In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
Harsh Shariah Punishments- [Language Used By So called Liberal Muslims- Stooges of The Militant Secularists]: Muslim Rulers Have Been Given Absolute Authority By The Creator to Establish The Shariah
Firstly, Who Has The Right to Judge What is to Be Regarded as Harsh, Lenient, Just or Unjust?!
It is well known amongst some of the people that Al-Wasat (the middle path) is only that which occupies the middle position between two things, and they do not take note of the meaning of this term as mentioned in the Magnificent Qur’aan and the (authentic) Prophetic Sunnah. Allaah [The Exalted] said: [حَـٰفِظُواْ عَلَى ٱلصَّلَوَٲتِ وَٱلصَّلَوٰةِ ٱلۡوُسۡطَىٰ وَقُومُواْ لِلَّهِ قَـٰنِتِينَ – Guard strictly (five obligatory) prayers especially the Salatul Wustaa (the Asr prayer)]. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Verse 238] – Meaning, the most excellent one.
Allaah [The Exalted] said: [ وَكَذَٲلِكَ جَعَلۡنَـٰكُمۡ أُمَّةً۬ وَسَطً۬ا – Thus We have made you Ummatan Wasatan]. Meaning, the best and most upright nation. The intent behind all this is to understand that [الوسط ]in the context of the Religion is that which is best’and it is to follow that which Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] has commanded and keep away from that which He has forbidden. As for the explanation of [Al-Wasat] in the religious context with a meaning other than this meaning, then it is (something founded upon a foundation] ready to crumble a mirage which the thirsty one considers water [i.e. an illusion].(1)
Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:
Allaah [The Exalted] said: [ وَكَذَٲلِكَ جَعَلۡنَـٰكُمۡ أُمَّةً۬ وَسَطً۬ا لِّتَڪُونُواْ شُہَدَآءَ عَلَى ٱلنَّاسِ وَيَكُونَ ٱلرَّسُولُ عَلَيۡكُمۡ شَهِيدً۬اۗ – Thus We have made you [true Muslims real believers of Islamic Monotheism, true followers of – Prophet Muhammad and his Sunnah (legal ways)], a Wasat [just and the best] nation, that you be witnesses over mankind and the Messenger (Muhammad) be a witness over you]. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Verse 143]
Allaah [The Exalted] also said:
وَرَحۡمَتِى وَسِعَتۡ كُلَّ شَىۡءٍ۬ۚ فَسَأَكۡتُبُہَا لِلَّذِينَ يَتَّقُونَ وَيُؤۡتُونَ ٱلزَّڪَوٰةَ وَٱلَّذِينَ هُم بِـَٔايَـٰتِنَا يُؤۡمِنُونَ
ٱلَّذِينَ يَتَّبِعُونَ ٱلرَّسُولَ ٱلنَّبِىَّ ٱلۡأُمِّىَّ ٱلَّذِى يَجِدُونَهُ ۥ مَكۡتُوبًا عِندَهُمۡ فِى ٱلتَّوۡرَٮٰةِ وَٱلۡإِنجِيلِ يَأۡمُرُهُم بِٱلۡمَعۡرُوفِ وَيَنۡہَٮٰهُمۡ عَنِ ٱلۡمُنڪَرِ وَيُحِلُّ لَهُمُ ٱلطَّيِّبَـٰتِ وَيُحَرِّمُ عَلَيۡهِمُ ٱلۡخَبَـٰٓٮِٕثَ وَيَضَعُ عَنۡهُمۡ إِصۡرَهُمۡ وَٱلۡأَغۡلَـٰلَ ٱلَّتِى كَانَتۡ عَلَيۡهِمۡۚ فَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ بِهِۦ وَعَزَّرُوهُ وَنَصَرُوهُ وَٱتَّبَعُواْ ٱلنُّورَ ٱلَّذِىٓ أُنزِلَ مَعَهُ ۥۤۙ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡمُفۡلِحُونَ
My Mercy embraces all things. That (Mercy) I shall ordain for those who are the pious, and give Zakat; and those who believe in Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs and revelations, etc.); those who follow the Messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write (i.e.Muhammad) whom they find written with them in the Taurat (Torah) (Deut, xviii, 15) and the Injeel (Gospel) (John xiv, 16) , he – commands them for Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam has ordained); and forbids them from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); he allows them as lawful At-Taiyibat [(i.e. all good and lawful) as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.], and prohibits them as unlawful Al-Khaba’ith (i.e. all evil and unlawful as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.), he releases them from their heavy burdens (of Allah’s Covenant), and from the fetters (bindings) that were upon them. So those who believe in him (Muhammad), honour him, help him, and follow the light (the Qur’an) which has been sent down with him, it is they who will be successful. [Surah Al-A’raaf. Verses 156-157]
This is why those amongst the Muslims who deviate towards the doubts of the Jews and Christians are commanded to abandon such deviation and follow the straight path – the path which Allaah bestowed on the Prophets, the truthful ones, the martyrs and righteous, and not the path of those who have earned Allaah’s Anger, such as those Jews who disbelieved in the Messiah after having knowledge, and those who went astray such as those Christians who deviated from the path of the Messiah, exaggerated his status by worshipping him and worshipped Allaah based on ignorance. And similar to them is the one who [ascribed to Islaam], but goes beyond bounds in avoiding impure things and thus declares impure that which has not been declared impure by Allaah and His Messenger; makes unlawful that which Allaah and His Messenger have not made unlawful, captured by the whispers of shaytaan and forbids the good things which Allaah made lawful for the Muslims, such as the one who holds the opinion that if impurity is removed and there is nothing remaining of it, then the place it was found is still impure if the impurity was not removed by that which has been prescribed as a condition for its removal such as water or other than it; or he holds that good water and other good liquids that have not been affected by something filthy is unlawful merely due to the reason that they have come into contact with some filth. [Footnote a – refer to detail about the ruling on water at the end of this article]
And even worst is the affair of those who excommunicate Muslims who oppose them, as is the view of many of ahlul bidah amongst the Raafidha, the Khawaarij and other than them, so if others eat from their utensils, they declare it impure. [Footnote b- refer to detail at the end of this article regarding falsehood of the khawaarij and Raafidha, as well as the fiqh regarding utensils]
As for that which many people do [without any sound proof from the texts of the Sharee’ah], such as one who commands a menstruating woman that she must change or wash the first clothing she wore whilst she was on her menses, or forbids a person who is in a state of Janaabah from eating or drinking until he takes a shower (or bath), these opinions are often that of those who resemble those Jews who went astray; rather they resemble the Samaritans.
As for those who resemble the Christians [i.e. those Christians who became misguided after abandoning the path of the Messiah and disbelieved in Muhammad], it is for example the affair of the one who has a good suspicion regarding that which is impure, such as those who are in toilets- places of the devils and impurity – and defiled with urine. He neither performs wudhu nor does he take a bath or shower after being in a state of Janaabah, nor does he perform the Salaah, nor prays in a state of ablution, whilst knowing that it is known by necessity in the religion that the five daily prayers are obligated on every person and that one has to perform ablution if he is a state of Hadath and should take a bath when in a state of Janaabah, and cannot perform Tayammum when he is able to make wudhu. (2)
Allaah [The Exalted] said:
قُلۡ يَـٰٓأَهۡلَ ٱلۡڪِتَـٰبِ لَا تَغۡلُواْ فِى دِينِڪُمۡ غَيۡرَ ٱلۡحَقِّ وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوٓاْ أَهۡوَآءَ قَوۡمٍ۬ قَدۡ ضَلُّواْ مِن قَبۡلُ وَأَضَلُّواْ ڪَثِيرً۬ا وَضَلُّواْ عَن سَوَآءِ ٱلسَّبِيلِ
Say (O Muhammad): “O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Exceed not the limits in your religion (by believing in something) other than the truth, and do not follow the vain desires of people who went astray in times gone by, and who misled many, and strayed (themselves) from the Right Path. [Surah Al-Maa’idah. Verse 77]
When one ponders upon the condition of the Jews and Christians [i.e. those amongst them – in the past and at present – who strayed after the departure of their Prophets] in comparison to that of the [rightly guided] Muslims, he finds that the Yahood are on one extreme in misguidance and the Nasaaraa are on another extreme in misguidance, and the [rightly guided] Muslims are upon the middle course. Likewise, the [rightly guided] Muslims are upon uprightness in the affairs related monotheism, the Prophets, the Revealed laws, and in the affairs of Halaal, Haraam, Manners and other than that. The Jews liken Allaah to the creation by describing Him with (Attributes) of imperfection, which the Lord [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections] is totally free of; such as the statement of those amongst them who say that Allaah is Poor and Miserly, and that Allaah was overcome by fatigue after creating the heavens and the earth. The Christians liken the creation to the Creator with regards to the Attributes of Perfection that are specific to the Creator, and which none else has a likeness to besides Him (Alone); such as their statement that the Messiah is Allaah, and that he is the son of Allaah.
The Nasaaraa also ascribed attributes of imperfection to Godhead, which the Lord [Allaah] must be freed from. They make lawful that which Allaah has forbidden, just as they have made swine lawful and other than it from the impure things; rather, they do not make anything unlawful (of those things that are to be declared unlawful), just as they have unlawfully prescribed the innovation of monasticism.
They abolished that which Allaah has enjoined, just as they have abolished circumcision and other than it. They abolished various forms of purification related to affairs of Ghusul, the removal of impurities and other than that. They enjoined that which is to be abolished, such as the man made laws which Allaah and His Prophets have not enjoined.
The [rightly guided] Muslims describe the Lord with what befits Him of Perfect Attributes. They free Allaah from deficiencies that depict a likeness of Him to (others). They describe Allaah with what He described Himself with, and with what His Messengers described Him with, without Tahreef [altering the meaning understood, and accepting such a meaning which the words may indicate in a doubtful sense], Tateel [negating the Attributes of Allaah] and Takyeef [attributing a state of being or likeness to the creation]. The [rightly guided] Muslims know that there is nothing like unto Allaah, neither with regards to His Essence and His Attributes nor His Actions, and they say: [ أَلَا لَهُ ٱلۡخَلۡقُ وَٱلۡأَمۡرُۗ – His is the creation and the command]. [Surah Al-A’raaf. Verse 54]
And just as none else besides Him creates, (also) none else besides Him commands; rather all the Religion belongs to Him. He is the One worshipped (in truth), the One to be obeyed, and all worship is to be devoted to Him [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections]. There is no obedience to anyone except through His obedience, He is the One Who abrogates what He abrogated from His revealed laws, and it is not for anyone else to abrogate His revealed laws. The Yahood go beyond bounds with regards to avoiding the impure things and thus they declared unlawful the lawful and good things, and the Nasaaraa made lawful the impure things (i.e. swine). And Allaah has made lawful for the Muslims the good pure things in opposition to the Yahood, and He prohibited them the impure things in opposition to the Christians.
Indeed, Allaah sent His Messengers with Guidance and the Religion of Truth – guidance comprises of beneficial knowledge, and the Religion of Truth comprises righteous action in order that it may become dominant over all other Religions. Dominance takes place through knowledge and (clarification through speech), in order to clarify its truthfulness and what it contains of guidance. Dominance can take place by way of striving with the hand and weapons, in order to be aided in victory. Read here about Jihaad: https://www.abukhadeejah.com/salafi-shaikh-fawzaan-on-jihaad-in-our-times-and-the-guidelines-of-jihaad-according-to-islam/
Indeed, Allaah manifested this dominance, because the Muslims are the people of the straight path – the straight path that Allaah has chosen for the Prophets, The Truthful Ones, The Martyrs, The Righteous Ones, and how excellent these companions are! The Yahood killed the Prophets and those who enjoined justice, and the Nasaaraa took their priests, monks and the Messiah (son of maryam) as lords besides Allaah. The [upright] Muslims establish uprightness, they believe in Allaah, in His Angels, His Books and His Messengers. They neither belie the Prophets nor insult them. They neither go into excess regarding the status of the Prophets nor do they worship them. Likewise, they neither diminish the rights of the people of knowledge nor do they go into excess regarding them. (3)
Secondly, the Sharee’ah is proof against Jinn and humankind!
Imaam Ash’Shaatibee [rahimahullaah] said: Know that Allaah has established this sharee’ah as a proof against the creation [i.e. mankind and jinn] – the old and young alike; the obedient and the disobedient; the righteous and the wicked. He did not specify the proof against anyone in exclusion of another one. Also all the other revealed laws were established as proof against all the other nations to whom they were revealed. The Sharee’ah is the judge- restrictedly and unrestrictedly; the [source of judgement] and the judge on all those who have reached the age of responsibility. It is the path attached to [what Allaah has ordained] and the Greatest Guide. And have you not seen the statement of Allaah [The Most High]?!
وَكَذَٲلِكَ أَوۡحَيۡنَآ إِلَيۡكَ رُوحً۬ا مِّنۡ أَمۡرِنَاۚ مَا كُنتَ تَدۡرِى مَا ٱلۡكِتَـٰبُ وَلَا ٱلۡإِيمَـٰنُ وَلَـٰكِن جَعَلۡنَـٰهُ نُورً۬ا نَّہۡدِى بِهِۦ مَن نَّشَآءُ مِنۡ عِبَادِنَاۚ وَإِنَّكَ لَتَہۡدِىٓ إِلَىٰ صِرَٲطٍ۬ مُّسۡتَقِيمٍ۬
And thus We have sent to you (O Muhammad) Ruhan (an Inspiration, and a Mercy) of Our Command. You knew not what is the Book, nor what is Faith? But We have made it (this Qur’an) a light wherewith We guide whosoever of Our slaves We will. And verily, you (O Muhammad) are indeed guiding (mankind) to the Straight Path (i.e. Allah’s religion of Islamic Monotheism).’’ [Soorah Ash-Shooraa. Ayah: 52]
He [alayhis salaatu wassalaam] was the first to be guided to the Book and Eemaan, and then those who followed him. The Book is the Guide and also the Sunnah which was sent down upon him explains that guidance [i.e. the Sunnah and the Qur’aan explain each other]. All the creation [i.e. mankind and Jinn] are guided by it.
Therefore, when this is the case, the Sharee’ah is worthy of being a decisive proof against them [i.e. against mankind and Jinn] and a beacon by way of which they are guided to the truth. Their nobility is established in accordance with how far they embrace its rulings- through acting upon them in speech, belief and deeds– and not merely due to the level of their intellects or their nobility amongst their people. That is because Allaah [The Most High] has determined nobility through Taqwa and no other than it. Allaah [The Most High] said:
[إِنَّ أَڪۡرَمَكُمۡ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ أَتۡقَٮٰكُمۡۚ- Verily, the most honourable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has more fear of Allaah]. [Surah Al-Hujuraat. Verse 13]
The one who is the firmest [in his or her] adherence to the Sharee’ah is more worthy of honour and nobility, but it is not possible for the one below this [i.e. the one whose adherence to the Sharee’ah is below that of the one who is firmest in adhering to it] to reach the highest level of honour based on his adherence to the Sharee’ah. Therefore, honour is [measured] in accordance with one’s [level of adherence] to the Sharee’ah. (4)
Thirdly, unlike secularism, there is no separation between politics and religion in Islam!
Secularism is the belief that religion should not be involved with the ordinary social and political activities of a country. (5) Therefore, this definition establishes the idea that there should be separation between ‘State and Religion’ or between ‘Siyaasah and Religion’.
Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: What is intended by ‘Separation between religion and Siyaasah’ is that the ruler can do what he wants based on what he thinks is a means of fulfilling (responsibilities related to) affairs of the state, whether it agrees with Sharee’ah or not; or even if what he does is based on the judgement of the religion, because the meaning of separation is to distinguish between two things and give them specific definitions. Therefore, in relation to this, the ruler looks at what he considers to be beneficial even if it opposes the Sharee’ah. There is no doubt that this is a false and sinful statement, because the religion itself is Siyaasah and Siyaasah itself is the religion, but what we mean by Siyaasah is the Siyaasah that is based on equity and not oppression. The religion of Islaam came to bring about wellbeing [and upright conduct] for the people in their behaviour towards their Lord and between themselves. It establishes the Rights of Allaah, rights for the people- rights for parents, relatives, wives and the Muslims – in general. And even for non-Muslims, Islam has given them rights that are well-known to the scholars. It laid down the means and conditions for war and peace making, punishments for crimes – some of which are determined by way of specific texts and some are left to the jurisdiction of the ruler, as well as other affairs which clearly shows that Islaam in its entirety is Siyaasah. The root of this word Siyaasah is Saa’is and that is the person who is responsible for looking after the affairs of animals – fulfilling that which brings them wellbeing and repelling that which will harm them. This is Siyaasah. We find this meaning when we contemplate on affairs of the religion, and that Allaah has legislated – for the servants – things without which humans will not be able to establish [a fruitful, stable, orderly, safe] life, and forbade them from things that will corrupt their state of affairs – either affecting everyone or specific individuals. Therefore, in reality the entire religion is Siyaasah. And we are certain that anyone who separates Siyaasah from the Religion and establishes Siyaasah based on what he sees fit and what he forbids, then indeed his Siyaasah is corrupt, and it will cause more harm than good. If it rectifies one affair based on his limited [or deficient] opinions, then indeed it greatly corrupts from another angle. So, this makes it incumbent that one contemplates on the state of affairs of those who base their Siyaasah on their desires and opinions, and became distanced from the religion of Islaam, you will find -after contemplating – that either all that Siyaasah is corrupt or most of it, and that if it rectifies an affair from one angle, it corrupts from another angle. So, based on this, separation between Siyaasah and Religion is a sinful deed and it is obligated on the one who seeks to rectify himself and others that he does so only based on the religion of Islaam. (6)
Sharee’ah Law and Crime
Shaikh Abdul Waahid Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah preserve him] stated: Some Islamic countries such as Saudi Arabia and parts of Nigeria use Sharī’ah Law as the law of the land. These include death penalties for murder and drug trafficking, and amputation and removal of a hand for thieves who steal beyond a certain considerable sum. Even though these punishments exist, they are not used often because the crime rate in many Muslim countries is low. That is for two reasons: The citizens are keen to live their lives in accordance to their Islamic faith, ethics and morals. The threat of these punishments serve as strong deterrent against crimes. (7)
Capital Punishment (Executions), Cutting off Hands, Feet as Punishment- Allaah Gave Muslim Authorities The Absolute Right to Severely With Those Who Show Utter Disregard For Public Safety, Such as Mass Murderers, Murderous Highway Robbers, Kidnappers and other Wicked Criminals Who Terrify Citizens, Create An Atmosphere of Terror and Fear, Instability, Chaos etc
Allaah [The Exalted] said:
إِنَّمَا جَزَٲٓؤُاْ ٱلَّذِينَ يُحَارِبُونَ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ ۥ وَيَسۡعَوۡنَ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ فَسَادًا أَن يُقَتَّلُوٓاْ أَوۡ يُصَلَّبُوٓاْ أَوۡ تُقَطَّعَ أَيۡدِيهِمۡ وَأَرۡجُلُهُم مِّنۡ خِلَـٰفٍ أَوۡ يُنفَوۡاْ مِنَ ٱلۡأَرۡضِۚ ذَٲلِكَ لَهُمۡ خِزۡىٌ۬ فِى ٱلدُّنۡيَاۖ وَلَهُمۡ فِى ٱلۡأَخِرَةِ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ
إِلَّا ٱلَّذِينَ تَابُواْ مِن قَبۡلِ أَن تَقۡدِرُواْ عَلَيۡہِمۡۖ فَٱعۡلَمُوٓاْ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ غَفُورٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ۬
The recompense of those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger and do mischief in the land is only that they shall be killed or crucified or their hands and their feet be cut off on the opposite sides, or be exiled from the land. That is their disgrace in this world, and a great torment is theirs in the Hereafter. Except for those who (having fled away and then) came back (as Muslims) with repentance before they fall into your power; in that case, know that Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. [Surah Al-Maa’idah. Verses 33-34]
One of The Many Excellent Reasons Behind Capital Punishment
Allaah [The Exalted] said:
يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ كُتِبَ عَلَيۡكُمُ ٱلۡقِصَاصُ فِى ٱلۡقَتۡلَىۖ ٱلۡحُرُّ بِٱلۡحُرِّ وَٱلۡعَبۡدُ بِٱلۡعَبۡدِ وَٱلۡأُنثَىٰ بِٱلۡأُنثَىٰۚ فَمَنۡ عُفِىَ لَهُ ۥ مِنۡ أَخِيهِ شَىۡءٌ۬ فَٱتِّبَاعُۢ بِٱلۡمَعۡرُوفِ وَأَدَآءٌ إِلَيۡهِ بِإِحۡسَـٰنٍ۬ۗ ذَٲلِكَ تَخۡفِيفٌ۬ مِّن رَّبِّكُمۡ وَرَحۡمَةٌ۬ۗ فَمَنِ ٱعۡتَدَىٰ بَعۡدَ ذَٲلِكَ فَلَهُ ۥ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ۬
وَلَكُمۡ فِى ٱلۡقِصَاصِ حَيَوٰةٌ۬ يَـٰٓأُوْلِى ٱلۡأَلۡبَـٰبِ لَعَلَّڪُمۡ تَتَّقُونَ
O you who believe! Al-Qisas (the Law of Equality in punishment) is prescribed for you in case of murder: the free for the free, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. But if the killer is forgiven by the brother (or the relatives, etc.) of the killed against blood money, then adhering to it with fairness and payment of the blood money, to the heir should be made in fairness. This is an alleviation and a mercy from your Lord. So after this whoever transgresses the limits (i.e. kills the killer after taking the blood money), he shall have a painful torment. And there is (a saving of) life for you in Al-Qisas (the Law of Equality in punishment), O men of understanding, that you may become pious. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Verses 178-179]
Ash-Shaybaan reported from Qataadah who said: Among the people of the pre-Islamic era were those who transgressed and followed shaytaan. If a person had strength and a great number of supporters, and a slave of theirs is murdered by a slave of another people, then out of wanting to show their superior strength, they would say, ‘We shall not kill (by way of revenge) except a free person amongst them’. And if a woman kills another woman from another tribe, they said, ‘We shall not kill (by way of revenge) except a man amongst them’”. So, Allaah revealed this Aayah.
And regarding the statement: [وَلَكُمۡ فِى ٱلۡقِصَاصِ حَيَوٰةٌ۬ يَـٰٓأُوْلِى ٱلۡأَلۡبَـٰبِ لَعَلَّڪُمۡ تَتَّقُونَ – And there is (a saving of) life for you in Al-Qisas (the Law of Equality in punishment), O men of understanding, that you may become pious], Az-Zujaaj said, “If a man knows that he’ll be killed if he murders someone, he will refrain from murder and thus both his life and that of others are preserved. (8)
Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said: He refrains from killing out of loving and giving precedence to his own life, so there is preservation of his life and the life of the one he wants to murder. Also when a man killed another man from another family or tribe, the family or tribe of the victim killed everyone they could find from the family, tribe and city district of the murderer, and in this there was overwhelming corruption and destruction, so Allaah legislated the law of equality in punishment and so that none else is killed except the one who committed murder. This preserved the lives of murderer’s relatives and the people of his city. (9)
Imaam As-Sadi [rahimahullaah] said: By way of it [i.e. the law of equity in punishment] life is preserved and the misguided ones who exit the confines of justice are restrained. And when others witness a murderer being executed [i.e. by the government], they will take heed and refrain from the crime of murder. So, if the punishment against a murderer was other than killing him [by way of capital punishment], the evil act of murder would not have been prevented. This is the case regarding all the prescribed punishments of the Sharee’ah, because they contain a means of prevention which shows the perfect Wisdom of The All-Wise , the Oft-Forgiving. And Allaah specifically mentioned life in this Aayah as emphasis and exaltation. And when it is the case that none knows the reality of this ruling except the people of sound intellect and strong understanding, Allaah addressed them specifically. (10)
Ruling By Other Than What Allaah Has Revealed: A Treatise on Ruling by Other than What Allaah has Revealed- By Shaikh `Abdus-Salam al-Burjis [may Allaah have mercy upon him]: http://www.salafipublications.com/sps/sp.cfm?subsecID=MNJ05&articleID=MNJ050003&pfriend=
Believer’s Bahaviour Towards Muslim Rulers- [Advice Given In Private, Supplicate For Them And Refrain From Rebellion]; So Beware of Spiteful Foreign Instigators and Some Dangerous Social Media Networks That Promote Digital Mob Rule!: https://salaficentre.com/2021/02/10/believers-bahaviour-towards-muslim-rulers-advise-given-in-private-supplicate-for-them-and-refrain-from-rebellion-so-beware-of-spiteful-foreign-instigators-and-some-dangerous-social-media-networ/
Our Responsibilities Whilst Living in a Society That Rules By Secular Laws
Shaikh Abdul Waahid Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah preserve him] said: Although Muslims in Britain are subject to British law and the British legal system, Sharī’ah tribunals are allowed in certain areas as an alternative way of resolving disputes. These are aimed at resolving commercial, civil and matrimonial disputes to the satisfaction of both sides. Sharī’ah Law is based upon the Qur’ān and Sunnah, and judgements are made in accordance to these two sources. Only those well-versed with the Religion and jurisprudence (rulings in law) are permitted to judge in Sharī’ah matters. Read more here: https://www.abukhadeejah.com/educate-yourself-ethics-1-2-shariah-redstone-academy/
Take note of Shaikh Abu Khadeejah’s statement, “Muslims in Britain are subject to British law and the British legal system”, therefore one must be well aware of this fact and distance himself from the Takfeeris and those who take the law into their own hands. One must pay close attention to the fact – out of fear of Allaah and the last Day – that it is obligated on us to behave well towards our non-Muslim fellow citizens and fulfil our covenants.
Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen [rahimahullaah] stated: Likewise I invite you to have respect for those people who have the right that they should be respected, from those between you and whom there is an agreement (of protection) [i.e. Non-Muslims]. For the land which you are living is such that there is an agreement between you and them. If this were not the case they would have killed you or expelled you. So preserve this agreement, and do not prove treacherous to it, since treachery is a sign of the hypocrites, and it is not from the way of the Believers.
And know that it is authentically reported from the Prophet that he said : “Whoever kills one who is under an agreement of protection will not smell the fragrance of Paradise.”
Do not be fooled by those sayings of the foolish people: those who say: ‘Those people are Non-Muslims, so their wealth is lawful for us [i.e. to misappropriate or take by way of murder and killing].’ For by Allaah – this is a lie. A lie about Allaah’s Religion, and a lie in Islamic societies.
O my brothers. O youth. O Muslims. Be truthful in your buying and selling, and renting, and leasing, and in all mutual transactions. Because truthfulness is from the characteristics of the Believers, and Allaah – the Most High – has commanded truthfulness – in the saying of Allaah – the Most High – “O you who believe – fear and keep you duty to Allaah and be with the truthful.”
And the Prophet encouraged truthfulness and said : “Adhere to truthfulness, because truthfulness leads to goodness, and goodness leads to Paradise; and a person will continue to be truthful, and strive to be truthful until he will be written down with Allaah as a truthful person“.
And he warned against falsehood, and said : “Beware of falsehood, because falsehood leads to wickedness, and wickedness leads to the Fire. And a person will continue lying, and striving to lie until he is written down with Allaah as a great liar.”
O my brother Muslims. O youth. Be true in your sayings with your brothers, and with those Non-Muslims whom you live along with – so that you will be inviters to the Religion of Islaam, by your actions and in reality. So how many people there are who first entered into Islaam because of the behaviour and manners of the Muslims, and their truthfulness, and their being true in their dealings. (11)
Must Read: Living With Non-Muslims With Fine Conduct:
Alliance with the non-Muslims is of two types – misunderstanding this affair leads people astray
Treaties With The Non-Muslims: Is it Allegiance? Is it Apostasy?
The Prophet of Islam would not kill diplomats, ambassadors, emissaries or foreign delegations even if they were sent by the worst of his enemies
Footnote A: The Ruling On Water:
Narrated Abū Saʿīd al-Khudrī: Allāh’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم (said: “Water is pure and nothing can make it impure.” Narrated Abū Umāma al-Bahīli: Allāh’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم (said: “Water cannot be rendered impure by anything except something which changes its smell, taste and colour.
If you have a bowl of water and something fell into that water and either the colour, the smell or the taste of the water changed as a consequence, this bowl of liquid can no longer be considered water, and whatever has fallen in it can either be pure or impure.
For example, if you have a bowl of water and you poured some orange squash in it, the colour of the water would become orange, the taste would change and be orange flavoured, and as a consequence, this liquid can no longer be called water. Similarly, a hundred tea bags in water will change the colour to brown, the smell and taste will be different as well, as a consequence it will be tea, not water. Even though tea and coffee are pure, the substance itself has affected the water to such a degree that the smell, taste and colour no longer resemble water, therefore it is no longer water and has changed due to something pure being added into it.
If the water has changed to such a degree that it can no longer be termed water then you cannot use it to make wuḍūʿ.
If you have a large amount of water, for example, a bath tub of water, and you drop in a small amount of squash, 100ml. This small amount will not create a significant change in the water, and neither the colour, smell or taste will change. If a small amount of a pure substance falls into the water, the consistency of the water does not change; it is still water and can be used for purification. If you have a big bath tub of water and drop something impure into it, for example, five litres of urine, the colour and the smell would be different, [and not that you would check, but the taste would also be altered]. It will become impure because the substance that fell in it was an impure substance. However, if you have a big bath tub of water and you have a small bottle sample of urine, and you get a pen and dip it into the urine and then put the pen in the bathtub, a few drops of urine will go in. But, the colour, taste and smell will not change. The three characteristics have not changed, can it be used for purification?
Narrated ʿAbdullāh ibn ʿUmar (raḍī Allāhu ʿanhu): Allāh’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم (said: “If there is enough water to fill two pots (Qulla), it carries no impurity.” Another version has: “It does not become unclean.”
Here the scholars differ because this Ḥadith indicates when the volume of water gets to a certain amount then dropping things into it does not render it impure.
Some say if the water has reached that quantity of qullatain, then after that even if impurity falls into it, it does not become impure (i.e. if it is below the level of qullatain it is instantly considered as impure). This is not the strongest opinion but it is an opinion.
Other scholars say when water reaches that large volume, when impurity falls into it, typically, it would not change the water’s characteristics. The correct opinion however, is that when there is a small amount of water and impurity falls into it, then it is very likely that the three characteristics will change. Whereas with large amounts of water, typically they won’t. [Lessons delivered by Ustaadh Abu Mu’aadh (Taqweem Aslam – hafidhahullaah) at Troid (may Allaah preserve the brothers and their Dawah Aameen):https://www.troid.org/ibadah/salaah/taharah/2572-bulugh-al-maram-the-chapter-of-purification%5D
Footnote B: Misguidance of The Raafidha and Khawaawij:
The Ruling on Utensils:
Narrated Abū Thaʿlaba al-Khushni (raḍi Allāhu ʿanhu): I said “O Allāh’s Messenger! We are living in a land inhabited by the People of the Scriptures; can we take our meals in their utensils?” He said, “If you can get utensils other than theirs, do not eat in theirs, but if you cannot get other than theirs, wash them and eat in them” [Agreed upon].
It is allowed under two conditions:
a.That there is no other alternative
b.You must wash it before using
Narrated ʿImrān ibn Ḥussayn (raḍi Allāhu ʿanhu): The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم (and his Companions performed wuḍūʿ[ablution] from a water skin container belonging to a polytheist woman [Agreed upon].
This Ḥadīth is an excerpt from a longer Ḥadīth. The story is that on one occasion, they were on a journey and their water ran out, so the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم (sent ʿAlī (raḍi Allāhu ʿanhu and another man to find some water. They soon came across a woman on a camel who had two water skins with her, so they asked her where the water was from, and she replied that the source of the water was a distance of 24 hours away.
So they asked her to come with them to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم .(She came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم (and he took a small amount of water from each of the water skins, made duʿāʾ and spittled into it. Allāh put barakah in the water that he had taken out such that the whole battalion made wuḍūʿ and there was still extra to drink.
There are few examples narrated where similar miracles have taken place. In one narration, in one of the battles in Ṭabūk, they ran out of all of their provisions and the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم (asked them all to bring what they had from the small items remaining. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم (then made duʿāʾ and the provisions were made sufficient for everybody.
What is the purpose of the narration? The vessels of the disbelievers are not permissible. But the other narration shows that he took water from the disbelieving Muslim woman.
What we understand from this, is that it is mentioned in ṣīrah, at the end of battles they would come across the war booty, and there would have been vessels present. The Muslims also used to trade in clothes with non-Muslims, and it is not mentioned in the ṣīrah that the Muslims would thoroughly wash the clothes and utensils obtained in battle and trade before using. Therefore, it indicates that the default with the clothes and utensils which are sold by the kuffār, is that they are actually pure.
Shaykh Ṣāliḥ al-Fawzān says that the aṣl is that the utensils of the kuffār are, by default, pure as long as you do not know of any impurity.
However, the first narration the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم (said only if you can’t find anything else, and even then you have to wash it first. As for the ṣīrah of Abū Thaʿlaba then, and Allāh knows best, when a Ḥadīth gives a command or prohibition, as in the first Ḥadīth, the prohibition, by default equals ḥarām, but then we said that sometimes you may come across other evidence, which when put together, highlight that the command here does not intend it to be wujūb. Instead due to other evidence, it is actually mustaḥabb. It is not an outright prohibition and indicates that it is not obligatory to have to wash the items out before using; it is only mustaḥabb to wash them out.
If there is a kāfir owned restaurant which sells ḥalāl food, then you can use their utensils as you have no doubt about what has been in them since they don’t serve alcohol or pork.
Shaykh Ṣāliḥ al-Fawzān mentions that if you do not know of any impurity, then the utensils and clothes of the kuffār are pure by default, and you can use them without washing; however, if you know of an impurity then you have to wash it. Therefore, the correct opinion is what the majority of the scholars say, and that is that the products of the kuffār, by default, are pure, and the only time it would be a problem is when you know they have been using it for something impure. [Lessons delivered by Ustaadh Abu Mu’aadh (Taqweem Aslam – hafidhahullaah) at Troid (may Allaah preserve the brothers and their Dawah Aameen):https://www.troid.org/ibadah/salaah/taharah/2572-bulugh-al-maram-the-chapter-of-purification%5D
May Allaah protect Islam and the Muslims from the violent and militant secularists, the Munaafiqoon and the misguided so called liberal Muslims Aameen
[Ref 1: Al Haqeeqatus Shar-iyyah Fee Tafseeril Qur’aanil Adheem Was-Sunnatin Nabawiyyati page: 186. Slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 2: An Excerpt From Al-Jawaabus Saheeh Liman Baddala Deen Al-Maseeh. 1/204-207. Slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 3: Source: An Excerpt from Al-Jawaabus Saheeh Liman Baddala Deenul Maseeh. Pages 41-46. Slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 4: Al-Itisaam 3/434 slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 6: https://binothaimeen.net/content/7366. Paraphrased]
[Ref 8: An Excerpt from Zaadul Maseer Fee Ilmit Tafseer. By Imaam Ibnul Jawzi (rahimahullaah)]
[Ref 9: An Excerpt from Miftaah Daar As-Sa’aadah 431-432. Slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 10: An Excerpt from Tafseer as-Sadi. Slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 11: Salafipublications.com]