In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
What is known as human rights is one of the rights that have been frequently mentioned in this era. This term, which serves as the title of this lecture, is connected to a variety of studies, whether they are looking at Islamic law, the Islamic creed, the administration of justice, politics, or financial matters. It also has something to do with what the major powers of the UN call Human Rights. As you are aware, there is a background to this term, and it is a novel concept that neither the Qur’an nor the Sunnah nor the Imams and scholars of Islam have used to define the issue of rights. Instead, rights (or the duties we owe to one another) are covered in the Qur’an and the Sunnah.
A new world order was established when the Second World War broke out, which the Allies ultimately won, America defeated its foes, and the United Nations was established. The term “New World Order” did not emerge following the Gulf War; rather, it was a concept that emerged together with its principles and fundamentals following the Second World War. The major powers – among the countries – use this term when they want to impose something new on society, people, and nations regardless of their cultures. In order for the main powers to have influence over all nations, they planned to construct a new global order following World War II. This control can be cultural, sometimes manifested via the expression of strong opinions and freedoms, and other times it takes the form of meddling in the affairs of the nations they wish to influence.
A document with thirty articles was drafted by the United Nations and included in the new international organisation in 1948. Later, revisions and additions were made to the document, which became known as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. With the additions currently made, this document represents the human rights they advocate.
The United Nations and Western nations’ support for human rights is centered on two issues: freedom and intergroup equality. Among the provisos were those that forbade specific kinds of dealings and limited the state’s authority over its citizens. Many nations’ affairs were meddled with and dictated by Western nations and the UN; consequently, some nations’ reputations may be damaged as a result of what they failed to do. Due to meddling in their lives, questioning them about what they did to obtain these freedoms, and bringing up specific instances, the interference may be more pronounced. The Declaration of Human Rights has its own circumstances and motivations, as well as goals that support the principles of the main colonial empires. (see footnote a) This term is frequently used, however, it is obligatory for a Muslim to be proud of his religion and assured that the rights a person has are magnificent if given by Allah [The Almighty] because nobody knows the affairs of the creation and what is best for them better than Allah. Allah said:
أَلَا يَعْلَمُ مَنْ خَلَقَ وَهُوَ اللَّطِيفُ الْخَبِيرُ
Should not He Who has created know?! And He is the Most Kind and Courteous (to His slaves) All-Aware (of everything)]. [Surah Al-Mulk. Ayah 14]
Therefore, Allah is the one who upholds the rights of humanity in accordance with the laws He has established. This is why numerous studies on the subject have demonstrated that Islamic law, the life of our Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), the teachings of the Qur’an and the Sunnah, as well as the deeds of the four caliphs and those who followed them, are the greatest early codifications of human rights, lofty in both their proclamation and their implementation. It was fully implemented throughout the era of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and the Rightly Guided Caliphs (may Allah be pleased with them).
Many researchers have written on the subject of human rights, including some who held weak opinions and attempted to make every article of that statement a precedent in Islamic history or Islamic law. Others conducted good and knowledge-based studies in many journals and articles, and they highlighted that certain of the human rights stated in the West and by the UN are affirmed by Islamic legislation, while others are in opposition with its core foundations. [End of quote. (Source: listen here: https://video.link/w/j4azb paraphrased)]
Footnote a: We are witnessing something really intriguing in our era with this notion of human rights and international law, which some people exploit when it suits them, but turn a blind eye when it does not favour them. For example, if a weaker nation supported by certain major powers is attacked by another stronger nation, some ideologues emphasise the necessity of sovereignty, yet sovereignty is never important for Palestine! As a result, international law and human rights are employed unequally depending on who is affected – as a means of cheating against some and benefiting others.
NB: Even when Muslim governments are repressive, we do not initiate internal rebellions or seek outside assistance in the name of international law or human rights; instead, we follow the infallible way of the final Messenger. Read “Tyranny Of The Rulers, A Reason For Rebellion?” https://www.abukhadeejah.com/the-tyranny-of-the-rulers-a-reason-for-rebellion/
Also read: Alliance with the non-Muslims is of two types – misunderstanding this affair leads people astray https://www.abukhadeejah.com/having-alliance-with-the-non-muslims-is-of-two-types-misunderstanding-this-affair-leads-people-astray/