The Three Monotheistic Religions! [Brief Observations On This Statement Uttered By Writers Who Are Ignorant About Islaam And Misguided Modernists Speaking In The Name of Islaam]
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
Firstly: We repeat once again the fact that rebutting false beliefs, ideas and views does not necessitate bad behaviour, rather Muslims are commanded to behave well towards others.
Allaah [The Most High] said:
قُلۡ يَـٰٓأَهۡلَ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبِ تَعَالَوۡاْ إِلَىٰ ڪَلِمَةٍ۬ سَوَآءِۭ بَيۡنَنَا وَبَيۡنَكُمۡ أَلَّا نَعۡبُدَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهَ وَلَا نُشۡرِكَ بِهِۦ شَيۡـًٔ۬ا وَلَا يَتَّخِذَ بَعۡضُنَا بَعۡضًا أَرۡبَابً۬ا مِّن دُونِ ٱللَّهِۚ فَإِن تَوَلَّوۡاْ فَقُولُواْ ٱشۡهَدُواْ بِأَنَّا مُسۡلِمُونَ
–Say (O Muhammad): “O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians): Come to a word that is just between us and you, that we worship none but Allah, and that we associate no partners with Him, and that none of us shall take others as lords besides Allah. Then, if they turn away, say: “Bear witness that we are Muslims]. [Surah Aal Imraan. Aayah 64]
Meaning: say to the people of the scripture – the Jews and Christians,
[تَعَالَوۡاْ إِلَىٰ ڪَلِمَةٍ۬ سَوَآءِۭ بَيۡنَنَا وَبَيۡنَكُمۡ – Come to a word that is just between us and you]- Meaning: Come let us unite upon the statement which all the Prophets and Messengers agreed upon and none opposes it except the obstinate and misguided. This statement is not specific to anyone of us; rather it is something that you and us should establish between us, so this is justice and fairness in debate. Then Allaah explains this and said:
[أَلَّا نَعۡبُدَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهَ وَلَا نُشۡرِكَ بِهِۦ شَيۡـًٔ۬ا – that we worship none but Allah, and that we associate no partners with Him]- Meaning: We should single out Allaah in worship, devoting all love, fear and hope to Him alone, and we should not associate anyone as partner with Allaah in worship- neither a Prophet, an Angel, a Righteous Person, an Idol, a Deified image, a living or non-living thing, [وَلَا يَتَّخِذَ بَعۡضُنَا بَعۡضًا أَرۡبَابً۬ا مِّن دُونِ ٱللَّهِۚ – and that none of us shall take others as lords besides Allaah]; rather all obedience is to be devoted to Allah and His Messengers. [فَإِن تَوَلَّوۡاْ فَقُولُواْ ٱشۡهَدُواْ بِأَنَّا مُسۡلِمُونَ – Then, if they turn away, say: “Bear witness that we are Muslims]”. [Tafsir As-Sadi]
Allaah [The Exalted] said:
ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ وَمَا بَيۡنَهُمَا فِى سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍ۬ ثُمَّ ٱسۡتَوَىٰ عَلَى ٱلۡعَرۡشِۖ مَا لَكُم مِّن دُونِهِۦ مِن وَلِىٍّ۬ وَلَا شَفِيعٍۚ أَفَلَا تَتَذَكَّرُونَ
Allah it is He Who has created the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them in six Days. Then He Istawa (rose over) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). You (mankind) have none, besides Him, as a Wali (protector or helper etc.) or an intercessor. Will you not then remember (or be admonished)? [Surah As-Sajdah. Aayah 4]
The Muslims [i.e. the rightly guided Muslims- those follow the way of the companions of Muhamad] are upon the just and upright path. They give Allaah the description which He describe Himself with and the description which His Messengers described Him with- neither distorting the meanings nor negating them, neither asking about its howness nor likening Him to the creation. They describe Allaah with Attributes of perfection and free Him from all deficiencies [shortcomings, similarities, weaknesses, partners, co-equals], and none amongst the creation can be given this description. Allaah has perfect life [which necessitates all attributes of perfection, such as perfect knowledge, hearing, sight, power etc (ref 1 )], perfect mercy, justice and benevolence. Allaah is free from death, sleep, ignorance, inability and oppression, and He has no likeness to anyone in His perfect Attributes. There is none with knowledge, power, mercy and hearing similar to His Knowledge, Power, Mercy, Hearing and Sight, and there is none who can create in the manner He creates. Neither is the manner in which He rose over the throne similar to the manner in which the creation perform the act of rising over something (ref 2) nor is the manner in which He will come on the day of judgement similar to that of the creation (ref 3), nor is the manner in which He descends to the lowest heaven (during the last third of the night) similar to the manner in which the creation descend from something. (ref 4)
Allaah [The Exalted] said:
قُلۡ هُوَ ٱللَّهُ أَحَدٌ
لَمۡ يَلِدۡ وَلَمۡ يُولَدۡ
وَلَمۡ يَكُن لَّهُ ۥ ڪُفُوًا أَحَدٌ
Say (O Muhammad): “He is Allah, (the) One. “Allah-us-Samad (The Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, He neither eats nor drinks). “He begets not, nor was He begotten; and there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him”. [Surah Al-Ikhlaas]
[End of quote from Jawaabus Saheeh]
Read About Principles of Ahlus Sunnah Wal-Jamaa’ah Regarding The Names and Attributes of Allaah Mentioned Above
Ref 1: Tafseer as-Sadi
Ref 2 and Ref 4: Allaah Rose Over The Throne [al-Istiwaa] – Must Read Here: https://www.abukhadeejah.com/the-names-and-attributes-upon-their-apparent-meanings-fingers-descending-ascending-and-image-by-al-barbahaaree-explanation-of-al-fawzaan/
Ref 3. Sifat al Majee’u – The Coming: https://www.abukhadeejah.com/categories-of-the-attributes-sifat-of-allah/
The Names and Attributes of Allaah
Continuation from Jawaabus Saheeh…..then Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [rahimahullaah] said:
None is described with the Attributes of Allaah, rather everyone else such as the Angels, the Prophets and all the creation are absolutely in need of Him and they are His slaves, whereas He is As-Samad [The Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, He neither eats nor drinks)]. He is not in need of anything but everyone needs Him. Allaah [The Exalted] said:
وَقَالُواْ ٱتَّخَذَ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنُ وَلَدً۬ا
لَّقَدۡ جِئۡتُمۡ شَيۡـًٔا إِدًّ۬ا
تَڪَادُ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتُ يَتَفَطَّرۡنَ مِنۡهُ وَتَنشَقُّ ٱلۡأَرۡضُ وَتَخِرُّ ٱلۡجِبَالُ هَدًّا
أَن دَعَوۡاْ لِلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ وَلَدً۬ا
وَمَا يَنۢبَغِى لِلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ أَن يَتَّخِذَ وَلَدًا
إِن ڪُلُّ مَن فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ إِلَّآ ءَاتِى ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ عَبۡدً۬ا
لَّقَدۡ أَحۡصَٮٰهُمۡ وَعَدَّهُمۡ عَدًّ۬ا
وَكُلُّهُمۡ ءَاتِيهِ يَوۡمَ ٱلۡقِيَـٰمَةِ فَرۡدًا
And they say: “The Most Beneficent (Allah) has begotten a son (or offspring or children)”. Indeed you have brought forth (said) a terrible evil thing. Whereby the heavens are almost torn, and the earth is split asunder, and the mountains fall in ruins, that they ascribe a son (or offspring or children) to the Most Beneficent (Allah). But it is not suitable for (the Majesty of) the Most Beneficent (Allah) that He should beget a son (or offspring or children). There is none in the heavens and the earth but comes unto the Most Beneficent (Allah) as a slave. Verily, He knows each one of them, and has counted them a full counting. And everyone of them will come to Him alone on the Day of Resurrection (without any helper, or protector or defender). [Surah Maryam. Aayaat 88-95]
And Allaah [The Exalted] said:
يَـٰٓأَهۡلَ ٱلۡڪِتَـٰبِ لَا تَغۡلُواْ فِى دِينِڪُمۡ وَلَا تَقُولُواْ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ إِلَّا ٱلۡحَقَّۚ إِنَّمَا ٱلۡمَسِيحُ عِيسَى ٱبۡنُ مَرۡيَمَ رَسُولُ ٱللَّهِ وَڪَلِمَتُهُ ۥۤ أَلۡقَٮٰهَآ إِلَىٰ مَرۡيَمَ وَرُوحٌ۬ مِّنۡهُۖ فَـَٔامِنُواْ بِٱللَّهِ وَرُسُلِهِۦۖ وَلَا تَقُولُواْ ثَلَـٰثَةٌۚ ٱنتَهُواْ خَيۡرً۬ا لَّڪُمۡۚ إِنَّمَا ٱللَّهُ إِلَـٰهٌ۬ وَٲحِدٌ۬ۖ سُبۡحَـٰنَهُ ۥۤ أَن يَكُونَ لَهُ ۥ وَلَدٌ۬ۘ لَّهُ ۥ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَمَا فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِۗ وَكَفَىٰ بِٱللَّهِ وَڪِيلاً۬
لَّن يَسۡتَنكِفَ ٱلۡمَسِيحُ أَن يَكُونَ عَبۡدً۬ا لِّلَّهِ وَلَا ٱلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةُ ٱلۡمُقَرَّبُونَۚ وَمَن يَسۡتَنكِفۡ عَنۡ عِبَادَتِهِۦ وَيَسۡتَڪۡبِرۡ فَسَيَحۡشُرُهُمۡ إِلَيۡهِ جَمِيعً۬ا
فَأَمَّا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَـٰتِ فَيُوَفِّيهِمۡ أُجُورَهُمۡ وَيَزِيدُهُم مِّن فَضۡلِهِۦۖ وَأَمَّا ٱلَّذِينَ ٱسۡتَنكَفُواْ وَٱسۡتَكۡبَرُواْ فَيُعَذِّبُهُمۡ عَذَابًا أَلِيمً۬ا وَلَا يَجِدُونَ لَهُم مِّن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ وَلِيًّ۬ا وَلَا نَصِيرً۬ا
O people of the Scripture! Do not exceed the limits in your religion, nor say of Allah aught but the truth. The Messiah ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), was (no more than) a Messenger of Allah and His Word, (“Be!” – and he was) which He bestowed on Maryam (Mary) and a soul created by Him; so believe in Allah and His Messengers. Say not: “Three (trinity)!” Cease! (it is) better for you. For Allah is (the only) One Ilah (God), Glory be to Him (Far Exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And Allah is All-Sufficient as a Disposer of affairs. The Messiah will never be proud to reject to be a slave to Allah, nor the angels who are near (to Allah). And whosoever rejects His worship and is proud, then He will gather them all together unto Himself. So, as for those who believed (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism) and did deeds of righteousness, He will give their (due) rewards, and more out of His Bounty. But as for those who refuse His worship and were proud, He will punish them with a painful torment . And they will not find for themselves besides Allah any protector or helper. [Surah An-Nisaa. Aayaat 171-173]
The Christians [i.e. those who became misguided after the departure of the Messiah] said about the Messiah is the son of Allaah and the Jews [i.e. those Jews who disbelieved in the Messiah] said that he [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] is an illegitimate child and that Maryam [peace be upon her] is a lewd woman. Allaah said:
[وَقَوۡلِهِمۡ عَلَىٰ مَرۡيَمَ بُہۡتَـٰنًا عَظِيمً۬ا – and their uttering against Maryam (Mary) a grave false charge]. [Surah Maryam. Aayah 156]
And they also said that the Messiah [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] is a magician and a liar.
As for the Muslims, they say and believe that the Messiah [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] is the slave of Allaah and His Word, (“Be!” – and he was) which He bestowed on Maryam (Mary) and a soul created by Allaah. Maryam [peace be upon her] was a chaste woman and the Messiah [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] was one held in honour in this world and in the Hereafter, and will be one of those who are near to Allah.
The Muslims describe the Messiah with what Allaah described him with in the Qur’aan, neither going into exaggeration like the Christians [who changed their religion] nor violating his rights like those Jews [who disbelieved in him]. The Jews who disbelieved killed the Prophets and those who enjoin justice, and the Christians who became misguided took their priests and monks as Lords besides Allaah, as well as took the Messiah as a Lord besides Allaah, even though they were commanded to worship one Lord. This is why the Prophet Muhammad [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Do not exaggerate in praising me as the Christians praised the son of Mary, for I am only a Slave. So, call me the Slave of Allah and His Messenger”. [Bukhaari. 3261]
[An Excerpt from Al-Jawaabus Saheeh Liman Baddala Deen Al-Maseeh. Vol1 pages 208-209]
Finally, we repeat once again the fact that rebutting false beliefs, ideas and views does not necessitate bad behaviour, rather Muslims are commanded to behave well towards others.
To be continued InShaaAllaah
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