Part 3: At-Takaathur – [An Admonition to Ourselves Regarding Being Wilfully Diverted By Mutual Rivalry Until a Person Who Has Reached Ninety Years of Age Is Still Eager For The Dunyah]


In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Allaah [The Exalted] said:

أَلۡهَٮٰكُمُ ٱلتَّكَاثُرُ

حَتَّىٰ زُرۡتُمُ ٱلۡمَقَابِرَ

كَلَّا سَوۡفَ تَعۡلَمُونَ

ثُمَّ كَلَّا سَوۡفَ تَعۡلَمُونَ

كَلَّا لَوۡ تَعۡلَمُونَ عِلۡمَ ٱلۡيَقِينِ

لَتَرَوُنَّ ٱلۡجَحِيمَ

ثُمَّ لَتَرَوُنَّہَا عَيۡنَ ٱلۡيَقِينِ

ثُمَّ لَتُسۡـَٔلُنَّ يَوۡمَٮِٕذٍ عَنِ ٱلنَّعِيمِ

The mutual rivalry for piling up of worldly things diverts you, until you visit the graves. Nay! You shall come to know! Again, Nay! You shall come to know! Nay! If you knew with a sure knowledge (the end result of piling up, you would not have occupied yourselves in worldly things); verily, You shall see the blazing Fire (Hell)! And again, you shall see it with certainty of sight! Then, on that Day, you shall be asked about the delight (you indulged in, in this world)! [Surah At-Takaathur]

[حَتَّىٰ زُرۡتُمُ ٱلۡمَقَابِرَ- The mutual rivalry for piling up of worldly things diverts you, until you visit the graves]- Meaning, until death comes to you whilst you are upon this state of affairs; then you are placed in the graves as visitors and finally returned to your permanent abodes [on the day of resurrection]- either Jannah or Jahannam, just as a visitor returns to his permanent dwelling place. [Ref 1]

The human being reaches old age and still hopes for things- to the extent that a man reaches ninety years of age and you find him hoping and having prolonged hope for worldly things more than a fifteen year old youth. This is the meaning of the noble Aayah- that you are diverted by mutual rivalry in amassing worldly things until you die. Umar Bin Abdil Azeez [rahimahullaah] used this Aayah as proof that a visitor has to return to his permanent place and that the grave is not a permanent place of residence. Likewise, it has been mentioned regarding a Bedouin that he heard a reciter reciting, “The mutual rivalry for piling up of worldly things diverts you, until you visit the graves”, so he said, “By Allaah! You will be resurrected”. [Ref 2]


[Ref 1: An Excerpt from Zaadul Maseer Fee Ilmit Tafseer By Imaam Ibnul Jawzi (rahimahullaah)]

[Ref 2: An Excerpt from Tafseer Juz Ammah by Imaam Muhammad Bin Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah). Pages 300-301. Slightly paraphrased]

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