A Brief Reply to Reem Krimly at Al-Arabiya News – [Ruling On Shisha and The Beard]
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
The Saudi Committee of Senior Scholars stated:
Shisha, hookah and smoking are from the khabaa’ith (evil, filthy, unlawful things) and they are haraam (prohibited) due to that which they contain of harm to the body and wealth.
And Allah [The Most High] said about the Prophet Muhammad [peace and blessings be upon him]:
وَيُحِلُّ لَهُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَيُحَرِّمُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْخَبَائِثَ
And He allows them as lawful At-Taiyibat [(i.e. all good and lawful) as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.], and prohibits them as unlawful Al-Khaba’ith (i.e. all evil and unlawful as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.) [Surah Al-A’raaf Verse 157]
And it is established that Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings be upon him] said, “
” There should be neither harming not reciprocating harm”. [Reported by Ibn Mājah, al-Dārqutnī].
Therefore it is impermissible to use these things, to sell them or to promote them. [Ref 1]
Saudi Scholar, Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:
Smoking is forbidden due to the evidences found in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah, and based on sound opinion. Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] said: [وَلا تَقْتُلُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِكُمْ رَحِيماً – And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allah is Most Merciful to you]
[Soorah Nisaa: Ayah: 29]
It is well-known that smoking causes harm to the body which may appear sooner or later, and this is an affair agreed upon by the doctors of today after the advancement of medicine. Smoking also disfigures the teeth, the lips etc.
Also, Allaah [the Most High] said: [وَلا تُؤْتُوا السُّفَهَاءَ أَمْوَالَكُمُ الَّتِي جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ قِيَاماً – And give not unto the foolish your property which Allah has made a means of support for you]. Therefore, Allaah clarified the wisdom behind wealth and that He made it a means of support through which the Religious and worldly benefits are established. And it is well known that spending wealth on cigarettes neither supports Religious nor worldly benefits, rather it does the opposite.
And from the evidences in the Sunnah concerning the impermissibility of smoking is that the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] forbade the squandering of wealth, and squandering wealth is when it is spent in other than what is beneficial. It is well known that spending wealth on smoking is a spending in which there is no benefit, rather it is spending in that which is harmful.
As for sound opinion, then sound intellect necessitates that a person does not partake in that which harms him and wastes his wealth, whilst he is a believer and that he will be brought to account. Therefore, sound intellect necessitates that a person does what benefits him and leaves what harms him, and from the perfection of [one’s religion and character] is to leave that which is of no benefit.
The affairs are three: Beneficial things, Harmful things and Things in which there is neither harm nor benefit. The first affair is sought after, the second affair is blameworthy, and regarding the third affair, a person refrains from it out of seeking perfection in his affairs, but there is no blame on him if he does it. Ref 2]
Saudi Scholar, Al-Allaamah Abdullah Bin Muhammad Bin Humaid [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:
The Muslim scholars hold a consensus that it is not permissible to shave (one’s) beard, and likewise it is (not permissible) to shorten it; except what has been narrated from Ibn Umar (radiyallaahu-anhu) that when he used to perform hajj or umrah, he would take hold of his beard (i.e. a fist) and cut the excess. As for the moustache, it is obligatory to trim it. Indeed, the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Trim the moustache and leave the beard, and be different from the fire worshippers.” [Reported by Bukhaari: No: 5892] [Ref 3]
Saudi Scholar, Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr [may Allaah preserve him] said:
Firstly, every smoker should know that smoking is Haraam. Many scholars have issued verdicts to show that it is Haraam based on many evidences from the Qur’aan and the [authentic] Sunnah. [From them is the statement of Allaah]: ”And do not throw yourselves into destruction.” [Surah Al-Baqarah’ Aayah 195]. And Allaah said: ”He allows them as lawful At-Taiyibat [(i.e. all good and lawful) as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.], and prohibits them as unlawful Al-Khaba’ith (i.e. all evil and unlawful as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.)” [Surah Al-A’raaf. Aayah 157]. Smoking is khabeeth.
Secondly, all doctors are unanimously agreed on the fact that smoking harms a person’s health and it is one of the greatest causes of cancer.
Thirdly, smoking is a waste of wealth and a means of placing wealth in the hands of the enemies [of Islaam]. So, the cigarettes harm his health and strengthen his enemy. If the smoker was asked, “You have been smoking for forty or fifty years, what benefit have you acquired from it?!” There is not a single benefit; however the harms are great indeed. He will realise the harm on his health, wealth etc Therefore, the one afflicted with smoking should fear Allaah. [Ref 4]
Saudi Scholar, Al-Allaamah Saaleh Al-Fawzaan [may Allaah preserve him] was asked as follows:
What do you say regarding the one who when it is said to him, “Fear Allaah regarding sins, such as shaving the beard, smoking and Isbaal [i.e. wearing one’s garments below the ankles]”, he says, “Eemaan is in the heart and it is not about growing the beard, abandoning smoking and Isbaal”; and he says, “Indeed, Allaah does not look at your bodies, rather He looks at your hearts”; and he intends by this the growing of the beard, abandoning smoking and Isbaal [i.e. that Eemaan is not about these affairs, rather it is what is settles in the heart]?
Response: This statement is often uttered by some of the ignorant people or those who hold false and erroneous views. It [i.e. what is uttered by this person] is a statement of truth by way of which falsehood is intended, because he utters this statement to justify his sins – that even in the absence of deeds that are to be performed in obedience to Allaah as well as not abandoning forbidden deeds, Eemaan in the heart is sufficient. This false and erroneous view is clearly unveiled because Eemaan is not only something in the heart; rather Eemaan – as defined by Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaa’ah – is speech of the tongue [i.e. acts of worship carried out with the tongue], belief in the heart and deeds of the limbs. Imaam Al-Hasan Al-Basri [rahimahullaah] said, “Eemaan is not to merely say something nor mere hope, rather it is what settles in the heart and deeds testify to it”.
Deeds of disobedience and abandoning obedience is proof that either there is no Eemaan in one’s heart or it is deficient. Allaah [The Exalted] said: [يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تَأۡڪُلُواْ ٱلرِّبَوٰٓا – O you who believe! Eat not Riba (usury)]. [Surah Aal Imraan. Aayah 130]
Allaah said: [يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ ٱتَّقُواْ ٱللَّهَ – O you who believe! Do your duty to Allah and fear Him]. [Surah al-Maa’idah. Aayah 35]
Allaah said: [مَنۡ ءَامَنَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِ وَعَمِلَ صَـٰلِحً۬ا- whosoever believed in Allah and the Last Day and worked righteousness]. [Surah Al-Maa’idah. Aayah 69]
Allaah said: [إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَـٰتِ – Truly those who believe, and do deeds of righteousness]. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 277]
Allaah said: [مَنۡ ءَامَنَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِ وَعَمِلَ صَـٰلِحً۬ا – whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and do righteous good deeds]. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 62]
Eemaan cannot be regarded complete except when accompanied by righteous deeds and abandoning disobedience. Allaah [The Exalted] said:
إِنَّ ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنَ لَفِى خُسۡرٍ
إِلَّا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَـٰتِ وَتَوَاصَوۡاْ بِٱلۡحَقِّ وَتَوَاصَوۡاْ بِٱلصَّبۡرِ
By Al-‘Asr (the time). Verily! Man is in loss; except those who believe [in Islamic Monotheism] and do righteous good deeds, and recommend one another to the truth, and recommend one another to patience (for the sufferings, harms, and injuries which one may encounter in Allah’s Cause during preaching His religion of Islamic Monotheism etc] [Surah Al-Asr]
Allaah said: [يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ أَطِيعُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُواْ ٱلرَّسُولَ – O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger [Muhammad]. [Surah An-Nisaa. Aayah 59]
Allaah said: [يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ ٱسۡتَجِيبُواْ لِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذَا دَعَاكُمۡ لِمَا يُحۡيِيڪُمۡۖ- O you who believe! Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he calls you to that which will give you life [i.e. fill your hearts with Eemaan, guidance and lead you righteous deeds]. [Surah Al-Anfaal. Aayah 24]
Belief in the heart alone is not enough without uttering one’s Eemaan with the tongue and performing deeds with the limbs, because this [i.e. belief in the heart without performing deeds] is the Madhab of those Murji’ah amongst the Jahmiyyah and other than them, and it is a false Madhab; rather one has to believe in the heart, utter his Eemaan [i.e. what he believes in] and perform deeds with the limbs. Committing acts of disobedience to Allaah is a proof of the weakness and deficiency of the Eemaan in one’s heart, because one’s Eemaan increases when Allaah is obeyed and decreases when Allaah is disobeyed. [Ref 5]
The Beard of the Muslim Man in Light of the Quran, the Sunnah and the Early Scholars- By Shaikh Abdul Waahid Abu Khadeejah
[Ref 1: Fataawa Al-Lajnah Ad-Daa’imah 26/351. Shaykh bin Baz – Shaykh Abdul Aziz aal Shaykh – Shaykh Abdullah Al-Ghudyaan – Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan – Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd]
[Ref 2: https://www.ajurry.com/vb/forum/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%86%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A5%D8%B3%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%85%D8%A9/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%86%D8%A8%D9%80%D9%80%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D9%80%D9%80%D8%A7%D9%85/8356-%D9%81%D8%AA%D8%A7%D9%88%D9%89-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%85%D8%A7%D8%A1-%D9%81%D9%8A-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AF%D8%AE%D8%A7%D9%86?t=8074
[Ref 3: Al-Fataawa-Wad-duroos Fil-Masjid al-Haraam: Page:157]
[Ref 4: Sharh Usool Ath-Thalaatha’ Audio lesson number 5]
[Ref 5: Al-Muntaqaa Min Fataawaa Ma’aal Ash-Shauikh Al-Allaamah Ad-Doctoor Saaleh Al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah). Vol 1. pages 19-20. Publisher Daar Al-Imaam Ahmad. 1st edition (2013). Slightly paraphrased]
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