In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
Abu Moosaa [radiyallaahu-anhu] said, “Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, ‘Verily, Allaah will give respite to the oppressor until when He seizes him and he cannot escape’”. Then he [i.e. the Messenger] recited the Aayah: [وَكَذَٲلِكَ أَخۡذُ رَبِّكَ إِذَآ أَخَذَ ٱلۡقُرَىٰ وَهِىَ ظَـٰلِمَةٌۚ إِنَّ أَخۡذَهُ ۥۤ أَلِيمٌ۬ شَدِيدٌ – Such is the Seizure of your Lord when He seizes the (population of) towns while they are doing wrong. Verily, His Seizure is painful, and severe]. [Surah Hud. Aayah 102]
Brief Reminder From This Hadeeth By Shaikh Zayd Bin Haadi [rahimahullaah]
There is a warning against oppression in this lofty hadeeth- oppression against oneself through different levels and types of sins. The one whom Allaah has given wealth, good health, safety and stability whilst he persists upon sin, then this is Allaah plan in stages against this sinner because he deserves it- وَلَا يَظۡلِمُ رَبُّكَ أَحَدً۬ا – And your Lord treats no one with injustice. (Surah Al-Kahf. Aayah 49]
There’s a warning – in this hadeeth – against oppressing others, because the one who oppresses others is called an oppressor and the one who oppresses himself through sins is called an oppressor. Therefore, [both] the one who oppresses himself and the one who oppresses others are [exposed] to great danger in this life, in the grave and in the afterlife. If Allaah gives him respite and does not hasten punishment against him, then indeed Allaah reserves for him the punishment he deserves due to the statement of Allaah: [وَكَذَٲلِكَ أَخۡذُ رَبِّكَ إِذَآ أَخَذَ ٱلۡقُرَىٰ وَهِىَ ظَـٰلِمَةٌۚ إِنَّ أَخۡذَهُ ۥۤ أَلِيمٌ۬ شَدِيدٌ – Such is the Seizure of your Lord when He seizes the (population of) towns while they are doing wrong. Verily, His Seizure is painful, and severe]. This is how the hadeeth is in agreement with the noble Aayah – that if Allaah gives respite to an oppressor, then it is not that Allaah has neglected his affair; and if Allaah delays punishment against him in the worldly life, then indeed Allaah multiplies it for him in the hereafter, so that he is recompensed based on what he did and the evil deeds he committed. Allaah is a possessor of [perfect] Wisdom, because He recompenses a doer based on his deed- good recompense for good deeds and evil recompense for evil deeds. [At-taleeqaatul Maleehah Alaa Silsilah Al-Ahaadeeth As-Saheehah. Vol 1. Page 100]