In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
If someone says, “What directs to the subject matter related to disciplining the soul?” It is said to him, “The Qur’aan, the authentic Sunnah and the statements of the upright scholars of the Muslims”.
If he says, “Mention it”, say, “Yes, InShaaAllaah. Allaah [The Exalted] said:
[يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ قُوٓاْ أَنفُسَكُمۡ وَأَهۡلِيكُمۡ نَارً۬ا – O you who believe! Protect yourselves and your families from the Fire (Hell)]”.
[Surah At-Tahreem. Aayah 6] [Ref 1]
Meaning: protect the soul by fulfilling the commands of Allaah and keeping away from prohibitions. Protect your family by commanding them to obey Allaah and keep away from disobedience. [Ref 2]
Command them with what Allaah has commanded them and aid them in that. If you see them disobeying Allaah, prevent and turn them away from it. And indeed Allaah [The Exalted] said to His Messenger:
وَأۡمُرۡ أَهۡلَكَ بِٱلصَّلَوٰةِ وَٱصۡطَبِرۡ عَلَيۡہَاۖ
And enjoin As-Salat (the prayer) on your family, and be patient in offering them [i.e. the Salat (prayers)]. [Surah Taa Haa. Aayah 132] [Ref 3]
So whoever hears this, then it is obligated on him to seek knowledge of it and not to be heedless of it. Have you not seen that Allaah urges and commands you to discipline your souls and your families?! Therefore, acknowledge – may Allaah have mercy upon you – this from Allaah and adhere to the knowledge regarding it. [Ref 4]
To be continued InShaaAllaah
[Ref 1: Adabun Nufoos. Pages 3-4]
[Ref 2: Zaadul Maseer Fee Ilmit Tafseer by Imaam Ibnul Jawzi]
Ref 3: Tafseer At-Tabari
[Ref 4: Adabun Nufoos. Pages 3-4]