[30 ] The Three Monotheistic Religions! [Brief Observations On This Statement Uttered By Writers Who Are Ignorant About Islaam And Misguided Modernists Speaking In The Name of Islaam]: Conjecture And Vain Desires Led to Misguidance


In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.


Firstly: We repeat once again the fact that rebutting false beliefs, ideas and views does not necessitate bad behaviour, rather Muslims are commanded to behave well towards others.

Must read:

https://www.abukhadeejah.com/living-with-non-muslims-in-the-west-with-fine-conduct/    https://salaficentre.com/2017/05/stance-proactive-order-protect-muslims-non-muslim-neighbours-inhuman-ideologies-devilish-acts-jihaadist-terrorists-sympathisers/

To Proceed:

Allaah [The Most High] said:

قُلۡ يَـٰٓأَهۡلَ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبِ تَعَالَوۡاْ إِلَىٰ ڪَلِمَةٍ۬ سَوَآءِۭ بَيۡنَنَا وَبَيۡنَكُمۡ أَلَّا نَعۡبُدَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهَ وَلَا نُشۡرِكَ بِهِۦ شَيۡـًٔ۬ا وَلَا يَتَّخِذَ بَعۡضُنَا بَعۡضًا أَرۡبَابً۬ا مِّن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ فَإِن تَوَلَّوۡاْ فَقُولُواْ ٱشۡهَدُواْ بِأَنَّا مُسۡلِمُونَ

–Say (O Muhammad): “O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians): Come to a word that is just between us and you, that we worship none but Allah, and that we associate no partners with Him, and that none of us shall take others as lords besides Allah. Then, if they turn away, say: “Bear witness that we are Muslims]. [Surah Aal Imraan. Aayah 64]

Meaning: say to the people of the scripture – the Jews and Christians,

[تَعَالَوۡاْ إِلَىٰ ڪَلِمَةٍ۬ سَوَآءِۭ بَيۡنَنَا وَبَيۡنَكُمۡ – Come to a word that is just between us and you]- Meaning: Come let us unite upon the statement which all the Prophets and Messengers agreed upon and none opposes it except the obstinate and misguided. This statement is not specific to anyone of us; rather it is something that you and us should establish between us, so this is justice and fairness in debate. Then Allaah explains this and said:

[أَلَّا نَعۡبُدَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهَ وَلَا نُشۡرِكَ بِهِۦ شَيۡـًٔ۬ا  –  that we worship none but Allah, and that we associate no partners with Him]- Meaning: We should single out Allaah in worship, devoting all love, fear and hope to Him alone, and we should not associate anyone as partner with Allaah in worship- neither a Prophet, an Angel, a Righteous Person, an Idol, a Deified image, a living or non-living thing, [وَلَا يَتَّخِذَ بَعۡضُنَا بَعۡضًا أَرۡبَابً۬ا مِّن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ  – and that none of us shall take others as lords besides Allaah]; rather all obedience is to be devoted to Allah and His Messengers. [فَإِن تَوَلَّوۡاْ فَقُولُواْ ٱشۡهَدُواْ بِأَنَّا مُسۡلِمُونَ – Then, if they turn away, say: “Bear witness that we are Muslims]”. [Tafsir As-Sadi]


Allaah [The Exalted] said:

قُلۡ يَـٰٓأَهۡلَ ٱلۡڪِتَـٰبِ لَا تَغۡلُواْ فِى دِينِڪُمۡ غَيۡرَ ٱلۡحَقِّ وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوٓاْ أَهۡوَآءَ قَوۡمٍ۬ قَدۡ ضَلُّواْ مِن قَبۡلُ وَأَضَلُّواْ ڪَثِيرً۬ا وَضَلُّواْ عَن سَوَآءِ ٱلسَّبِيلِ

Say (O Muhammad): “O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Exceed not the limits in your religion (by believing in something) other than the truth, and do not follow the vain desires of people who went astray in times gone by, and who misled many, and strayed (themselves) from the Right Path.” [Surah Al-Maa’idah. Aayah 77]

Allaah addressed the Christians because they depended on the ordinances and religious practices which the elders of their religion initiated for them. They justified that for the elders of their religion – who became the great ones in their religion – to initiate laws for them and abrogate some of that which they used to follow without returning to the Judgement of Allaah and His Messengers, so that none would have exited from that which was found in Book of Allaah, such as the Tawraat and Injeel and the path of the Messiah [peace and blessings of Alllaah be upon him]. This is why Allaah [The Exalted] said:

قُلۡ يَـٰٓأَهۡلَ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبِ لَسۡتُمۡ عَلَىٰ شَىۡءٍ حَتَّىٰ تُقِيمُواْ ٱلتَّوۡرَٮٰةَ وَٱلۡإِنجِيلَ وَمَآ أُنزِلَ إِلَيۡكُم مِّن رَّبِّكُمۡ

Say (O Muhammad) “O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! You have nothing (as regards guidance) till you act according to the Taurat (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel), and what has (now) been sent down to you from your Lord (the Qur’an).” [Surah Al-Maa’idah. Aayah 68].

However, they followed laws and religious practices that were initiated for them by the elders in their religion, some of which they reported from the Prophets [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon them], some from the disciples [may Allaah have mercy upon them] and many were neither from the Prophets nor the disciples; rather it was initiated and innovated by the elders of their religion, just as they innovated and made swine lawful for them, the celebration of the cross (i.e. Christmas) and other than it.

Read here before continuing…

The Pagan Roots of Christmas and how a Muslim should behave during this Season

https://www.abukhadeejah.com/the-pagan-roots-of-christmas-and-how-a-muslim-should-behave-during-this-season/

Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [rahimahullaah] then said:

And when Adee Bin Haatim [radiyallaahu-anhu] heard the Aayah:

[ ٱتَّخَذُوٓاْ أَحۡبَارَهُمۡ وَرُهۡبَـٰنَهُمۡ أَرۡبَابً۬ا مِّن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ  – They [the Jews and Christians] took their rabbis and monks to be their lords besides Allaah], he said, “Indeed we did not worship them”. So, the Prophet [sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam] said, “Did they not make unlawful that which Allaah made lawful and so you followed them? Did they not make lawful what Allaah made unlawful and so you followed them?” He said,  “Certainly”. The Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, “This was your worship of them”.

NB: Read the detail explanation of this subject matter in the following links because the Takfeeris enter into falsehood regarding it. http://www.salafipublications.com/sps/sp.cfm/sad/…/images/frm/downloads/pdf/frm/nbq/nbq/sad/downloads/pdf/sp.cfm?subsecID=MNJ05&articleID=MNJ050004&articlePages=1

https://masjidfurqan.co.uk/2020/08/11/an-affair-which-the-deceitful-ones-amongst-ahlul-bidah-hizb-tahreer-jamaaatut-takfeer-etc-hid-from-some-of-us-from-1993-1995/

Shaikhul Islaam then said:

This is why Allaah [The Exalted] addressed the Christians, saying:

وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوٓاْ أَهۡوَآءَ قَوۡمٍ۬ قَدۡ ضَلُّواْ مِن قَبۡلُ وَأَضَلُّواْ ڪَثِيرً۬ا وَضَلُّواْ عَن سَوَآءِ ٱلسَّبِيلِ

And do not follow the vain desires of people who went astray in times gone by, and who misled many, and strayed (themselves) from the Right Path. [Surah Al-Maa’idah. Aayah 77]

That is because they followed the desires of their elders in religion who came before them – those misguided ones who also misguided many of their followers, so they deviated from the straight path. Therefore, when it is the case that they and their followers deviated from the straight path, then how can it be possible that Allaah would command His servants to ask Him to guide them to the path of these misguided people who also misguided others from the straight path?! [i.e. that can never be possible]

Allaah [The Exalted] said: [وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوٓاْ أَهۡوَآءَ  – And do not follow the vain desires]- Meaning, because the basis of their innovations in religion was due to following the desires of their souls together with conjecture, so they became from those about whom Allaah [The Exalted] stated:

إِن يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا ٱلظَّنَّ وَمَا تَهۡوَى ٱلۡأَنفُسُ‌ۖ وَلَقَدۡ جَآءَهُم مِّن رَّبِّہِمُ ٱلۡهُدَىٰٓ

They follow but a guess and that which they themselves desire, whereas there has surely come to them the Guidance from their Lord! [Surah An-Najm. Aayah 23]

And Allaah [The Exalted] said:

وَمَنۡ أَضَلُّ مِمَّنِ ٱتَّبَعَ هَوَٮٰهُ بِغَيۡرِ هُدً۬ى مِّنَ ٱللَّ

And who is more astray than one who follows his own lusts, without guidance from Allah? [Surah Al-Qasas. Aayah 50]

Beneficial Reminder Regarding Conjecture And Vain Desires Before We Carry On With Shaikhul Islaam’s clarification

Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr [hafidhahullaah] stated regarding the Aayah:

[إِن يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا ٱلظَّنَّ وَمَا تَهۡوَى ٱلۡأَنفُسُ‌ۖ  – They follow but a guess and that which they themselves desire].

There is a tremendous benefit derived from this, because the one deprived of sound Eemaan and the sound creed sent down as revelation by Allaah- The Lord of the Aalameen, then his affair is one of two: Corruption in Knowledge or Corruption in his Intent– corruption in knowledge occurs as a result of following conjecture and corruption in one’s intent occurs as a result of following desires, or the person may combine both of them.

Another benefit derived from this is that the rectification or well-being of a person cannot be attained except by way of two affairs: Upright [or sound] Knowledge and Upright [or sound] Intent. This is why Imaam Ibnul Qayyim (rahimahullaah) said in Miftaah Daarus Sa’aadah that a person is in need of two things: ‘[Sound] Knowledge by way of which he is [rightly] guided and lofty aspiration by way of which he is urged towards that [sound aspiration]’, because it maybe that a person has beneficial knowledge but not [sound] intent and aspiration.  Therefore, one cannot be upright except by way of upright knowledge and intent.  Sound knowledge is corrupted through following conjecture and sound intent is corrupted through following the desires of one’s soul.

Allaah [The Exalted] stated about the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam]: [مَا ضَلَّ صَاحِبُكُمۡ وَمَا غَوَىٰ-Your companion (Muhammad) has neither gone astray nor has erred].  That is because the Daal [misguided person] is one whose knowledge is corrupted and the Ghaawiy [astray one] is the one whose intent is corrupted.

Also, the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] described his four khulafaa [Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthmaan and Ali (radiyallaahu-anhum)] with the words ‘Raashideen and Mahdiyyeen’, because the Raashid [i.e. The one who is steadfast upon the right path and is firmly established upon it] is the opposite of the Ghaawiy [The one who strays from the right path or conduct], and the Mahdee [The one guided to the path of truth and yields obediently to it] is the opposite of the Daalun [the misguided one, especially in knowledge and creed].

[An Excerpt from Sharh Kitaab At-Tawheed. Lesson 4]

Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [rahimahullaah] continued…

The reason behind this is because after the Messiah [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] was raised to the heavens due the severe enmity him and his followers encountered from those Jews who disbelieved in him – those who went into extremes to harm, humiliate, attempted to kill and exterminate them-, then the Christians harboured hatred in their hearts and sought revenge in a manner that cannot be described due to its severity. So, when the Christians had a Nation State such as the ruler ship of Constantine, they wanted to confront those Jews, and this is what normally happens between the groups that oppose each other in kingship, between deviant groups that are in opposition to each in their religious innovations, such as between the Khawaarij and the Raafidah (1), the Jabariyyah and Qadariyyah (2),  the Mu’attilah and the Mu’math’thilah (3), and between two Nation States that compete for authority. Therefore, if a group that was harmed gains the upper hand over the other, they take revenge and do not remain within the confines of justice, rather they transgress against the other group just as the other group transgressed against them aforetime. So, the Christians desired to confront those Jews and thus made lawful that which the Jews declared unlawful, such as swine and other than it. And they tested anyone who embraced their religion to see whether he eats swine, otherwise they will not consider him a Christian. They also abandoned circumcision and performed prayers towards other than the direction which the Jews performed prayer.

The Jews [i.e. those amongst them who disbelieved in the Messiah] did go to extremes in falsely accusing the Messiah [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] and claimed that he was an illegitimate child, a liar and a magician; but on the other hand, the Christians also went into extremes in exalting the Messiah [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] and said that he is Allaah and the son of Allaah etc. As for those upright scholars and devout worshippers amongst them who attempted to speak the truth and establish justice in these affairs, they gathered a group to curse them out of bigoted partisanship, vain desires and exaggerated love for those whom they exalted, just as has occurred regarding ahlul ahwaa [i.e. the people of bidah], such as having exaggerated love for some of the Mashaayikh, members of the Prophet’s family, some of the scholars, kings, tribes and schools of jurisprudence.

Indeed , the main reason for their misguidance was due to following the vain desires of their souls. Allaah told his Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] to say to those Christians who lived during his era and those after them:

قُلۡ يَـٰٓأَهۡلَ ٱلۡڪِتَـٰبِ لَا تَغۡلُواْ فِى دِينِڪُمۡ غَيۡرَ ٱلۡحَقِّ وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوٓاْ أَهۡوَآءَ قَوۡمٍ۬ قَدۡ ضَلُّواْ مِن قَبۡلُ وَأَضَلُّواْ ڪَثِيرً۬ا وَضَلُّواْ عَن سَوَآءِ ٱلسَّبِيلِ

Say (O Muhammad): “O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Exceed not the limits in your religion (by believing in something) other than the truth, and do not follow the vain desires of people who went astray in times gone by, and who misled many, and strayed (themselves) from the Right Path.” [Surah Al-Maa’idah. Aayah 77]

[An Excerpt from Al-Jawaabus Saheeh Liman Baddal Deen Al-Maseeh. 2/70-72. Slightly paraphrased]

Finally, we repeat once again the fact that rebutting false beliefs, ideas and views does not necessitate bad behaviour, rather Muslims are commanded to behave well towards others.

Must read:

https://www.abukhadeejah.com/living-with-non-muslims-in-the-west-with-fine-conduct/ 

https://salaficentre.com/2017/05/stance-proactive-order-protect-muslims-non-muslim-neighbours-inhuman-ideologies-devilish-acts-jihaadist-terrorists-sympathisers/

To be continued InShaaAllaah

Also Read:

Jesus the Messiah in Islam, in Christianity and in reality: 10 points every Christian really must know:

https://www.abukhadeejah.com/jesus-the-messiah-in-islam-in-christianity-and-in-reality/

[Ref 1] Khawaarij and Rawaafid

http://www.kharijites.com/kj/

http://www.shia.bs/authors/Abu.Iyaad.cfm

[Ref 2] Qadariyyah and Jabariyyah

http://www.aqidah.com/creed/articles/hxnhe-the-splitting-of-the-muslim-ummah-part-3.cfm

[Ref 3] Mu’attilah and Mumath’thilah

https://twitter.com/AbuIyaadSP/status/657217695096676352

https://www.abukhadeejah.com/the-methodology-of-ahl-us-sunnah-towards-allaahs-names-and-attributes/

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