[5a] Unknown narrators at Wikipedia have no right to speak about the legacy of Imam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz
In The Name of Allah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allah be upon him] said, “Indeed, the scholars are the inheritors of the prophets, for the prophets do not leave behind a dinar or a dirham for inheritance, but rather, they leave behind knowledge. So whoever takes hold of it, has acquired a large share (i.e. of inheritance)”. [Sunan At-Tirmidhee 2682]
The unknown writers at Wikipedia stated that among the controversial views and rulings of Imam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allah have mercy upon him] is the subject matter of women’s rights!
First, we have already stated in part 3 of this series that simply stating that something is controversial is insufficient; rather, every issue on which people disagree must be returned back to the Qur’an and Sunnah. Allah [The Exalted] said:
يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓا۟ أَطِيعُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا۟ ٱلرَّسُولَ وَأُو۟لِى ٱلْأَمْرِ مِنكُمْ فَإِن تَنَٰزَعْتُمْ فِى شَىْءٍ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ وَٱلرَّسُولِ إِن كُنتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلْءَاخِرِ ذَٰلِكَ خَيْرٌ وَأَحْسَنُ تَأْوِيلًا
O you who have believed, obey Allāh and obey the Messenger and those in authority over you. And if you disagree among yourselves over anything then refer it back to Allāh and the Messenger if you truly believe in Allāh and the Last Day. That is better (conduct) and (leads to) the most excellent outcome.
Allah [The Exalted] said: [وَمَا ٱخْتَلَفْتُمْ فِيهِ مِن شَىْءٍ فَحُكْمُهُۥٓ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ ذَٰلِكُمُ ٱللَّهُ رَبِّى عَلَيْهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ وَإِلَيْهِ أُنِيبُ – And in whatsoever you differ, the decision thereof is with Allah (He is the ruling Judge). (And say O Muhammad) Such is Allah, my Lord in Whom I put my trust, and to Him I turn in all of my affairs and in repentance. [Surah Ash-Shuraa. Ayah 10]
Second, Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allah have mercy upon him] responded to his critics as follows: Those who say that Islam oppresses women are greatly mistaken and erroneous because indeed it was Islam that treated her with justice and raised her status. She was oppressed in pre-Islamic times in the midst of the Arabs, Judaism, Christianity, and other false religions. [(1)] It is Islam that raised her, exalted her affair, treated her with justice, and bestowed her rights to her. It made her an honourable mother, an honourable wife, and a daughter shown compassion, cared for her, had wealth spent on her, and was treated with kindness until she could look after herself, or get married. Islam commanded that wealth be spent on her, and obligated to her father and husband to spend on her and treat her kindly; commanded the Islamic State to treat her with justice, fulfill her rights, prevent aggression against her, and give her the value that whenever she is killed (unlawfully by a man), he is executed (by the State). And whenever she is (deliberately) injured (by someone), her rights are fulfilled accordingly, whether a limb is injured or other than that.
As for Allah’s statement:
الرِّجَالُ قَوَّامُونَ عَلَى النِّسَاءِ بِمَا فَضَّلَ اللَّهُ بَعْضَهُمْ عَلَى بَعْضٍ وَبِمَا أَنفَقُوا مِنْ أَمْوَالِهِمْ
Men are protectors and maintainers of women by (right of) what Allāh has made some of them to excel over others and also by (right of) what they spend from their wealth (upon women). [Surah An-Nisaa. Ayah 34] [(2)]
The matter is clear. Allah [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections] made men excel over women because the male is generally stronger in fulfilling rights, Jihad against enemies, stopping injustice, kind treatment towards children and women (i.e. spending on them), protecting them from harm and injustice, and other than this which is known based on the Shariah, innate uncorrupted natural disposition and that which is clearly perceived. That is because – in general- men are stronger and more capable of doing what benefits society than women. In addition, men spend their wealth in marriage by giving dowries, spending on their wives, protecting them from harm, and being kind to them. Men have great rights in two ways: on the one hand, Allah gave them a status that excels that of women because it is known that men are more complete and capable of everything in general. They are more complete – in general – in their mental strength, in examining the outcomes of affairs and welfare, and because they spent their wealth to seek after wives through dowry and other things. That is why Allah [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections] says: [الرِّجَالُ قَوَّامُونَ عَلَى النِّسَاءِ بِمَا فَضَّلَ اللَّهُ بَعْضَهُمْ عَلَى بَعْضٍ وَبِمَا أَنفَقُوا مِنْ أَمْوَالِهِمْ – Men are protecters and maintainers of women by (right of) what Allāh has made some of them to excel over others and also by (right of) what they spend from their wealth (upon women)]. [Surah An-Nisaa. Ayah 34]
(However), this does not mean that every man is better than every woman, but rather this higher level given to men is in general. So, when this affair is looked at in detail, there may be a woman who is better than a man. This is a fact and is known, but in general, the male biological sex is of a higher level (i.e. in some specific things) over the female biological sex. This is known by way of the Shariah, sound reasoning, sound innate natural disposition, and it is known by way of reality and experiences, but there are many women who are better than a man because of their knowledge, religious adherence, steadfastness, and insight. Whoever looks at the characteristics of the female companions of the Prophet and those women who followed them exactly in faith, and the women scholars of this Ummah, he will know that there are good women who are better than many men. The Prophet [peace and blessings be upon him] said, “Many men reached the level of perfection, but no woman reached such a level except Maryam, the daughter of Imran, and Asiyah, the wife of Pharaoh”. [(3)]
The virtue of Fatima -may Allah be pleased with her, daughter of the Prophet, the virtue of Khadijah – may Allah be pleased with her – and Aisha – may Allah be pleased with her – indicates that they have special virtue. These five are the best of women: Maryam Bint Imran, the mother of the Messiah [peace be upon him], Khadijah and Aa’isha, among the mothers of the believers, Fatima, the daughter of the Prophet [peace and blessings be upon him], and Asiyah, the wife of Fir’awn. These five women are the best women, and there are many virtuous women, who possess knowledge, and they are more virtuous than many men. However, Allah’s Wisdom necessitates that men are a level higher in status over women in certain things as well, such as inheritance. A daughter is given half of what a male is given among children, a sister from both parents or father is given half of what a full brother or paternal brother is given, and the wife is given half of what the husband takes. If the husband takes half, she gets a quarter, and if the husband takes a quarter, she gets an eighth, and this is great wisdom, and (explanations, clarifications) that if someone with insight contemplates it, he will know its significance, Allah’s Wisdom in it, and that Allah [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections] is the All-Wise, the All-Knowing, so every situation in which a man is given a level above a woman has its pertinence, reasons, and wisdom for whoever ponders and reasons carefully. And Allah is the One Whose Aid is sought. [I] [(4)]
Imam Muhammad Ibn Saalih Al-Uthaymeen [may Allah have mercy upon him] stated one of the underlying reasons behind the different percentages received by males and females from inheritance: “Another wisdom in inheritance distribution, where the male is given a share equal to the share of two females, is because there is wisdom in that due to what is entrusted to a man with regards to financial responsibility. A male has more financial responsibility than a female. It is obligated to him to spend on (dependants), pay the dowry (when getting married), and it is obligated to him to perform Jihaad”. [II] [(5)]
Finally, listen to these clarifications by Shaikh Abu Khadeejah [may Allah preserve him] on women issues
[(1)]: When the Scholars of Islam say that Christianity and Judaism are false religions because their Scholars (Rabis, priests, and monks) distorted and substituted the Scriptures after the departure of Musa and Isa [peace be upon them]e became false
[(3)]: Saheeh al-Bukhari: 3433
[(4)]: https://www.masjidbinbaz.co.uk/audio-2/introduction-to-the-science-of-inheritance-by-uways-at-taweel/ By Shaikh Uways at-Taweel [may Allah preserve him]
To be continued…InShaaAllah
[I] https://binbaz.org.sa/fatwas/14114/%D9%85%D8%A7-%D8%AD%D9%82%D9%88%D9%82-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%A9-%D9%88%D9%85%D9%83%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AA%D9%87%D8%A7-%D9%81%D9%8A-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%B3%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%85 paraphrased
[II]: https://alathar.net/home/esound/index.php?op=codevi&coid=94843 paraphrased
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