Some Examples of How Our Salaf Gave Close Attention to The Qur’aan and Their Hearts

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Attention Given To The Qur’aan By The Pious Predecessors

Abu Salamah [radiyallaahu anhu] said, “Whenever Abu Moosaa [radiyallaahu anhu] sat with Umar [radiyallaahu anhu], he may say to him, ‘O Abu Moosaa! Remind’. So he recited”. [Ref 1]

Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood [radiyallaahu anhu] said, Whoever is able to learn something from the Qur’aan, then let him do so. Indeed, the houses that are deprived of good the most are the ones where there is no recitation of Allaah’s Book, because the houses in which there is no recitation is like the demolished houses which have no inhabitants. Indeed shaytaan exits a house in which Surah Al Baqarah is heard”. [Ref 2] He [radiyallaahu-anhu] also said, “The hearts are receptacles so busy filling them with the Qur’aan and do not busy them with other than it.” [Ref 3]

Ibn Abbaas [radiyallaahu anhumaa] said, “It would be more beloved to me to recite Surah Al-Baqarah during the night than recite the Qur’aan haphazardly”. [Ref 4]

Ubayd Bin Ja’d [rahimahullaah] reported from a man from who said, “I heard the people in the towns saying that Salamaan Al-Faarisee [radiyallaahu anhu] is in the Masjid, so they approached him until about a thousand people gathered. He stood up and said, ‘Sit down, sit down’. Then when they sat down, he started reciting Surah Yusuf, so the people began moving away and departing until about a hundred were left. Then he became angry and said, ‘So you wanted adorned speech, but then I recited to you the book of Allaah and you left!'” [Ref 5]

Masrooq [rahimahullaah] said, “A man from the people of Makkah said to me, ‘This is the place in which your brother Tameem Ad-Daaree [radiyallaahu anhu] used to stand. Indeed, one night I saw him until in the morning or nearly morning time, whilst he was crying and reciting:

أَمۡ حَسِبَ ٱلَّذِينَ يَعۡمَلُونَ ٱلسَّيِّـَٔاتِ أَن يَسۡبِقُونَا‌ۚ سَآءَ مَا يَحۡكُمُونَ

Or does those who do evil deeds think that they can outstrip Us (i.e. escape Our Punishment)? Evil is that which they judge! [Surah Al-Ankabut. Aayah 4] [Ref 6]

Muqaatil Bin Hayyaan [rahimahullaah] said, “I once prayed behind Umar Bin Abdil Azeez [rahimahullaah], so he read [وَقِفُوهُمۡ‌ۖ إِنَّہُم مَّسۡـُٔولُونَ- But stop them [i.e. when the wrong doers will be held to account on the day of judgement], verily they are to be questioned] [Surah As-Saffaat. Aayah 24]. He kept on repeating it and was not able to go past it (i.e. due to the severity of what the Aayah meant). [Ref 7]

Maymoon Bin Mehraan [rahimahullaah] said, “Once Umar Bin Abdul Azeez [rahimahullaah] cried after reciting the Aayah: [أَلۡهَٮٰكُمُ ٱلتَّكَاثُرُ-The mutual rivalry for piling up of worldly things diverts you]. Then he recited [حَتَّىٰ زُرۡتُمُ ٱلۡمَقَابِرَ  – until you visit the graves (i.e. till you die)]. Then he said, ‘I will not see the graves except as a visitor and the one who visits them must either be returned to paradise or hell’”. [Ref 8]

Aamir Bin Abdil Qays [rahimahullaah] said, “I don’t care what escapes me from the worldly things after knowing this Aayah:

وَمَا مِن دَآبَّةٍ۬ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ إِلَّا عَلَى ٱللَّهِ رِزۡقُهَا وَيَعۡلَمُ مُسۡتَقَرَّهَا وَمُسۡتَوۡدَعَهَا‌ۚ كُلٌّ۬ فِى ڪِتَـٰبٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ۬

And no (moving) living creature is there on earth but its provision is due from Allah.  And He knows its dwelling place and its deposit (in the uterous, grave, etc.). all is in a Clear Book (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz – the Book of Decrees with Allah). [Surah Hud. Aayah 6]

And the statement of Allaah:

مَّا يَفۡتَحِ ٱللَّهُ لِلنَّاسِ مِن رَّحۡمَةٍ۬ فَلَا مُمۡسِكَ لَهَاۖ وَمَا يُمۡسِكۡ فَلَا مُرۡسِلَ لَهُ ۥ مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِۚ

 Whatever of mercy (i.e.of good), Allah may grant to mankind, none can withhold it, and whatever He may withhold, none can grant it thereafter. [Surah Al-Faatir. Aayah 2] [Ref 9]

Maalik Bin Deenaar [rahimahullaah] said, “When the Qur’aan is recited to the truthful people, their hearts become enraptured by the Afterlife”. [Ref 10]

Ibn Wahb [rahimahullaah] said, “It was said to the sister of Maalik Bin Deenaar, ‘What did Maalik use to busy himself with in the house?’ She replied, ‘With the Mushaf and recitation'”. [Ref 11]

The Hearts

Hudhayfah Ibnul Yamaan [radiyallaahu anhu] said, “The trials will be presented to the hearts, so a black spot will be placed on any heart that inclines towards it. And if the heart rejects the fitnah, then a white spot will be placed on it. Whoever wishes to know whether the trial has afflicted him or not, then let him see if he now considers something Haraam which he used to consider Halaal or he considers something to be Halaal which he used to consider to be Haraam, then indeed the fitna has afflicted his heart [i.e. if he came to this conclusion based on desires – neither with proof from the Qur’aan nor the Sunnah]. [Ref 12]

Abu Dardaa [radiyallaahu anhu] said, “Seek Allaah’s refuge against the Khushoo that is tantamount to hypocrisy”, so they said, “What is the Khushoo that is tantamount to hypocrisy?” He said, “When you see the body being fearful and the heart is not”. [Ref 13]

Sufyaan Bin Uyaynah [rahimahullaah] said, “If the good in your heart and what is hidden from other people about you is at the same level with the deeds you do openly, then that is justice. If the good in your heart and what is hidden from the people about you is more than the good deeds seen from you, then that is a higher virtue. If the good deeds seen from you are better than what is in your heart and is hidden from the people, then that is transgression”. [Ref 14]

Busy In Worship

Hammaad Ibn Salamah [rahimahullaah] said, “We never went to Sulaymaan At-Taymee [rahimahullaah] at a time in which an act of obedience to Allaah was to be performed, except that we found him doing it. If it was a time for prayer, we found him praying. If it was not the time for prayer, we either found him performing ablution, visiting a sick person, following a Janaazah or standing in the Masjid. We used to think he can never disobey Allaah”. [Ref 15]

May Allaah grant us the Tawfeeq to emulate the Salaf Aameen.

[Ref 1: Siyar A’laam An-Nubulaa 1/280]

[Ref 2: Hilyatul Awliyaa (Tahdheeb). 1/119]

[Ref 3: Az-Zuhd 298. By Imaam Ahmad]

[Ref 4: Sifatus Safwa 1/372]

[Ref 5: Hilyatul Awliyaa (Tahdheeb) 1/163]

[Ref 6: Mawsoo’ah 1/256-257 by Ibn Abee Dunyaa (rahimahullaah)]

[Ref 7: Mawsoo’ah 3/255. By Ibn Abee Dunyaa (rahimahullaah)]

[Ref 8: Mawsoo’ah 3/255. By Ibn Abee Dunyah (rahimahullaah)]

[Ref 9: Mawsoo’ah 1/279. By Ibn Abee Dunyah (rahimahullaah)]

[Ref 10: Sifatus Safwa. 3/204]

[Ref 11: Siyar A’laam An-Nubulaa 2/736]

[Ref 12: Sifatus Safwa 1/290]

[Ref 13: Sifatus Safwa 1/302]

[Ref 14: Sifatus Safwa 2/541]

[Ref 15: Hilyatul Awliyaa (Tahdheeb) 1/440]



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