In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
Allaah [The Exalted] said:
وَٱللَّهُ خَلَقَكُم مِّن تُرَابٍ۬ ثُمَّ مِن نُّطۡفَةٍ۬ ثُمَّ جَعَلَكُمۡ أَزۡوَٲجً۬اۚ وَمَا تَحۡمِلُ مِنۡ أُنثَىٰ وَلَا تَضَعُ إِلَّا بِعِلۡمِهِۚۦ وَمَا يُعَمَّرُ مِن مُّعَمَّرٍ۬ وَلَا يُنقَصُ مِنۡ عُمُرِهِۦۤ إِلَّا فِى كِتَـٰبٍۚ إِنَّ ذَٲلِكَ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ يَسِيرٌ۬
And Allah did create you (Adam) from dust, then from Nutfah (male and female discharge semen drops i.e. Adam’s offspring), then He made you pairs. And no female conceives or gives birth, but with His Knowledge. And no aged man is granted a length of life, nor is a part cut off from his life, but is in a Book (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz) Surely, that is easy for Allah. [Surah Al-Faatir. Aayah 11]
Allah [The Exalted] mentions the manner in which He created the human being and made him go through these stages- from dust (i.e. Aadam), then a drop of semen (i.e. all other people created from semen) and the other stages thereafter. [ثُمَّ جَعَلَكُمۡ أَزۡوَٲجً۬اۚ – Then He made you pairs]- Meaning, Allaah continued alternating you from one stage to another until He made you into male and female- males marrying females. And the intent behind marriage is to have offspring and children, however even though marriage is one of the means of having children, but it is attached to Allaah’s decree and knowledge. [وَمَا تَحۡمِلُ مِنۡ أُنثَىٰ وَلَا تَضَعُ إِلَّا بِعِلۡمِهِۚۦ – And no female conceives or gives birth, but with His knowledge]-Meaning, all the stages of life of the human being is confined within Allaah’s Knowledge and decree. [وَمَا يُعَمَّرُ مِن مُّعَمَّرٍ۬ وَلَا يُنقَصُ مِنۡ عُمُرِهِۦۤ إِلَّا فِى كِتَـٰبٍۚ – And no aged man is granted a length of life, nor is a part cut off from his life, but is in a Book (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz)]- Meaning, none lives a long life except that the affair is confined within Allaah’s Knowledge or no person’s life is shortened except due to doing that which shortened it. What is meant is that a long or short life, whether due to cause or not, then all of that is confined within Allaah’s knowledge and recorded in the book [Al-Lauh Al-Mhfuz] that includes everything that will happen to a person- at all times and throughout his life. [إِنَّ ذَٲلِكَ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ يَسِيرٌ۬ – Surely, that is easy for Allah]- Meaning, Allaah’s knowledge encompasses all this numerous information and His register encompasses all of it.
These three proofs are from the proofs regarding the resurrection and they are all intellectual (rational) proofs, which Allaah notified us in these Aayaat, namely: revival of the earth after its death- the one who gives life to the earth will give life to the dead [Aayah 9] and the alternation of the human being in different stages [Aayah 11]. The One [Allaah] Who brought the human being into existence – from one stage to the other, one state to another until he reached the stage that is decreed for him- is more able to return him to the same state and raise him again, and that is easy for Allaah. Allaah’s knowledge encompasses all aspects of knowledge in the heavens and in the earth- small and big, in the hearts, regarding the foetuses that are in the wombs, the increase and decrease in the lifespans and the recording of all of that in the Al-lauh al-Mahfooz. The one whose description is as such, then returning the person back to life is easier. So blessed be Allaah, the one whose good is abundant and He notified his slaves about that which carries wellbeing and uprightness for them in their worldly life and afterlife.
[Except from Tafseer As-Sadi. Slightly paraphrased]