In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “When some examples of the teachings of Islaam and its directives are presented, it will become clear to every sane and just person that this is true, and that all creation are compelled in their need for it, and that they cannot do without it in any situation. That is because the whole world has been overwhelmed with the problems of life and all humankind is floundering in the depths of darkness (see footnote a). They are guided in one way and astray in another way, an affair established for them upon uprightness in some of its aspects and deviation occurs in the rest of it. This is the result of one of two affairs: either ignorance of what the religion (of Islam) indicates and guides to, or haughtiness and deviation, evil intentions and goals, which prevents them from the righteousness they are acquainted with, as is often the case”.
Commentary: The author will present examples related to Aqeedah, mutual dealings and the calamities that afflict many people; then he will demonstrate clearly how Islam solves these problems. He will also make it clear that the path followed by many people in searching and seeking to solve these problems – through other than the religion of Islaam – does not lead to anything other than fruitless outcomes, and the problems only increase with other problems. All the creation are compelled in their need for the great Islamic solutions that are based on the Qur’aan and the Sunnah of the Messenger, and they cannot do without them in any situation. Then the author clarified the situation of the people and the many problems, and that is because the worldly life is a place of trial and test. Just as some people are put to trial through illness, others are put to trial through good health, and just as some people are tested through poverty, others are tested through riches. Allaah said: [وَنَبۡلُوكُم بِٱلشَّرِّ وَٱلۡخَيۡرِ فِتۡنَةً۬ۖ – and We shall make a trial of you with evil and with good]. [Surah Al-Anbiyaa. Verse 35]
This life is a trial and this is why a person does not cease facing (different situations) and seeking solutions. Those who are blessed – amongst Allaah’s servants – return to the Qur’aan and the Sunnah of Allaah’s Prophet to solve problems, so they are guided to that which contains good and success. The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “I have left two matters with you. As long as you hold to them, you will not go astray. They are the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Prophet”. All the people are in darkness except those whom Allaah blesses with the light of knowledge. This is why the knowledge that is based on the book of Allaah and the Sunnah of the Messenger is light for a person. Allaah [The Exalted] said:
وَكَذَٲلِكَ أَوۡحَيۡنَآ إِلَيۡكَ رُوحً۬ا مِّنۡ أَمۡرِنَاۚ مَا كُنتَ تَدۡرِى مَا ٱلۡكِتَـٰبُ وَلَا ٱلۡإِيمَـٰنُ وَلَـٰكِن جَعَلۡنَـٰهُ نُورً۬ا نَّہۡدِى بِهِۦ مَن نَّشَآءُ مِنۡ عِبَادِنَاۚ
And thus We have sent to you (O Muhammad ) Ruhan (an Inspiration, and a Mercy) of Our Command. You knew not what is the Book, nor what is Faith? But We have made it (this Qur’an) a light wherewith We guide whosoever of Our slaves We will. [Surah Ash-Shura. Verse 52]
Humankind are all floundering in the depths of darkness- guided in one way and misguided in another way, an affair established for them upon uprightness in some of its aspects and deviation occurs in the rest of it, because the solutions they have are in opposition to the Qur’aan and Sunnah. These solutions solve some problems, but destroy, corrupt and harm in other ways. It is not enough that a person solves a problem in one way and destroys a lot in another way. It should not be that seeking to remedy a particular illness of a person leads to several other diseases from another angle. The solutions pursued by these people – those are floundering in the depths of darkness – solve a problem in one way, but lead to many other problems. Why is this case? The author says, “This is the result of one of two affairs: either ignorance of what the religion indicates and guides to, or haughtiness and deviation”. So, the author makes it known here that the mistakes of the people and turning away from from the upright and blessed Islamic solutions is due to two reasons: the first affair is ignorance and the second haughtiness and misguidance. Allaah [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections] said whilst praising the Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him]: [مَا ضَلَّ صَاحِبُكُمۡ وَمَا غَوَىٰ-Your companion (Muhammad) has neither gone astray nor has erred]. The statement [مَا ضَلَّ – Has neither gone astray] affirms perfection in knowledge and the statement [وَمَا غَوَىٰ – nor has erred] affirms perfection in action. A person’s situation becomes upright when these two affairs are gathered in him.
The Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] stated about the four rightly guided Calips, “It is obligated on you to adhere to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the Khulafaa Ar-Raashideen Al-Mahdiyyeen. Raashid [i.e. being steadfast upon the right path and firmly established upon it] is the opposite of Ghiwaayah [straying from the right path or conduct] and Hidaayah [guided to the path of truth and submitting to it] is the opposite of the Daalaal [misguidance, especially in knowledge and creed]. Dalaal is tantamount to corruption in knowledge and Ghiwaayah is tantamount to corruption in action. The deviation of the people is based on these two affairs or one of them – either corruption in knowledge or corruption in action, or both of them. Allaah said: [هُوَ ٱلَّذِىٓ أَرۡسَلَ رَسُولَهُ ۥ بِٱلۡهُدَىٰ وَدِينِ ٱلۡحَقِّ – It is He Who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad ) with Hudaa (guidance) and Deenul Haqq (the religion of truth)]. Hudaa (guidance) is beneficial knowledge and Deenul Haqq (religion of truth) is righteous actions. (1)
Footnote a: A Brief Reminder Regarding At-Taa’ifah Al-Mansoorah [The Victorious Group]- By Al-Allaamah Saaleh Al-Fawzaan and Al-Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadee [may Allaah preserve them and all the scholars of Ahlus Sunnah]: https://salaficentre.com/2020/06/01/a-brief-reminder-regarding-at-taaifah-al-mansoorah-the-victorious-group-by-shaikh-fawzaan-and-shaikh-rabee/
[Ref 1: https://www.al-badr.net/detail/UY7sjBcaQE from 19mins 41secs to 31mins 33secs. Paraprhrased Excerpt]