Month: December 2019

Some of The Most Despicable Thoughts of The Munaafiqoon and The Mushrikoon!

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

The Munaafiqoon and Mushrikoon during the time of the Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasalam] harboured evil thoughts about Allaah [The Most High]. They thought that Allaah has a partner. They thought that Allaah will not aid the Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] and the Sahaabah [radiyallaahu-anhum]. They thought that as soon as they [i.e. the Messenger and the Sahaabah] leave Madeenah for the Battle of Hudaybiyah, they will be attacked and killed, and will not be victorious. They thought that they were equal in status to the Messenger in the sight of Allaah. They thought that Allaah will not resurrect the dead. [Source: (Zaadul Maseer Fee Ilm At-Tafseer’ by Imaam Ibnul Jawzi). Tafseer Surah Al-Fath’ Ayah 6]


Some Barriers to Unrestrained or Forbidden Desires – By Imaam Ibnul Jawzi [rahimahullaah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam Ibnul Jawzi [rahimahullaah] said:

know that desires [i.e. unrestrained or forbidden desires] urges a person towards [engagement] in immediate pleasures without him pondering upon its evil consequences- urges him towards short-lived pleasures, even though it is a cause of pain and harm in this life and a barrier to pleasure in the afterlife. As for a sensible person, he keeps away from pleasures whose result will be pain and desires whose result will be regret. This is enough as praise regarding what sound intellect necessitates and a rebuke against uncontrolled desires.

Know that desires [i.e. forbidden desires] can overcome a person in the different fields of study, exits him from the confines of sound reasoning and enters him into behaviour that is tantamount to madness [or folly]. It might enter affairs of knowledge and thus leads a person to oppose that which sound knowledge commands, and it might enter Zuhd and thus leads him to Riyaa.

A sensible person should know that those who are addicted to lowly desires reach a state in which they no longer enjoy themselves, but at the same time they are unable to abandon those desires, because it becomes as if it is a necessity of life. And due to this, you’ll find that alcoholics and sex addicts do not even enjoy a tenth of those desires, but they put themselves in a perilous situation that compels them to keep on returning to the act. However, if- based on clear-sightedness- the [false] beautification of those lowly desires cease, a person realise that he [or she] has exposed  himself [or herself] to some ruin that is contrary to wellbeing- a situation of grief instead of happiness and [exposed] to pain, whilst seeking after pleasure; so, he [or she] resembles an animal that was led to a trap- neither reached the thing that was utilised to lure it into the trap nor is it able to escape.

A person should ponder upon the fact that a human being was not created so that he can fulfil desires; rather he was facilitated [with sound knowledge based on the divine revelation and uncorrupted perception] to reflect on the consequences of his actions and perform righteous deeds for the Afterlife. An animal receives pleasure through eating, drinking and sex much more than a human being, whilst living a life devoid of reflection and concern. Therefore, it is drawn towards its desires due to being ignorant of the outcomes of its actions [i.e. it does not possess the knowledge given to humans through sound reasoning and reflection guided by the divine revelation].

A person should ponder upon the consequences of [unrestrained] desires, because many people are deprived of virtue and find themselves in a state of depravity due to it. And how many types of [unhealthy] food are there that leads to illness due to an unrestrained desire [for them]! And how many mistakes violates the honour of a person, leads to an evil mention of him as well as the guilt of sinning due to unrestrained desires, yet he still does not give thought to anything else except his desires! The best description regarding him is that of one who finds himself in a tannery, for he does not really notice its smell properly until he exits it and then realises where he was.

A sensible person should imagine the dishonour that will come to him due to his [unrestrained] desires and the harm that results from those [unrestrained] pleasures, for indeed he will see that- in most cases- they occur as result of those desires and pleasures.

A person should think about how [the consequences of unrestrained desires and pleasures do affect] others, then he should ponder and get a hint of its [unpraiseworthy] end results, for indeed he will see the blameworthiness of that which is known regarding them if he were to be guilty of it.

A person should reflect upon those [unrestrained] pleasures, because [sound] intellect [or sound perception guided by the pure divine revelation] will make him realise that they are nothing more than [lowly] desires and a state of blindness.

A person should contemplate on the honour a person receives due to been given the upper hand and the humiliation found in subjugation, for indeed there is none who overcomes his [lowly] desires except that his honour is strengthened; and there is none who is subjugated by his desires except that he will find humiliation and subjugation in his soul.

A person should contemplate on the benefits of opposing one’s [lowly] desires, such as the commendation attached to it in this worldly life, safety of the soul and safeguard of one’s honour, as well as reward in the afterlife.

Source: An Excerpt from Dhammul Hawaa’ pages 36-38. Slightly paraphrased


Be Careful of Being Misled In Fighting Someone Whose Evil You Are Unable to Repel!

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Allaah (The Most High) said:

وَدَخَلَ ٱلۡمَدِينَةَ عَلَىٰ حِينِ غَفۡلَةٍ۬ مِّنۡ أَهۡلِهَا فَوَجَدَ فِيہَا رَجُلَيۡنِ يَقۡتَتِلَانِ هَـٰذَا مِن شِيعَتِهِۦ وَهَـٰذَا مِنۡ عَدُوِّهِۦ‌ۖ فَٱسۡتَغَـٰثَهُ ٱلَّذِى مِن شِيعَتِهِۦ عَلَى ٱلَّذِى مِنۡ عَدُوِّهِۦ فَوَكَزَهُ ۥ مُوسَىٰ فَقَضَىٰ عَلَيۡهِ‌ۖ قَالَ هَـٰذَا مِنۡ عَمَلِ ٱلشَّيۡطَـٰنِ‌ۖ إِنَّهُ ۥ عَدُوٌّ۬ مُّضِلٌّ۬ مُّبِينٌ۬

قَالَ رَبِّ إِنِّى ظَلَمۡتُ نَفۡسِى فَٱغۡفِرۡ لِى فَغَفَرَ لَهُ ۥۤ‌ۚ إِنَّهُ ۥ هُوَ ٱلۡغَفُورُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ

قَالَ رَبِّ بِمَآ أَنۡعَمۡتَ عَلَىَّ فَلَنۡ أَكُونَ ظَهِيرً۬ا لِّلۡمُجۡرِمِينَ

فَأَصۡبَحَ فِى ٱلۡمَدِينَةِ خَآٮِٕفً۬ا يَتَرَقَّبُ فَإِذَا ٱلَّذِى ٱسۡتَنصَرَهُ ۥ بِٱلۡأَمۡسِ يَسۡتَصۡرِخُهُ ۥ‌ۚ قَالَ لَهُ ۥ مُوسَىٰٓ إِنَّكَ لَغَوِىٌّ۬ مُّبِينٌ۬

And he (Musa) entered the city at a time of unawareness of its people, and he found there two men fighting, – one of his party (his religion – from the Children of Israel), and the other of his foes. The man of his (own) party asked him for help against his foe, so Musa (Moses) struck him with his fist and killed him. He said: “This is of Shaitan‘s (Satan) doing, verily, he is a plain misleading enemy.”

He said: “My Lord! Verily, I have wronged myself, so forgive me.” Then He forgave him. Verily, He is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful. He said: “My Lord! For that with which You have favoured me, I will never more be a helper for the Mujrimun (criminals, disobedient to Allah, polytheists, sinners, etc.)!” So he became afraid, looking about in the city (waiting as to what will be the result of his crime of killing), when behold, the man who had sought his help the day before, called for his help (again). Musa (Moses) said to him: “Verily, you are a plain misleader!” [1]

Imaam Ibnul Jawzi (rahimahullaah) said that one of the meanings of this statement [إِنَّكَ لَغَوِىٌّ۬ مُّبِينٌ – verily, you are a plain misleader” is: You are misled in fighting a person whom you are unable to repel his evil from yourself. [2]

[1] Surah Al-Qasas. Aayaat 15-18; [2] Zaadul Maseer Fee Ilmil Tafseer

Good Manners: [Be Firm, But Behave Well Towards Everyone- Neither Scorn Anyone Nor Become Overbearing]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Abu Dardaa [radiyallaahu anhu] reported that the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, “The heaviest [deed] on the scale [i.e. the scale of good deeds  on yawmul qiyaamah] is good manners [or good character]”.

This hadeeth contains proof regarding the virtue of good manners and that it is obligated [on a person] to be good mannered. The knowledge of the Sharee’ah is the basis [or foundation] of [good] manners and it is the means to [acquiring it]. If Allaah favours a person with knowledge of the Sharee’ah, then indeed it will lead him to good manners, and thus a Muslim slave of Allaah becomes well-mannered towards people through good dealings – helpful to the weak, honours guests, greets people with the Salaam, teach [others], command good and forbid evil. All these deeds are fruitful outcomes of good manners.

A person cannot be well-mannered until he is from those who are obedient to Allaah [The Blessed and Exalted] and distances himself from acts of disobedience to Allaah- meaning that his manners should be in conformity with what the Sharee’ah has obligated. He fulfils Allaah’s commands and feels shy – in the presence of Allaah – to fall short in that which Allaah has commanded him. He abandons acts of disobedience, forbidden deeds and evil doing out of shyness in the presence of Allaah, and out of being merciful to himself because these acts are a cause of punishment in this life and the next. Also, this is what he does in relation to everything that Allaah has obligated on him [i.e. obedience to Allaah] and he distances himself from what Allaah forbids and hates. And Allaah knows best.

Being well mannered includes: Being well-mannered In The Presence of Allaah by fulfilling the rights of Allaah in the most perfect manner – neither  being negligent nor going beyond the legislated boundaries of the sharee’ah.

 Being Well-mannered Towards Family; first and foremost – towards one’s wife, son, daughter and others in the family, so that harmony, mutual co-operation and a good feeling towards one another exits between everyone, and there exist neither splitting nor separation. Being Well-mannered Towards Parents; to be dutiful to them and refrain from being undutiful; merciful towards them and supplicate for them; treat them kindly – whether they are alive or have passed away- by supplicating for them, giving charity on their behalf and mentioning them in a good manner. Being Well-mannered Towards Extended Blood Relatives – those who are related to you from your father’s side and mother’s side.

 Being Well-mannered Towards Neighbours: Even if the neighbour is a disbeliever, he has rights. And if he is a Muslim, he has the rights of a Muslim and a neighbour. And if he is a relative, he has three rights – the rights of a Muslim, the rights of a neighbour and the rights of a relative.

Being Well-mannered Towards One’s Companions by speaking to them in a pleasant manner and fulfilling the rights of companionship. Being Well-mannered Towards One’s Shuyookh – those Shuyookh of Ahlus Sunnah from whom you seek knowledge – by honouring them, dealing with them in a good manner and always supplicating for them, because a teacher provides tremendous good to his students. As for ahlul bidah wad-dalaal [the people of bidah and misguidance], even if some of them study from others, there is no benefit in their instructions and learning. Good Manners Between Fellow Students, whether they are together in the schools, specific gatherings, a specific lesson in the Masjid or a specific place designated for that purpose. A person should be well-mannered, and this should be manifested in good speech, good deeds, good dealings and being truthful in one’s promises; loving one another based on that love legislated in the Sharee’ah and loving one another for the sake of Allaah. This is why the virtue of this lofty deed [i.e. good manners (or good character)] has been mentioned, just as it has been stated in the hadeeth: “The heaviest thing on the scales [i.e. on yawmul qiyaamah] is good manners” – meaning the heaviest deed on the scale of good deeds is good manners, because it leads to every virtuous deed and opposes all different types of evil. And Allaah knows best. [Ref 1]

Allaah [The Most High] said: [ خُذِ ٱلۡعَفۡوَ وَأۡمُرۡ بِٱلۡعُرۡفِ وَأَعۡرِضۡ عَنِ ٱلۡجَـٰهِلِينَ – Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the foolish]. [7:199]

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said: There is no doubt that the one who is obeyed by the people [finds himself in] three situations: Firstly, he commands them [to do good] and forbids them [from evil] for their own welfare. Secondly, he obligates on them that which they must do to obey him [in good]. Thirdly, the people with him are divided into two categories: The loyal ones- those who agree with him, and the obstinate ones- those who oppose him. Both groups have rights he must fulfil. His duty with regards to commanding them to do good and restraining them [from evil], is that he commands them to bring about rectification for them in their personal affairs and forbids them from what is in opposition that.

His Obligations towards the Obedient Ones: He enjoins on them that which is easy [i.e. within the boundaries of halaal and haraam]. He should be generous to those who are submissive and are not hesitant to obey him [in good], and he should not burden them with hardship and difficulties, and thus corrupts their affair.

His Obligations towards the Foolish Ones: His obligation towards the foolish ones – those who act foolishness towards him- is that he turns away from them, neither responding to them in like manner nor taking revenge against them for himself. Indeed, Allaah [The Most High] said to His Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam]: [خُذِ ٱلۡعَفۡوَ وَأۡمُرۡ بِٱلۡعُرۡفِ وَأَعۡرِضۡ عَنِ ٱلۡجَـٰهِلِينَ – Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the foolish]. And what is intended [in this ayah] is not that [you] turn away from the one who has no knowledge and refrain from teaching and guiding him; rather what is intended is that [you] turn away from the foolishness of the one who behaves foolishly and not to respond to him in like manner.

This Aayah embodies the affair of excellent social relations with the people – fulfilling their rights and safeguarding oneself from their evil. And had all the people adhered to this ayah, it would have sufficed them and brought them close to one another, for indeed being forgiving [in reality] is to overlook the [bad] manners of the people and being tolerant towards their characters. [Ref2]

[Ref 1: An Excerpt from ‘At-ta’leeqaat Al-Maleehah Alaa Al-Ahaadeeth As-Saheehah’- By Shaikh Zayd Bin Haadi [rahimahullaah]. Pages 38-39. Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 2: Excerpt from Badaa’i At-Tafseer Al-Jaami Limaa Fassarahu Al-Imaam Ibnul Qayyim Al-Jawzee: Vol: 1: page: 434-436. Slightly paraphrased]

Admonition to The One Who Finds It Hard to See Beyond The Knowledge And Effort of The People of His Era!

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Shaikh Zayd Ibn Haadi [rahimahullaah] mentioned some of the teachers of Imaam At-Tabariy [rahimahullaah], saying: It is difficult to establish exactly the Shuyookh of a man who toured the countries of the east, the west, the north and the south in search of knowledge for a number of years, but we’ll mention his most distinguished reliable Shuyookh. So from them:

Ibraaheem bin Sa’eed Al-Jawhariy; Ibraaheem bin Abdillaah Bin Muslim Al-Kashiy; Ibraaheem bin Ya’qoob Al-Jawzajaaniy; Ahmad bin Ibraaheem Ad-Dawraqiy; Ahmad bin Manee; Ishaaq ibn Abee Israa,eel; Ismaa’eel ibn ibn Moosaa Al-Fazaariy; Bahr bin Nasr Al-Khawlaaniy; Bishr bin Mu’aadh Al-Aqdiy; Abu Bishr bin Hilaal As-Sawwaaf an-Numayriy; Tameem ibnul Muntasir Al-Abbaasiy; Al-Haarith bin Muhammad bin Abee Usaamah Al-Baghdaadiy; Al-Hasan bin Ahmad bin Shu’aib Al-Harraaniy; Al-Hasan Ibnus Sabaah Al-Bazaar Al-Waasitiy; Al-Hasan Arafah bin Yazeed Al-Abdiy; Al-Hasan bin Muhammad ibnus Sabaah Az-Za’faraaniy; Al-Hasan bin Yahyaa bin Katheer Al-Anbariy; Khallaad bin Aslam As-Saffaar; Rabee bin Sulaymaan bin Abdil Jabbaar Al-Muraadiy; Az-Zubayr ibn Bakkaar ibn Abdillaah Az-Zubayriy; Ziyaad bin Yahyaa bin Ziyaad bin Hassaan Al-Hassaaniy; As-Sariy bin Yahyaa ibnus Sariy Al-koofiy; Sa’eed bin Amr bin Sa’eed bin Abee Safwaan As-Sukooniy; Sa’eed bin Yahyaa bin Sa’eed bin Abaan Al-Umawiy; Sufyaan bin Wakee ibnul JarraahAr-Ra’aasiy; Salm ibn Junaadah As-Suwaa’iy; Al-Abbaas bin Abdil Adheem Al-Anbariy; Al-Abbaas bin Muhammad Ad-Dawriy; Al-Abbaas ibnul Waleed bin Mazeed Al-Bayrootiy; Ubaydullaah bin Abdil Kareem Abu Zur’ah Ar-Raaziy; Al-Fadl bin Ishaaq Ad-Dawriy; Al-Qaasim bin Zakariyyaa bin Deenaar At-Tahhaan Al-Koofiy; Mujaahid bin Moosaa Al-Khawaarizmiy Al-Khat’liy; Muhammad bin Ibraaheem Al-An’maatiy; Muhammad ibn Idrees ibnul Mundhir Abu Haatim Ar-Raaziy; Muhammad ibn Ismaa’eel  Al-Bukhaariy; Muhammad ibn Ismaa’eel At-Tirmidhiy; Muhammad ibn Bishaar Bundaar; Muhammad bin Humayd Ar-Raaziy; Muhammad ibn Abdil Malik ibn Abee Ash-Shawaarib; Muhammad ibnul Alaa Al-Hamdaaniy; Muhammad ibnul Muthannaa Az-Zaman; Nasr bin Abdir-Rahmaan bin Bakkaar Al-Koofiy Al-Wishaa’i ;Nasr ibn Aliy bin Nasr ibn Aliy Al-Jahdamiy; Hannaad ibnus Sariy; Al-Waleed ibn Shujaa’a; Muhammad bin Humayd Ar-Raaziy; Al-Muthannaa bin Ibraaheem Al-Abliy;Imaad bin Moosaa al-Qazzaaz; Muhammad bin Abdil A’laa As-San’aaniy; Waasil bin Abdil A’laa bin Hilaal Al-Asadiy Al-koofiy; Yoonus ibn Adal A’laa As-Sadfiy and other than them.

[Source: Rafeequl Junnah Bi-Sharh Sareeh As-Sunnah’ pages 7-8

Whoever Dies Upon The Sunnah and Not Opposing It, He Is Indeed a Truthful Witness

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam Barbahaaree (rahimahullaah) said that Abul Aaliyah (rahimahullaah) said: “Whoever dies upon the Sunnah and not opposing it, he is indeed a truthful witness. It is said clinging to the Sunnah is salvation”.

Shaikh Saaleh al Fawzaan commented on the above saying: The Siddeeq (the truthful one) is the one given to much truthfulness, and his status is at a level after that of the Prophets; so the station of Truthfulness is a lofty station, and what is intended by it is adherence to Truthfulness in speech and action. The Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) made known who the Truthful One is; so he said: “A man keeps on telling the truth until he becomes a Truthful Person”.

He is truthful himself and is eager for truthfulness with regards to what the people relate to him. He does not go along with everything he hears or whatever is said, rather he verifies and is eager for truthfulness; because he is a truthful person. He neither narrates nor utter except the truth. This is the Siddeeq (The Truthful One).

And concerning the statement: ‘Whoever dies upon the Sunnah:’  Sheikh Saaleh Al-Fawzaan comments saying: That is to cling to Islaam. And what is intended by As-Sunnah is ‘Islaam.  Islaam is the Sunnah, and whoever dies upon it and there appeared nothing from him in opposition to (that), then indeed he dies as a truthful person.

And concerning his statement: ‘Clinging to the Sunnah is Salvation’, that is: clinging to the Sunnah is safety from Fitan and Punishment; and for this reason he (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said: “Whosoever lives amongst you will see lots of differences, so stick to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the Rightly Guided Khulafaa”.

Allaah said: [   وَاعْتَصِمُوا بِحَبْلِ اللَّهِ جَمِيعًا وَلاَ تَفَرَّقُوا – And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allaah, and be not divided among yourselves] [3:103]

And Allaah said: [وَأَنَّ هَذَا صِرَاطِي مُسْتَقِيمًا فَاتَّبِعُوهُ وَلاَ تَتَّبِعُوا السُّبُلَ فَتَفَرَّقَ بِكُمْ عَنْ سَبِيلِهِ – And verily, this is my Straight Path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths, for they will separate you away from His Path]. [6:153]

This is the advice of Allah and that of His Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam], and that is to stick and cling to sunnah.

Source: An Excerpt from It-haaful Qaaree Bitta’liqaat Alaa Sharhis Sunnah Lil Imaam Barbahaaree (rahimahullaah), Vol:2, page:313-314

The Prophet’s Supplication for Ibn Abbaas- [By Shaikh Rabee]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

قال: حدثنا موسى بن إسماعيل. قال: حدثنا وهيب، عن خالد، عن عكرمة،

 عن ابن عباس قال: ضمني إليه النبي ﷺ وقال: “اللهم علمه الكتاب

Imaam Al-Bukhaaree (May Allaah have mercy upon him) said: Moosaa Ibn Isma’eel narrated to us, from Wuhayb who narrated to him, from Khaalid, from ‘Ikrimah, from Ibn Abbaas who said: The Messenger ﷺ embraced me and said: “O Allaah, Teach him (the knowledge of) the Book (of Allaah)”. [Ref 1]

Shaikh Rabee [hafidhahullaah] said: This is a tremendous supplication. If Allaah teaches a person His Book (i.e. the Qur’aan) and grants him (sound) understanding regarding it, then there is no blessing greater than this blessing after being blessed with Islaam.  The Messenger of Allaah ﷺ supplicated for him with this supplication, then Allaah answered the supplication of His Messenger on his behalf (i.e for Ibn Abbaas). He came to be from the most knowledgeable of the people concerning the book of Allaah and the people named him Hibr Al-Ummah (The Learned one of the Ummah) due to his knowledge of the Book of Allaah.  Ibn Mas’ood – May Allah have mercy on him – said about him (i.e. Ibn Abbaas): ”If Ibn Abbaas was alive, we would not be a tenth of his knowledge – Meaning: We would not equate to a tenth of his knowledge–He (Ibn Mas’ood) recognised Ibn Abbaas for his understanding and knowledge regarding the religion of Allaah and his (sound) understanding of the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of the Messenger ﷺ.

And he (Ibn Abbaas) was from the most knowledgeable of the people regarding the book of Allaah, and he was the one who was returned to for the Tafseer of the Qur’aan regarding the difficult matters, as he was from the most intelligent and knowledgeable of the people concerning the Book of Allaah, because Allaah answered the supplication of the Messenger of Allaahﷺ on his behalf. This understanding and the knowledge did not reach him except due to Allaah answering this tremendous supplication of His Messenger ﷺ.  This shows the importance of the Book and the Sunnah, for he ﷺ did not supplicate for him (to be granted) a lot of wealth, children, (high) status and authority; rather he chose this  tremendous supplication, and that is that Allaah grants him understanding of the religion, and understanding of the Qur’aan. And in another narration, the Messenger supplicated: (O Allaah, teach him the interpretation (of the Qur’aan). Meaning: The explanation of the Qur’aan and understanding of it.

[Ref 1. Al-Bukhaari ‘kitaab al-I’tisaam’ Hadeeth Number 6842]. [Ref 2. Source: Bahjatul-Qaaree p.12-13. slightly paraphrased]

The Means to Safety In Your Religious And Worldly Affairs– Brief Admonition By Sahl Bin Abdillaah At-Tustaree And Imaam Ibn Rajab

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam Sahl Bin Abdillaah At-Tustaree [rahimahullaah] said: “Safety is found in three things: A lawful means of living, fulfilling obligatory deeds and following the Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam]”. [source: Tafseer Qur’tubee:2/208]

Imaam Ibn Rajab [rahimahullaah] said: The Messenger [salallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said: “The one who lives long [after me] will see a lot of differences, so beware of the newly invented matters [in the religion] because it is misguidance.  So whoever amongst you reaches that [time of differing], then upon him is to adhere to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the Rightly Guided Khulafaa [i.e. Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthmaan and Ali], and bite onto it with the molars [i.e. cling to it firmly]”. [Abu Dawud 4607; Ahmad 4/126; Tirmidhee 2676]

He [sallal-laahu – alayhi – wasallam] commanded [us] that during splitting and differing, one should adhere to his Sunnah and the Sunnah of the rightly guided khulafaa after him. The Sunnah is the path that is to be adhered to, and that includes adhering to what he [sallal-laahu-alayhi wasallam] and his rightly guided khulafaa were upon with regards to creed, actions and statements.  This is the complete Sunnah.  [Jaami-ul uloom wal hikam page:249]

A People Do Not Bring About a Bidah, Except After Abandoning Something Similar to It of The Sunnah

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [rahimahullaah] said:

The one who abandons the truth or some of it will be tried with falsehood. This is the case with ahlul bidah. You will not find anyone who has abandoned some of the Sunnah, which is to be affirmed and acted upon, except that he falls into bidah.  You will not find a person of Bidah except that he has abandoned something from the Sunnah, as reported in the hadeeth, “A people do not bring about a Bidah, except after abandoning something similar to it of the Sunnah”. [Reported by Ahmad]

Allaah [The Exalted] said: [ فَنَسُواْ حَظًّ۬ا مِّمَّا ذُڪِّرُواْ بِهِۦ فَأَغۡرَيۡنَا بَيۡنَهُمُ ٱلۡعَدَاوَةَ وَٱلۡبَغۡضَآءَ – But they have abandoned a good part of the Message that was sent to them.  So We planted amongst them enmity and hatred. [Surah Al-Maa’idah. Aayah 14] Therefore, after they abandoned a part of the message that was sent to them, they then held onto other it and thus enmity and hatred occurred between them.

Allaah [The Exalted] said: [ وَمَن يَعۡشُ عَن ذِكۡرِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ نُقَيِّضۡ لَهُ ۥ شَيۡطَـٰنً۬ا فَهُوَ لَهُ ۥ قَرِينٌ۬ – And whosoever turns away (blinds himself) from the remembrance of the Most Beneficent (Allaah) (i.e. this Qur’aan and worship of Allaah), We appoint for him Shaitaan (Satan  devil) to be a Qareen (an intimate companion) to him. [Surah Az-Zukhruf. Aayah 36]

Allaah said:

فَإِمَّا يَأۡتِيَنَّڪُم مِّنِّى هُدً۬ى فَمَنِ ٱتَّبَعَ هُدَاىَ فَلَا يَضِلُّ وَلَا يَشۡقَىٰ

وَمَنۡ أَعۡرَضَ عَن ذِڪۡرِى فَإِنَّ لَهُ ۥ مَعِيشَةً۬ ضَنكً۬ا وَنَحۡشُرُهُ ۥ يَوۡمَ ٱلۡقِيَـٰمَةِ أَعۡمَىٰ

Then if there comes to you guidance from Me, then whoever follows My Guidance shall neither go astray, nor fall into distress and misery.  But whosoever turns away from My Reminder (i.e. neither believes in this Qur’aan nor acts on its orders, etc.) verily, for him is a life of hardship, and We shall raise him up blind on the Day of Resurrection. 20:123-124

And Allaah [The Exalted] said: [ ٱتَّبِعُواْ مَآ أُنزِلَ إِلَيۡكُم مِّن رَّبِّكُمۡ وَلَا تَتَّبِعُواْ مِن دُونِهِۦۤ أَوۡلِيَآءَ‌ۗ قَلِيلاً۬ مَّا تَذَكَّرُونَ – Follow what has been sent down unto you from your Lord (the Qur’aan and Prophet Muhammad’s Sunnah), and follow not any Auliyaa’ (protectors and helpers, etc. who order you to associate partners in worship with Allaah), besides Him (Allaah). Little do you remember! [Surah Al-A’raaf. Aayah 3]

So, they have been commanded to follow what has been sent down, and prohibited from that which is in opposition to it, which is to follow protectors and helpers besides Him (Allaah).  So whoever does not follow one of them will follow the other. This is why Allaah [The Exalted] said: [ وَمَن يُشَاقِقِ ٱلرَّسُولَ مِنۢ بَعۡدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ ٱلۡهُدَىٰ وَيَتَّبِعۡ غَيۡرَ سَبِيلِ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ نُوَلِّهِۦ مَا تَوَلَّىٰ وَنُصۡلِهِۦ جَهَنَّمَ‌ۖ وَسَآءَتۡ مَصِيرًا – And whoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger (Muhammad) after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follows other than the believers’ way [i.e. the Sahaabah]; we shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in Hell – what an evil destination. [Surah An-Nisaa. Aayah 115]

The Ulamaa say, “The one who does not follow their path [i.e. the path of the Sahaabah] will follow other than their path”; so they utilise this as proof that it is obligatory to follow their path [i.e. that of the Sahaabah].  And it is not for anyone to leave that which they are agreed upon.

[Source: An Excerpt from ‘Ad’waa Min Fataawaa 2/864’. By Shaikh Saaleh Al-Fawzaan (hafidhullaah). Slightly paraphrased]