Beautifying The Affair of Misguided Personalities [Al-Farabi, Ibn Sina and Ibn Rushd]: Brief Rebuke Against Ignorant Heba Yosry at Al-Arabiya News

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Heba Yosry [may Allaah guide her and restrain her tongue] stated:

The Ancient Muslim Tradition of Ibn Rushd! Ignorant Heba Yosry’s statement is a beautification of the affair of these three misguided personalities of old – Al-Farabi, Ibn Sina and Ibn Rushd. Indeed, Heba is informed of the fact that beautifying the affair of those who opposed the authentic Sunnah of the Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] is a mighty sin, and may Allaah protect us and her from its evil consequences. Ali Bin Abee Taalib [radiyallaahu-anhu] said: Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] told me four things: “Allaah has cursed the one who slaughters [i.e. an animal as sacrifice] for other than Allaah. Allaah has cursed the one who curses his parents. Allaah has cursed the one who shelters a Muhdith. Allaah has cursed the one who alters the landmarks”. [Reported by Imaam Muslim 1978]

“The word Muhdith pronounced with a kasrah under the Daal means a culprit, perpetrator; and pronounced with a Fat-hah on the Daal (Muhdath) means an affair innovated in the religion, sheltering and being pleased with it]”. (1) Those who shelter Ahlul Bidah Wal Ma’aasee [The People of Bidah and Disobedience] and aid them; those who stop the one who establishes the legislated Islamic punishment against the innovator [i.e. such as preventing the Muslim ruler from punishing the innovator or the scholar who refutes him]. Those who establish Bidah and support it. (2) This innovation includes that of the Jahmiyyah, the Mutazilah and others. So, whoever shelters an innovator is cursed and likewise the one who aids him [is cursed]. In this is a warning against Bidah and newly invented matters in the religion. The Prophet said, “Beware of newly invented matters in the religion, for every innovation [in religious affairs] is misguidance”. The apparent meaning of this hadeeth [is that this is the case regarding bidah], even if it is a small bidah. (3)

Imaam Fudayl Ibn Iyaad [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “Whoever honours an innovator (in religious affairs) has assisted in the demolition of Islaam”. Al-Allaamah Saaleh Al-Fawzaan said, “That is because innovation (in religion) is contrary to Islaam. If you give support to an innovator (in religious affairs), then indeed you have assisted in the demolition of Islaam, because Islaam is the Sunnah and the Sunnah is Islaam. So it is obligated on a person that he does not honour the people of religious innovation, and that he neither praises nor commends them. (4)

Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr [may Allaah have mercy upon him] stated regarding the science of criticism and commendation, “Recommendation is accepted from the one who is acquainted with its reasons and not from the one who is unacquainted with it, so that one may not give a recommendation solely based on what is apparent straight away without experience and examination. Also, it is obligatory that disparagement and commendation are not accepted except from a person who is trustworthy and cautious, and disparagement is not accepted from one who exceeds the limits in it, because he disparages with what does not necessitate rejection of the narration of a Muhaddith, just as recommendation is not accepted from the one who solely holds on to the apparent (affair of a person) and then gives a commendation”. (5)

Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “The one who speaks about the religion without knowledge and out of ignorance (is guilty of) lying and sinning. The one who intentionally speaks to oppose the truth is threatened with entry into the fire of hell, as opposed to the affair of the one who speaks based on permissible Ijtihaad, for indeed he strives, fears Allaah as much as he is able, desires to seek knowledge as much as he was able, speaks for the sake of Allaah, knows the stronger proof and speaks based on that. This person is given two rewards if he is correct; but if he is mistaken, he receives one reward. A Mujtahid can be correct or mistaken”.(6)

The above quotes should suffice Heba and her ilk – that they are not to speak in religious affairs based on mere opinion and thus beautify the affair of misguided personalities, such as the likes of Al-Farabi, Ibn Sina, Ibn Rushd and their ilk. Now, let us briefly examine the affair of these misguided personalities in the light of history.

Shaikh Shamsuddeen Al-Afghaanee [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

Allaah [The Most High] guided mankind through Muhammad [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] and the clear manifest evidences given to him [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] – a guidance that could not be described by those who were well versed in the art of descriptions and [a guidance] that surpassed the knowledge of those with great perception. And by way of this guidance, Allaah [The Most High] opened the eyes of the blind ones, the ears of the deaf ones and the hearts of the heedless ones. Allaah [The Most High] united them on one religion-[the religion of Islamic monotheism] – and prior to that they were in complete disunity, enmity towards one another and followed corrupt creeds. Allaah united their hearts, and thus they became true brothers in Islaam by way of this great blessing. Thereafter, everything worshipped besides Allaah, such as graves, trees, stones and idols ceased to exist and all worship was established for Allaah alone. [Many] people followed the true Religion of Islamic monotheism and worshipped Allaah alone, except those whom Allaah willed that they were to remain as people of polytheism, hypocrisy and followers of the altered and distorted previous scriptures. The darkness of polytheism was dispelled and the banner of Tawheed was raised in the lands-amongst the Arabs and non-Arabs. Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] passed away, whilst Islaam was established and in authority-superseding all other ways of life and creeds. Then the rightly guided khulafaa of the Messenger [Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthmaan and Ali (may Allaah be pleased with them)] continued to adhere to the path of the Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] until the two powerful and great nations at the time-Rome and Persia-ended up in humiliation, degradation and in a state of fear after they had been in a state of security, and thus Caesar was restricted and besieged, and khosrau [or Chosroes] was subdued and destroyed. When the enemies of Islaam saw that they were unable to do away with this religion, they implanted their disbelieving agents within it – those who pretended to be Muslims in order to kindle confusion, trials and tribulations, and spread polytheism by exaggerating the status of the pious people and exalting their graves through [beliefs and practices] that were not ordained by Allaah. So, the Ummah [Islamic Nation] was put to trial through the plots of the [atheist, heretic and hypocrite] Abdullaah Bin Saba, who claimed Uloohiyyah for Ali Ibn Abee Taalib [i.e. that Ali (the cousin of the Prophet) had the right to be worshipped besides Allaah]. Abdullaah Bin As- Sabah’s followers were known as the Saba’iyyah and later on they were known as the Rawaafid (shiites), the ismaaliyyah (shittes), the nusayriyah (shiites) and other than them amongst the Baatiniyyah. They worshipped the graves and its inhabitants, and built places of worship and shrines upon those graves. So, through these practices, they revived the (corrupt ancient practices) of those Jews, Christians and the idol worshippers (who deviated from the straight path of the Prophets and Messengers of Allaah). This is how the practices of the worshippers of graves in this Muslim Nation manifested itself through the practices initiated by the rawaafid (shiites). [NB: The majority of the rawaafid Shiites presently live in Iran & Iraq, and their leader is Khumeini]

Secondly: The books of Greek philosophy that propagated the ideas of grave and idol worship were translated into Arabic, so many of those who attributed themselves to Islam busied themselves with these books, such as the likes of Al-Farabi (a) Ibn Sina Al-Hanafi (b) Naseer At-Toosee –an advocate of disbelief and polytheism (c) and other than them amongst those who played tricks with Islaam, just as Paul played tricks with Christianity. They were influenced by the ideas of the Greek Philosophers, so they became callers to grave worship through Greek Philosophy. The practices of these people was rife within the ranks of the people of rhetoric amongst the Hanafi Maatooreediyyah (d) and the Ash-ariyyah Kullaabiyyah due to busying themselves with the Books of the Philosophers. They became callers to grave worship and callers to the creed of the Jahmiyyah at the same time, such as the likes of Taftaazaanee Al-Hanafi [The Philosopher of the Maatooreediyyah and Grave worshipers] and Jurjaanee Al-Hanafi [a caller to superstition]

[a] Al-Farabi: He said that philosophy is more perfect than Prophet hood. Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said about him, “Misguided- a disbeliever”. Ibn Sinaa adopted his books and ideas of disbelief. [Majmoo Al-Fataawaa 2/67—86] [Dar At-Ta’aarud 1/10] [Ighaathatul Luhfaan 2/372-373]

[b] Ibn Sinaa: Imaam Ibnu Salaah [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said about him, “He was a devil amongst the human devils”.’ [Fataawaa Ibn Salaah 1/209] [Ar-Radd Alal Mantaqiyyeen by Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah 278-279] [Ighaathatul Luhfaan by Imaam Ibnul Qayyim 2/373-380] [Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah by Imaam Ibn Katheer 12/43] [Source: Juhoodu Ulamaa Al-Hanafiyyah Fee Ibtaal Aqaa-id Al-Qubooriyyeen’ of Shaikh Shamshud-deen As-Salafi Al-Afghaanee’ Vol 1 page 19-25]

Question to Al-Allaamah Saaleh Al-Fawzaan [may Allaah preserve him]: “What is your view regarding the one who praises Ibn Sinaa and places him within the ranks of the Muslim scholars?”

Answer: “Either this person is ignorant and is unaware of Ibn Sinaa’s state of affairs, therefore it is not appropriate that he should speak, rather it is obligated on him to keep quiet; or he is aware of Ibn Sinaa’s state of affairs and disbelief, so he affirms that for Ibn Sinaa and thus the ruling that applies to Ibn Sinaa is applicable to him, and Allaah’s refuge is sought, because he affirms Ibn Sina’s disbelief and praises him. This is very dangerous. But some people praise Ibn Sinaa only due to the fact that he was a physician – praised due to a worldly science. And amongst the disbelievers, there are those who are more proficient than him in this field; but why do they mention Ibn Sinaa in particular? They say that because he attributes himself to Islaam and this is a credit to the Islaam. Therefore, we say: Islaam is free from Ibn Sina and not in need of him. He is not to be praised because he is a Baatini, a philosopher, Mulhid. [At-Taleeqaat Al-Mukhtasar Alaa Qaseedah An-Nooniyyah 3/1328]

Read: Why Ibn Sina, You Exceedingly Shrewd Kafir! Thank You For Supporting Our Aristotelian Metaphysical Creed and Backing Us (Ash’aris) In Our Saying That ‘Allaah Is Not Within the Creation Nor Outside Of It:

Understanding the Battle Between the Philosophers (Aristotle, Ibn Sina, al-Farabi) and the Mutakallimoon (Jahmiyyah, Mu’tazilah, Kullaabiyyah, Ash’ariyyah, Maturidiyyah) Initiated By Jahm bin Safwaan:

[c] Naasir At-Toosee: He was a magician and a minister of the Tartars. He rejected the ‘resurrection’. For further details, see: As-Sawaa-iq Al-Mursalah of Imaam Ibnul Qayyim (rahimahullaah) 2/790; 3/1077-1078

[d] Followers of the Jahmi Abu Mansoor Al- Maatooreedi Al-Hanafi [For further details, see the Book of Shaikh Shamsud-deen al-Afghaanee titled: ‘Al-Maatooreediyyah’ 1/205-376]

Thirdly: A people who were more dangerous and misguided than the aforementioned groups emerged amongst the Muslims with a manifestation of asceticism. They appeared in the garb of righteousness – with tearful eyes, long flowing beards, elevated turbans, carrying large rosary beads and pretended to be calling to the Sunnah of the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam], whilst they secretly practised the disgraceful acts inherited from false religions. They attempted to mix blatant lies with the Qur’aan and the authentic narrations in order to corrupt the clear evidences found in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah. These deviant heretics are known as the Hulooliyyah, Ittihaadiyyah Grave Worshipers (I)], such as the likes of Hallaaj (309AH), Ibnul Faarid (632AH) Ibn Arabi (638AH), Ibn Sab’een (669AH) etc [Source: Juhoodu Ulamaa Al-Hanafiyyah Fee Ibtaal Aqaa-id Al-Qubooriyyeen’ of Shaikh Shamshud-deen As-Salafi Al-Afghaanee’ Vol 1 page 19-25] [Source: Juhoodu Ulamaa Al-Hanafiyyah Fee Ibtaal Aqaa’id Al-Qubooriyyeen’ by Shaikh Shamshud-deen As-Salafi Al-Afghaanee’ Vol 1 page 19-25]

(I) Hulooliyyah and Ittihaadiyyah (i.e.Wahdatul Wujood); see link for further details:

Ibn Rushd: Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “He [i.e. Ibn Rushd] responded to al-Ghazaali, but a response in which he made many mistakes and what is correct was with al-Ghazaali. He attributed some of his arguments to Ibn Sina and not to his predecessor (Aristotle), and the mistake in it he attributed to Ibn Sina. And in some of his arguments he spoke ill against al-Ghazaali and accused him of having little fairness because he [Ibn Rushd] based his views on corrupt rhetoric”. [Minhaaj as-Sunnah 1/255]

Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [may Allaah have mercy upon him] also said, “He [i.e. Ibn Rushd] was one who followed the statements of Aristotle the most”. [Bayaan Talbees Al-Jahmiyyah 1/120] Read here about the deviant Aristotle:

Al-Allaamah Muhammad Amaan Al-Jaami [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “That which no two people would differ about is that Ibn Rushd is a big and dangerous philosopher”. [Al-Aql Wan-Naql Inda Ibn Rushd. Page 16]

Shaikh Ash-Shuyookh Ibn Hamawiyyah [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: When I entered the city, I enquired about Ibn Rushd and it was said that the Khaleefah Ya’qoob did not allow him to leave his house nor was anyone allowed to go to him, because of the many bizarre statements that were transmitted from him and the rejected sciences that were attributed to him. He died in Maraakesh whilst confined in his house. [Siyah A‘laam An-Nubala 21/310]

Read on this link to see one of Ibn Rushd’s blunders as a result of his philosophy – a quote by Shaikh Abu Iyaadh [may Allaah preserve him] from Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [may Allaah have mercy upon him:

Therefore, we remind Heba that she refrains from beautifying the affair of misguided personalities. Allaah [The Exalted] said: [إِنَّا نَحۡنُ نُحۡىِ ٱلۡمَوۡتَىٰ وَنَڪۡتُبُ مَا قَدَّمُواْ وَءَاثَـٰرَهُمۡۚ وَكُلَّ شَىۡءٍ أَحۡصَيۡنَـٰهُ فِىٓ إِمَامٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ۬ – Verily, We give life to the dead, and We record that which they send before (them), and their traces, and that which they leave behind], and all things We have recorded with numbers (as a record) in a Clear Book. [Surah Yaa Seen. Verse 12] Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] stated that this verse makes clear to you the lofty station of calling to the path of Allaah, guidance to His path through every means and the path that leads to it; and the lowly status of the caller to evil and a leader in it, and that he is the most degraded human being, one who has committed the severest crime and the greatest sin. [Tafseer As-Sadi]

As for misguided caller to falsehood – Amr Khaalid, then indeed we are not in need of elaborating on his affair; rather we suffice ourselves with what Al-Allaamah Ubaid Al-Jaabiri [may Allaah preserve him] stated. Listen here:

[Ref 1: Al-Mulakh’khas Fee Sharhi Kitaab At-tawheed. page 97 by Shaikh Saaleh Al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah)]

[Ref 2: An Excerpt from At-taleeqaat Al-Baaziyyah Alaa Ar-Rasaa’il Al-Aqadiyyah. pages 250-251.slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 3: Al-Qawlul Mufeed Alaa Kitaab At-tawheed. page 1/222. Shaikh Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah)]

[Ref 4: Source: It-haaful Qaaree Bitta’liqaat Alaa Sharh As-Sunnah Lil Imaam Barbahaaree. Vol 2. page: 323]
[Ref 5: Nuzhah An-Nadr Sharh Nukhbah al-Fikr Fee Mustalah Ahl Al-Athar. page 66]
[Ref 6: Al-Arba’oona Hadeethaa Fee Usoolil Fiqh. pages 32-33]

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