terrorist acts], [false] Takfeer and destruction to the Salafi Methodology. [Ref 6]. Also read article: A response to Western academics who categorise Salafis into Quietists, Politicos and Jihadists – and why this is a false categorisation. A response to Western academics who categorise Salafis into Quietists, Politicos and Jihadists – and why this is a false categorisation.
 Majmoo al-Fataawaa 25/299-312]. Slightly paraphrased;  Al-Fataawaa Al-Kubraa page Vol:1 page: 200]. Slightly paraphrased;  Majmoo al-Fataawaa 25/299-312]. Slightly paraphrased; [Ref 4: Source: الذريعة إلى بيان مقاصد كتاب الشريعة] [ Vol 3. Page: 595]; [Ref 5: Source: An Excerpt from ‘Majmoo Kutub Wa-Rasaa’il Wa-Fataawaa Fadheelatish Shaikh Al-Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadee Umayr Al-Mad-khalee’ Vol 1. Pages 36 – 39. (slightly paraphrased)]; [Ref 6: An Excerpt from Shaikh Rabee’s Book Titled: (من هم الإرهابيون) pages 104-105. slightly paraphrased]