In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy
Among the rights that have been mentioned – a lot – in this era is what is called Human Rights. This term, which is used as the title of this lecture, is related to many researches, whether regarding the Islamic legislation, creed, administration of justice, politics or financial matters. It is also related to what the major powers or the United Nations call Human Rights. As you know, there is a story behind this term and it is a new term – neither found in the Qur’aan nor the Sunnah, nor have the Imaams and scholars of Islaam stipulated the issue of rights by way of this term; but rather rights (or the obligations we owe one another) can be found in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah.
When the second world war took place, which the allies won – America triumphed over the opponents and the United Nations was founded, they established a new world order. The term New World Order did not come about after the Gulf War; rather it is a term that came with its principles and fundamentals after the Second World War. The major powers – amongst the countries – utter this term if they want to impose something new on nations, society and the people regardless of their countries and cultures. So, after the Second World War, they wanted to establish a new world order by way of which the major powers would be able to control all countries. At times this control is cultural, sometimes through strong opinions and the exercise of freedoms at other times, and power is exercised through interference in the affairs of the countries in which they want to interfere.
The new global organization included the declaration – in 1948 – they called the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and a document – from the United Nations – of thirty articles was drawn up; then amendments and additions were made to it. This document – with the additions at present – is what they advocate and refer to as human rights. The human rights advocated by the United Nations and the Western countries are based on two affairs, namely freedom and equality between people. Among the provisos were those that prevent various types of dealings and restricted the state’s right when dealing with the people. The Western countries and the United Nations interfered in the affairs of many countries and imposed things on them, and perhaps the media may publish things about some countries because they did not implement those rights. The interference may be greater due to interfering in their affairs, asking them about what they have done to achieve these freedoms and mentioning individual cases.
The Declaration of Human Rights has its own circumstances and motives, and it also has its objectives that serve the principles of the major colonial empires. This term [i.e. Human Rights] is oft-repeated, but it is obligated on a Muslim to be proud of his religion, confident that the rights a person has is great if granted by Allaah [The Almighty], because no one is more knowledgeable than Allaah regarding the affairs of the creation and what is best for them, as Allaah [The Almighty] said: [أَلَا يَعْلَمُ مَنْ خَلَقَ وَهُوَ اللَّطِيفُ الْخَبِيرُ – Should not He Who has created know? And He is the Most Kind and Courteous (to His slaves) All-Aware (of everything)]. [Surah Al-Mulk. Aayah 14]
فإذن الله سبحانه وتعالى -فيما شرع- هو الذي يحفظ حق الإنسان، وهو الذي يحفظ حقوق الناس على مختلف أنواعهم
Therefore, Allaah [Glorified and Exalted be He] – in what is legislated – is the one who preserves the rights of humankind. This is why many have carried out research in this subject matter and proven that the Islamic legislation, the life story of our Prophet [may peace and blessings be upon him], the rulings in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah, the actions of the four caliphs and those who came after them are the greatest early document of human rights- lofty in its pronouncement and application. It was fully implemented in the era of the Prophet [peace and blessings be upon him] and in the era of the Rightly Guided Caliphs [may Allaah be pleased with them]. Many researchers have written on this topic, and among them are those who carried weak views and wanted to make every article of that declaration a precedent in the history of Islam or in Islamic law. Others carried out a good and knowledge based research in various magazines and articles, and they clarified that some of the human rights declared in the West and by the United Nations has been affirmed by the Islamic legislation and some are in conflict with its very foundations. [End of quote]] [Source: listen here: https://video.link/w/j4azb paraphrased]
The implementation of Sharee’ah Law is the responsibility of Muslim governments and not the insurgents, such as ISIS and their ilk. Likewise, the call to Islaam does not begin with the call to establish an Islamic State, rather it begins with the call to pure Islamic Monotheism. See here the Methodology of the Prophets in calling to the path of Allaah:
ISIS have NOT established the Khilaafah! [i.e. The Islamic State]- By Shaikh Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah preserve him] https://www.salafisounds.com/isis-have-not-established-the-khilaafah-short-clip-by-abu-khadeejah/
And even when Muslim rulers are oppressive, we do not initiate rebel against them. See here: The Tyranny Of The Rulers, A Reason For Rebellion?
Sharee’ah In The West
Shaikh Abdul Waahid Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah preserve him] stated:
Although Muslims in Britain are subject to British law and the British legal system, Sharī’ah tribunals are allowed in certain areas as an alternative way of resolving disputes. These are aimed at resolving commercial, civil and matrimonial disputes to the satisfaction of both sides. Read here: https://www.abukhadeejah.com/educate-yourself-ethics-1-2-shariah-redstone-academy/
Also, a Muslim is obligated to fulfil his obligations and refrain from treachery whilst living with non-Muslims. See here: Living With Non-Muslims In The West: With Fine Conduct
Alliance with the non-Muslims is of two types – misunderstanding this affair leads people astray
Shaikh Ibn Uthaimeen on Interacting With Non-Muslims in Western Countries