Some Great Outcomes of Truthfulness, Accepting Full Responsibility for One’s Actions, and Rushing to Repentance – (Introduction 2)

In The Name of Allah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Some Great Outcomes of Truthfulness, Accepting Full Responsibility for One’s Actions, and Rushing to Repentance- [Some Great Lessons From The Story of Kab Bin Malik (may Allah be pleased with him)]

Al-Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadi Al-Mad’khali [may Allah preserve him] said:

Allah described His faithful servants who were truthful in their faith, deeds, Jihad, and covenants (as follows).

لَيْسَ الْبِرَّ أَنْ تُوَلُّوا وُجُوهَكُمْ قِبَلَ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ وَلَكِنَّ الْبِرَّ مَنْ ءَامَنَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ وَالْمَلَائِكَةِ وَالْكِتَابِ وَالنَّبِيِّينَ وَءَاتَى الْمَالَ عَلَى حُبِّهِ ذَوِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْيَتَامَى وَالْمَسَاكِينَ وَابْنَ السَّبِيلِ وَالسَّائِلِينَ وَفِي الرِّقَابِ وَأَقَامَ الصَّلَاةَ وَءَاتَى الزَّكَاةَ وَالْمُوفُونَ بِعَهْدِهِمْ إِذَا عَاهَدُوا وَالصَّابِرِينَ فِي الْبَأْسَاءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ وَحِينَ الْبَأْسِ أُولَئِكَ الَّذِينَ صَدَقُوا وَأُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْمُتَّقُونَ

It is not Al-Birr (piety, righteousness, and each and every act of obedience to Allah, etc.) that you turn your faces towards east and (or) west (in prayers); but Al-Birr is (the quality of) the one who believes in Allah, the Last Day, the Angels, the Book, the Prophets and gives his wealth, in spite of love for it, to the kinsfolk, to the orphans, and to Al-Masakin (the poor), and to the wayfarer, and to those who ask, and to set slaves free, performs As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and gives the Zakat, and who fulfill their covenant when they make it, and who are As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.) in extreme poverty and ailment (disease) and at the time of fighting (during the battles). Such are the people of the truth and they are Al-Muttaqun (pious). [Surah Al-Baqarah. Ayah 177]

Allah [The Exalted] said:
مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ رِجَالٌ صَدَقُوا مَا عَاهَدُوا اللَّهَ عَلَيْهِ فَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ قَضَى نَحْبَهُ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَنْتَظِرُ وَمَا بَدَّلُوا تَبْدِيلاً

Among the believers are men who have been true to their covenant with Allah [i.e. they have gone out for Jihad (holy fighting), and showed not their backs to the disbelievers], of them some have fulfilled their obligations (i.e. have been martyred), and some of them are still waiting, but they have never changed [i.e. they never proved treacherous to their covenant which they concluded with Allah] in the least. [Surah Al-Ahzaab. Ayah 23]

Allah [The Exalted] said:
إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَرْتَابُوا وَجَاهَدُوا بِأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَأَنْفُسِهِمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ أُولَئِكَ هُمُ الصَّادِقُونَ

The believers are only the ones who have believed in Allah and His Messenger and then doubt not but strive with their properties and their lives in the cause of Allah. It is those who are the truthful. [Surah Al-Hujuraat. Ayah 15]

And The Exalted (Allah) stated while praising the poor emigrants (who migrated from Makkah to Madina):
لِلْفُقَرَاءِ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ الَّذِينَ أُخْرِجُوا مِنْ دِيارِهِمْ وَأَمْوَالِهِمْ يَبْتَغُونَ فَضْلاً مِنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانًا وَيَنْصُرُونَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ أُولَئِكَ هُمُ الصَّادِقُونَ

(And there is also a share in this booty) for the poor emigrants, who were expelled from their homes and their property, seeking Bounties from Allah and to please Him. And helping Allah (i.e. helping His religion) and His Messenger (Muhammad). Such are indeed the truthful (to what they say). [Surah Al-Hashar. Ayah 8]

All the companions are truthful, there is no distinction between the Muhaajiroon and the Ansaar. Indeed, Allah praised them a lot in His decisive Book, and His Messenger [peace and blessings of Allah be upon him] praised them a lot in many hadiths. Truthfulness, which is a quality without which the religion and worldly affairs cannot be established, is one of the most notable characteristics that have been mentioned about them. Through numerous successive unbroken chains of transmission, these truthful people and those who followed in their footsteps transmitted the Book of Allah to us with complete truthfulness and trustworthiness, as well as the Sunnah of the Messenger that has been transmitted through authentic, successive, numerous, unbroken chains of transmission, and through those (reports) transmitted by one reliable person, including the biography of Allah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allah be upon him], his Jihad and conquests.

The authentic books, the Musannafaat (1), the Jawaami (2), the Ma’aajim (3), the books of (sound) creed, and others are filled with these transmissions, in which the Imams of Al-Jarh Wat Tadeel (4) distinguished the authentic narrations from the weak (faulty) narrations, so that the Muslim Ummah is on a straight path, a correct methodology, and a mindful and upright life (based on the Qur’an, Sunnah, and Muhammad’s companions’ understanding). They conveyed to us the path of the noble companions, their statuses, and qualities that clearly differentiate them from all the other followers of the Prophets, and with these (virtues), they became the best of the people ever raised for humankind. This is covered in great detail in books about the status and virtues of the companions as well as other Sunnah compilations. [An Excerpt from slightly paraphrased]


1: Al-Musannafaat: Books authored on the subject matter of Hadith – mostly contain narrations related to rulings on acts of worship based on Islamic jurisprudence, the different chapters of Islamic jurisprudence, the narrations, and verdicts of the Prophet’s companions, their students and the students of their students.

2: Al-Jawaami: First type are the books that gather different types of narrations on the subject matter of creed, rulings, affairs of the heart, manners of eating and drinking, travel, residence, the subject matter of Tafseer, history, affairs of trials and tribulations, signs of the hour, virtues of the companions, etc. Some Imaams who compiled these works and their titles include Saheeh Al-Bukhaari; Saheeh Muslim; Al-Muwatta; Musnad Ahmad; Sunan An-Nasaa’ee; Sunan Abu Dawud; Sunan At-tirmidhee; Sunan Ibn Maajah; Sunan Ad-Daarimi; Saheeh Ibn Khuzaymah; Saheeh Ibn Hibbaan. The second type is books whose authors intended to gather a large number of Prophetic Ahaadeeth, or gather Ahaadeeth of specific books, or gather different Ahaadeeth in a specific subject matter, such as ‘Jaami-ul Ahaadeeth of As-Suyooti; Jaami-ul usool Fee Ahaadeeth Ar-Rasool of Ibnul Atheer; Silsilah As-Saheehah of Albaanee; Sharh Mushkilah Al-Aathaar of Tahaawi; Al-Musnad Al-Jaami of Nawawi; Nailul Awtaar of Shawkaanee, etc.

3: Ma’aajim: Books that contain words (or terms) related to language, a subject matter, the names and levels of scholars, etc.

4: The scholars of Al-Jarh Wat-Tadeel: The scholars who possess sound knowledge of the science of criticism and praise, in order to distinguish reliable narrators and narrations from weak and unreliable narrators, the sound beliefs and methodology distinguished from false and innovated beliefs and methodology.

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