In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
This lecture will not be enough for us to mention everything related to this topic, but we’ll give you a closer acquaintance so that it can be understood based on the fundamental principles of the Islamic legislation – an understanding that has no ambiguity. And it will be clear to you that what the disbelievers in Allaah and their followers proclaim regarding human rights – based on what the colonialists and the enemies of Islam want – is neither good for Islam nor the Muslims; rather it leads to interference in the affairs of the Muslims, diverts them from adherence to the religion and direct them towards following the footsteps of the West in affairs such as freedom, equality, the relationship between a man and woman, financial matters, rights, political affairs and so on.
The origin of the rights of a human being is referred back to the meaning of Allaah’s statement:
[ وَلَقَدْ كَرَّمْنَا بَنِي آدَم – And indeed We have honoured the Children of Adam]. [Surah Al-Israa. Aayah 70]
The honour Allaah has granted the children of Adam is based on two affairs: first, human beings are honoured due to their innate disposition, physical traits and that which Allaah subjugated to them in the skies and the earth. Second, Allaah raised the children of Adam above animals and the other creations, gave them preference above many of the created things in every affair through which they achieve happiness, the beneficial affairs in their livelihood and their relationships with other humans. And due to this, the divine legislation was sent in order to clarify the rights of Allaah and the rights of Allaah’s servants. Allaah [The Almighty] said:
وَلَقَدۡ كَرَّمۡنَا بَنِىٓ ءَادَمَ وَحَمَلۡنَـٰهُمۡ فِى ٱلۡبَرِّ وَٱلۡبَحۡرِ وَرَزَقۡنَـٰهُم مِّنَ ٱلطَّيِّبَـٰتِ وَفَضَّلۡنَـٰهُمۡ عَلَىٰ ڪَثِيرٍ۬ مِّمَّنۡ خَلَقۡنَا تَفۡضِيلاً۬
And indeed We have honoured the Children of Adam, and We have carried them on land and sea, and have provided them with At-Taiyibat (lawful good things), and have preferred them above many of those whom We have created with a marked preference. [Surah Al-Israa. Aayah 70]
In the beginning of the Aayah, Allaah said, [وَلَقَدْ كَرَّمْنَا بَنِي آدَمَ- And indeed We have honoured the Children of Adam], and at the end of the Aayah, Allaah said, [وَفَضَّلۡنَـٰهُمۡ عَلَىٰ ڪَثِيرٍ۬ مِّمَّنۡ خَلَقۡنَا تَفۡضِيلاً۬ – and have preferred them above many of those whom We have created with a marked preference].
So, this above includes a mention of the creation, revelation of the divine legislation, the basis of social organisation, and the command that they worship Allaah alone and follow the Messengers [i.e. because Allaah created them, commanded them to fulfil His rights and the rights of their fellow human beings, sent them guidance – through the Messengers – which shows them how to live as individuals and members of society, and provided them with livelihood from the skies and the earth, without which they cannot survive – neither individually nor as a society].
To be continued InShaaAllaah
Source: listen here: https://video.link/w/j4azb paraphrased
NB: The implementation of Sharee’ah Law is the responsibility of Muslim governments and not the insurgents, such as ISIS and their ilk. Likewise, the call to Islaam does not begin with the call to establish an Islamic State, rather it begins with the call to pure Islamic Monotheism. See here the Methodology of the Prophets in calling to the path of Allaah: http://www.troid.org/media/pdf/methodology.pdf
ISIS have NOT established the Khilaafah! [i.e. The Islamic State]- By Shaikh Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah preserve him] https://www.salafisounds.com/isis-have-not-established-the-khilaafah-short-clip-by-abu-khadeejah/
And even when Muslim rulers are oppressive, we do not initiate rebel against them. See here: The Tyranny Of The Rulers, A Reason For Rebellion?
Sharee’ah In The West
Shaikh Abdul Waahid Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah preserve him] stated:
Although Muslims in Britain are subject to British law and the British legal system, Sharī’ah tribunals are allowed in certain areas as an alternative way of resolving disputes. These are aimed at resolving commercial, civil and matrimonial disputes to the satisfaction of both sides. Read here: https://www.abukhadeejah.com/educate-yourself-ethics-1-2-shariah-redstone-academy/
Also, a Muslim is obligated to fulfil his obligations and refrain from treachery whilst living with non-Muslims. See here: Living With Non-Muslims In The West: With Fine Conduct
Alliance with the non-Muslims is of two types – misunderstanding this affair leads people astray
Shaikh Ibn Uthaimeen on Interacting With Non-Muslims in Western Countries