In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:
It has been stated that the reason behind Iblees being distanced (from Allaah’s Mercy) is because of false interpretation, because he made an analogy and gave precedence to it over the divine text. He made a false interpretation regarding himself and that rational analogy takes precedence over the command to prostrate. [أنا خير منه – I (Iblees) am better than him (i.e. Aadam)], and that a virtuous one cannot humble himself to one who has been given virtue over him; then he quickly said: [خلقتني من نار وخلقته من طين – You (Allaah) created me from fire, and him (Adam) You created from clay]. He thought that this rational analogy that resembles truth- even though it is false – will benefit him in his false interpretation, so that which happened to him happened and he became the leader of everyone- until the day of judgement- who makes a false interpretation of the divine texts. Many people in this world are followers of this cursed leader!
If you contemplate on the majority of those doubts that are made to resemble truth by the false interpreters of the divine texts and their (attempt) to nullify (the divine texts), you will find that it is similar to Iblees’s doubts which he seeks to portray as truth. So, a person says, “If the intellect and the text oppose each other, then give precedence to the intellect”. This is where this principle is derived from and he (i.e. the proponent of this affair) use it as a fundamental principle through which he rejects those texts of the revelation which he claims are in opposition to the intellect, just as his leader Iblees claimed that a (so called) rational proof opposed the command to make Sujood. This doubt came to him due to pride and thus prevented him from submitting to the clear texts of the revelation. Likewise, you find every false disputer against the texts of the revelation does so due to pride. Allaah [The Exalted] said:
[إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُجَادِلُونَ فِي آيَاتِ اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ سُلْطَانٍ أَتَاهُمْ ۙ إِن فِي صُدُورِهِمْ إِلَّا كِبْرٌ مَّا هُم بِبَالِغِيهِ ۚ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ ۖ إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ – Verily, those who dispute about the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, without any authority having come to them, there is nothing else in their hearts except pride. They will never have it (i.e. Prophethood which Allah has bestowed upon you). So seek refuge in Allah (O Muhammad from the arrogant people). Verily, it is He Who is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer]. [Surah Ghaafir. Aayah 56] (1)
Ahmad Ibn Aasim Al-Antaakiy [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “The most beneficial intellect is the one that makes you acknowledge the blessings Allaah; aids you in being grateful and oppose (evil) desires”. (2)
[Ref 1: An Excerpt from ‘As-Sawaa’iq Al-Mursalah 1/371-372’. Slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 2: Seerah As-Salaf As-Saaliheen. 1/1073. Chapter: A mention of the At’baa At-Taabi’een]