[The Ant, The Hoopoe, The Queen of Sheba, The Ifreet, The Scholar and Prophet Sulaymaan- [Reflection and Lessons (Part 5)]


In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Sulaymaan Showed Her Bilqees His Superiority, Authority and Power

Allaah [The Exalted] said:

قِيلَ لَهَا ٱدۡخُلِى ٱلصَّرۡحَ‌ۖ فَلَمَّا رَأَتۡهُ حَسِبَتۡهُ لُجَّةً۬ وَكَشَفَتۡ عَن سَاقَيۡهَا‌ۚ قَالَ إِنَّهُ ۥ صَرۡحٌ۬ مُّمَرَّدٌ۬ مِّن قَوَارِيرَ‌ۗ قَالَتۡ رَبِّ إِنِّى ظَلَمۡتُ نَفۡسِى وَأَسۡلَمۡتُ مَعَ سُلَيۡمَـٰنَ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ ٱلۡعَـٰلَمِينَ

It was said to her: “Enter As-Sarh” [(a glass surface with water underneath it) or a palace], but when she saw it, she thought it was a pool, and she (tucked up her clothes) uncovering her legs, Sulaiman (Solomon) said: “Verily, it is Sarh [(a glass surface with water underneath it) or a palace] paved smooth with slab of glass.” She said: “My Lord! Verily, I have wronged myself, and I submit (in Islam, together with Sulaiman (Solomon), to Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists”.

[قِيلَ لَهَا ٱدۡخُلِى ٱلصَّرۡحَ‌ۖ فَلَمَّا رَأَتۡهُ حَسِبَتۡهُ لُجَّةً۬ – It was said to her: “Enter As-Sarh” [(a glass surface with water underneath it) or a palace]: This shows her intelligence and good conduct, because she did not refuse to enter the place she was commanded to enter, because she was aware of the fact that was only done to treat her honourably, and that Sulayman’s Kingdom and administration established based on wisdom, so there was no doubt in her heart about anything evil after witnessing what she witnessed.

[وَكَشَفَتۡ عَن سَاقَيۡهَا‌ۚ قَالَ إِنَّهُ ۥ صَرۡحٌ۬ مُّمَرَّدٌ۬ مِّن قَوَارِيرَ‌ۗ – but when she saw it, she thought it was a pool, and she (tucked up her clothes) uncovering her legs, Sulaiman (Solomon) said: “Verily, it is Sarh [(a glass surface with water underneath it) or a palace] paved smooth with slab of glass”.]- Meaning, there is no need to lift up your garment and thus uncover your ankles.

So, after meeting Sulayman and witnessed what she witnessed, knew about his Prophethood and Messengership, she repented and abandoned her disbelief. She said: [قَالَتۡ رَبِّ إِنِّى ظَلَمۡتُ نَفۡسِى وَأَسۡلَمۡتُ مَعَ سُلَيۡمَـٰنَ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ ٱلۡعَـٰلَمِينَ – My Lord! Verily, I have wronged myself, and I submit (in Islam, together with Sulaiman (Solomon), to Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists].

This is what Allah has related to us regarding the Queen of Saba and what took place between her and Sulaymaan. And that which is other than this story are from the narrations of the people of the previous scriptures (i.e. Jews and Christians) and they have no relationship with the explanation of Allaah’s statements. They are affairs we cannot ascertain based on well-known evidence from the infallible Messenger Muhammad [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him]. All the narrations or the majority of them are not reported from him, therefore, we should be very firm in turning away from them and not put them in the explanation of the Qur’an. And Allah knows best. [1]

Regarding The Israa’eeliyyaat [reports of the Jews]: That which is reported from the Children of Israel and what is said about them is mentioned by the people of knowledge (i.e. upright scholars of Islam) to be of three categories: [a] that which agrees with what is in the Qur’aan, so it is declared true, and likewise agrees with the authentic Prophetic Sunnah. [b] That which contradicts the Qur’an and Sunnah, therefore it is rejected by the Qur’an and Sunnah, and it is declared to be false and lies; [c] that which the Qur’aan and the Sunnah neither confirm to be true nor declared to be false, therefore it is neither declared to be true nor false, rather one abstains from either declaring it true or false. [Refer to article on the following link about the Israa’eeliyyaaat – By Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz (rahimahullaah):

https://binbaz.org.sa/audios/1323/%D8%AD%D9%83%D9%85-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%89%D9%8A%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%AA


[Ref 1: An Excerpt from ‘Tafseer As-Sadi. Slightly paraphrased]

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