In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
Abu Hurairah [may Allaah be pleased with him] narrated that Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Hasten to perform good deeds before a trial that is similar to the dark part of the night, (in which) a man will be a believer in the morning and an unbeliever in the evening, or he will be a believer in the evening and an unbeliever in the morning, and sell his religion for some things of the worldly life”. [Saheeh Muslim. Number 118]
“Hasten to perform good deeds”– Al-Allaamah Saaleh Al-Fawzaan [may Allaah preserve him] said, “Meaning, do not delay righteous deeds, rather hasten to perform them because you do not know what you are about to face (encounter). A person should not postpone righteous deeds, rather he should hasten to perform them so that he does not miss, because there will be trials that will divert the people from righteous deeds, except the one Allah [The Mighty and Majestic] grants steadfastness. This (shows) that a person must adhere to his religion (of Islam) during trials, embark upon righteous deeds, busy himself with worship of his Lord and not to be diverted from it due to trials. Very few (people remain) steadfast during trials, except the one Allaah grants steadfastness and adherence to righteous deeds.
“Trial that is similar to the dark part of the night”– Meaning, severe (or great) – and Allaah’s Aid is sought. Severe trials during which a person is not guided to the correct path, because the affair will be confusing, except for the one Allaah has granted (sound) knowledge, (sound) understanding and (the ability to perform) righteous deeds by way of which he is saved from these trials. When these trials occur, people (will be) in different (situations)- amongst them is one who remains steadfast upon his religion (of Islam) despite the hardship that afflicts him, and amongst them is one – and they are numerous- who deviates. (1)
Al-Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadi [may Allaah protect him] said: Many trials have occurred, amongst them trial of the khawaarij, the Rawaafid (see footnote a) and killing. Deviation and misguidance have occurred – either fighting and trials (related) to politics, creed, methodology and what is similar to them. Many people who were to be destroyed were destroyed and the one whom Allaah protected was saved and (enabled) to adhere to the true methodology. Therefore, during every trial, they (the scholars of Ahlus Sunnah) must openly proclaim the truth and clarify it for the people. They should distinguish – for them – between guidance and misguidance, between truth and falsehood, the manner in which the people will be safeguarded from these trials, the path through which they will be saved from entering into trials and other affairs (by way of which) Allaah guides this (victorious) group when (they) face every trial. (2)
“A man will be a believer in the morning and an unbeliever in the evening, or he will be a believer in the evening and an unbeliever in the morning”– Al-Allaamah Saaleh Al-Fawzaan said, “Meaning, he wakes up in the morning as a believer with Iman, then he deviates by the by the end of evening he becomes a disbeliever vice versa. What is the cause (or reason)? “Sells his religion (of Islam) for some things of the worldly life”. This is proof (to show that) the worldly life is one of the trials- the Zahratud Dunyaa (adornments of the worldly life) and Zinaatud Dunya (things of the worldly life such as food, drinks, transportation, mansions, castles, status etc)- and thus a person abandons his religion (of Islam). A person might be captured by desire and love of the worldly things and thus he abandons his religion of (Islam) due to it. Allaah warned us against the worldly life, its adornment and being deceived by it, rather we take from the worldly life that which is sufficient in obedience to Allaah. As for just going along (or being preoccupied with it) and being forgetful of the Afterlife, this is destruction itself. (3)
Allaamah Rabee Bin Haad [may Allaah preserve him] said: “Yes, a man may be upon truth and then you do not see him thereafter except that he has become a disbeliever or a misguided innovator! This is nothing else but humiliation! He used to claim that he is upon good, a possessor of knowledge and upon the truth, but then he falls into disbelief-either Kufr Akbar or kufr Asghar. This is ignominy and Allaah’s Protection is sought. How many people have been humiliated and exposed by a trial! [Suddenly] you come to know of them and their false claims are unveiled, and their reality is clarified for you”. (4)
Al-Allaamah Rabee also stated: A believer always fears that his situation will change. It has been reported from Aa’isha and Anas [may Allaah pleased with them] that the Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] often (supplicated), “يَا مُقَلِّبَ الْقُلُوبِ ثَبِّتْ قَلْبِى عَلَى دِينِكَ – O turner of the hearts (Allaah)! Keep my heart firm upon your religion”. I [i.e. Aa’isha or Anas] asked, “O Allaah’s Messenger! We believe in you and what has been revealed to you, so do you fear for us?” He said, “Yes, indeed the hearts are between two fingers among the fingers of Allaah and He turns them how He pleases”. By Allaah! This is (true) understanding – that a person does not feel safe about himself, for indeed Satan flows through the human being like blood. (a) Therefore, a person should guard his heart, intellect and deeds ardently more than the (manner in which) he guards his wealth and honour. Whoever is given authority to look after his own affairs, it is obligated on him to guard his heart before everything else.
[رَبَّنَا لَا تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنَا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنَا وَهَبْ لَنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ رَحْمَةً ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْوَهَّابُ – Our Lord! Let not our hearts deviate (from the truth) after You have guided us, and grant us mercy from You. Truly, You are the Bestower]. [ Surah Aal Imraan’ Aayah 8] (5)
The Shaikh also stated: I warn my brothers against the Fitan (trials, temptations) and that they turn to Allaah (for help) to keep them steadfast upon the Religion. They should supplicate a lot (just as Allaah taught the believers that they say),[رَبَّنَا لَا تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنَا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنَا وَهَبْ لَنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ رَحْمَةً ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْوَهَّابُ – Our Lord! Let not our hearts deviate (from the truth) after You have guided us, and grant us mercy from You. Truly, You are the Bestower]. [Surah Aal Imraan’ Aayah 8]
They should make this tremendous supplication often and the supplication which Allaah’s Messenger used to make often. Anas said that Allaah’s Messenger used to say a lot, “O Turner of the hearts, keep my heart firm upon your religion”. So the companions said, “O Allaah’s Messenger! Do you fear for us?” He said, “Yes, indeed the hearts are between two fingers from the fingers of Allaah, and He turns them however He wills”. (6)
We ask Allaah to protect us from the trials and tribulations Aameen.
اللَّهُمَّ بِعِلْمِكَ الْغَيْبَ وَقُدْرَتِكَ عَلَى الْخَلْقِ أَحْيِنِي مَا عَلِمْتَ الْحَيَاةَ خَيْراً لِي وَتَوَفَّنِي إِذَا عَلِمْتَ الْوَفَاةَ خَيْراً لِي، اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ خَشْيَتَكَ فِي الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ، وَأَسْأَلُكَ كَلِمَةَ الْحَقِّ فِي الرِّضَا وَالْغَضَبِ، وَأَسْأَلُكَ الْقَصْدَ فِي الْغِنَى وَالْفَقْرِ، وَأَسْأَلُكَ نَعِيماً لَا يَنْفَذُ، وَأَسْأَلُكَ قُرَّةَ عَيْنٍ لَا تَنْقَطِعُ، وَأَسْأَلُكَ الرِّضِا بَعْدَ الْقَضَاءِ، وَأَسْأَلُكَ بَرْدَ الْعَيْشِ بَعْدَ الْمَوْتِ، وَأَسْأَلُكَ لَذَّةَ النَّظَرِ إِلَى وَجْهِكَ وَالشَّوْقَ إِلَى لِقَائِكَ فِي غَيْرِ ضَرَّاءَ مُضِرَّةٍ وَلَا فِتْنَةٍ مُضِلَّةٍ، اللَّهُمَّ زَيِّنَّا بِزِينَةِ الْإِيمَانِ
وَاجْعَلْنَا هُدَاةً مُهْتَدِينَ
O Allah! By Your Knowledge of the unseen and by Your Power over creation, let me live if life is good for me, and let me die if death is good for me; O Allah! I ask You to grant me (the blessing of having) fear of You in private and public; And I ask you (to make me utter) a statement of truth in times of contentment and anger; And I ask You for moderation when in a state of wealth and poverty; And I ask you for blessings that never ceases; And I ask You for the coolness of my eye that never ends; And I ask You (to make me pleased) after (Your) decree; and I ask You for a life of (ease, comfort, tranquility etc) after death; I ask You for the delight of looking at Your Face (i.e. in the Hereafter) and yearning to meet You without any harm and misleading trials (coming upon me); O Allah! Adorn us with the adornment of Eemaan, and make us (from those who are) guided and guiding (others). (7)
اللَّهُمَّ أَصْلِحْ لِي دِينِي الَّذِي هُوَ عِصْمَةُ أَمْرِي
وَأَصْلِحْ لِي دُنْيَايَ الَّتِي فِيهَا مَعَاشِي
وَأَصْلِحْ لِي آخِرَتِي الَّتِي فِيهَا مَعَادِي
وَاجْعَلِ الْحَيَاةَ زِيَادَةً لِي فِي كُلِّ خَيْرٍ
وَاجْعَلِ الْمَوْتَ رَاحَةً لِي مِنْ كُلِّ شَرٍّ
O Allah! Rectify my religion for me, which is the safeguard of my affairs; rectify my worldly (affairs), wherein is my livelihood; and rectify my Afterlife to which is my return; and make life for me (as a means of) increase in every good and make death for me as a rest from every evil. (8)
Footnote a: http://www.aqidah.com/creed/articles/hxnhe-the-splitting-of-the-muslim-ummah-part-3.cfm – By Shaikh Abu Iyaad [may Allaah preserve him]
Also read: How Do I Cope with the Trials, Suffering and Hardships in My Life? By Shaikh Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah preserve him]: https://abukhadeejah.com/how-do-i-cope-with-the-trials-suffering-and-hardships-in-my-life/
[Ref 1: An Excerpt from Sharh Kitaab Al-Fitan Wal-Hawaadith Lil-Imaam Muhammad Bin Abdillaah Wahhaa. pages 11-12]
[Ref 2: An Excerpt from ‘Adh-Dharee’ah Ilaa Bayaan Maqaasid Kitaab Ash-Sharee’ah – 1/200-202]
[Ref 3: An Excerpt from Sharh Kitaab Al-Fitan Wal-Hawaadith Lil-Imaam Muhammad Bin Abdillaah Wahhaa. pages 11-12]
[Ref 4: An Excerpt from ‘Adh-Dharee’ah Ilaa Bayaan Maqaasid Kitaab Ash-Sharee’ah – 1/200-202]
[Ref 5: An Excerpt from Marhaban Yaa Taalibal Ilm’ pages 75-76]
[Ref 6: An Excerpt from Marhaban Yaa Taalibal Ilm. Pages 204-205]
[Ref 7: Sunan An-Nasaa’ee’ Number 1305 & declared Saheeh by Imaam Albaani (rahimahullaah) in As-Saheehah Number 1301]
[Ref 8: Saheeh Muslim Number: 2720]