In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [rahimahullaah] said, “Indeed, that which is stated by the astronomers about the celestial bodies, their sizes and the distance between them, and that which is said about the earth (i.e. by the geologists etc) is categorized into three affairs: [a] That which is backed by the sound knowledge-based proofs, therefore it is accepted. [b] That which the knowledge-based proofs declares to be false, therefore it is rejected. [c] That which there is no proof to either accept or reject, therefore it is unproven until a person from the people of knowledge (i.e. upright people of knowledge scholars) examine it show whether it should be accepted or rejected. As for accepting it without investigation and observation, but merely accepting it by blindly following them (i.e. the astronomers, geologists etc), then this is impermissible because of the numerous mistakes that occur as a result of that and speaking -without knowledge – about Allaah and that which He has created [i.e. the entire universe and all that is within it]. [Ref 1]
Imaam Muhammad Bin Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen [rahimahullaah] said, “We do not say, ‘We do not give consideration to anything stated by the people in the subject matter regarding medicine, astronomy and the celestial bodies’, however, we do not accept everything they say. If what they say opposes the Book and the Sunnah, then indeed we do not accept their statements. We take [i.e. believe and affirm without any doubt] that which is conveyed in the Book and the Sunnah, and we say, ‘An era will come in which the people will bear witness to the falsity of those statements of theirs – at present – that are in opposition to the Book and Sunnah and (bear witness) to the soundness of that which has been conveyed in the Book and the Sunnah. [Ref 2]
Brothers and sisters, the after reading the above two statements, then read the following article by Shaikh Abu Iyaadh [hafidhahullaah]. Indeed, the statement of both Imaams will be very clear to you by way of the analysis given by Shaikh Abu Iyaadh [hafidhahullaah] on this link: Understanding the Two Definitions of ‘Science’ in Operation (aboutatheism.net)
May Allaah have mercy upon the scholars of the Ummah who have passed away, preserve those who are alive, protect all the upright students of knowledge and guide those who have deviated from the right path Aameen.
[Ref 1: An Excerpts from ‘Al-Adillah An-Naqliyyah Wal-Hissiyyah Alaa Imkaanis Su’ood Ilal Kawaakib Wa Alaa Jarayaan Ash-Shams Wal-Qamar Wa Sukoon Al-Ard’ page 74. slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 2: An excerpt from the ‘Explanation of Bulooghul Maraam’ Vol 1. page 130] [May Allaah reward our Ustaadh, friend and companion – Abu Tasneem Mushaf Al-Banghaalee- who sent us the Arabic text of Shaikh Uthaymeen’s speech. Aameen]