In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
Ataa Bin Abee Rabah [may Allaah have mercy upon him] narrated: Ibn Abbaas [may Allaah be pleased with him and his father] said to me, “Shall I show you a woman of the people of Paradise?” I said, “Yes.” He said, “This black lady came to the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] and said, ‘I get attacks of epilepsy and my body becomes uncovered; please invoke Allah for me.’ The Prophet said (to her), ‘If you wish, be patient and you will have Paradise; and if you wish, I will invoke Allah to cure you.’ She said, ‘I will remain patient,’ and added, ‘but I become uncovered, so please invoke Allah for me that I may not become uncovered.’ So he invoked Allah for her.” [Saheeh Al-Bukhaari 5652 & Saheeh Muslim 2576]
Part 2: This woman, who is from the people of Paradise, was excused because of her epilepsy, and she detested that uncovering; but as for what occurs from many women with regards to revealing, uncovering and displaying [body parts that should not be seen by non mahrams (a)], this is another type of ailment and they are not excused, because it is an ailment of vain desires due to weak faith, weak religious practice and lack of modesty due to being stricken with vain desires and going after forbidden pleasures, and thus one neither cares nor worries whether what (he or she) does pleases or angers Allaah. This type of ailment has become great in this time due to the many temptations, various types of desires and motives in people’s lives. Imam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] – in his great book, Zaadul Ma’aad – spoke about this type of ailment and the condition of people with it, what befell many people as a result of severe temptation, the turmoil that ravaged faith and certainty, shook morals and modesty. He was speaking about the condition of people in his time, so what would he have said if he witnessed the condition of the people in a later era due to the numerous temptations? He stated, “The devils mostly overcome people due to their little adherence to the religion, the decline of the reality of Dhikr (remembrance of Allaah) in their hearts and on their tongues, and (the absence of ultilising) the Prophetic supplications through which one seeks fortification and Allaah’s protection, so a malicious shaytaan approaches a man who is not armed (with adherence to the religion and supplications) and maybe he was naked at the time and got affected. If Allaah was to reveal the true state of that which is hidden, you will find that the majority of human souls have been afflicted with these malicious devils – in the captivity and grip of these devils, directed by them wherever they wish, and they are neither able to stop nor oppose them. The treatment of this ailment is (attained) by attaching a sound mind to belief in what the Messengers brought – giving consideration to paradise and hell as true realities and as the focus of one’s heart, calling to mind the affair of the people of this worldly life, the arrival of punishments and afflictions on them and its occurrence near their homes as raindrops, which is a type of seizure from which one cannot recover. Severe indeed is this type of ailment (i.e. sinful behaviour), but when the affliction became so widespread to the extent that one does not see except another person afflicted with this ailment, one is neither surprised nor shows disapproval; rather, it became – for a large number of people who are afflicted with this ailment – strange to disapprove of it. If Allaah wishes good for someone, He grants such a person insight into the true reality of this ailment, so the person looks at the sick people around him or (her) in their different states of illness – among them one who is in a permanent state of madness (delusion, irrationality due to sinning), and among them is one who sometimes recovers for a short period and then returns to his state of madness; and there is one who recovers once, but return to that state of madness again- performs the deeds of the people who are sensible and are (not trapped in sinning) when he recovers, but then the ailment (i.e. sinful behaviour) returns to him and he strays”. (1)
Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] also stated, “Disobedience is the cause of being in shaytaan’s captivity and a prisoner of lowly desires. A disobedient person is always in the captivity of his devil, the prison of his lusts and leadership of his desires. He is a captive and a shackled prisoner. There is neither a captive whose state of affairs is more evil than that of a captive whose captor is his worst enemy, nor is there a prison more restricted than the prison of desires, and shackles that are more restrictive than the shackles of lust; so how can a heart that is a captive and a shackled prisoner follow the path to Allaah and the home of the afterlife? How can he follow a single path when the heart is shackled and stricken with harm from every angle as a result of the [severity] of its shackles? The likeness of the heart is that of a bird; it distances from harm whenever it flies high and surrounded by harm whenever it lands. And just as an unprotected sheep in the midst of wolves is quickly destroyed, likewise if there is no protection from Allaah for the person, it is inevitable that his wolf (shaytaan) will prey on him. He is protected by Allaah through Taqwah (fear of Allaah) – a shield and shelter from Allaah between the person and his wolf, just as it is a shield against punishment in this life and the afterlife. Whenever the sheep is closer to its shepherd, it is safer from the wolf and whenever it is distanced from the shepherd, it comes closer to being destroyed. So the sheep is more protected when it is closer to the shepherd, for the wolf only takes away the [sheep, cattle] that are distanced and far away from the shepherd. The basis of this affair is that whenever the heart is distanced from Allaah, then harm upon it is quicker, and whenever it is comes closer to Allaah, it is distanced from harm. Being distanced from Allaah is of various levels and some are more severe than others. Being distanced from [Allaah] through disobedience is greater than being distanced from [Allaah] through thoughtlessness; being distanced from [Allaah] through bidah is greater than being distanced from [Allaah] through disobedience, and being distanced from [Allaah] through hypocrisy and shirk is greater than all of that. (2)
[a] Non-Mahrams: Mind map illustration showing the mahrams (male chaperones) of a woman for travel and sittings : https://abukhadeejah.com/mind-map-illustration-showing-the-mahrams-male-chaperones-of-a-woman-for-travel-and-sittings/
Ref 1: An Excerpt from (موعظة النساء – Pages 29-31. Slightly Paraphrased] [By Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr (may Allaah preserve him)]
[Ref 2: An Excerpt from ‘Ad-Daa’u Wad-Dawaa’u’ page 119-120’. slightly paraphrased]