In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
We Must Adhere to The Path of The Companions of Muhammad Otherwise We’ll Fall Into Serious Misguidance
The Prophet [alayhis salaatu wassalaam] said: “The best of the people are those living in my generation, then those who will follow the latter and then those who come after them [i.e. the first three generations of Islaam]. Then there will come after them people who will be treacherous and will not be trustworthy, they will bear witness without being asked to do so, and they will vow, but will never fulfil their vows, and fatness will appear among them’’. [Saheeh al-Bukhari 6429]
Shaikh Rabee Bin Haadi [rahimahullaah] said: ‘’They give false testimony, act treacherously and deceitfully. They behave in a very sinful manner and follow evil desires, except those whom Allaah safeguards amongst the Taa’ifatul Mansoorah [i.e. the aided group of Muslims upon the straight path] – those whom Allaah’s Messenger [alayhis salaatu wassalaam] praised. Therefore, it is obligated on us to acquire knowledge for the sake of Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] and act upon it. Ignorance is a deadly disease and knowledge is a weapon that will destroy you if you do not act upon it, and Allaah’s refuge is sought. [Marhaban Yaa Taalibal Ilm pages 268-270]
Imaam An-Nawawi [rahimahullaah] stated regarding the statement, ‘’They will bear witness without being asked to do so’’- This can mean that they bear witness before being asked, or they bear witness based on falsehood, or they give witness without being from those who are worthy of it. [For further details see Sharh Saheeh Muslim 12/17]
However, there is another Hadeeth in which the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] stated: ‘’Should I not inform you about the best of witnesses, they are those who bear witness before being asked.’’ The scholars say that what is intended by this hadeeth is for example: someone has a witness to give on behalf of another person based on truth, but the person does not know about it, so he [i.e. the one who should give the witness] informs the person about it; or for example, a person has already passed away and another person knows what the deceased person has left behind as inheritance, so he bears witness to that and makes it known. [For further details see Fat-hul Baari 5/260]
And regarding the statement, ‘’And fatness will appear among them.’’ – Meaning: These people give importance to the means of fattening themselves – food, drink and over-abundance. So, their only concern is their bodies and fattening themselves. As for being fat without choice, then one cannot be blamed for that, just as a person cannot be blamed for being tall, short, black or white…[For further details, see Majmoo Al-Fataawaa 10/1056 -By Shaikh Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah)]
Greeting With Eid Mubaarak, Ramadhaan Mubaarak, Ramadhaan Kareem And Taqabbalal laahu Minnaa Wa Minkum
Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan says in Al-Mulakh-khas Al-Fiqh-hee (1/193): “And there is no harm in the people making tahni’ah to each other (on the ‘Eed), that one says to others: Taqabbal Allaahu Minnaa Wa Mink [i.e. may Allaah accept it from you and from us]. Shaykh Al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [rahimahullaah] said, “It has been reported from a group of the Companions that they used to do it, and the Imaams were lenient regarding it, like Ahmad [i.e. Imaam Ahmad] and others”. And the intended meaning of tahni’ah is: Showing affection and expressing happiness. And Imaam Ahmad said, ‘I do not begin with it (in my greeting) to anyone, but if someone begins with it (in their greeting) to me, then I respond to it’. And that is because the response to a greeting is Waajib [obligatory]; and as for beginning someone with tahni’ah, then it is not something ordered (in the Sharee’ah), nor is it something prohibited. Furthermore, there is no problem in the people shaking hands with the tahni’ah.”
This quote is relevant since the phrase “Ramadhaan Mubaarak” is similar to “Taqabbal Allaahu Minnaa Wa Minkum” in that they are both phrases that are common on the tongues and are taken as Sunnah by some people.
Notice that when Ibn Taymiyyah said that it had been reported from some of the Companions that:
 He used the wording “has been reported” which indicates that the reports may not be authentic.
 He said afterwards that the imaams were lenient regarding it, meaning that he did not see it as being an established practice in the religion based on the reports from the Companions. Leniency [tarkhees] would not be needed for an established practice.
 He referred to the statement of Imaam Ahmad that Shaykh Saalih brought. Imaam Ahmad knew of the reports from the Companions as well, but still did not view this as an established religious practice. In Al-Mughnee:
“Imaam Ahmad was asked about the saying of some people on the two ‘Eeds ‘Taqabballaahu Minnaa Wa Minkum.’ He said, ‘There is no problem with that, as the people of Shaam have reported it from Aboo Umaamah [i.e. the companion of the Prophet].’ It was said, ‘And Waathilah ibn Al-Asqa’?’ He said, ‘Yes.’ It was said, ‘So this is not disliked that this is said on the day of ‘Eed?’ He said, ‘No.'”
 While he and Imaam Ahmad both knew of these narrations, they themselves did not use these greetings themselves, but they would reply to those who greeted them with them and not disapprove of it. If they believed that the phrase was Sunnah, meaning the Sunnah of the Companions here, then they would have been the first to begin greeting the people with it due to their love of the Companions and their adherence to the guidance they were upon. So they viewed this statement as being normal speech, that which is mubaah (openly permissible) in its origin. Thus it is similar to the phrase “Ramdhaan Mubaarak” or ‘Eed Mubaarak” or the likes, those statements which have no negative meaning within themselves and are considered from the normal speech of the people.
So when someone claims that these greetings are Sunnah, or a practice that is part of the Islaamic Sharee’ah, then they have taken it a step further than what has been discussed here, and we require from them proof from the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam).
This is the case in places where blind following is predominant. New Muslims are taught that this is the “Islaamic greeting” or “the Sunnah” for the ‘Eed. This is usually said by those who take everything around them that the Muslims do as being Sunnah or religiously established without relying on any evidences.
So the statement of Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan and others from the scholars, that there is no harm in it, then this must be understood in the right context: There is no harm in someone saying this phrase to greet his brother on the ‘Eed. However, as for a person claiming that it is “Sunnah” meaning the Sunnah of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam), which is the first meaning people understand when they hear that something is Sunnah, then this is making something part of the Deen [i.e. religion] and it requires evidence, and the Shaykh was not speaking about this when he said, “laa ba’s [i.e. no harm]”. http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=6&Topic=738
Questioner to Imaam Muhammad Bin Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen [rahimahullaah]: When the fasting person falls into a sin and he is prohibited from that sin he will say, “Ramadan Kareem”. So what is the ruling concerning this phrase and what is the ruling concerning this behavior?
Answer: The ruling concerning this is, this phrase “Ramadan Kareem” is not correct, and the only phrase that should be said is “Ramadan Mubarak” or what resembles that. Because Ramadan is not the one that gives such that it can be called generous (Kareem), rather it is only ALLAH the Exalted that put virtue in it and made it a virtuous month and made the time period for performing (the fasting) a pillar from Islam.
And it is as though the one who said this thinks that due to the nobility of this month it is permissible to commit sins. And that is in opposition to what the people of knowledge have said (for they have said) that the sins are multiplied if they are done during virtuous times or noble places so this is the opposite of what this person has pictured. And they have said that it is incumbent upon the person to have Taqwaa of ALLAH the Mighty and Majestic during every time and in every place especially during virtuous times and in noble places. And ALLAH the Mighty and Majestic says: Oh you who believe fasting has been prescribed for you like it was prescribed for those before you that you may obtain Taqwaa.}
So the wisdom behind the obligation of fasting is to gain Taqwaa of ALLAH the Mighty and Majestic by doing what He has ordered and avoiding what He has prohibited. And it has been established that the Prophet peace and blessing be upon him said “Whoever does not abandon falsehood in word and action, then Allah Mighty and Majestic has no need that he should leave his food and drink”. Therefore fasting is worship for ALLAH and cultivation for the soul and a safeguard for it from the prohibitions of ALLAH. And it is not like this one without knowledge has said that due to the nobility of this month and its blessing, sinning is allowed in it. http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=6&Topic=5607
Greeting With Jumu’ah Mubaarak
Sheikh Fawzan was asked the following question: Every Friday one of my colleagues sends me a text saying “Ju’muaah Mubaarak” and he continues saying that he hopes that I will add that to my cell phone greeting or to my greeting on the internet forums; what is your view of this?
Answer: This is an innovation, Allah has not sent down any authority for this action. This is an action that is not known or narrated in the Sunnah; it has not been narrated that the Muslims should congratulate each other on Friday; rather it has only been reported that they would congratulate each other on Eid Al Adha and Eid Al Fitr not on Friday. Therefore putting this is a text and encouraging others to do it is an innovation and from spreading innovation.
Sheikh Abdul Muhsin Al Abbaad was asked the following question: Based on the premise that Friday is a (Eid) holiday, is it permissible to greet each other saying, Ju’muaah Mubaarak or Ju’muaah Accepted?
Answer: By Allah, we don’t know of anything that proves the validity of this. As for the two Eids then it has been narrated that the companions when they would meet each other they would say, “May Allah accept it from us and you” or “May Allah accept your obedience”.
The Mufti Sheikh Abdul Aziz was asked the following question: What is the ruling on the statement Jumu’ah Mubaarak?
Answer: There is no origin for sending out the greeting Ju’muaah Mubaarak on the cell phones. It is a bless day, no doubt. Allah the Exalted has singled us out with this day, and the Jews and Christians have been led astray away from this day, but as for giving a greeting every Friday then we don’t know of any origin for this.
Congratulating One Another When New Year Arrives
The Islamic year of 1434 Hijriyya has now begun, it is well known the traditions of the world in celebrating and congratulating upon the arrival of the new year [AD], however what is the Islamic ruling on congratulations for the new Hijry year?
Shaikh al-Fawzaan, “This is an innovation, congratulating for the new year, it is an innovation; or commanding of fasting or charity [for the purpose of the new year] all of this is innovation, Allah has not revealed evidence upon it” [Al-Muntaqa min Akhbaar Sayyid al-Mursaleen – 39: via Sahab]
Shaikh ibn ul-Uthaymeen, “If someone congratulates you then reply [i.e. make dua that Allah makes it a good and blessed year], but do not do it yourself [i.e. do not begin it yourself by congratulating someone initially]….I do not know that the Salaf used to congratulate each other for the arrival of the new year of Hijra…” [Silsilatul Liqaa as-Shahry 20/44; via Sahab] https://salaficentre.com/2012/11/ruling-on-congragulating-the-beginning-of-the-new-islamic-year-1434h/
The Month of Al-Muharram, Fasting on the Day of Aa’shooraa And Innovations Committed by The People
O people! Fear Allaah (The Most High) and thank Him for the apparent and unapparent blessings He has bestowed upon you. He has not ceased granting you occasions of good and virtue. The month of hajj has elapsed and now you have reached the month of Al-Muharram, which Allaah has specially chosen.
Firstly: Muharram is amongst those months in which Allaah made fighting forbidden. Allaah (The Most High) said:
(إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْراً فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ مِنْهَا أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ)
Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so was it ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are Sacred. [9:36]
These four months are: Dhul Qida, Dhul Hijja, the Month of Muharram and Rajab—Allaah made fighting forbidden during these months in order that those who performed the Hajj and Umrah are safe in their journey to Hajj and Umrah. However, when Islaam came—all praise is due to Allaah—safety became widespread and the disbelievers were driven away and Jihaad in the path of Allaah (The Might and Majestic) was established whenever that was possible.
Indeed this month of Muharram has virtue; the Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said: ‘’The best fasting after the month of Ramadhaan is the fasting in the month of Muharram.’’ So it is desired to increase in fasting during this month. It is the month that the companions—during Umar’s time (radiyallaahu-anhu)—chose to be the beginning of the Hijri calendar.
Virtues of the Month of Muharram
One of the its greatest virtues is that the Day of Ashoorah is found within it. It is a Day in which the Prophet (sallal-laahua-alayhi-wasallam) selected for the performance of fasting. Likewise, Moosaa (alayhis-sallam) fasted on this day in order to thank Allaah for drowning pharaoh and his people. And after the death of Moosa (alayhis-salaam), the Jews also used to fast on this day of Ashoorah.
When the Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) arrived in Madeenah, he found the Jews fasting on this day of Ashoorah, so he said to them: ‘’What is this fasting of yours?’’ They said: ‘’It was the day Allaah gave victory to Moosa and his people and humiliated pharaoh and his people. Indeed, Moosaa fasted on this Day, so we also fast. So the Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said: We have more right to (follow) Moosaa than you.’’
The Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) continuously fasted this day and commanded the companions to fast as well. However, the Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) want us to oppose the Jews, so he commanded us to fast a day before Ashoorah (i.e. the 9th of Muharram) before fasting on the 10th (i.e. Day of Ashoorah); and it is stated in another narration: ‘’A day after it (i.e. a day after Ashoorah); but fasting on the 9th day of Muharram before fasting the 10th of Al-Muharram (i.e. the day of Ashoorah) is more established.
So we fast on the day of Ashoorah (i.e. the 10th of Muharram) in order to follow the example of Allaah’s Prophet Moosaa (alayhis-salaam), and it was the day in which Allaah gave victory to the Muslims (of Bani Israaeel). It is victory for the Muslims until the Day of Judgement and a blessing from Allaah (The Mighty and Majestic) for which He is thanked through the act of fasting.
Fasting on the Day of Ashoorah is a Sunnah Mu-akkadah [i.e. a practice the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) performed continuously). Therefore, the Muslim fasts on the 9th of Muharram and the 10th of Muharram, and this is a Sunnah that has continued—all praise is due to Allaah—and fasting on this day is emphasized, whilst seeking Allaah’s reward and in order to thank Him.
The way of the Prophets and their true followers is that they thank Allaah for giving them victory through performance of acts of obedience and remembrance of Allaah. However, they do not innovate anything in this affair because that was the way of the people of the Pre-Islamic period of ignorance. It is not permissible for a Muslim to exceed the limits in this affair.
As for the shia, they make the Day of Ashoorah a Day of sadness, weeping and wailing—may Allaah disfigure them—because it was the day Husain (radiyallaahu-anhu) who was murdered. Indeed calamity is not to be faced with wailing, sins and evil deeds; rather it should be faced with obedience to Allaah and hoping for Allaah’s reward. There is no doubt that the killing of Husain (radiyallaahu-anhu) was a calamity, but Allaah commanded us to exercise patience and hope for His reward during calamities. What is legislated on this Day of Ashoorah is that we fast and there should be no newly invented matters in the religion.
Likewise, there are those ignorant ones amongst the Sunnis who consider this Day as a day of happiness and some of them call it the New Year; so they behave generously towards their children, serving them food and bestowing gifts to one another. Indeed, these affairs are innovations and newly invented matters in the religion, and they are not permissible. This action of those ignorant Sunnis is the other side of falsehood compared to the actions of the shia! The shia grieve and the ignorant Sunnis display happiness. Do they (i.e. these ignorant Sunni) show happiness for murder of Husain (radiyallaahu-anhu), because this ignorant act will be considered as a manifestation of happiness due to the murder of Husain (radiyallaahu-anhu) on this Day. Therefore, it is obligated upon the Muslim to follow the Sunnah and abandon innovations in the religion. Innovations in the religion are not opposed with other innovations worse than them; rather innovations are opposed by abandoning them and reviving the Sunnah. [source: http://alfawzan.af.org.sa/node/15019 ] Also see another beneficial article here: http://www.salafitalk.com/threads/1785-When-does-the-fasting-of-Muharram-begin-or-the-fasting-of-Aashooraa-begin-Imaam-Ibn-Baaz https://salaficentre.com/2013/11/the-month-of-al-muharram-and-fasting-on-the-day-of-ashoorah/
Israa Wal-Miraaj – The Prophet’s Night Journey
There is no doubt that the Israa Wal Miraaj are from Allaah’s Great Signs, which is indicative of the truthfulness of His Messenger Muhammad [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam], and the greatness of his status in the Sight of Allaah [The Mighty and Exalted], as well as evidence of Allaah’s Magnificent Power and His Exaltation above His Creation [Mankind, Jinn etc]. Allaah [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections] said:
سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي أَسْرَى بِعَبْدِهِ لَيْلًا مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ الْأَقْصَى الَّذِي بَارَكْنَا حَوْلَهُ لِنُرِيَهُ مِنْ آيَاتِنَا إِنَّه هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ
Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allah) [above all that (evil) they associate with Him], Who took His slave (Muhammad ) for a journey by night from Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah) to the farthest mosque (in Jerusalem), the neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammad) of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. [17:1]
It has been transmitted by way of Tawaatur -[i.e. an authentic narration transmitted by numerous narrators to the extent that such narrators cannot all agree on a lie]- from Allaah’s Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] that he was taken up to the heavens and its gates were opened for him until he went past the Seventh Heaven. Then his Lord [Allaah (Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections)] spoke to him regarding what He willed and obligated the five daily prayers on him. Allaah [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections] obligated fifty daily prayers on him at first, but our Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] did not cease going back to Allaah and asking Him to reduce the obligation, until Allaah made it five – five obligatory prayers but their reward is equal to fifty. That is because [one] good deed carries ten rewards. Therefore, all praise and thanks be to Allaah for all His blessings [i.e. all the blessings bestowed on His servants].
This night -in which the Israa Wal Miraaj took place- has not been transmitted in the authentic narrations that it took place-specifically- in the month of Rajab or other than it. All that has been narrated about the specific [the month] it took place is not transmitted from the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] with authentic chains of transmission, according to the scholars of Hadeeth. And with Allah is the Perfect Wisdom [free from all weaknesses, shortcomings, deficiencies, faults] as to why He made the people forget [the specific night the Israa and Miraaj took place].
And even if the specific night it took place was established, then still it would neither be permissible for the Muslims to specify any act of worship in relation to it nor celebrate it. That is because the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] and his companions [radiyallaahu-anhum] neither celebrated it nor did they carry out any specific acts of worship on such a night. Had it been that celebrating it is legislated [in the religion], the Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] would have made it known to the Ummah-either by way of speech or action. And if anything was practiced [on that night by the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) or his companions (radiyallaahu-anhum)], then it would have been known and widely known, and his companions [radiyallaahu-anhum] would have transmitted it to us.
For indeed, they [the companions (radiyallaahu-anhum) of the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam)] have transmitted from our Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] everything that is needed by the Ummah. They did not neglect anything in the religion; rather they were foremost in practicing every righteous act. Therefore, if celebrating on this night was legislated [in Islaam], they would have preceded us in such an act. The Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] is/was the most sincere adviser to the people [i.e. in both their religious and worldly affairs], and indeed he conveyed the message perfectly and fulfilled the trust [which Allaah entrusted on him].
Therefore, if exalting this night and celebrating it was something [legislated] in the religion, then neither would the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] have neglected nor concealed it.
Therefore, when it [is it the case that nothing has been transmitted from the Prophet’s (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) speech or actions, and from his companions (radiyallaahu-anhu)] about this, then one knows that celebrating and exalting this night has nothing to do with Islaam, for indeed Allaah has perfected the religion for this Ummah, completed His favour upon them and censured the one who legislates in the religion that which is not part of it. Allaah [Glorified and Exalted be He] said: [الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلامَ دِينًا – This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion]. [5:3]
أَمْ لَهُمْ شُرَكَاءُ شَرَعُوا لَهُمْ مِنَ الدِّينِ مَا لَمْ يَأْذَنْ بِهِ اللَّهُ وَلَوْلا كَلِمَةُ الْفَصْلِ لَقُضِيَ بَيْنَهُمْ وَإِنَّ الظَّالِمِينَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ
Or have they partners with Allah (false gods), who have instituted for them a religion which Allah has not allowed. And had it not been for a decisive Word (gone forth already), the matter would have been judged between them. And verily, for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers), there is a painful torment. [42:21]
And it has been transmitted from Allaah’s Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] in the authentic narrations that he warned against innovations in religion and stated explicitly that it is deviation- in order to warn the Ummah about the great danger of religious innovations and to keep them away from acting on it. It was transmitted from Aa’isha [radiyallaahu-anhaa] that the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said:
من أحدث في أمرنا هذا ما ليس منه فهو رد
Whoever innovates something in this affair of ours [i.e. the religion of Islaam], it will be rejected.
من عمل عملاً ليس عليه أمرنا فهو رد
Whoever performs [an act of worship] which not in accordance with our affair [i.e. the religion of Islaam], it will be rejected.
The Messenger said:
وصيكم بتقوى الله والسمع والطاعة وإن تأمر عليكم عبد فإنه من يعش منكم فسيرى اختلافاً كثيراً فعليكم بسنتي وسنة الخلفاء الراشدين المهديين من بعدي تمسكوا بها وعضوا عليها بالنواجذ، وإياكم ومحدثات الأمور فإن كل محدثة بدعة وكل بدعة ضلالة
“I advise [or command] you to fear Allaah and to listen and obey [the Muslim ruler in what is good] even if a slave is a leader over you. Certainly, the one who will live among you will see lots of differences. So adhere to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the righty guided Khulafaa. Bite onto that with your molar teeth. And beware of the newly invented matters in [the religion], for every newly invented affair in the religion is a Bidah [religious innovation] and every bidah is misguidance.”
The narrations that convey the meaning of this affair are many. And it has been transmitted from the companions of Allaah’s Messenger and the pious predecessors [i.e. the first three generations of Islaam] after them- that they warned against religious innovations and [gave advice to the people in order to make them fearful of practicing religious innovations]. That is because such practices are additions [i.e. acts that are not legislated by Allaah and His Messenger] and [practicing them] is tantamount to legislating something in the religion, which Allaah has not ordained. It is tantamount to belittling the religion of Islam and accusing it [of imperfection] after it was perfected.
Then the Shaikh [rahimahullaah] said: And when it is the case that Allah has obligated on Muslims to offer advice to another and explain what He has legislated for them in the Religion, and forbade one from concealing knowledge, I saw that I should notify [or warn] my Muslim brothers about this religious innovation- which has spread to many regions, to the extent that some people think that it is something related to the religion. [An Excerpt from http://www.binbaz.org.sa/article/24] [slightly paraphrased]