In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Besower of Mercy.
Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said:
إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَبْعَثُ لِهَذِهِ الأُمَّةِ عَلَى رَأْسِ كُلِّ مِائَةِ سَنَةٍ مَنْ يُجَدِّدُ لَهَا دِينَهَا
Allaah will raise for this Ummah at the end of every hundred years the one who will revive its religion for it. [Ref 1]
A Brief Reminder On The Hadeeth
[إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَبْعَثُ لِهَذِهِ الأُمَّةِ – Allaah will raise for this Ummah]- meaning the Ummatul Ijaabah [i.e. the Muslims].
[عَلَى رَأْسِ كُلِّ مِائَةِ سَنَةٍ – At the end of every hundred years]- meaning at the end of every hundred years when there is little knowledge of the Islamic legislation and the authentic Prophetic Tradition, whilst ignorance and religious innovation is rife.
[مَنْ يُجَدِّدُ لَهَا دِينَهَا – One who will revive its religion for it]- meaning a scholar who is alive and well known. He will clarify the authentic Prophetic Tradition and distinguish it from the religious innovations. knowledge will be abundant again and its adherents will be aided, and the proponents of religious will be overcome and degraded.
This reviver is non else but a scholar who has sound understanding of the religious sciences that deal with acts of worship, the underlying wisdoms of the religion and the texts that deal with beliefs of the heart. [Ref 2]
A group amongst the scholars- including Ahmad Bin Hanbal – stated that Umar Bin Abdul Azeez was alive at the end of the first hundred years and he is more worthy and entitled to be entered into this category of people due to his leadership and striving to establish truth.
He used to write to the employees of the state to remind them to adhere to the Sunnah, saying, “If the Sunnah does not rectify you, Allaah will not rectify you”.
He used to give a 100 Deenaars a year from the state fund to those who travel to the central mosque of their country to study Fiqh , spread knowledge and teach recitation of the Qur’an.
He used to say, “O Allaah! Grant us safety. O Allaah! Grant us safety”.
He used to say, “O Allaah! Rectify the one in whose rectification there will be rectification for the Ummah of Muhammad, and destroy the one in whose destruction there will be rectification for the Ummah of Muhammad”.
Every night, he used to gather his companions amongst the jurists and they would not mention anything else besides death and the Hereafter, then they would weep.
He said to a man, “Teach your child Al-Fiqh Al-Akbar [I e. Aqeedah Tawheed], contentment and to prevent harm”.
A man recited this Aayah in his presence: [إِذَا أُلْقُوا مِنْهَا مَكَانًا ضَيِّقًا مُقَرَّنِينَ دَعَوْا هُنَالِكَ ثُبُورًا –
And when they shall be thrown into a narrow place thereof, chained together, they will exclaim therein for destruction]
[Surah Al-Furqaan. Aayah 13]
So he wept severely, got up and entered his house, so the people left him and departed.
It reached him that a man amongst his companions passed away, so he went to the man’s family to offer his condolences. The family cried loudly in his presence, so he said, “Enough, indeed your relative is not the one who gave you provision, rather the one who gives you provision is alive and will never die. This relative of yours cannot prevent anything from you in your grave, but he can only prevent events in his grave by way of his deeds and every person amongst you has a pit. When Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] created the worldly life, He decreed that it will be completely destroyed and its inhabitants will cease to exist. There’s no gathering except that one day they will be separated until Allaah takes back the earth and what is on it. So, whoever weeps, then let him weep for himself because what has happened to your relative will happen to you tomorrow”. [Ref 3]
Ref 1: Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah. Vol 9. Pages 303-309. Publisher: Maktabah Al-Ma’aarif and Daar ibn Hazm. 9th Edition. 1414 AH (1994)
Ref 2: Sunan Abee Daawud. Hadeeth Number 4291. Declared authentic by Imaam Al-Albaanee [rahimahullaah] in Saheeh Abi Daawud. Publisher, Maktabah Al-Ma’aarif. Awnul Ma’bood Sharh Sunan Abee Daawud. Vol 11. Pages 259-260. Publisher: Daar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmiyyah. 1st Edition 1419AH (Year 1998). Slightly paraphrased
Ref 3: Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah. Vol 9. Pages 303-309. Publisher: Maktabah Al-Ma’aarif and Daar ibn Hazm. 9th Edition. 1414 AH (1994)