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The Obligation of Pronouncing Faith And Not Just Affirming It In One’s Heart – Shaykh Fawzaan

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Shaikh Salih al Fawzaan حفظه الله comments regarding His Statement (The Most High):

قُلۡ ءَامَنَّا بِٱللَّهِ وَمَآ أُنزِلَ عَلَيۡنَا وَمَآ أُنزِلَ عَلَىٰٓ إِبۡرَٰهِيمَ وَإِسۡمَٰعِيلَ وَإِسۡحَٰقَ وَيَعۡقُوبَ وَٱلۡأَسۡبَاطِ وَمَآ أُوتِيَ مُوسَىٰ وَعِيسَىٰ وَٱلنَّبِيُّونَ مِن رَّبِّهِمۡ لَا نُفَرِّقُ بَيۡنَ أَحَدٖ مِّنۡهُمۡ وَنَحۡنُ لَهُۥ مُسۡلِمُونَ

Say (O Muhammad): “We believe in Allah and in what has been sent down to us, and what was sent down to Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma’il (Ishmael), Ishaque (Isaac), Ya’qub (Jacob) and Al-Asbat [the twelve sons of Ya’qub (Jacob)] and what was given to Musa (Moses), ‘Iesa (Jesus) and the Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between one another among them and to Him (Allah) we have submitted (in Islam).”

-Surah Aal-E-Imran, Ayah

“Taken from this verse is the obligation to utter the testimony of faith (al-Imaan) and it is not enough to only affirm it in the heart, just like  some of the Murji’ah say (1). Faith, as it has been established by Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaa’ah (2) comprises of statement of the tongue, belief of the heart and actions of the limbs, therefore it is an obligation to utter the testimony of faith and not just to affirm it in the heart, because the disbelievers during the time of the Messenger affirmed that he was the Messenger of Allaah, but they refused to utter and testify that he is the Messenger of Allah, and because of that they disbelieved, so affirmation in their hearts did not benefit them, just as Allah says:

قَدۡ نَعۡلَمُ إِنَّهُۥ لَيَحۡزُنُكَ ٱلَّذِي يَقُولُونَۖ فَإِنَّهُمۡ لَا يُكَذِّبُونَكَ وَلَٰكِنَّ ٱلظَّٰلِمِينَ بِـَٔايَٰتِ ٱللَّهِ يَجۡحَدُونَ

We know indeed the grief which their words cause you (O Muhammad): it is not you that they deny, but it is the Verses (the Quran) of Allah that the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers) deny.

-Surah Al-An’am, Ayah 33

And Allah said: ‘…وَجَحَدُواْ بِها’ meaning: in the ayaat (signs) of Allah.

وَجَحَدُواْ بِهَا وَٱسۡتَيۡقَنَتۡهَآ أَنفُسُهُمۡ ظُلۡمٗا وَعُلُوّٗاۚ فَٱنظُرۡ كَيۡفَ كَانَ عَٰقِبَةُ ٱلۡمُفۡسِدِينَ

And they belied them (those Ayat) wrongfully and arrogantly, though their ownselves were convinced thereof [i.e. those (Ayat) are from Allah, and Musa (Moses) is the Messenger of Allah in truth, but they disliked to obey Musa (Moses), and hated to believe in his Message of Monotheism]. So see what was the end of the Mufsidun (disbelievers, disobedient to Allah, evil-doers, liars.).

-Surah An-Naml, Ayah 14

This is an evidence that they knew the truthfulness of the Messengers deep in their souls, but due to arrogance and obstinacy they did not follow them and thus they became disbelievers. Their acknowledgement and affirmation in their hearts alone did not benefit them, therefore this is a refutation against the Murji’ah who say that faith is only affirmation in the heart.”

[End of quote] [Source: Min Ahkhaam Al-Qur’aan by Shaikh Salih al Fawzaan حفظه الله  vol.1 pgs. 51 – 52]

Ref 1: Who are the Murji’ah? Visit link

Ref 2: Who Are Ahlus Sunnah Wal-Jamaa’ah? Visit link

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