In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
Firstly: We repeat once again the fact that rebutting false beliefs, ideas and views does not necessitate bad behaviour, rather Muslims are commanded to behave well towards others.
Allaah [The Most High] said:
قُلۡ يَـٰٓأَهۡلَ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبِ تَعَالَوۡاْ إِلَىٰ ڪَلِمَةٍ۬ سَوَآءِۭ بَيۡنَنَا وَبَيۡنَكُمۡ أَلَّا نَعۡبُدَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهَ وَلَا نُشۡرِكَ بِهِۦ شَيۡـًٔ۬ا وَلَا يَتَّخِذَ بَعۡضُنَا بَعۡضًا أَرۡبَابً۬ا مِّن دُونِ ٱللَّهِۚ فَإِن تَوَلَّوۡاْ فَقُولُواْ ٱشۡهَدُواْ بِأَنَّا مُسۡلِمُونَ
–Say (O Muhammad): “O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians): Come to a word that is just between us and you, that we worship none but Allah, and that we associate no partners with Him, and that none of us shall take others as lords besides Allah. Then, if they turn away, say: “Bear witness that we are Muslims]. [Surah Aal Imraan. Aayah 64]
Meaning: say to the people of the scripture – the Jews and Christians,
[تَعَالَوۡاْ إِلَىٰ ڪَلِمَةٍ۬ سَوَآءِۭ بَيۡنَنَا وَبَيۡنَكُمۡ – Come to a word that is just between us and you]- Meaning: Come let us unite upon the statement which all the Prophets and Messengers agreed upon and none opposes it except the obstinate and misguided. This statement is not specific to anyone of us; rather it is something that you and us should establish between us, so this is justice and fairness in debate. Then Allaah explains this and said:
[أَلَّا نَعۡبُدَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهَ وَلَا نُشۡرِكَ بِهِۦ شَيۡـًٔ۬ا – that we worship none but Allah, and that we associate no partners with Him]- Meaning: We should single out Allaah in worship, devoting all love, fear and hope to Him alone, and we should not associate anyone as partner with Allaah in worship- neither a Prophet, an Angel, a Righteous Person, an Idol, a Deified image, a living or non-living thing, [وَلَا يَتَّخِذَ بَعۡضُنَا بَعۡضًا أَرۡبَابً۬ا مِّن دُونِ ٱللَّهِۚ – and that none of us shall take others as lords besides Allaah]; rather all obedience is to be devoted to Allah and His Messengers. [فَإِن تَوَلَّوۡاْ فَقُولُواْ ٱشۡهَدُواْ بِأَنَّا مُسۡلِمُونَ – Then, if they turn away, say: “Bear witness that we are Muslims]”. [Tafsir As-Sadi]
Allaah [The Exalted] said:
وَقَالَتِ ٱلۡيَهُودُ عُزَيۡرٌ ٱبۡنُ ٱللَّهِ وَقَالَتِ ٱلنَّصَـٰرَى ٱلۡمَسِيحُ ٱبۡنُ ٱللَّهِۖ ذَٲلِكَ قَوۡلُهُم بِأَفۡوَٲهِهِمۡۖ يُضَـٰهِـُٔونَ قَوۡلَ ٱلَّذِينَ ڪَفَرُواْ مِن قَبۡلُۚ قَـٰتَلَهُمُ ٱللَّهُۚ أَنَّىٰ يُؤۡفَڪُونَ
And the Jews [i.e. those who deviated] say: “Uzair (Ezra) is the son of Allah”, and the Christians [i.e. those who deviated] say: “Messiah is the son of Allah”. That is a saying from their mouths. They imitate the saying of the disbelievers of old. Allah’s Curse be on them, how they are deluded away from the truth! [Surah At-tawbah. Aayah 30]
Indeed, Ahlul Bidah Wad Dalaal [the proponents of religious innovations and misguidance] – those who ascribe to Islaam – imitate them in this affair by uttering something similar to their act of going beyond bounds regarding the status of Prophets [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon them], the family of Prophet Muhammad [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon them], the Mashaayikh and other than them, such as those who claim Wahdatul Wujood [i.e. the notion of the unity of existence – that Allah is one with the creation and that He is in every place] or Hulool [i.e. Divine indwelling – the belief that Allaah dwells within a particular human] or Ittihaad [i.e. union with the divine], which is similar to the extreme claim of the Christians [regarding the Messiah] and the claim of the Shiites regarding Ali and a group from the Prophet’s family, such as the Nusayriyyah and other than them who claim deity ship for Ali, and the claim of some of the Ismaa’eeliyyah who claim deity ship for their ruler etc.
When these people are addressed and a clarification is given regarding the corruption their statements, they reply with something similar to the statements of those Christians [who deviated from the path of the Messiah], saying, “This affair of ours is something above the intellects”, and they would say to the one who desired to follow their path, “Abandon Aql and Naql [i.e. sound reasoning by way of intellect and the narrations found in the Sharee’ah]”. These people blindly follow their Mashaayikh and follow them in that which is outside the boundaries of the Sharee’ah of the Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] and in that which they innovated, which Allaah has not legislated; so they follow religious innovations as means of worship and declare lawful that which is unlawful, in a manner similar to how some of the Christians blindly followed their Shuyookh. And when a person opposes them, they say, “The Shaikh has made his affair safe and he is not to be opposed”, just as the Christians say about their Shuyookh.
The most of that which these people have is that they narrate some of those affairs that are regarded to be out of the norm [i.e. miracles] from their Shuyookh, which may either be true or false, or it may be that they are deeds of the allies of the devils, such as the Magicians and soothsayers. And it may be from that which occurs from the allies of Allaah, so if it is from the allies of Allaah, then there is nothing in relation to this regarding blindly following a Wali in everything he says, because a Wali is neither infallible nor is it obligatory to follow him in everything he says, nor is it obligatory to believe in everything he says; rather this is one of the specific rights of the Prophets [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon them], because it is obligatory to believe in everything the Prophets [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon them] have stated, testify to the truthfulness of everything they have related regarding the unseen matters and follow them in everything they have commanded. And whoever disbelieves in anything they have brought, then such a person is a disbeliever.
These innovators, extremists – those who ascribe partners to Allaah and hold the belief of divine indwelling – are like the Christians with regards to how close they resemble them and how much they oppose the sound religion of the Muslims, and some of them are more in agreement with the sound religion of the Muslims. As for the extremists, there are those amongst them who agree more with the Christians and some are greater disbelievers than the Christians.
[An Excerpt from Al-Jawaabus Saheeh Liman Baddala Deen Al-Maseeh 2/75-77. Slightly paraphrased]
Finally, we repeat once again the fact that rebutting false beliefs, ideas and views does not necessitate bad behaviour, rather Muslims are commanded to behave well towards others.
To be continued InShaaAllaah
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