In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
After this presentation [see here: intro_humanrights ], if you look at what the people were upon before the advent of the Prophet Muhammad [may peace and blessings be upon him]- whether the Arabs of Makkah and those who resided in its surrounding areas, or those in the Arabian peninsula, or those who lived in Syria and Iraq, or the people of Egypt, the Persians and the Romans, you will find that deprivation of liberties was rife and people were denied equality; rather, it was the law of the jungle, so the strong devoured the weak and the people subjugated one another. This is why when the Persian leader asked Rabee [may Allaah have mercy upon him], “What brought you?” Meaning, “You are Arabs, so what brought you to the land of Persia?” He replied, “Indeed, Allaah sent us to remove the one He wishes to be removed from the worship of the servants [i.e. people] and direct them towards the worship of the Lord [i.e. Allaah] of the servants, and remove them from the distress of the worldly life to the wellbeing [relief, security, ease, peace] of the worldly life and the Hereafter”.
The Prophet [peace and blessings be upon him] was sent, the Islamic legislation was revealed to him, Allaah commanded him to proclaim the truth, warn his closest family and then all the people. Allaah made his message a mercy for the entire creation. Allaah said:
[وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ إِلَّا رَحْمَةً لِلْعَالَمِينَ – And We have sent you (O Muhammad) not but as a mercy for the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)]. [Surah Al-Anbiyaa. Aayah 107]
When the Prophet [peace and blessings be upon him] came to that society, it was a society in which class struggle occurred and class distinction was rife – this tribe is better than this tribe, these are superior, those are dominant over others…!!! And the other similar tribal norms, which differentiated and gave preference to some over others. So the Prophet [peace and blessings be upon him] came to them with a mighty principle and that is the statement of Allaah [The Exalted]:
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ مِنْ ذَكَرٍ وَأُنْثَى وَجَعَلْنَاكُمْ شُعُوباً وَقَبَائِلَ لِتَعَارَفُوا إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِنْدَ اللهِ أَتْقَاكُمْ
O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honourable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has more fear of Allaah. [Surah Al-Hujuraat. Aayah 13].
So nobility, virtuousness and distinction was attributed to the one who has more fear of Allaah, and not because of one’s gender, skin complexation, tribe or country; rather Allaah attributed virtuousness based on a person’s piety.
[إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِنْدَ اللهِ أَتْقَاكُمْ – Verily, the most honourable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has more fear of Allaah].
Our Prophet [may blessings and peace be upon him] said, “There is no superiority for an Arab over a non-Arab, except based on piety.”
People are equal in a manner similar to the teeth of a comb. This is well-known in relation to the obligations that are obligated on everyone who has reached the age of responsibility. Allaah [The Exalted] made everyone equal, meaning His speech is directed at all people – male, female, the free person, the slave, the rich and the poor regardless their different social statuses. All people are commanded to single out Allaah in worship, obey His commands and fear Him as much as they are able. This is a type of equality in that which everyone is commanded and held responsible.
Likewise, when Islam came, splitting and discord between the people ended; rather, the affair alternated into close brotherhood. The Prophet [may Allaah’s peace and blessings be upon him] nurtured and established brotherhood between the Muhaajoroon [migrants from Makkah] and the Ansaar [the indigenous inhabitants of Madeenah]. This – without a doubt – shows the absence of differentiation and extends beyond fulfilling the rights of a person or giving a person something, because of the fact that he (or she) is a child of Adam and that all humans are equal in their rights in the sight of Allaah- equal in fulfilling rights and obligations between themselves.
To be continued InShaaAllaah
Source: listen here: https://video.link/w/j4azb paraphrased