High Energy Bills Expected In The UK – [Reminder Regarding How Muslims Should Behave During Hardship]


In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Scarcity, Hardship, High Cost of Living Can Be a Test

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

As for how the Islamic religion deals with the poor, it commanded them – as well as everyone else who fails to accomplished his personal wish- to be patient, accept Allaah’s decree, acknowledge that Allaah is All-Wise, possesses perfect judgment and (All-Wise in) in His disposal of all affairs, and that there are various benefits in this (for a person).

Allaah said: [وعسى أن تكرهوا شيئا وهو خير لكم وعسى أن تحبوا شيئا وهو شر لكم والله يعلم وأنتم لا تعلمون – And it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allah knows but you do not know]. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 216]

This belief of theirs removes the sadness that enters the hearts and thus leads to helplessness and laziness. Then Allaah commanded them that neither should they seek to remove their poverty and seeking after their needs by depending on the people nor asking them except where it is unavoidable and when it is necessary to do so; and that they seek to remove their poverty through Allaah alone – by way of various activities and means, which Allaah has made a means to removing poverty, and every person preoccupies with the means that suits him and his situation; so, this benefits a person by freeing him from abject dependence, trains him to be strong and active, and fights against laziness and apathy, but also not envying the wealthy due to what Allaah has bestowed on them. Allaah said:

ولا تتمنوا ما فضل الله به بعضكم على بعض للرجال نصيب مما اكتسبوا وللنساء نصيب مما اكتسبن واسألوا الله من فضله إن الله كان بكل شيء عليما

And covet not for the things in which Allah has made some of you to excel others. For men there is reward for what they have earned, (and likewise) for women there is reward for what they have earned, and ask Allah of His Bounty. Surely, Allah is Ever All-Knower of everything. [Surah An-Nisaa. Aayah 32]

Allaah commanded them to be sincere in their work, dealings and crafts, and not to hasten in seeking their livelihood by indulging in vile gains that deprives a person of an upright adherence to the religion and corrupts the worldly affairs. And Allaah commanded them to do two things that would help them whilst facing the hardship of poverty: economize and to be contented with what Allaah has bestowed on them, (because) little sustenance alongside wise economization becomes a lot. Contentment is an inexhaustible treasure and richness without wealth. There are many poor people who are blessed with contentment and the ability to economize- neither wishing for what the luxurious people possess nor feeling bitter about their meager sustenance. When the poor people are guided by the guidance of the religion to exercise patience and attach themselves to Allaah, freed from abject dependence, working hard and striving in honorable and beneficial deeds and satisfied with Allaah’s grace, the burden and difficulty of poverty will be eased for them. In addition to this, they do not cease striving for self-sufficiency (and to obtain more provision), whilst hoping for the bounty of their Lord, awaiting His promise and fearing Him. Allaah said: [ ومن يتق الله يجعل له مخرجا ويرزقه من حيث لا يحتسب – And whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty). Allaah said: [ ومن يتوكل على الله فهو حسبه – And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him]. [Surah At-Talaaq. Aayaat 2-3]

Commentary:

[1] The first affair is that the poor have been commanded – as well as everyone who fails to accomplished his personal wish- to be patient and accept Allaah’s decree. Allaah said:

[ وَلَنَبۡلُوَنَّكُم بِشَىۡءٍ۬ مِّنَ ٱلۡخَوۡفِ وَٱلۡجُوعِ وَنَقۡصٍ۬ مِّنَ ٱلۡأَمۡوَٲلِ وَٱلۡأَنفُسِ وَٱلثَّمَرَٲتِ‌ۗ وَبَشِّرِ ٱلصَّـٰبِرِينَ – And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.).] [Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 155]

If the poor person exercise patience, he receives the reward of those who are patience and he is similar to the grateful wealthy person, because if the patient poor person and the grateful wealthy person are equal in their fear of Allaah, they are equal in status as has preceded from a statement of Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [may Allaah have mercy upon him].

[2] Acknowledge that Allaah is All-Wise, possesses perfect judgment and (All-Wise) in His disposal of all affairs, and that there are various benefits in this affair (for a person). It may be that the poor person hates his state of poverty, but it is better for him and more beneficial for him when he meets his Lord. It may be that wealth would have come to him and thus he is put to trial and turned away from the purpose of life (i.e. to worship Allaah alone and obey Him), so his poverty maybe better than if he was to be wealthy. And this why the author transmitted the Aayah:

[وعسى أن تكرهوا شيئا وهو خير لكم وعسى أن تحبوا شيئا وهو شر لكم والله يعلم وأنتم لا تعلمون – and it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allah knows but you do not know]. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 216]

This why a person should believe (with certainty) that Allaah is All-Wise in His disposal of all affairs and He knows everything about His servants. If a person has this belief, all the sadness in his heart will be removed, becomes active and embark upon seeking a livelihood.

[3] Neither should they seek to remove their poverty and seeking after their needs by depending on the people nor asking them except where it is unavoidable and when it is necessary to do so.

[4] They should seek to remove their poverty through Allaah alone- by way of what Allaah has made a means to removing poverty, and they are various activities and means, and every person preoccupies with the means that suits him and his situation, so a person benefits through this by being freed from the abject dependence, trains him to be strong and active, and fighting against laziness and apathy. This comprises of two instructions:

(I) To seek Allaah’s Assistance, supplicating to Allaah, constantly supplicating to Allaah, seeking His protection against poverty and the trial of poverty, asking Allaah for bounty through His Names, such as Al-Wahhaab, Al-Muhsin, Al-Mannaan, Ar-Razzaaq etc.

(II) Employs the means, as Allaah said: [هُوَ ٱلَّذِى جَعَلَ لَكُمُ ٱلۡأَرۡضَ ذَلُولاً۬ فَٱمۡشُواْ فِى مَنَاكِبِہَا وَكُلُواْ مِن رِّزۡقِهِۦ‌ۖ وَإِلَيۡهِ ٱلنُّشُورُ -it is, Who has made the earth subservient to you (i.e. easy for you to walk, to live and to do agriculture on it, etc.), so walk in the path thereof and eat of His provision, and to Him will be the Resurrection]. [Surah Al-Mulk. Aayh 15]

So, a person strives in work and to earn a livelihood- through permissible means and those means legislated in the divine legislation, gradually improves in his work, even if it is the case that he is not satisfied with the work he is doing or that it is not a sufficient means of livelihood, but rather he works until he reaches another job that is more beneficial.

[5] Should not envy the wealthy people due to what Allaah has bestowed on them. The poor person should beware of envy, because the wealth in the possession of the wealthy is Allaah’s bounty and favour, therefore envying them for such wealth is tantamount to being an enemy of Allaah’s bounty. Yes, indeed if a person sees something in the possession of another person, he may wish that he has the same and this called Ghibtah (i.e. to wish for the thing, but not envying the person); but it is forbidden if one hates such blessing that is bestowed on another person, or wishes that such blessing should cease to exist or strives to stop it. Just one would not wish that he is envied, or that someone wishes that such blessing should cease or strives to stop it, then likewise he should not behave in such a manner towards others.

[6] They should be sincere in their work, dealings and crafts. So when they are bestowed with some work, they should be sincere, truthful and deal with others in a good manner, because these are some of the means to Barakah (i.e. to be blessed) in one’s livelihood as opposed to the affair of the one who deceives in his dealings, lies, behaves badly etc.

[7] Should not hasten in seeking livelihood by indulging in vile gains that deprives a person of an upright adherence to the religion and corrupts the worldly affairs. Some poor people want to remove the problem of poverty without caring how that is done, so he does not care about entering into usury, or whether he steals, transgresses, deceives and lies. The other affair one should beware of is not to go to the magicians, the soothsayers and sorcerers to obtain amulets from them, whilst thinking that this would end poverty. So, when one of them wants to enter into a business, he goes to a sorcerer for consultation regarding his business or his journey, or he goes to a magician…this is a destruction of one’s religion. Likewise, one should not attach himself to the dead inhabitants of the graves, such as what some of the ignorant people do when they seek to solve a problem by attaching themselves to the dead inhabitants of the graves, invoking them and vowing to them. This is tantamount to Shirk (polytheism).

[8] Allaah commanded them to do two things that would help them whilst facing the hardship of poverty: to economize and be contented with what Allaah has bestowed on them, (because) little sustenance alongside wise economization becomes a lot. Contentment is an inexhaustible treasure and richness without wealth.

[9] Economization: The person’s food, drink, dwelling place and means of transportation are all within what he can afford. This is very important because many people spend beyond their means until they owe debts which they cannot afford to repay, even though he would have been able to live based on what he can afford. So by way of economization, little wealth becomes plentiful and a person is blessed with the little he possesses, but if he is not satisfied with economization, then this would harm him.

[10] Contentment: To be satisfied with what one has. The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Wealth is not in having many possessions; but rather true wealth is the richness of the soul”. [Hadeeth Number 6446] The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “‘’Whoever among you wakes up [in the morning] safe in his property, healthy in his body and has his daily nourishment, it is as if he has been granted the entire world”. [Sunan Ibn Maajah. Hadeeth 4141]

[11] There are many poor people who are blessed with contentment and the ability to economize- neither wishing for what the luxurious people possess nor feeling bitter about their meager sustenance.

[12] Not to look at those above you, rather look at those below lest you belittle the blessings of Allah that have been bestowed upon you. Do look at the one who has more wealth or trade than you, or the one with a better house, a better livelihood or means of transport, but rather look at the one who is below you. That is because when you look at the one who has less wealth, you’ll say “Alhamdulil laah”; but if you look at the one above, you’ll belittle the blessings you have and then say, “I don’t have anything”, and you forget the many other blessings, such as the blessing of Islam, the blessing of good health, the blessing of a dwelling place, the blessing of safety, the blessing of children etc. The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said: “Look at those who are below you and do not look at those above you, for it is more suitable lest you look down on Allaah’s blessings”. [Saheeh Muslim. Hadeeth Number 2963]

[13] When the poor people are guided by the guidance of the religion to exercise patience and attach themselves to Allaah, freed from abject dependence, working hard and striving in honorable and beneficial deeds and satisfied with Allaah’s grace, the burden and difficulty of poverty will be eased for them. In addition to this, they do not cease striving for self-sufficient (and to obtain more provision), hoping for the bounty of their Lord, awaiting His promise and fearing Him. Allaah said: [ومن يتق الله يجعل له مخرجا ويرزقه من حيث لا يحتسب – And whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty)]. [ ومن يتوكل على الله فهو حسبه – And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him]. [Surah At-Talaaq. Aayaat 2-3]

Taqwah [Fear of Allaah] is to act in obedience to Allaah upon a light from Allaah [i.e. Eemaan, sincerity, guidance etc] and hoping for reward from Allah. And you abandon disobedience to Allaah upon a light from Allah and fearing the punishment of Allah.

[14] Increase in Istighfaar – seeking Allaah’s forgiveness. Allaah said [that Prophet Nooh (peace be upon him) said to his people]:

فَقُلۡتُ ٱسۡتَغۡفِرُواْ رَبَّكُمۡ إِنَّهُ ۥ كَانَ غَفَّارً۬ا
يُرۡسِلِ ٱلسَّمَآءَ عَلَيۡكُم مِّدۡرَارً۬ا
وَيُمۡدِدۡكُم بِأَمۡوَٲلٍ۬ وَبَنِينَ وَيَجۡعَل لَّكُمۡ جَنَّـٰتٍ۬ وَيَجۡعَل لَّكُمۡ أَنۡہَـٰرً۬ا

I said (to them): “Ask forgiveness from your Lord; Verily, He is Oft-Forgiving; He will send rain to you in abundance; and give you increase in wealth and children, and bestow on you gardens and bestow on you rivers”. [Surah Nooh. Aayaat 10-12]

So, when a person has little, he should increase in Istighfaar. A man came to Imaam al-Hasan Al-Basri [may Allaah have mercy upon him] and complained about poverty, so he said to him, “Seek Allaah’s forgiveness”. A second man came to him and complained to him about not having children, he said to him, “Seek Allaah’s forgiveness”. Another one came to him and complain about his orchard that it is dry, he said to him, “Seek Allaah’s forgiveness”. So, a man who was present said to him, “Everyone who came to you was told to seek Allaah’s forgiveness!” He replied, “I did not say more than what is in the Qur’aan”, then he recited:

فَقُلۡتُ ٱسۡتَغۡفِرُواْ رَبَّكُمۡ إِنَّهُ ۥ كَانَ غَفَّارً۬ا
يُرۡسِلِ ٱلسَّمَآءَ عَلَيۡكُم مِّدۡرَارً۬ا
وَيُمۡدِدۡكُم بِأَمۡوَٲلٍ۬ وَبَنِينَ وَيَجۡعَل لَّكُمۡ جَنَّـٰتٍ۬ وَيَجۡعَل لَّكُمۡ أَنۡہَـٰرً۬ا

I said (to them): “Ask forgiveness from your Lord; Verily, He is Oft-Forgiving; He will send rain to you in abundance; and give you increase in wealth and children, and bestow on you gardens and bestow on you rivers”. [Surah Nooh. Aayaat 10-12] In these Aayaat, Allaah mentioned Istighfaar and then mentioned its worldly fruitful outcomes. As for in the afterlife, the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said: “Glad tidings to those who find a lot of seeking forgiveness in the record of their deeds”. [Sunan Ibn Maajah. Hadeeth Number 3818]

[15] The person should not reply upon the means he employs to seek provision, rather he should rely and depend on Allaah alone. Allaah said: [ومن يتوكل على الله فهو حسبه – And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him].

So, the person employs the means and is eager in seeking what benefits him, such as trade or some craftmanship, but he relies upon Allaah alone. The Prophet said that when one – whilst leaving his (or her) home – says: [بِسْمِ اللَّهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ عَلَى اللَّهِ لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ – In the name of Allah, I trust in Allah for there is no movement or might but in Allah], it will be said to him that you have been sufficed and protected, and the devils will be far from him. [Saheeh Sunan Tirmidhee. Hadeeth Number 3426] [Source: From the beginning to 39mins 39secs: https://www.al-badr.net/detail/6y71LsHDZr paraphrased]

Some of The Excellent Outcomes of Ibaadah

Al-Allaamah Abdul Muhsin Al-Abbaad [may Allaah preserve him] said: As for the (good) outcomes of the Ibaadaat (acts of worship), then from them are: Relaxation of the heart; Peace of mind; Enlargement of one’s provision; a state of well-being, repose and tranquility. Indeed there are many verses in the Qur’aan and a number of narrations in the Sunnah regarding these (good) outcomes, and that fear of Allaah (The Mighty and Majestic) and righteous actions leads to happiness in this life and the next. Allaah (The Mighty and Majestic) said: [وَلَوۡ أَنَّ أَهۡلَ ٱلۡقُرَىٰٓ ءَامَنُواْ وَٱتَّقَوۡاْ لَفَتَحۡنَا عَلَيۡہِم بَرَكَـٰتٍ۬ مِّنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ – And if the people of the towns had believed and had the Taqwa (piety), certainly, We should have opened for them blessings from the heaven and the earth].

Indeed, this noble ayah mentions both worship and its (good) outcomes in the life of a Muslim, and that whoever fears Allaah (The Mighty and Majestic) and believes in Him, then indeed Allaah (The Most High) will reward him and give him provision in the life of this world. Allaah will open for him blessings from the heavens and the earth– by way of rain from the sky and vegetation and treasures from the earth.

Allaah (The Mighty and Majestic) said about the people of the Scripture:

[وَلَوۡ أَنَّہُمۡ أَقَامُواْ ٱلتَّوۡرَٮٰةَ وَٱلۡإِنجِيلَ وَمَآ أُنزِلَ إِلَيۡہِم مِّن رَّبِّہِمۡ لَأَڪَلُواْ مِن فَوۡقِهِمۡ وَمِن تَحۡتِ أَرۡجُلِهِم‌ۚ]

And if only they had acted according to the Taurat (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel), and what has (now) been sent down to them from their Lord (the Qur’an), they would surely have gotten provision from above them and from underneath their feet.” [5:66] Meaning: The provision Allaah would have bestowed upon them by way rain from the sky, and also from beneath their feet by way of that which Allaah causes to grow in the earth, such as plants and crops; and also the treasures which Allaah causes to come out from the earth.

So, that which has been mentioned in these two verses about the people of the towns and the people of the scripture is related to reward in this worldly life a worldly for (the one who) believes in Allaah and fears Him. And with regards to the reward in the afterlife for the believers and those who fear Allaah, then indeed Allaah has mentioned it in His statement: [وَلَوۡ أَنَّ أَهۡلَ ٱلۡڪِتَـٰبِ ءَامَنُواْ وَٱتَّقَوۡاْ لَڪَفَّرۡنَا عَنۡہُمۡ سَيِّـَٔاتِہِمۡ وَلَأَدۡخَلۡنَـٰهُمۡ جَنَّـٰتِ ٱلنَّعِيمِ – And if only the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) had believed (in Muhammad) and warded off evil (sin, ascribing partners to Allah) and had become Al-Muttaqun (pious), We would indeed have blotted out their sins and admitted them to Gardens of pleasure (in Paradise)].

Also Allaah (The Mighty and Majestic) said:

[وَمَن يَتَّقِ ٱللَّهَ يَجۡعَل لَّهُ ۥ مَخۡرَجً۬ا ]
[وَيَرۡزُقۡهُ مِنۡ حَيۡثُ لَا يَحۡتَسِبُ‌ۚ ]

And whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty). And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine.

This noble ayah establishes the fact that fear of Allaah (The Mighty and Majestic)–and that is to worship Him (alone without partners); fulfil His commandments and keep away from what He has forbidden– will remove a person from critical and difficult situations. Also Allaah provides for the one who obeys and fears Him from sources he never could imagine.

Allaah (The Mighty and Majestic) said: [وَمَن يَتَّقِ ٱللَّهَ يَجۡعَل لَّهُ ۥ مِنۡ أَمۡرِهِۦ يُسۡرً۬ا -And whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make his matter easy for him].

Indeed, from the (good) outcomes of fearing Allaah (The Mighty and Majestic) is that Allaah will make a person’s affairs easy. Allaah will facilitate for him the paths towards good and opens for him paths that leads to happiness in this life and the afterlife.

And Allaah stated in the story of Nooh (alayhis-salaam) and his people:

فَقُلۡتُ ٱسۡتَغۡفِرُواْ رَبَّكُمۡ إِنَّهُ ۥ كَانَ غَفَّارً۬ا
يُرۡسِلِ ٱلسَّمَآءَ عَلَيۡكُم مِّدۡرَارً۬ا
وَيُمۡدِدۡكُم بِأَمۡوَٲلٍ۬ وَبَنِينَ وَيَجۡعَل لَّكُمۡ جَنَّـٰتٍ۬ وَيَجۡعَل لَّكُمۡ أَنۡہَـٰرً۬ا

I (Nooh) said (to them): ‘Ask forgiveness from your Lord; Verily, He is Oft-Forgiving; He will send rain to you in abundance; And give you increase in wealth and children, and bestow on you gardens and bestow on you rivers.

The affairs mentioned in the above verses are (good) outcomes of Ibaadah (worship); because the act of worship mentioned here is [الْإِسْتِغْفَار –to seek forgiveness] and its (good) outcome is that Allaah will send down rain upon them in abundance; give them an increase in wealth and children, and bestow on them gardens and rivers.

Also, similar to this above ayah is what Allaah mentioned about Hud (alayhis-salaam) and his people (i.e. a command Allaah commanded Prophet Hud to convey to his people):

[وَيَـٰقَوۡمِ ٱسۡتَغۡفِرُواْ رَبَّكُمۡ ثُمَّ تُوبُوٓاْ إِلَيۡهِ يُرۡسِلِ ٱلسَّمَآءَ عَلَيۡڪُم مِّدۡرَارً۬ا وَيَزِدۡڪُمۡ قُوَّةً إِلَىٰ قُوَّتِكُمۡ – And O my people! Ask forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to Him, He will send you (from the sky) abundant rain, and add strength to your strength].

Also, similar to this is what Allaah stated about His Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) and the people (i.e. a command Allaah commanded Prophet Muhammad to convey to the people):

[وَأَنِ ٱسۡتَغۡفِرُواْ رَبَّكُمۡ ثُمَّ تُوبُوٓاْ إِلَيۡهِ يُمَتِّعۡكُم مَّتَـٰعًا حَسَنًا إِلَىٰٓ أَجَلٍ۬ مُّسَمًّ۬ى وَيُؤۡتِ كُلَّ ذِى فَضۡلٍ۬ فَضۡلَهُ ۥ‌ۖ – Seek the forgiveness of your Lord, and turn to Him in repentance, that He may grant you good enjoyment, for a term appointed, and bestow His abounding Grace to every owner of grace (i.e. the one who helps and serves needy and deserving, physically and with his wealth, and even with good words)].

Allaah (The Most High) said:

[مَنۡ عَمِلَ صَـٰلِحً۬ا مِّن ذَڪَرٍ أَوۡ أُنثَىٰ وَهُوَ مُؤۡمِنٌ۬ فَلَنُحۡيِيَنَّهُ ۥ حَيَوٰةً۬ طَيِّبَةً۬‌ۖ وَلَنَجۡزِيَنَّهُمۡ أَجۡرَهُم بِأَحۡسَنِ مَا ڪَانُواْ يَعۡمَلُونَ-Whoever works righteousness, whether male or female, while he (or she) is a true believer (of Islamic Monotheism) verily, to him We will give a good life (in this world with respect, contentment and lawful provision), and We shall pay them certainly a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do (i.e. Paradise in the Hereafter)].

In this noble ayah is established the fact that Eemaan and righteous action leads to a good and happy–a life filled with fear of Allaah and obedience to Him, and obedience to Allaah’s Messenger, as well as abundant reward for a person in the afterlife.

As for the narrations found in the Sunnah regarding the good outcomes of the Ibaadaat (i.e. acts of worship) in the life of a Muslim, there is that great and precious advice of the noble Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] which he gave to Ibn Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him and his father) saying: [احْفَظْ اللَّهَ يَحْفَظْكَ احْفَظْ اللَّهَ تَجِدْهُ تُجَاهَكَ – Be mindful of Allah and He will protect you. Be mindful of Allah and you will find Him before you.’’ This hadeeth was reported by Imaam Tirmidhee (number 2516) and he graded it Hasan Saheeh. And in another wording of this hadeeth reported by Imaam Ahmad (Number 2803), the Prophet said to Ibn Abbaas: [احفظ الله تجده أمامك ، تعرف إلى الله في الرخاء يعرفك في الشدة– Be Mindful of Allaah, and you will find Him in front of you. Acknowledge Allaah in times of ease and prosperity, and He will acknowledge you in times of hardship.’’ This is the 19th hadeeth amongst the 40 ahaadeeth of Imaam An-Nawawi.

(Imaam) Ibn Rajab made some precious comments on this hadeeth in Jaami-ul Uloom Wal Hikam; he said: The protection of Allaah for His slave occurs in two ways: (a) Protection of the person’s body, wealth, children and family; and (b) protection of his religion, so that he is safeguarded from those doubts that lead to misguidance and from forbidden desires, and thus he finds himself in a state of uprightness and steadfastness in his religious and worldly affairs. This is Allaah’s Protection for the one who is mindful of Him—the one who remains within the limits imposed by Allaah-by fulfilling Allaah’s commandments and keeping away from what Allaah has forbidden. Allaah rewards this person due to him being mindful of Allaah and reward is given in accordance with one’s actions. Indeed the statement of the Prophet: [يَحْفَظْكَ‘’He (Allaah) will protect you] is a reward from the good outcomes that are obtained as a result of righteous action, and reward is given in accordance with a person’s actions.

And as for the statement of the Prophet: [احْفَظْ اللَّهَ تَجِدْهُ تُجَاهَكَ- Be mindful of Allah and you will find Him before you]; meaning: you will find Allaah in front of you- Allaah will guard and protect you, and He will protect you from every evil.

And as for the statement of the Prophet: [تعرف إلى الله في الرخاء يعرفك في الشدة- Acknowledge Allaah in times of ease and prosperity, and He will acknowledge you in times of hardship]; meaning: if you remain upon obedience to Allaah and His Messenger in times of ease and well-being, then indeed Allaah will reward you by protecting you during times of severe hardship and during critical situations. [Source: An Excerpt from Atharul Ibaadah Fee Hayaatil Muslim. pages 1-4]

High and Low Prices

Anas Bin Maalik [may Allaah be pleased with him] reported that the people said, “O Allaah’s Messenger! Prices have gone up, so fix prices for us”. So, Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Allah is the one Who fixes prices, Who withholds, gives lavishly and provides, and I hope that when I meet Allah, none of you will have any claim on me for an injustice regarding blood or property”. [Saheeh Sunan Abee Dawud. Number 3450]

Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: High increases in prices and their decreases are among those events that none brings about except Allaah alone and nothing can occur from it except by Allaa’s Will, but He [Glory be He and free is He from all imperfections] has made some of the actions of His slaves the cause of some incidents, just as He made the deed of killing of a killer a cause of the death of the victim, and the increase in prices may be due to the injustice of the people, and the decrease may be due to the benevolence of some people. [Majmoo Al-Fataawaa 8/520]

A Reminder About Spending In Charity

Allaah [The Exalted] said:

وَمَثَلُ ٱلَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ أَمۡوَٲلَهُمُ ٱبۡتِغَآءَ مَرۡضَاتِ ٱللَّهِ وَتَثۡبِيتً۬ا مِّنۡ أَنفُسِهِمۡ كَمَثَلِ جَنَّةِۭ بِرَبۡوَةٍ أَصَابَهَا وَابِلٌ۬ فَـَٔاتَتۡ أُڪُلَهَا ضِعۡفَيۡنِ فَإِن لَّمۡ يُصِبۡہَا وَابِلٌ۬ فَطَلٌّ۬‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ بِمَا تَعۡمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ

And the likeness of those who spend their wealth seeking Allah’s Pleasure while they in their ownselves are sure and certain that Allah will reward them (for their spending in His Cause), is the likeness of a garden on a height; heavy rain falls on it and it doubles its yield of harvest. And if it does not receive heavy rain, light rain suffices it. And Allah is All-Seer of (knows well) what you do.

This parable is the basis of the spending that is based on sincerity and truthfulness, because to seek Allaah’s Pleasure is sincerity itself and being certain in oneself is truthfulness. Indeed, the spender is faced with two (corrupt) affairs and if saved from them he will be similar to what has been mentioned in this Aayah: (1) Seeking praise or commendation, or (spending due) to one of his worldly ambitions, and this is the state of affairs of most those who spend. (2) The weakness, swaying and doubt in his soul as to whether he should (spend) or not. So, (the first affair) prevents one from seeking Allaah’s Pleasure and the second prevents him from being certain about spending, because indeed being certain is that the soul is given the courage, strengthened and pushed to spend, and this is its truthfulness. As for seeking Allaah’s Pleasure, this is sincerity.

When it is the case that the basis of spending to seek the Pleasure of Allaah and being certain about it is likened to a garden- the garden with numerous trees and is situated on an elevated place, then indeed it is the garden that is more perfect than the garden that is situated at a very low place. That is because when a garden is elevated- exposed to the air, exposed to the sun when it is rising and after it has risen, as well as at the time of its setting, then its fruits become more mature, wholesome, better and more numerous, because fruits increase in their good quality and good health (when more exposed) to the air and sun, as opposed to fruits that are grown under the shade. When it is the case that nothing is feared for a garden that is situated in an elevated place, except insufficient water, therefore Allaah said, [أَصَابَهَا وَابِلٌ۬ – heavy rain falls on it], and thus its fruits are brought forth and it produces the blessings (decreed by Allaah). So, it brings forth its fruit twice as much as that of others, or twice as much due to the heavy rain. This is similar to the situation of those who are foremost in spending.

Then Allaah said: [فَإِن لَّمۡ يُصِبۡہَا وَابِلٌ۬ فَطَلٌّ۬ – And if it does not receive heavy rain, light rain suffices it]. This is inferior to that of the heavy rain; but it is enough for the garden because of the [suitability and fertility] of its hotbed and the good manner in which it was planted, therefore it is enough to bring forth its benefit by way of the light rain. This is similar to the case of the pious people- those upon the second level of spending and they are of different stations in the sight of Allaah.

The people (whose spending is likened to the garden that received the heavy rain) are of a higher station – those who spend their wealth day and night, in secret and openly, and they give precedence to others over themselves, even though they are in need themselves. As for the people whose [spending is likened to the garden that received] the light rain, they are those upon a level in the middle. The likeness of these two groups and their deeds is that of a garden upon an elevated place, and their spending – a lot- is likened to a heavy rain and light rain. And just as one of the two types of rains necessitates that it will make the fruits of the garden [good and healthy] etc…likewise is their spending- whether a lot or small, after it is was based on seeking the Pleasure of Allaah and being certain in oneself regarding that. It [i.e. their spending] is pure in the sight of Allaah – increases and doubles. [An Excerpt from Tareequl Hijratayn. by Imaam Ibnul Qayyim. Pages 454-455. Slightly paraphrased]

Surplus Wealth: Abu Umama reported that Allah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “O son of Adam! It is better for you if you spend your surplus (wealth), but if you withhold it, it is evil for you. There is (however) no reproach for you (if you withhold means necessary) for a living. And begin (charity) with your dependents; and the upper hand is better than the lower hand”. [Saheeh Muslim 1036]

If surplus wealth is spent on oneself and family (or dependents), then that would be better due to the reward it carries; but if withheld, then that would be evil for you because you are deserving of punish if you withhold from an obligation. And if you withhold from a recommendation, then indeed your reward will be reduced and you have missed something that would have brought you benefit in the afterlife. And there is no reproach on a person who keeps means of livelihood due to a need. (ref a) The upper hand – the one who spends on others, is better than the lower hand, the one who asks. (ref b)


[Ref a: An Excerpt from Sharh Saheeh Muslim vol 7. Page 113]
[Ref b: Fat-hul Baaree Sharh Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree vol 3 p375. Daarus Salaam Publisher. 1421AH (Year 2000)

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