[4] Excerpts From Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah: [Al-Ja’d Bin Dirham - An Example of Where Ahlul Bidah Inherited Their Bidah]


In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Al-Ja’d Bin Dirham was originally from Khurasan and the first person to say that the Qur’aan is created. He took this Bidah from Bayaan Bin Sam’aan, who took it from Taaloot the son of the sister of Labeed Bin A’sam, and Taaloot took it from Labeed Bin Asam – the Yahoohi magician who casted a magic spell on Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him].  Then Al-Jahm Bin Safwaan took this Bidah  from Ja’d Bin Dirham, Bishr Al-Mareesee took it from Al-Jahm and Ahmad Bin Abee Du’aad took it from Bishr. Al-Jahm was executed at Asbahaan and it also said that he was executed at Marw by Salaam Bin Ahwaz [rahimahullaah] who was a governor.

As for Al-Ja’d Bin Dirham, he stayed in Damascus until he manifested his belief that the Qur’aan is created, so Banu Umayyah pursued him and he fled to Kufa; then Al-Jahm Bin Safwaan met him there and blindly followed him. Then Khaalid Al-Qasree executed Al-Ja’d Bin Dirham on the day of Eedul Adhaa at Kufa, and that was when Khaalid delivered the Khutbah and said, “O people! Offer your sacrifice and may Allaah accept your sacrifice, for indeed I am going to slaughter Al-Ja’d Bin Dirham because he claims that Allaah did not take Ibraaheem [peace be upon him] as a close friend and that Allaah did not speak to Moosaa [peace be upon him]- Exalted is Allaah and free is He from what Al-Ja’d has stated”. Then Khaalid step down from the pulpit and slaughtered him.

Many of the hadeeth scholars, including Imaam Al-Bukhaari, Ibn Abee Haatim and Abdullah Bin Ahmad have mentioned this incident, and Ibn Asaakir also mentioned it and that Al-Ja’d used to ask Wahb Bin Munabbih [rahimahullaah] about Allaah’s Attributes, so one day Wahb said to him, “Woe to you O Ja’d! Limit asking about this, because indeed I think that you are one of those who are destroyed. If Allaah did not inform us in His Book that He has two hands, two eyes, hearing, a self, knowledge and that He speaks-[Wahb also mentioned other Attributes], we would not have said it. However, Al-Ja’d did not remain for long and was executed. [Ref 1]

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[Ref 1: An Excerpt From Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah. Vol 9. Page 350]

 

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