In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
Firstly: We repeat once again the fact that rebutting false beliefs, ideas and views does not necessitate bad behaviour, rather Muslims are commanded to behave well towards others.
Allaah [The Most High] said:
قُلۡ يَـٰٓأَهۡلَ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبِ تَعَالَوۡاْ إِلَىٰ ڪَلِمَةٍ۬ سَوَآءِۭ بَيۡنَنَا وَبَيۡنَكُمۡ أَلَّا نَعۡبُدَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهَ وَلَا نُشۡرِكَ بِهِۦ شَيۡـًٔ۬ا وَلَا يَتَّخِذَ بَعۡضُنَا بَعۡضًا أَرۡبَابً۬ا مِّن دُونِ ٱللَّهِۚ فَإِن تَوَلَّوۡاْ فَقُولُواْ ٱشۡهَدُواْ بِأَنَّا مُسۡلِمُونَ
–Say (O Muhammad): “O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians): Come to a word that is just between us and you, that we worship none but Allah, and that we associate no partners with Him, and that none of us shall take others as lords besides Allah. Then, if they turn away, say: “Bear witness that we are Muslims]. [Surah Aal Imraan. Aayah 64]
Meaning: say to the people of the scripture – the Jews and Christians,
[تَعَالَوۡاْ إِلَىٰ ڪَلِمَةٍ۬ سَوَآءِۭ بَيۡنَنَا وَبَيۡنَكُمۡ – Come to a word that is just between us and you]- Meaning: Come let us unite upon the statement which all the Prophets and Messengers agreed upon and none opposes it except the obstinate and misguided. This statement is not specific to anyone of us; rather it is something that you and us should establish between us, so this is justice and fairness in debate. Then Allaah explains this and said:
[أَلَّا نَعۡبُدَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهَ وَلَا نُشۡرِكَ بِهِۦ شَيۡـًٔ۬ا – that we worship none but Allah, and that we associate no partners with Him]- Meaning: We should single out Allaah in worship, devoting all love, fear and hope to Him alone, and we should not associate anyone as partner with Allaah in worship- neither a Prophet, an Angel, a Righteous Person, an Idol, a Deified image, a living or non-living thing, [وَلَا يَتَّخِذَ بَعۡضُنَا بَعۡضًا أَرۡبَابً۬ا مِّن دُونِ ٱللَّهِۚ – and that none of us shall take others as lords besides Allaah]; rather all obedience is to be devoted to Allah and His Messengers. [فَإِن تَوَلَّوۡاْ فَقُولُواْ ٱشۡهَدُواْ بِأَنَّا مُسۡلِمُونَ – Then, if they turn away, say: “Bear witness that we are Muslims]”. [Tafsir As-Sadi]
Allaah [The Exalted] said:
قُلۡ مَا كُنتُ بِدۡعً۬ا مِّنَ ٱلرُّسُلِ وَمَآ أَدۡرِى مَا يُفۡعَلُ بِى وَلَا بِكُمۡۖ إِنۡ أَتَّبِعُ إِلَّا مَا يُوحَىٰٓ إِلَىَّ وَمَآ أَنَا۟ إِلَّا نَذِيرٌ۬ مُّبِينٌ۬
Say (O Muhammad):”I am not a new thing among the Messengers (of Allah) (i.e. I am not the first Messenger) nor do I know what will be done with me or with you. I only follow that which is revealed to me, and I am but a plain warner.” [Surah Al-Ahqaaf. Aayah 9]
The above Aayah came after the following Aayah:
أَمۡ يَقُولُونَ ٱفۡتَرَٮٰهُۖ قُلۡ إِنِ ٱفۡتَرَيۡتُهُ ۥ فَلَا تَمۡلِكُونَ لِى مِنَ ٱللَّهِ شَيۡـًٔاۖ هُوَ أَعۡلَمُ بِمَا تُفِيضُونَ فِيهِۖ كَفَىٰ بِهِۦ شَہِيدَۢا بَيۡنِى وَبَيۡنَكُمۡۖ وَهُوَ ٱلۡغَفُورُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ
Or say they: “He (Muhammad) has fabricated it.” Say: “If I have fabricated it, still you have no power to support me against Allah. He knows best of what you say among yourselves concerning it (i.e. this Qur’an)! Sufficient is He for a witness between me and you! And He is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful.” [Surah Al-Ahqaaf. Aayah 8]
And that which is similar to the above Aayaat is the statement of Allaah:
قُل لَّآ أَقُولُ لَكُمۡ عِندِى خَزَآٮِٕنُ ٱللَّهِ وَلَآ أَعۡلَمُ ٱلۡغَيۡبَ وَلَآ أَقُولُ لَكُمۡ إِنِّى مَلَكٌۖ إِنۡ أَتَّبِعُ إِلَّا مَا يُوحَىٰٓ إِلَىَّ
Say (O Muhammad): “I don’t tell you that with me are the treasures of Allah, nor (that) I know the unseen; nor I tell you that I am an angel. I but follow what is revealed to me by inspiration.” [Surah Al-An’aam. Aayah 50]
This above statement was also stated by Nuh [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] – the first Messenger- and Allaah commanded the final Messenger Muhammad [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] to say the same:
قُلۡ إِنِّى لَآ أَمۡلِكُ لَكُمۡ ضَرًّ۬ا وَلَا رَشَدً۬ا
قُلۡ إِنِّى لَن يُجِيرَنِى مِنَ ٱللَّهِ أَحَدٌ۬ وَلَنۡ أَجِدَ مِن دُونِهِۦ مُلۡتَحَدًا
إِلَّا بَلَـٰغً۬ا مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ وَرِسَـٰلَـٰتِهِۦۚ وَمَن يَعۡصِ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ ۥ فَإِنَّ لَهُ ۥ نَارَ جَهَنَّمَ خَـٰلِدِينَ فِيہَآ أَبَدًا
Say: “It is not in my power to cause you harm, or to bring you to the Right Path.” Say (O Muhammad): “None can protect me from Allah’s punishment (if I were to disobey Him), nor should I find refuge except in Him. “(Mine is) but conveyance (of the truth) from Allah and His Messages (of Islamic Monotheism), and whosoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, then verily, for him is the Fire of Hell, he shall dwell therein forever.” [Surah Al-Jinn. Aayaat 21-23]
This Aayah and what is similar to them necessitates the Prophet’s [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] acknowledgment that he is a servant of Allaah and a Messenger sent by Allaah- neither going beyond the status of Messenger ship nor claiming a share of deity ship as the Christians claim for the Messiah [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him]. And due to this Allaah [The Exalted] said:
مَّا ٱلۡمَسِيحُ ٱبۡنُ مَرۡيَمَ إِلَّا رَسُولٌ۬ قَدۡ خَلَتۡ مِن قَبۡلِهِ ٱلرُّسُلُ وَأُمُّهُ ۥ صِدِّيقَةٌ۬ۖ ڪَانَا يَأۡڪُلَانِ ٱلطَّعَامَۗ
The Messiah [‘Iesa (Jesus)], son of Maryam (Mary), was no more than a Messenger; many were the Messengers that passed away before him. His mother [Maryam (Mary)] was a Siddiqah [i.e. she believed in the words of Allah and His Books (see Verse 66:12)]. They both used to eat food (as any other human being, while Allah does not eat). [Surah Al-Maa’idah. Aayah 75]
Therefore, Allaah made it known that Muhammad [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] did not go beyond the status of Messenger ship, just as Allaah also said:
وَمَا مُحَمَّدٌ إِلَّا رَسُولٌ۬ قَدۡ خَلَتۡ مِن قَبۡلِهِ ٱلرُّسُلُۚ أَفَإِيْن مَّاتَ أَوۡ قُتِلَ ٱنقَلَبۡتُمۡ عَلَىٰٓ أَعۡقَـٰبِكُمۡۚ وَمَن يَنقَلِبۡ عَلَىٰ عَقِبَيۡهِ فَلَن يَضُرَّ ٱللَّهَ شَيۡـًٔ۬اۗ وَسَيَجۡزِى ٱللَّهُ ٱلشَّـٰڪِرِينَ
Muhammad is no more than a Messenger, and indeed (many) Messengers have passed away before him. If he dies or is killed, will you then turn back on your heels (as disbelievers)? And he who turns back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah, and Allah will give reward to those who are grateful. [Surah Aal Imran. Aayah 144]
So Allaah [The Exalted] said:
قُلۡ مَا كُنتُ بِدۡعً۬ا مِّنَ ٱلرُّسُلِ وَمَآ أَدۡرِى مَا يُفۡعَلُ بِى وَلَا بِكُمۡۖ
Say (O Muhammad):”I am not a new thing among the Messengers (of Allah) (i.e. I am not the first Messenger) nor do I know what will be done with me or with you.
Meaning, “I am not the first of the Messengers, rather Messengers have preceded before me. I do not claim to have knowledge of the unseen, rather I only follow what has been revealed to me and I am only a plain warner by way of that which Allaah commanded me to warn you. Neither do I say to you that I have Allaah’s treasures nor that I know the unseen, nor do I say that I am an angel”. This shows the perfection of Muhammad’s [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] truthfulness, justice, servitude to Allaah, obedience to Allaah, and that he made a distinction between what should be rightfully attributed to the Creator alone and what should be attributed to a servant, because indeed the detail knowledge of all final affairs is only known to Allaah- neither known to an angel whom Allaah has given high status nor a Messenger who has been sent. It is not a condition of Messenger ship that the Messengers should have knowledge of everything that will take place.
The statement [وَمَآ أَدۡرِى مَا يُفۡعَلُ بِى وَلَا بِكُمۡ – nor do I know what will be done with me or with you] negates that he has knowledge of everything that will happen to him and them, because none knows this except Allaah. And this does not negate that Muhammad [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] is knowledgeable and that he is the leader of the people of paradise, even though he does not know the details of that which will happen to him in the worldly life, such as trials, events, the new laws that would be revealed to him [when they were not revealed yet] and all the bliss he will be given in the Hereafter. It has been reported in Bukhaari and Muslim on the authority of Abu Hurairah [radiyallaahu-anhu] that the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Allaah [The Exalted] said, ‘I have prepared for My pious worshipers such things as no eye has ever seen, no ear has ever heard of, and no heart has ever imagined”. [Bukhaari 4780]
This has also been stated about the other Prophets [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon them] that it is not a condition that one can only be a Prophet if he knows who will believe or disbelieve in him and how they will end. It is well known that Allaah [The Exalted] did not teach the Prophet Muhammad [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] everything at once, rather Allaah taught him little by little.
Allaah [The Exalted] said:
إِنَّا فَتَحۡنَا لَكَ فَتۡحً۬ا مُّبِينً۬ا
لِّيَغۡفِرَ لَكَ ٱللَّهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِن ذَنۢبِكَ وَمَا تَأَخَّرَ وَيُتِمَّ نِعۡمَتَهُ ۥ عَلَيۡكَ وَيَہۡدِيَكَ صِرَٲطً۬ا مُّسۡتَقِيمً۬ا
وَيَنصُرَكَ ٱللَّهُ نَصۡرًا عَزِيزًا
Verily, We have given you (O Muhammad) a manifest victory [i.e. the treaty of Hudhaibiyah]; that Allah may forgive you your sins of the past and the future, and complete His Favour on you, and guide you on the Straight Path; and that Allah may help you with strong help. [Surah Al-Fath. Aayaat 1-3]
And Allaah [The Exalted] said:
هُوَ ٱلَّذِىٓ أَرۡسَلَ رَسُولَهُ ۥ بِٱلۡهُدَىٰ وَدِينِ ٱلۡحَقِّ لِيُظۡهِرَهُ ۥ عَلَى ٱلدِّينِ كُلِّهِۦۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِٱللَّهِ شَهِيدً۬ا
He it is Who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad) with guidance and the religion of truth (Islam), that He may make it (Islam) superior over all religions. And All-Sufficient is Allah as a Witness. [Surah Al-Fath. Aayah 28]
In the Qur’aan and authentic Ahaadeeth there are numerous reports regarding that which will take place in the Dunyah and Aakhirah, and affairs that occurred perfectly after the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] spoke about them many years prior to their occurrence, such as his statement: “The Hour will not be established until you fight with the Turks; people with small eyes, red faces, and flat noses. Their faces will look like shields coated with leather. The Hour will not be established till you fight with people whose shoes are made of hair”.
[Saheeh Al-Bukhaari. Number 2928]
Those amongst the Muslims – who saw and fought those Turks when their king Genghis Khan appeared, his children and grandchildren, such as Hulagu Khan and other than him amongst the disbelieving kings- could not describe them better than how the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] described them [i.e. even though he did not meet them]. He stated this 600 years prior to its occurrence. [End of quote] [An Excerpt from Al-Jawaabus Saheeh Liman Baddala Deen Al-Maseeh. 2/65-67. slightly paraphrased]
None Knows The Unseen -Neither Jinns Nor Prophets, Nor Angels
Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] said:
فَلَمَّا قَضَيۡنَا عَلَيۡهِ ٱلۡمَوۡتَ مَا دَلَّهُمۡ عَلَىٰ مَوۡتِهِۦۤ إِلَّا دَآبَّةُ ٱلۡأَرۡضِ تَأۡڪُلُ مِنسَأَتَهُۖ ۥ فَلَمَّا خَرَّ تَبَيَّنَتِ ٱلۡجِنُّ أَن لَّوۡ كَانُواْ يَعۡلَمُونَ ٱلۡغَيۡبَ مَا لَبِثُواْ فِى ٱلۡعَذَابِ ٱلۡمُهِينِ
Then when We decreed death for him [Sulaiman (Solomon)], nothing informed them (jinns) of his death except a little worm of the earth, which kept (slowly) gnawing away at his stick, so when he fell down, the jinns saw clearly that if they had known the unseen, they would not have stayed in the humiliating torment. [Surah Saba. Aayah 14]
Finally, we repeat once again the fact that rebutting false beliefs, ideas and views does not necessitate bad behaviour, rather Muslims are commanded to behave well towards others.
To be continued InShaaAllaah
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