Month: June 2022

Misconception – [All You Do Is Cause More Splitting and Corruption By Way of Refutations]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

“All You Do Is Cause More Splitting and Corruption By Way of Your Refutations”

This above claim reminds us of the statement of Dr Ibraaheem Ar-Ruhayli [may Allaah Allaah recitify his affair] who stated that consideration must be given in ascertaining the legislated benefits of a refutation, because if there is going to be more harm than the corruption of the Mukhaalafah [i.e. the error or that what opposes the truth], the refutation is not legislated in these circumstances because a Mafsadah [a corrupt affair] is not to be repelled if that will lead to a greater corruption. Then Dr Ibraaheem quoted a statement of Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [may Allaah have mercy upon him] as follows, “It is not permissible to repel a small (act, deed) of corruption (that will lead to a) more corruption. The lesser of two harmful (affairs) is not to be repelled (and thus leads to one that is) greater, because indeed the Islamic Legislation came to bring about beneficial (affairs) and (accomplish) them completely, put a stop to corrupt (affairs) and lessen them as much as possible. Its aim is to (seek after) the weightier between two good (affairs) if it is not possible to (achieve) both of them, and to repel the eviler of two (affairs if not able to) get rid of both”.

Al-Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadee Al-Mad’khalee [may Allaah protect him] responded to the above statement of Dr Ibraaheem as follows: “Indeed, the speech of Shaikhul Islaam is truth. It is not permissible to repel a smaller (act, deed) of corruption (that will lead to) more corruption”. However, I believe that Shaikhul Islaam does not hold that Shirk, Kufr, the Major Innovations (in the religion), waging war against Ahlus Sunnah and defending the Senior proponents of innovation in religious affairs are either from the small (affairs) of corruption or that disapproving of them (openly) and clarifying their danger is from (that which will lead to) more corruption. There is no greater benefit than disseminating Tawheed and manifesting it, destroying Shirk and Kufr, and purifying the earth of them; (purifying the earth of) bidah about which the Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] described as the worst of all affairs.

What is clear (or apparent) is that Shaikhul Islaam intends by way of this statement the one who gives advice to the rulers or disapproves of (the deeds) of the Muslim rulers, or their representatives (i.e. governors, ministers etc), because indeed (such advise or disapproval) has to be carried out by way of (clear-unambiguous) proof and evidence, together with leniency and softness; but if disapproving of their smaller (acts, deeds) of corruption will lead to a greater affair or affairs of corruption, then bear the smaller affair of corruption in order to repel the greater of it. [Then Al-Allaamah Rabee further clarified this affair with a footnote in the same page 54, as follows, “This is the opposite of what the khawaarij and those similar to them do, because indeed their disapproval (of the ruler) is either (done) by way of rebellion with weapons, or incitement and stiring (trouble), so the corruption (that results) from this disapproval (of the ruler’s deeds) becomes greater and more severe than the corruption they wanted to stop”.]

Then Al-Allaamah Rabee continued, saying that if those affairs of corruption committed by the rulers are tantamount to Shirk, or Rafd [i.e. the creed of the Raafidah], or Kufr, then this principle [i.e. bearing the lesser evil] is not applied here [i.e. such beliefs must be refuted in a particular manner and this will become clear to the reader when the Shaikh mentions the stances of Imaam Ahmad, Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah and Ibnul Qayyim because they did not refrain from refuting those affairs of Shirk and Major innovations, even when they occurred from those in authority. [Reader refer to the article By Shaikh Abu Khadeejah (may Allaah protect him) regarding rebellion, takfeer, speaking against rulers openly in general, and pay close attention to what Imaam Ahmad advised the delegation that approached him and suggested rebellion, saying, “Keep opposing (the false belief itself) with your statements, but do not remove your hands from obedience and do not encourage the Muslims to rebel and do not spill your blood and the blood of the Muslims along with you. Look to the results of your actions. And remain patient until you are content with a righteous or sinful rule.” http://www.abukhadeejah.com/the-tyranny-of-the-rulers-a-reason-for-rebellion/ %5D

Then Al-Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadee continued his response to Dr Ibraaheem Ar-Ruhayli’s view about weighing up benefits and harms in refutations, saying that as for bidah, especially that which is tantamount to kufr or shirk, then the likes of that statement of Shaikhul Islaam [i.e. the statement Dr Ibraaheem quoted and applied to the subject matter of refutation] is not to be applied in these circumstances. Then Al-Allaamah Rabee further emphasized this point to Dr Ibraaheem, saying that he should not forget Imaam Ahmad’s stance against those who held that the Qur’aan is created, even though they had (political) authority and kinship. Shaikhul Islaam (Ibnu Taymiyyah) and Ibnul Qayyim have many books in refutation against ahlul bidah, such as Al-Waasityyah, Al-Hamawiyyah, At-Tadmuriyyah, Minhaaj Ahl Sunnah, Naqd al-Mantiq, Dar Ta’aarud Al-Naql Wal-Aql, Talbees Al-Jahmiyyah, Iqtidaa Siraat al-Mustaqeem, Al-Fataawaa Al-Kubraa, Majmoo Al-Fataawaa etc The majority of these books are refutations against the Ash’ariyyah. (a) Ibnul Qayyim’s books, such as As-Sawaa’iq Al-Mursalah Alal Jahmiyyah Wal-Mu’attilah (b) I’laam Al-Muwaqqi’een, Ighaatha Al-Lahfaan and An’Nubuwwah- the majority of these books were a refutation against the Ash’ariyyah Soofiyyah, even though they had political authority.

Then Al-Allaamah Rabee concluded, saying that this is because clarification and disapproval in this affair (i.e. refutation of the major innovations) cannot be anything else except something that has more benefit than harm. This is the call of the Messengers- the first of them Nuh to the last of them Muhammad- because they came out with the truth- clarifying Tawheed and warning against Shirk, regardless the tyranny of their enemies, the station of their authority, strength and transgressions. (1)

Al-Allaamah Zayd Bin Haadee Al-Mad’khalee [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “As for fearing splitting as a result of refutation against the sects, then there is no legislated Islamic excuse for refraining. That is because having love for unity (upon the sound creed and methodology of the pious predecessors) is what is correct and more deserving to be desired and followed. The innovator in religious affairs is the cause of the splitting in the Ummah, because splitting is connected to innovation in religion and unity is connected to the Sunnah. The obligation of refutation against the Mukhaalif (the one in opposition to the truth) is not lifted from the scholar due to anticipation of harm, unless it is harm he is not able to bear, so (in this case) Allah does not burden a soul beyond what it can bear. The earth is not devoid of people of knowledge to carry out refutation against the innovator in religious affairs and the one in opposition to the (truth). (2)

Footnote a:

Read on the Ash’ariyyah, visit: http://www.asharis.com/creed/

Footnote b:

Jahmiyyah:http://www.sahihmuslim.com/sps/sp.cfm?secID=AQD&subsecID=AQD12&loadpage=displaysubsection.cfm


[Ref 1: Bayaan Maa Fee Naseehati Ibraaheem Ar-Ruhayli Minal Khalal Wal-Ikhlaal’ 53-54]
[Ref 2: Al Ajwibah Al Mukhtasar Alaa As-ila Al-Ashra. Pages 43-44]

[Part 4.1 Additional Benefits to Part 4 (Observations on Dr Ibraaheem Ar-Ruhayli; (NB: The details here are found in the Shaikh’s Majmoo 14/262-263)]

Shaikh Rabee (may Allaah preserve him) was asked:

Is Jarh and Tadeel (carried out against) specific individuals an affair (to be) specifically (carried out by) the scholars only, or can even the youth (i.e. those students of knowledge still in their youth) who possess knowledge (do so)?

Answer:

Jarh Wat-Tadeel must be accompanied with sound Aqeedah as pointed out by Khateeb al-Baghdaadee. And there has to be knowledge of the reasons for (carrying out) the Jarh-the reasons must be known and there has to be Wara and Taqwa in it (i.e. the criticism).

So if the person performing the Jarh has knowledge of Jarh Wat-Tadeel and he has Wara and Taqwa, then he can perform Jarh. And if the affair of the Majrooh (i.e. the one against whom valid criticism is established) is clear and is known to specific individuals and the general people–(for example), it is well known that this (person) steals; this person commits adultery; this one is a deceiver; this one is a raafidi shiite; this one is a soofee who makes Tawaaf around the graves and establishes the Mamaaleed- [i.e. celebrates the birthday of the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam), other pious people; (or so called religious personalities etc)]- then these are clear affairs known to both a scholar and the one who is not a scholar, and it is not a condition that one has to go to someone who knows the misguidance of those people, (such as) a scholar to criticize them because their affair is clear to the scholar and other than him.

Therefore, it is obligated on every Muslim to make known the affair of such (deviants, sinners, deceivers), warn against them and reject their acts of misguidance. The Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallaam) said: ”Whoever sees an evil deed, then let him stop it with his hand…etc [Ref 1: See complete hadeeth in footnotes and Shaikh Rabee’s statement regarding it]

So it is obligated on every Muslim to give sincere advice to the Muslims. [Jarir Bin Abdillaah(Radiyallaahu-anhu)] said: I gave the pledge of allegiance to Messenger of Allaah (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) to establish the prayer, pay the zakaat and give sincere advise to every Muslim.

[Tameem Ibn Aws ad-Daaree (radhiyAllahu anhu) said that the Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said]: Ad-deenun naseehah (The Deen is sincerity)”. So we said, “To who O Messenger of Allah?” He said, “To Allah (i.e. to be sincere to Allaah in all affairs of the religion etc) and to His Book (i.e. to follow it etc) and to His Messenger (i.e. to follow him etc) and to the leaders of the Muslims (i.e. to obey them in good, make du’aa for them and not rebel against them etc) and to the common people (i.e. to guide them; love for them what you love for yourself; teach them the truth; warn them against what is harmful to their religious and worldly affairs etc)

At present if you see a raafidi mixing with a common Muslim and calling him to rafd (i.e. the beliefs of the raafidah), do you go to a scholar to refute that shiite! A soofee grave worshipper mixes with a commoner who is upon a sound natural disposition and directs him to his bidah (of grave worship), whilst I know that he is a grave worshipper, then no one can make it binding upon me to go to a scholar to clarify the affair of that grave worshipper and to warn against him. [Slightly paraphrased]

—————————————————————————————————————–

[Ref 1] Whosoever of you sees an evil deed, then let him (stop) it with his hand. If he is unable to do so, then let him (stop it) with his tongue. If he is unable to do so, then with his heart (i.e. hate it, consider it to be wrong and keep away from it) and this is the weakest of Eemaan.

So whoever among them (i.e. those students of knowledge) has Sultaan (i.e. authority given to him by the law of the land or the authorities), then it is obligated on him to stop these evil affairs with his hand and tongue. The one who does not have Sultaan (i.e. authority given to him by the law of the land or the authorities), then it is obligated on him to stop these evils with his tongue, his pen (i.e. through writing) or his stature (amongst the people).  Then Shaikh Rabee said: I do not think that either a scholar or a student of knowledge would be in opposition in this (affair). http://salaficentre.com/2015/12/part-4-observations-on-dr-ibraaheem-ar-ruhayli-sh-rabee-unveils-the-reality-behind-a-statement-of-dr-ar-ruhayli-regarding-refutations/

To be continued…In-Shaa-Allaah

Amazing Character Indeed! Is it Possible For Any Oppressor or Flatterer to Befriend or Accompany This Man?!

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Ismaa’eel Bin Ayyaash said that Amr Bin Muhaajir said, “When Umar Bin Abdil Azeez became the Khaleefah, he stood in front of the people, praised Allaah and then said, ‘O people! Verily, there is no Book after the Qur’aan and no Prophet after Muhammad [peace be upon him]. Indeed, I am not a judge, rather I am one upon whom it is obligated to comply with commands and prohibitions. Indeed, I am not an innovator in religious affairs, but rather I am one who adheres to the Sunnah. Verily a man who flees from an oppressive leader cannot be a wrong doer, but that oppressive leader is the disobedient one. Indeed, there is no obedience to the creation in disobedience to the Creator [The Mighty and Majestic]'”.

Az-Zubayr Bin Bakkaar said, “Muhammad Bin Sallaam informed me that Sallaam Bin Saleem said, ‘When Umar Bin Abdil Azeez became the Khaleefah, he climbed the Minbar – and that was the first Khutbah he delivered, then he praised and exalted Allaah, and said, ‘O people! Whoever accompanies us, then let him accompany us with five affairs otherwise let him disassociate from us: Let him inform us of the needs of those who are not able to inform us, help us to do good by his guidance, direct us to good by way of that which he guides himself, refrain from backbiting anyone in our presence and not engage in that which does not concern him’. After this speech of his, the poets and sermonisers disassociated from him, but those who abstained from the unnecessary worldly pleasures and the jurists kept close company with him and said, ‘We cannot disassociate from this man until he opposes what he has stated'”.

Sufyaan Ibn Uyaynah said, “When Umar Bin Abdil Azeez became the Khaleefah, he contacted Muhammad Bin Kab, Rajaa Bin Haywah and Saalim Bin Abdillaah and said to them, ‘You have seen that which I have been put to trial and indeed it has fallen upon me, so what advice do you have?’ Muhammad Bin kab said, ‘Consider the old man a father, the young person a brother and the little one as your child, so be good to your father, keep ties with your brother and be kind to your child’. Rajaa said to him, ‘Wish for the people what you wish for yourself, hate for them what you hate for yourself and do not approach them except in manner you would like them to approach you’. Saalim said, ‘Concentrate on one affair by degrading the lusts of the worldly life and let your innate disposition be directed towards reflecting upon death’. Umar said, ‘Laa Hawla Walaa Quwwata illaa Billaah'”.

Whenever he faced a difficult matter, he would gather the jurists of Madeenah, particularly ten of them and would not firmly decide on an affair without them or some of them, and they were Urwah, Ubaydullaah Bin Abdillaah Ibn Utbah, AbuBakr Bin Abdir Rahmaan Ibn Al-Haarith Ibn Hishaam, AbuBakr Bin Sulaymaan Ibn Khaythama, Salaymaan Bin Yasaar, Al-Qaasim Bin Muhammad Ibn Hazm, Saalim Bin Abdillaah, Abdullaah Bin Aamir Ibn Rabee’ah and Khaarijah Bin Zayd Ibn Thaabit. He never used to hold a view that was different from that of Sa’eed Ibnul Musayyib, and Sa’eed did not use to visit any of the caliphs besides Umar Ibn Abdil Azeez in Madeenah.

An Excerpt from Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah. Vol 9. Pages 193-202. Publisher: Maktabah Al-Ma’aarif and Daar ibn Hazm. 9th Edition. 1414 AH (1994)

Misconception – [You Merely Label Him a Mubtadi (An Innovator In Religious Affairs) Because He Refuses to Declare Someone Else a Mubtadi?!]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Whosever Does Not Declare a Mubtadi as a Mubtadi is a Mubtadi Himself

Al-Allaamah Rabee [may Allaah preserve him] said:

It is not correct to apply this principle unrestrictedly because it maybe that he is unaware of the Bidah committed by that person, therefore he refrains from declaring him a Mubtadi [an innovator] due to [ورع – i.e. fear of falling into a doubtful matter that might lead him to something forbidden and affect him in the afterlife]. Why should you declare him an innovator? [i.e. why should you declare him an innovator when it is the case that he is unaware of the bidah of that Mubtadi or refrains from making Tabdee out of ورع ]. However, if he knows the innovator [i.e. knows that such a person is upon bidah due to which the evidence was established against him], loves him and allies with him, then he is a Mubtadi. This is the distinction in this affair. He knows that that person is a Mubtadi but he aids him and wages war against Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaa’ah, then he is a Mubtadi without a doubt. As for a person who does not know that such and such person is a Mubtadi, he is not to be declared an innovator.

You [i.e. the scholar] – the one who studied the affair and you know that he allies with a Mubtadi, places him in a favourable position, wages war against Ahlus Sunnah for the sake of that Mubtadi and for the sake of this falsehood, then this person is a Mubtadi, misguided. As for the person who does not know that indeed such and such person is a Mubtadi, then advise him and clarify for him [i.e. with clear unambiguous proofs until he understands] that such person is a Mubtadi. So, unless he ceases [i.e. refrains from defending this Mubtadi after understanding the evidences], then put him (in the same place) with his companion – the Mubtadi. (1) Read more here about this affair: https://abukhadeejah.com/shaikh-rabee-establishment-of-proof-in-declaring-a-person-to-be-an-innovator/

Imaam Al-Awzaa’ee [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “O Muslims! Fear Allaah, accept the advice of the sincere advisers and the admonition of the admonishers. know that this knowledge is religion, so beware of what you do, from whom you take your religion, the one you follow and the one with whom your religion is safe, because indeed all the proponents of innovation in religious affairs are all falsifiers, liars and sinners. They are not cautious – neither do they pay attention nor do they fear, and addition they are not to be trusted that they would not distort what you hear.

They say what they do not know with regards to what they disapprove and when proclaiming their lies, but Allaah (knows, hears and sees) what they do. Therefore, be cautious of them, trust them not, reject them and avoid them, because indeed this is what your earlier scholars did and commanded, and likewise the righteous ones who came thereafter.

Be careful of opposing Allaah and being the means to destroying the religion which He has ordained – breaking its commands and prohibitions, nullifying and weakening it by respecting the innovators in religious affairs and those who initiate that which is not from the religion, because you know what has been transmitted (i.e. the prohibitions) about respecting or exalting them. And what can be greater respect and exaltation than acquiring your religion from them- following and believing them, drawing close to them and assisting them in enticing the ones they entice and woo to their views and the religion (i.e. religious innovations) they follow. This is sufficient to be regarded as associates of theirs in what they do. (2)


[Ref1: Taareekh Dimashq 6/361]
[Ref 2: An Excerpt from ‘Awnul Baari 2/891’. slightly paraphrased]

Misconception – His Only Obligation is to Teach, So Don’t Obligate On Him to Take Stances or Involve In Refutation!

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Dr Ibraaheem Ar-Ruhaylee [may Allaah rectify his affair] argues that one of the mistakes that are rife is that when a scholar refutes a Mukhaalif, or issues a Fatwa as a warning against a mistake, many of the students of knowledge who ascribe to the Sunnah would seek from (other) students and the scholars to clarify their stance towards that refutation or fatwa, rather the affair has reached a state in which even the small students of knowledge and the common people are asked to determine their stance towards the refuter and the one refuted; (Ref 1) then based on this, they would determine loyalty, disassociation and boycotting, until maybe some of the students boycott their Shuyukh whom they have benefitted from in knowledge and sound creed for many years; and maybe the trial reaches the houses, so you find a brother boycotting his brother and a son disrespecting his parents, and maybe a wife is divorced and the little children are separated due to this. As for when you look at the society, you find that they are divided into two parties or more- every party pursues the other with rebuke and making it binding to boycott the other group. All this between those who ascribe to the Sunnah- those amongst whom one group was unable to rebuke the Aqeedah of the other and the soundness of its Manhaj before the occurrence of this differing. The basis of this (problem) is either due to ignorance in exceeding the boundaries of the Sunnah and the principles regarding the manner Ahlus Sunnah should show disapproval (against a mistake) or due to desires.

Response: Al-Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadee Al-Mad’khalee [may Allaah protect him] responded to the above statement of Dr Ibraaheem, saying that it is obligated on Dr Ibraaheem, those scholars who remained silent and other than them (i.e. those who knew about the fitnah) to confront this trial or trials and strike at the place it is was rooted. The painful situation (which Dr Ibraaheem describes) should make him and them (others) ready to stand up and fulfil this [communal obligation-Fard kifaa’iy] by refuting the initiator of the fitnah. It is plausible that the cause of this great Fitna and what has come about by way of it resulted from the silence of those who refused to fulfil this communal obligation, whose goal has not been actualised through the refutation issued by one person.

Then Al-Allaamah Rabee stated that Dr Ibraheem should contemplate on the understanding of those adherents to the Sunnah who have preceeded and their togetherness in fulfilling this great obligation! Imam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] stated whilst disapproving of Ahlul Bidah in Madaarij As-Saalikeen, “And due to this, the disapproval of the pious predecessors and the Imaams against it (i.e. bidah) was severe and they spoke out (loudly) against its people from the various regions of the earth. They warned against their fitnah with a more severe warning and did that to an extent that was not the same as their disapproval against lewd acts, oppression and aggression. (That is) because the harm of bidah (on the religion), its destructive (effects on the religion) and negation (of the religion) is more severe”.

Then Al-Allaamah Rabee asks Dr Ibraaheem about this Fard Kifaayah in relation to Jihaad; (2) -that for example Jihaad is from the Furood al-Kifaayaat (Communal obligations), so if one person goes for Jihaad in order to repel a threat faced by Islam and the Muslims, will the Legislated Islamic goal of this Jihaad be fulfilled by one person, or if hundreds of people went but neither the Legislated Islamic goal is fulfilled nor is the threat repelled, then would it be permissible for the scholars to remain silent in such circumstances; or is it obligated that they exhort the people to go for Jihaad in order to fulfil this communal obligation, because there has to be sufficient numbers of people to fulfil this (Communal) obligation in order to put a stop to the threat face by the rest of the Muslims? And if this sufficient numbers that are required to carry out this obligation is not reached, then indeed all the Muslims are regarded to be sinful in such a case and held responsible for the harm that comes to Islaam and the Muslims. Likewise, this (i.e. the availability of sufficient numbers to fulfil this communal obligation) is the same thing stated regarding the affair of enjoining good and forbidding evil, because there has to be sufficient numbers to prevent the Fitnah, if one, ten or twenty are unable to do so. Therefore, it becomes clear (from the above example) that many of the students- those who ascribe themselves to the sunnah-who seek from the Scholars to clarify their stances have sought after something appropriate and correct if there is a sound reason for seeking after it. It is not to be regarded a mistake (as Dr Ibraaheem claims) and the mistaken one is the one who declares those students to be mistaken. The silence of the scholars at the time of a need or necessity to clarify the truth is tantamount to concealment of the truth and it is from those grave mistakes that will result in corruption, trials, splitting of the people into two groups, two parties, boycotting one another and so on…..

Then Al-Allaamah Rabee finally stated that it is obligated on Dr Ibraaheem to clarify the affair of the oppressive obstinate one who initiated this dreadful fitnah, which has reached this grave state described by (Dr Ibraaheem), so that the people- especially the common people- would be upon clear-sightedness in their religion, and so that they will hold onto the truth and reject falsehood, and so that their loyalty and disassociation is established upon clear-sightedness. [Bayaan Maa Fee Naseehati Ibraaheem ar’Ruhayli Minal Khalal Wal-Ikhlaal’ pages 62-63]

Footnotes:

[1]: Question to Shaikh Fawzaan: Is it obligatory upon the scholars to clarify to the youth and the common people the danger of partisanship, splitting and groups?

Answer: Yes it is obligatory to clarify the danger of partisanship and dividing and splitting so that the people can be upon insight and understanding because even the common people are being deceived. How many of the common people in this time have been fooled by some of the groups because they believe that they are upon the truth? So it is a must that we clarify to the people, the students and the common people, the danger of these parties and sects because if they remained silent [i.e. the scholars] then the people would say, “The scholars were aware of this and they remained silent.” Due to this innovation would enter upon them. So it is necessary to clarify these matters when these things appear. The danger for the common people is greater than the danger [posed] to the students because if the scholars remain silent the common people will think that this is correct and that this is the truth. [Al-Ajwibah Al-Mufeedah (page 131)]

Question to Shaikh Rabee: What do you say concerning an individual who advises others to abstain from listening to refutations, and when he was asked about the reason for him adopting this stance he said, “The person who asked me about this was a common person and he is unable to recite the Quran properly”. What are your comments upon this, may Allah bless you?

Answer: If he is a layman then he is to be taught the Islamic creed and to be warned from the people of innovations. The majority of the common people these days have become supporters of the people of innovation. So it is necessary to warn them against them (i.e. the people of innovation). Say to him, “So and so is upon such and such innovations and you listening to him will harm you”. This is so that they will not read (his works), listen to his tapes and that he is cautious about his speech. Meaning that this layman needs someone to warn him and he is to be reminded of the principle: “This knowledge is religion so look at whom you take your religion from.” During these times the common people are targeted by the people of innovation and will say to you, “do not let them read the books of refutations. No. No.” This (approach) will expose them to ruin. [Fataawa Fadeelah Ash-Shaykh Rabee’ Al-Madkhalee (1/273)]

Question to Shaikh Rabee: Is it permissible for us as students of knowledge to be silent about the innovators, and to cultivate the youth and the students upon the way of the Salaf without mentioning the names of the innovators?

Answer: By Allah, the innovators are to be mentioned by their traits and by their names if there is a need for this. If so and so has put himself forward for leadership and leading this nation and the youth and he is leading them towards falsehood, then he is to be mentioned by his name. If there is a need then he is to be mentioned by his name and it is necessary to mention him by his name. As it relates to this, one of the Salafis in Egypt used to teach and he would just mention general (descriptions without specifying names) and the people did not comprehend these generalities. After this he began to explicitly mention the names of the groups and individuals and they said (i.e. those who attended the lessons), “O Shaykh, why did you not teach us like this in the beginning?” He responded by saying, “I delivered to you many lessons and I would say this and I would say that (i.e. general descriptions without names).” They said, “By Allah, we did not understand.” [Fataawa Fadeelah Ash-Shaykh Rabee’ Al-Madkhalee (1/277)]

Ref 2: http://www.abukhadeejah.com/salafi-shaikh-fawzaan-on-jihaad-in-our-times-and-the-guidelines-of-jihaad-according-to-islam/

Is there Jihad in Syria? Should one go and fight? By Salafi Shaikh, Abdullaah al-Bukhaaree

Are we in a period similar to the Prophet in Makkah as it relates to fighting Jihad?


http://www.abukhadeejah.com/?s=ruling+on+jihad
http://www.abukhadeejah.com/?s=+jihad

Rights of The Road When We Sit Outside Cafés, Especially During Summer

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Umar [may Allaah be pleased with him] said that Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Beware of sitting on the roads (i.e. the pavements, pathways where people pass by)! But if you must sit, then fulfil the rights of the road”. They asked, “What are the rights of the road?” He said, “Lower the gaze, respond to Salaam and give directions to the one who has lost his way”.

Al-Allaamah Zayd Bin Haadee Al-Mad’khalee [may Allaah have mercy upon him] stated:

This hadeeth contains guidance – from the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] – for the entire Ummah. Firstly, they should refrain from sitting on the roads (i.e. the pavements, pathways etc) because different people do walk past them. Sitting on the road has obligations – in relation to it – to be fulfilled and there are forbidden deeds which one must avoid. Secondly, it is permissible to sit, but the one doing so is required to give the roads its rights – fulfilling what is commanded and avoiding what is forbidden.

Indeed the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] made known the rights of the road in this hadeeth, saying, “Lower your gaze”. The women and others walk past, therefore it is obligatory to divert one’s gaze away from every Haraam, and first and foremost is that one is not to look at strange women (i.e. women he has been forbidden to look at). (see footnote a)

“Reply to salaam”: When a passer-by gives salaams, it is obligated on you to respond because Allaah said:[وَإِذَا حُيِّيتُم بِتَحِيَّةٍ۬ فَحَيُّواْ بِأَحۡسَنَ مِنۡہَآ أَوۡ رُدُّوهَآ‌ۗ – When you are greeted with a greeting, greet in return with what is better than it, or (at least) return it equally] [Surah An-Nisaa. Aayah 86] (see footnote b)

“Guide the one who has lost his way”: Not every person knows the right way (to get to his destination). It maybe that some people are unaware of the way to get to the place they want to go to, so if they ask you for advice – that you give him direction and you know where the place is, it is obligated on you to give him directions. You should make an effort to give him directions, because Allaah continues to aid a slave (of His) as long as the slave helps his Muslim brother. (1)

Removing Something Harmful From The Path is An Act of Charity

Abu Hurairah [may Allaah be pleased with him] narrated that Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “There is Sadaqah (charity) to be given for every joint of the human body (as a sign of gratitude to Allaah) every day the sun rises. To judge justly between two persons is regarded as Sadaqah, and to help man concerning his riding animal by helping him to ride it or by lifting his luggage on to it, is also regarded as Sadaqah, and (saying) a good word is also Sadaqah, and every step taken on one’s way to offer the compulsory congregational prayer is also Sadaqah, and to remove a harmful thing from the way is also Sadaqah. [Saheeh Al-Bukhaari. Number 2989]

Al-Allaamah Saaleh Al-Fawzaan [may Allaah protect him] stated, “Removing harmful things from the pathways of the Muslims or from the pathways of the people in general, also removing harmful things from the pathways of the animals – one should not place harmful things in pathways that will harm pedestrians; one should not leave a harmful thing which another person left in a pathway. It has been reported in a hadeeth that the Prophet, ‘While a man was going on a way, he saw a thorny branch and removed it from the way and Allaah (The Mighty and majestic) became pleased by his action and forgive him for that’. [Saheeh Al-Bukhari. Number 652]. He was entered into paradise because of his act of kindness to pedestrians.

But how about those who place harmful things in the roads, such as stones, thorns, planks of woods, metals, and spilling water on the road, which may be impure, and placing rubbish on the roads?! The person who does this has greatly sinned and everyone passer-by supplicates against him. The deed of this person is oppression and the supplication of the oppressed person is answered. Therefore, a Muslim should hasten to remove harmful things from the path in order to receive this reward mentioned in the hadeeth. (2)

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Footnote a:  Al-Alaa Bin Ziyaad [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “Do not (allow) your eyes to follow the garment of a woman because one’s gaze places desire in the heart”. [Az-Zuhd By Imaam Ahmad (rahimahullaah). 311]

Al-Allaamah Saaleh al Fawzaan [may Allaah preserve him] said: Safety from the fitnah of women is by way of lowering the gaze, distancing oneself from paying attention to them and following them. Allaah [The Most High] said: [قُلْ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَغُضُّوا مِنْ أَبْصَارِهِمْ وَيَحْفَظُوا فُرُوجَهُمْ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ أَزْكَىٰ لَهُمْ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا يَصْنَعُونَ – Tell the believing men to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts from (illegal sexual acts). That is purer for them. Verily, Allaah is All-Aware of what you do]. [Surah An-Nur. Aayah 30]

So, lower your gaze away from that which Allaah has made forbidden and do not enter places of fitnah so that you are safeguarded. This is one of the means to safety from fitnah. [Sil-silatu Mu-allifaat Fadheelatus Sheikh No: 7. page: 43-44]

The Shaikh also said, “Lowering one’s gaze is a means to protecting the private parts and not restraining one gaze is a means to corrupting the private parts. Therefore, if you want to protect your private parts from lewdness, lower your gaze. If you leave your eyesight roam about freely – looking at what Allaah has made unlawful, then indeed it will lead you to lewdness”. [t’haaf At-Tullaab Bi-Sharhi Mandhommah Al’Aadaab’ page 87. Slightly paraphrased]

Footnote b: Shaikh Abdus Salaam Burjess [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: Imaam Ibn Abdul Barr [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: “The obligation of returning the Islamic greeting is (found in the) statement: [وَإِذَا حُيِّيتُم بِتَحِيَّةٍ فَحَيُّوا بِأَحْسَنَ مِنْهَا أَوْ رُدُّوهَا – When you are greeted with a greeting, greet in return with what is better than it, or (at least) return it equally]”. [Surah An-Nisaa. Aayah 86]

Imaam Ibn Katheer [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: “To give the Islamic greeting is voluntary and it is an obligation to return it. This is what all the scholars say- that it is an obligated on the one who is given the salaam to reply and he has sinned if he does not reply, because he has opposed Allaah’s command”.

The abandonment of returning the Islamic greeting is an evil and ugly deed and many people have been afflicted with it in this era. And they are prevented from it due to pride and self-amazement. So, we gently say to all of them, ”Who are you?! And from what are you from?!” Allaah said:

مِنۡ أَىِّ شَىۡءٍ خَلَقَهُ ۥ
مِن نُّطۡفَةٍ خَلَقَهُ ۥ فَقَدَّرَهُ ۥ

From what thing did He create him? From Nutfah (male and female semen drops) He created him, and then set him in due proportion. [Abasa: Aayaat: 17-18]

Are you greater in status than the Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him? Indeed he returned the Islamic greeting of the young, the old, the free person and the slave, and he also greeted them. Therefore, let there be a good example in the Messenger of Allaah for you to follow. We ask Allaah for guidance and success for all. Also when a person is leaving a gathering and gives the salaam, it is obligatory to reply to him. [An Excerpt from ‘Al-Ilaam Bi-Ba’di Ahkaam As-Salaam’- pages: 11-12.slightly paraphrased]

Replying to The Greetings of non-Muslims

Shaikh Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah protect him] quotes Imaam Al-Albaanee [may Allaah have mercy upon] him, who stated: So I answered that it is permitted with the condition that the “salaam” of the non-Muslim is clear in wording, and that there is no distortion of the wording with his tongue as occurred with the Jews with the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alaihi wassallam) and his Companions (radiyallaahu ‘anhum), when some of the Jews said: “As-Saamu ‘alaikum (poison/death be upon you).” So the Prophet commanded that one respond with merely saying, “wa ‘aliakum (and upon you),” as has been reported in the collections of Bukhaaree, Muslim and others from the hadeeth of Aa’ishah (radiyallaahu ‘anhaa).

Investigation into the reason behind this legislation reveals that it is permitted to respond in kind if the condition mentioned is met. This is further supported by two further matters:

Firstly: The saying of the Messenger (salallaahu ‘alaihi wassallam): “If the Jews greet you and say: “as-Saamu alaikum (poison/death be upon you),” then merely respond with: Wa ‘alaik (and to you).” Reported by Bukhaaree and Muslim, also al-Adab al-Mufrad, no 1106.

So the Prophet gave the reason by his saying “respond with: Wa ‘alaik (and to you).” And this is because they said: “As-Saamu alaikum (death be upon you).” And if this reason is removed as in the case wherein they say: “As-salaamu ‘alaikum (peace be upon you).” Then one responds with what is the same as it, which is: “Wa ‘alaikumus-Salaam (and peace be upon you)” And this position is further supported by the following, and that is the generality of the saying of Allaah, the Most High: [وَإِذَا حُيِّيتُم بِتَحِيَّةٍ فَحَيُّوا بِأَحْسَنَ مِنْهَا أَوْ رُدُّوهَا ۗ – “And when you are greeted with a greeting, greet [in return] with one better than it or [at least] return it [in a like manner].” [An-Nisaa: 86] This verse in its general meaning also encompasses the non-Muslims. https://abukhadeejah.com/how-to-conduct-oneself-with-the-jews-christians-others-even-if-they-be-tyrants/


[Ref 1: At-taleeqaatul Maleehah Alaa Silsilah Al-Ahaadeeth As-Saheehah Vol 1. Page 158. Slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 2: Excerpt from Al-Minhatur Rabbaaniyyah Fee Sharh Al-Arba’een. Pages 213-217. slightly paraphrased]

Praiseworthy Behaviour and Interactions In The Gatherings – [Incident of The Shooting Star etc]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Refraining From Giving False Impressions About Oneself – The Shooting Star Incident

Narrated Husayn bin Abdir Rahmaan, “I was with Sa’eed Bin Jubair when he said, ‘Who amongst you saw a shooting star last night?’ I said, ‘I did’. Then I said, ‘I was not in prayer, but was stung by a scorpion’ [i.e. the reason why I was awake and saw the shooting star was because I got stung by a scorpion]. He said, ‘Then what did you do?’ I said, ‘I performed Ruqyah’”… to the end of the hadeeth (1)

Husayn said, ‘I did’ [i.e. I saw the shooting star]. Then I said, ‘I was not in prayer, but was stung by a scorpion’ [i.e. that is the reason why I was awake and saw the shooting star].

Question: Why did Husayn Bin Abdir Rahmaan [may Allaah have mercy upon him] mention – in addition – that he was not in prayer after informing Sa’eed Bin Jubayr that he saw the shooting star last night?!

Answer: Imaam Sa’di [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “That is because Salaf [i.e. the pious predecessors] were far removed from praising a person for something he does not possess”. (2)

Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “He (i.e. Husayn) said this lest the people think that he was standing in prayer and thus he is praised for that which he did not do. This is opposite of what some people do, for they rejoice that people assumed that they were standing in prayer. This is tantamount to a deficiency in one’s Tawheed. Husayn’s statement is not viewed from the angle of show off, rather it is a good deed. And it is not like that one who abandons acts of obedience to Allaah out of fear of Riyaa, for indeed shaytaan plays about with a person (in this affair) and beautifies for him to abandon deeds out of fear of Riyaa; rather one should perform acts of obedience to Allaah, but nothing should be in your heart that you want to be seen by people. (3)

Shaikh Saaleh Aala Ash-Shaykh [may Allaah preserve him] said, “He (i.e. Husayn) made this statement out of fearing that those who were present would think that he saw the shooting star whilst he was in prayer (i.e. Tahajjud), so he negated that from himself. This shows the virtue of the Salaf [pious predecessors], their eagerness for sincerity, being distant from showing off and adorning oneself with something one does not possess. (4)

 

A Warning By Al-Allaamah Rabee Regarding Knowledge Sought For Worldly Gain

Al-Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadi Al-Madkhali [may Allaah preserve him] said, “O brothers! I warn you against harbouring intentions of seeking after the Dunyah, its status and authority in the affair of learning and seeking knowledge; for indeed (knowledge of the religion) is worship – amongst the best types of worship; rather the religion, acts of worship, Jihaad and a (successful) life cannot be established except by way of this knowledge. However, it is obligated on us to purify our intentions in this worship. “Whoever seeks knowledge by which the pleasure of Allah is sought, but he only acquires it for worldly gain, he will not smell the fragrance of Paradise”. This is a very important point and a great affair which the students of knowledge must be notified, for indeed many of them are heedless of it. And it may be that a person seeks knowledge for the sake of worldly gain or other goals that are not beloved to Allaah -neither legislated nor permitted by Allaah, and thus they fall into destruction. This affair enters into the rebuke directed at the Yahood. [Allaah (The Most High) said]:

مَثَلُ ٱلَّذِينَ حُمِّلُواْ ٱلتَّوۡرَٮٰةَ ثُمَّ لَمۡ يَحۡمِلُوهَا كَمَثَلِ ٱلۡحِمَارِ يَحۡمِلُ أَسۡفَارَۢا‌ۚ بِئۡسَ مَثَلُ ٱلۡقَوۡمِ ٱلَّذِينَ كَذَّبُواْ بِـَٔايَـٰتِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ وَٱللَّهُ لَا يَہۡدِى ٱلۡقَوۡمَ ٱلظَّـٰلِمِينَ

The likeness of those who were entrusted with the (obligation of the) Taurat (Torah) (i.e. to obey its commandments and to practice its legal laws), but who subsequently failed in those (obligations), is as the likeness of a donkey who carries huge burdens of books (but understands nothing from them). How bad is the example (or the likeness) of people who deny the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah. And Allah guides not the people who are Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers, disbelievers, etc.).

I seek the protection [of Allaah] for myself and [ask Allaah to protect] you from these blameworthy traits – a person possesses knowledge and does not act upon it, so he is either included [amongst those mentioned in this] Aayah or some of it applies to him. May Allaah protect us and you, for indeed the Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] has informed us about the destination of those who perform acts of worship only to be seen, whether it is a student of knowledge, a scholar, a Mujaahid or one who spends his wealth [in charity etc].

O my brothers! Sincerity is a great affair. [Therefore], it is incumbent upon a Muslim to guard it and take himself to account at every moment of his life. One of the Salaf said: I used to hold that the hadeeth requires a Niyyah [i.e. sincere intention for seeking knowledge of hadeeth], but then I realised [or understood] that every hadeeth requires a [sincere] intention.

Therefore, when you narrate or speak, do you desire praise from the people or do you desire the Face of Allaah [The Blessed and Exalted]? Do you desire that it is said, “He is a scholar; he is intelligent; he is a learned person of sound, precise and robust understanding;” or do you desire the Face of Allaah and to fulfil the responsibility you carry [i.e. knowledge of the religion]. (5)

One of The Reasons Behind Abandonment of Fairness

Imaam Ash-Shawkaanee [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “Among the reasons that leads to the abandonment of fairness and thus distances one from the truth -leads to concealment of truth and not clarifying that which Allaah has obligated – is love of high status and wealth. Both these affairs are a greater enemy to a person than two hunting wolves just as Allaah’s Messenger described (a), because indeed that was the reason that led the people of the scripture to distort Allaah’s Books and concealed that which came to them of clear proofs and guidance, such as what happened to the Jewish Rabis, and indeed Allaah informed us about this in His Mighty Book and the Messenger (also) informed us about it in the authentic narrations”. (6)

Forbearance In The Gatherings

Ibraaheem Ibn Bash-shaar [rahimahullaah] said: Ibraaheem Ibn Adham [rahimahullaah] watched a man who was speaking to another man; so he [i.e. the man] got so angry that he uttered an ugly statement. So Ibraaheem said to him: O such and such! Fear Allaah and it is obligatory that you keep quiet, exercise forbearance and restraint; so the man kept quiet. Then Ibraaheem said to him: It has reached me that Ahnaf Ibn Qais [rahimahullaah] said: We frequently went to Qais Ibn Aasim [rahimahullaah] to learn forbearance from him, just as we frequently went to the scholars to seek knowledge. So he [i.e. the man] said [to ibraaheem]: You don’t have to repeat it [i.e. what you have said is enough as an admonition etc]. [Taareekh Dimashq 26/219]

Allaah Loves The Pious, Self-sufficient and Unnoticed One

Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Allah loves a slave who is pious, self-sufficient and unnoticed.” [Saheeh Muslim 2965]

Taqiy- Pious: Fears Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic], so he fulfils Allaah’s commands and keeps away from what Allaah has prohibited. Fulfils Allaah’s commands, such as performance of the prayer and performs it in congregation in the Masjid, pays the zakaat and gives it to the one entitled to it, fasts the month of Ramadhaan, treats orphans with kindness and other types of acts of piety, righteousness and means to doing good.

Ghaniy- self-sufficient: Has no need of the people and suffices himself with Allaah. He does not ask the people anything (I) and does not lower himself to the people (i.e due to being in need of them) (II); rather he is not in need of the people. He knows himself, suffices himself with his Lord and does not pay attention to other than his Lord.

Khafiy- hidden or unnoticed: He does not make himself manifest and does not give importance to manifesting himself amongst the people, to be pointed out or for people to speak about him. You find him between his house and his (local) Masjid vice versa; from his house to his relatives and his brothers, whilst being unnoticed, and makes himself unnoticed. However, this does not mean that if Allaah grants a person knowledge, he confines himself in his house and does not teach the people. This is in opposition to piety (because) teaching the people is better for him than being confined in his house and does not benefit the people with his knowledge, (III) or he sits in his house and does not benefit the people with his wealth; rather if the affair is between being conspicuous- to manifest himself or make himself visible, and between hiding himself (i.e. without a need to make himself manifest), then he chooses to hide himself; but if it is the case that he must make himself apparent, then he has to make himself apparent. This is beloved to Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic]. [Explanation of Riyaadus Saaliheen. Chapter 69. Vol 3. Page 509. Publisher: Al-Maktabah Al-Arabiyyah As-Su’oodiyyah Edition 1425AH. slightly paraphrased]

Imaam Sufyan Ath-Thawree: Khalaf Bin Tameem [rahimahullaah] said: I saw Ath-Thawree at Makkah and many people came to him; so he said: “To Allaah do we belong! I fear that Allaah has made this Ummah to be lost when the people are in need of the likes of me”. [Siyar 7/275]

Imaam Ash-Sahbee: Maalik Bin Maghool (rahimahullaah) said: It was said to Shabee (rahimahullaah): ” scholar”. He said: The scholar is the one who fears Allaah. [Hilyatul awliyaa: 4/311]

Ibraaheem An-Nakha’ee: Al-A’mash (rahimahullaah) said: I approached Khaythama (rahimahullaah) and said, Indeed I saw something from Ibraaheem (An-Nakha’ee) the likes of which I have not seen (before); he (Khaythama) said, What is it? I said, I saw him sitting with strangers and informed him about it, so he said, I was sitting close to them and disliked that by leaving them people might see that as a sign of some superiority I have over them, so I sat with them. [Source: التواضع والخمول – pages 113-114]

Imaam Ibraaheem An-Nakha’ee [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “It is enough a trial that a person is pointed out due to his religious or worldly affairs, except the one whom Allaah protects”. [Taareekh Dimashq 18/33]

Imaam Fudayl Ibn Iyaadh [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “If you are able not to be known, then do so. Is there anything against you if you are unknown? Is there anything against you if you are not praised? Is there anything against you if you are considered blameworthy in the sight of the people but praiseworthy in the sight of Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic]?” [Hilyatul Awliyaa 8/89]

Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “There are many cases in which the souls are mixed with Ash-Shahawaat Al-Khafiyyah [i.e. desires that are concealed, subtle etc] that corrupts its fulfilment of (perfect) love of Allaah, servitude to Him and establishment of the religion sincerely for the sake of Allaah, just as Shaddaad Ibn Aws [may Allaah be pleased with him] said, ‘O Arabs! Indeed, the affair I fear for you the most is Riyaa [showoff] and Shahwa Al-Khafiyyah’. It was said to Abu Daawud As-Sijistaani, ‘What is Ash-Shahwa Al-Khafiyyah?’ He said, ‘Love of leadership’”. [Majmoo Al-Fataawaa 10 /214-215]

Give Room to Others And Allaah Will Give You Ample Room From His Mercy

Allaah [The Most High] said:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا قِيلَ لَكُمْ تَفَسَّحُوا فِي الْمَجَالِسِ فَافْسَحُوا يَفْسَحِ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ ۖ وَإِذَا قِيلَ انْشُزُوا فَانْشُزُوا يَرْفَعِ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنْكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ دَرَجَاتٍ ۚ وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرٌ

O you who believe! When you are told to make room in the assemblies, [spread out and] make room. Allah will give you [ample] room [from His Mercy]. And when you are told to rise up, rise up. Allah will exalt in degree those of you who believe, and those who have been granted knowledge. And Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do.

This is a practical code of behaviour commanded by Allaah to His believing slaves- that when they come together in one of their gatherings, some of them or some of those who have already arrived should make room [for others]; for indeed it is part of good etiquettes to make room for him [i.e. the other person] to reach his goal. And this is not to harm the one who is [already] in the gathering in anyway; rather he enables his [Muslim] brother to reach his goal without him being harmed, and reward is given in accordance with a deed; for indeed whoever makes room, Allaah makes room for him, and whoever shows generosity to his brother, Allaah will show him generosity.

[وَإِذَا قِيلَ انْشُزُوا – And when you are told to rise up]- Meaning: To rise up and retire from your gathering for an [obligatory or important] need [i.e. prayer etc], then [فَانْشُزُوا – rise up] – Meaning: proceed towards the fulfilment of that beneficial affair, for indeed the fulfilment of the likes of these affairs is connected to knowledge and Eemaan. And Allaah [The Most High] will exalt in degree the people of knowledge and Eemaan in accordance with what He has portioned out for them from knowledge and Eemaan.

[وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِير -And Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do]- Meaning: Allaah [The Most High] rewards every performer of deeds in accordance with his [or her] deeds-if they are good, there will be good recompense, and if evil deeds, there will be an evil recompense. And in this Ayah [i.e. 58:11] is [a mention] of the virtue of knowledge, whose beautification and benefit is that one disciplines [himself or herself] with its etiquettes and act in accordance with what it necessitates. [An Excerpt from ‘Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan) by Imaam As-Sadi (rahimahullaah). slightly paraphrased]

Be Truly Humble and Useful In The Gatherings

Imaam As-Sadi (rahimahullaah) stated: When you sit with the people, make humility the sign by which you are recognized. Fear of Allaah should be your shield and giving advice to the servants of Allaah as your constant habit. Be eager to (make) every gathering in which you sit one of goodness- either research into affairs of knowledge or advice on religious matters; either directing (others) towards a general or a particular beneficial affair, or making a mention of the blessings of Allaah; either making a mention of the superior status of praiseworthy manners and good etiquettes or warning against that which is detrimental to the well-being of one’s religious or worldly (affairs). The least of this (i.e. your companionship and advice to those you sit with) is that the earnings from their occupations should be by way of permissible (means) and not what is forbidden.

Behave well towards the young, the old and your peers. Deal with each of them in a way they deserve and have respect for the one who deserves to be respected and honoured. Be eager to make your congregation relaxed by way of speech that is appropriate and good, even if that was in relation to the worldly (affairs).

The sensible and determined person achieves abundant goodness through the gatherings of the people and he becomes more beloved to them than all (beloved things). This is because he approaches the people with what they approve (i.e. good) and statements they desire, and the foundation in this is success in taking over control of all the affairs placed before them.

And these affairs (i.e. good advice and companionship) become more emphasized on a journey, because during a journey sitting together is prolonged and the travellers are in need of having someone who revives their hearts with good statements, the news of events and joke–if all of that is truth and not too much–and to assist them with the essential affairs of travel. And Allaah is the One Who grants all success. [ Noorul Basaa’ir Wal al-baab fee ahkaam al ‘Ibaadaat Wal Mu‘aamalaat Wal Huqooq Wal Aadaab’ pages 64-65]

Neither Isolate Nor Be Snobbish

Al-Allaamah Saaleh Al-Fawzaan [may Allaah protect him] said: And one of those etiquettes [to be observed in a] social gathering [or when sitting together] is that two [people] should not have a private conversation in isolation of a third person [i.e. a third person who is also present in the same gathering or sitting], because that will offend him. He may harbour an evil suspicion towards them – that they are either conspiring against him or reviling him, or backbiting him, or may think that they are looking down on him. The Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said, ‘’When three persons are together, then no two of them should hold secret counsel excluding the third person’’. The Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said, ‘’When you are three persons sitting together, then no two of you should hold a secret counsel excluding the third person until you are with some other people too, for that would grieve him’’. (7)

This hadeeth is [about the] etiquettes that should be observed when sitting together. If there are three people [together], it is forbidden for two of them to speak in private; because if they speak in private without the third person, he will harbour some doubts – fearing that they are talking about him. Also if they speak in secret without him, he will feel that they are looking down on him and that they do not give him any value, and that is why they hide their affair from him and speak in private without him, because they do not trust him. This will enter his heart and that is why the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said, ‘’For that would grieve him’’- Meaning: It will bring about sadness in his heart, so he says [to himself], ‘’They are either speaking about me or looking down on me’’, so he becomes sad. Therefore, from the etiquettes of sitting together is that one speaks openly, and speaking should not be between two people in isolation of a third person. As for when there are many people in a sitting – more than three – there is no harm if two people speak in private because the other people are many and they will not harbour anything in their hearts.

This is from the etiquettes of sitting together. The hadeeth forbids two people from speaking to each other in private, whilst isolating a third [person who is also present in the same sitting]. It shows that if there are more than three people, then there is no harm if two people speak in private due to the statement of the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam], ‘’Until you are with some other people too.’’ So if the reason behind the caution is non-existent [i.e. if there are many other people in the same sitting], then there is no harm [if two people speak in private]. (8)

Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: And also if there are four people, they [i.e. three people] should not speak privately in isolation of the fourth person. The intent behind this is that there should be more than one person remaining if the rest are having a private conversation. If a group speaks privately in isolation of another group, then there is no harm in doing so as has preceded in the hadeeth reported by Aa’isha that the Prophet spoke to Faatimah in private [about something] in the house, but not to his wives. (9) Here is the Hadeeth: Imaam Bukhaari Said, ‘’Chapter: Whoever has a confidential talk with somebody in front of the people and the latter does not disclose his companion’s secret, but when his companion dies, he discloses it. http://www.salaficentre.com/2016/10/heart-warming-incident-prophet-sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam-beloved-daughter-faatimah-radiyallaahu-anhaa/ (10)

Do Not Poke Your Nose Into The Private Conversations of Others

It is forbidden for a person to just come and sit with a person who is talking to another person because it may be that they are engaged in a private conversation. The Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said, “Whoever listens to the talk of some people who do not like him [to listen] or they run away from him, then molten lead will be poured into his ears on the Day of Resurrection. [Sahih Al-Bukhaari Number 7042]. This is a severe threat, so one should not listen to the speech of the people if they do not want anyone to know what they are talking about. (11)

Al-Allaamah Zayd Bin Haadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: It may be that two or more people gather to speak about a particular affair that concerns them, and they do not want anyone else to know about it; but then a person or more than one person becomes an obstacle by listening to their speech and [wants] to know what they are talking about, whilst they are not pleased with that. This is an act of transgression and foolishness – that a person involves himself into something that does not concern him. And from the perfection of a person’s Islaam is to leave that which does not concern him. However, there is an exception to this prohibition such as when a person listens into the speech of those who are focused or [involved] in seeking to breach the state of safety and security of the Muslims. (12)
_________________________________________________________________
Footnote a: “Two hungry wolves let loose among sheep are not more harmful than a person’s craving after wealth and status is to his eeligion”. [Saheeh Sunan Tirmidhee. Number 2376]

Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “He (i.e. the Prophet) clarified that the corruption (caused) through craving for wealth and high status in the religion cannot be lesser than the corruption (caused) by two hungry wolves let loose among a livestock and that is (something) manifest, because indeed there is (nothing) of this craving in the sound religion. That is because when the heart tastes the sweetness of servitude to Allaah and love of Him, nothing else becomes more beloved, and by way of this, evil and immorality are averted from the people who are sincere to Allaah”. [Majmoo Al-Fataawaa 10/215]

Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [may Allaah have mercy upon him] also said, “The seeker of leadership- even through falsehood- becomes pleased with a statement that contains an exaltation of him, even if it is falsehood; and becomes angered by a statement that contains a rebuke against him, even if it is truth. [As for] the believer [i.e. the one with strong Eemaan and fear of Allaah], he is pleased with a statement of truth whether it is for or against him; and he is angered by a statement of falsehood whether it is for or against him. That is because Allaah [The Most High] loves truth, truthfulness and justice, and He hates lies and oppression”. [Majmoo Al-Fataawaa: 10/600]

Imaam Muhamad Ibn Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “Two hungry wolves let loose on a flock! Then what will remain from the flock?! Even when a single wolf stops eating because its stomach is full, it still kills the rest of the flock; then what about two hungry wolves let loose on a flock!! Not a single will remain. Likewise, a person who craves for wealth or status will corrupt the religion. And because of this it is obligated on a person that his intention is far removed from this- far removed from craving for wealth and status in the religion. We ask Allaah to aid us to accomplish this. There are many people who do not give concern except to wealth or status, so that they are pointed at (i.e. recognized). This destroys the religion because one’s soul inclines towards wealth and status and as a result of this a person forgets what is more important – the affair of the religion (i.e. sincerity etc). [At-taleeq Alaa Siyaasah Shar’iyyah. pages 454-455. slightly paraphrased]

Footnotes:
(I) Asking the people: Al-Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadee [may Allaah preserve him] quoted Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [may Allaah have mercy upon him] who stated, “The initiate affair with regards to asking the creation is that it is forbidden to do so, but it is permissible in when there is a necessity, but it is better to abandon doing so out of reliance on Allaah. [See Qaa’idah Jaleelah Fee at-tawassul Wal-Waseelah. page 7. Publisher Maktabah al-Furqan. 1st Edition 1422 (Year 2001)]

(II) Lowering Oneself: Imaam Ibn Hibbaan [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “It is obligated on a sensible person that he adheres to humility and avoids pride. Humility is of two types- the first one is praiseworthy and the other is blameworthy. Praiseworthy humility is that one abandons insolence and mockery. Blameworthy humility is that a person humbles himself in the presence of one who possesses the things of the worldly life and desiring what such a person possesses. Therefore, a sensible person maintains his abandonment of blameworthy humility in all circumstances and he does not depart from praiseworthy humility. [An Excerpt from Rawdatul Uqalaa page 58]

(III) The Scholars are three types: Shaikh Abdullah Al-Bukhaari [may Allaah preserve him] stated, Shaikh Abdullah Al-Bukhaaree [may Allaah preserve him] stated, “Ibn Abee Shaybah [may allaah have mercy upon him] reported in Al-Musannaf and Abu Nu-aym [may Allaah have mercy upon him] in Al-Hilya [5/12] with an authentic chain from Abu Muslim Al-Khawlaani [may Allaah have mercy upon him], who said, ‘The scholars are three types- a man who lives with his knowledge and the people live with it alongside him; a man who lives with his knowledge and none else lives with it alongside him, and as for the third man, the people live with his knowledge and it destroys him’. The intent behind this speech: Indeed the first (man) knows, acts and teaches. As for the second, he knows and acts, but does not teach. As for the third, he knows and teaches, but does not act! We ask Allaah for steadfastness and well-being”. [ المقالات الشرعية– pages: 23-24]


[Ref 1: See the full hadeeth in Saheeh Muslim 220]
[Ref 2: An Excerpt from ‘Al-Qawlus Sadeed Sharh Kitaab At-Tawheed’. page 77. Slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 3: An Excerpt from ‘Al-Qawlul Mufeed Alaa Kitaab At-Tawheed’. Vol 1. Page 97. Slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 4: An Excerpt from ‘Sharh Fat-hul Majeed Li-Sharh Kitaab At-Tawheed. Vol 1. Page 162’. Slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 5: Source: Marhaban Yaa Taalibal Ilm’ pages 53-55. abridged & slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 6: Adabud Talab Wa Muntahaa Al-Adab. Page 93. Slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 7: An Excerpt from ‘It’haaf At-tullaab Bi-Sharh Mandhoomah Al-Aadaab’ page 149. paraphrased]
[Ref 8: An Excerpt from ‘Tasheelul Ilhaami Bi-Fiqhil Ahaadeethi Min Bulooghil Maraam’ 6/172 paraphrased]
[Ref 9: An Excerpt from ‘Al-Hulalul Ibreeziyyah Min At-taleeqaat Al-Baaziyyah Alaa Saheeh Al-Bukhaari’ Vol 4′ page 192′ footnote number 2′. paraphrased]
[Ref 10: Al-Hulalul Ibreeziyyah Min At-taleeqaat Al-Baaziyyah Alaa Saheeh al-Bukhaari Vol 4′ page 191]
[Ref 11: An Excerpt from ‘It’haaf At-Tullaab Bi-Sharhi Mandhoomah Al-Aadaab’ page 149′ paraphrased]
[Ref 12: An Excerpt from ‘Awnul Ahadis Samad Sharh Al-Adabil Mufrad’ Vol 3 page 281′. paraphrased]

Sure Whether An Advocate of Homosexuality (or Sodomy) is Your Child’s Teacher?

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Allaah [Glorified and Exalted be He] said:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا قُوا أَنفُسَكُمْ وَأَهْلِيكُمْ نَارًا وَقُودُهَا النَّاسُ وَالْحِجَارَةُ عَلَيْهَا مَلَائِكَةٌ غِلَاظٌ شِدَادٌ لَّا يَعْصُونَ اللَّهَ مَا أَمَرَهُمْ وَيَفْعَلُونَ مَا يُؤْمَرُونَ

O you who believe! Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who disobey not, (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded. [Surah At-Tahreem. Aayah 6]

Al-Allaamah Abdullah Bin Muhammad Bin Humayd [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “The teacher who teachers your child should be an upright example for his pupils, they take him as an example in fulfilling the commands of Allaah and in his manners, just as Ut’bah Bin Abee Sufyaan said to his children’s teacher, “Indeed, I have come to you to teach my children; firstly, rectify yourself and adhere to your religion, because their eyes are fixed on you. They will not see you beautifying or doing something, except that they will blindly follow you. Teach them the best of the narrations, meaning, the best and most beneficial, and the most beneficial science. Keep them away from flirting with women and composing love poems about them; rather teach them the hadeeth and the Qur’aan, and poetry and etiquettes of the Arabs that develops bravery in the souls, heroism, nobility and adherence to good customs”. This is what Ut’bah said to the teacher of his children- that my children will follow your deeds just as they learn from your sciences, therefore your actions must be good. If the teacher strives together with the households and the fathers, the child will be given a good and upright upbringing, and Allaah will benefit Islaam and the Muslims through him. However, if his teacher is one of the corrupters, he will follow his footsteps because a student follows the fundamental principles of the teacher. (1)

The above is enough for any Muslim parent who appears to have accepted that children can be taught by those who normalise and openly call to major sins. Read here: The LGBTQ Movement: Homosexuality and Islam: Understanding Muslim Attitudes To Homosexuality (Islam 5.7): https://abukhadeejah.com/lgbtq-homosexuality-gay-muslims-and-islam/

Islam and Homosexuality: What happened in Sodom and Gomorrah? The Prophet Lot (Loot) and his Daughters: In the Bible and the Qur’an: https://abukhadeejah.com/homosexuality-transgender-quran-bible-sodom-lot/

Download The Most Comprehensive Work On The Subject of Homosexuality In Islam Titled ‘Why Homosexuality is Prohibited in Islam:

https://salaficentre.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/RulingOnHomosexualityInIslam.pdf
https://archive.org/details/islam-homosexuality-book

Al-Waleed Bin Abdil Malik [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “Had Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] not narrated to us to us the story of the people of Prophet Lut [peace be upon him] in the Qur’aan, I would have never thought (or imagine) that a man would have sexual relations with another man”. (2)

Finally, Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: “When it is the case that Allaah has prohibited sexual intercourse through the vagina due to an apparent harm [i.e. at the time of menstruation or post-natal bleeding], then what about the area [i.e. the anus] which is a place for removal of harmful things (i.e. faeces) permanently….” The Imaam also said, It (i.e. anal sex) is one of the greatest causes of punishment and blessings being taken away because it brings about Allaah’s Anger and Curse. It also deprives the person of shyness because shyness gives life to the heart [i.e. makes it hate and stay away from evil and repugnant acts]. However, if the heart is deprived of this shyness, it starts beautifying repugnant acts and declaring good acts repugnant, and thus corruption becomes strengthened and dominant”. (3)


[Ref 1: Al-Fataawaa Wad-Duroos Fil Masjid Al-Haraam’. Pages 938-944]

[Ref 2: Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah 9/185]

[Ref 3: An Excerpt from: -بدائع التفسير الجامع لما فسَّره الإمام ابن القيم الجوزية. slightly paraphrased. Vol 1. Page: 176-177]

Amazing Heedlessness and Fear of Other Than Allaah When Deeply Rooted In The Heart of a Mulhid Social Distancing Advocate and Mask Wearer!

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

The basis of the happiness (success, wellbeing etc) of a person (in this worldly life and Afterlife) are three, but each of them has its opposite, therefore whoever is deprived of one of them will encounter its opposite: Tawheed and its opposite is Shirk, the (authentic) Sunnah and its opposite is innovation in religious affairs, obedience (to Allaah and His Messenger) and its opposite is disobedience. These three affairs are opposed by one thing and that is: the heart being deprived of Ar-Raghbah Fillaah Wa Feemaa Indahu, Wa Minar Rahbah Minhu Wa Mimmaa Indahu [i.e. the heart deprived of the fervent desire to seek Allaah’s Pleasure through acts of obedience and hoping for Allaah’s reward, and deprived of fear of Allaah and the reward Allaah has kept for those who fear Him]. (1)

Amazing indeed is the affair of those who are still wearing masks!

You see a person wearing a mask when walking in the streets, even where the government has not mandated masks, but when he desires to smoke in public – a manifest sin indeed, he removes his mask and smokes. He fears something which he thinks follows him everywhere, so he wears a mask; but completely heedless of his Lord whilst smoking openly! https://salaficentre.com/2019/03/29/words-of-advice-for-the-smoker-especially-the-one-who-smokes-during-hajj-and-ummah-admonitions-by-shaikh-uthaymeen-and-shaikh-abdur-razzaaq-al-badr/

You see a person walking arrogantly in the streets, whilst showing his muscles, yet he wears a mask even in places where the government has not mandated masks. So, he fears that thing, yet he does not fear Allaah whilst walking arrogantly in the land. https://salaficentre.com/2016/12/11/revel-arrogance-reality/

A Mutabarrijah walking in the streets with a mask even in places where government has not mandated masks. She fears something, yet she does not fear Allaah. https://salaficentre.com/2021/07/17/severe-threat-from-the-messenger-regarding-dressed-but-naked/

Allaah [The Exalted] stated about the people of Kufr who fear the creation more than they fear Him:

[لَأَنتُمۡ أَشَدُّ رَهۡبَةً۬ فِى صُدُورِهِم مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ – Verily, you (believers in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism) are more awful as a fear in their hearts than Allah]. [Surah Al-Hashr. Ayah 13]

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: They give more concern to fear of the created things that do not possess – either for themselves or others – the ability to bring about harm or benefit more than (they) fear the Creator, in Whose hand is the (absolute control) of all harm, bestowal and hindrance.

[ذَٲلِكَ بِأَنَّہُمۡ قَوۡمٌ۬ لَّا يَفۡقَهُونَ – That is because they are a people who comprehend not (the Majesty and Power of Allah)]- Meaning, neither do they comprehend the importance (status or levels) of different affairs nor the different realities of things, nor are they able to assess outcomes; rather sound understanding (necessitates) fear of the Creator, hoping for (the Creator’s mercy etc) and love of the Creator given precedence over others. (2)

لا حول ولا قوة الا بالله

Abu Moosaa Al-Ash’aree [may Allaah be pleased with him] said, “The Messenger of Allaah [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said to me, ‘O Abdullaah Bin Qais! Shall I tell you a word which is one of the treasures of Paradise? It is [لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللهِ – (i.e. There is neither might nor power (to alternate from one state to another nor move from one thing to another) except by Allaah’s Will]’”. [Bukhaari 6384 & Muslim 2704]

Al-Harwee [may allaah have mercy upon him] said that Abu Haytham [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “Al-Hawl (i.e. might) is Al-Harakah (movement), meaning, there is neither movement nor ability except by the Will of Allaah”. And it is said, “There is no might to repel evil nor any power to reach good except by the Will of Allaah”. (3)

Allaah [The Exalted] said: [سَنُلۡقِى فِى قُلُوبِ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ ٱلرُّعۡبَ بِمَآ أَشۡرَڪُواْ بِٱللَّهِ مَا لَمۡ يُنَزِّلۡ بِهِۦ سُلۡطَـٰنً۬ا‌ۖ – We shall cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve, because they ascribe partners to Allaah, for which He had sent no authority]. [Surah Aal Imraan. Aayah 151]

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: The level of Shirk determines the level of fear, and the one who ascribes a partner to Allaah has the greatest fear and terror. Those who believe and do not mix their belief with Shirk have safety, guidance and success and the one who ascribes a partner to Allaah has fear, misguidance and wretchedness. (4)

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said that this fear is due to that which they took as partners to Allaah, such as those things they set up as equals to Allaah and the idols based on their vain desires and corrupt goals, for which they neither have proof nor evidence, and thus they cut themselves off the Protection of The One and Only True Deity, The Most Merciful. (5)

Finally, amazing mask show – 

Wearing a mask when in seclusion and taking it off to meet someone and shake hands!

 

We ask Allaah to protect us from this disease that has afflicted many in society Aameen


[Ref 1: Al-Fawaa-id page 167]
[Ref 2: an Excerpt from Tafseer As-Sadi. slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 3: Sharh Saheeh Muslim 4/87]
[Ref 4: Iddat As-Saabireen 166-167. Slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 5: Tafseer As-Sadi. Slightly paraphrased]

Islam’s Unapologetic Position On Apostasy – [Unveiling Another Path of The Criminals and Opponents of The Messengers]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Islam’s Unapologetic Position On Apostasy – [Another Path of The Criminals and Opponents of The Messengers Unveiled] – By Shaikh Abu Iyaad [may Allaah protect him]

Allaah [The Exalted] said: [ وَكَذَٰلِكَ نُفَصِّلُ الْآيَاتِ وَلِتَسْتَبِينَ سَبِيلُ الْمُجْرِمِينَ – And thus do We explain the signs (to you O Muḥammad) in detail, and so that the way of the criminals may become evident (to you)] [Surah Al-An’aam. Aayah 55] (1)

Imaam Ibn Katheer [may Allaah have mercy upon him] stated regarding this Aayah: “Allaah [The Exalted] stated that just as He explained what was previously explained of the arguments and evidence on the path of guidance and sound judgement, and censured argumentation and stubbornness; likewise He explain the signs (proofs, evidences, lessons), which those being addressed are in need of; [ولتستبين سبيل المجرمين – and so that the way of the criminals may become evident (to you)], Meaning, so that the path of the criminals – those who oppose the Messengers – may become evident”. (2)

Imaam At-Tabari [may Allaah have mercy upon him] stated regarding the statement of Allaah: [وكذلك نفصل الآيات – And thus do We explain the signs (to you O Muḥammad) in detail]- Meaning, O Muhammad! Just as We have detailed for you in this Surah – from its beginning and introduction up to this point – our proofs and evidences against the idolaters and worshippers of images, and distinguished and clarified it for you; likewise, We explain to you our signs and evidences for every truth denied by the people of falsehood, the sects and other than them, until its truth is distinguished from its falsehood, and its right is distinguished from its wrong. (3)

Listen to Shaikh Abu Iyaad’s clarification here:

Finally must read: Al-Allamah Saaleh Al-Fawzaan On Those Who Are Responsible For Declaring That An Individual Has Apostised and The Only Ones Who Have The Authority to Establish the Prescribed Islamic Punishments: http://www.spubs.com/sps/sp.cfm?subsecID=MNJ09&articleID=MNJ090004&articlePages=1


[Ref 1: Translation by Shaikh Abu Iyaad: https://www.thenoblequran.com/q/#/search/6_55%5D
[Ref 2: Tafseer ibn Katheer]
[Ref 3: Tafseer at-Tabari]