Author: Abu Aa'isha Amjad

Sincere Love For One Another is Obligated and Must Abandon Sin to Prevent Disunity!

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Anas Bin Maalik [may Allaah be pleased with him] said that Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “There are not two people who love each other for the sake of Allaah, and then they split from each other, except that it is due to a sin of one of them”. (a)

Al-Allaamah Zayd Bin Haadi Al-Mad’khali [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: This Hadeeth shows that to love one another- the religious and worldly benefits it contains – is legislated in the Sharee’ah. And regarding the religious benefits of this love, (it brings about) co-operation upon righteousness and piety. As for its worldly benefits, it (results in attaining those) necessities of life that are sought after. Those who love one another are attached to each other and remain upon that until one of them commits a sin that leads to the destruction of this legislated love- the love that was established for the sake of Allaah and for the sake of Islamic brotherhood. Therefore, it is a good thing that the person abandons the sin he committed, which was the cause of separation between them, so that brotherhood for the sake of Allaah is restored as it was before, and so that both the religious and worldly benefits of that brotherly love can continue. The basis of the sin committed by one of them may have occurred without any external influence (i.e. it was solely the person’s fault), or it may have occurred due to tale-bearing and instigated by some of the devils amongst mankind- those who hasten to caused corruption in the earth.
Loving one another for the sake of Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] carries reward that has been mentioned in the Sharee’ah texts. Abu Hurairah [may Allaah be pleased with him] reported that the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Allaah will give shade to seven on the day when there will be no shade but His”’…and amongst those people are “Two people who love each other only for the sake of Allaah and they meet and part in Allaah’s cause only”. (b)

Anas [may Allaah be pleased with him] reported that the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Whoever possesses the following three qualities will have the (delight) of faith: the one whom Allaah and His Messenger become dearer to him than anything else; the one who loves a person and he loves him only for the sake of Allaah, and the one who hates to revert to disbelief as he hates to be thrown into the fire”. (c)

Therefore, O Muslim! After you have understood this, then take a severe warning regarding the causes – both statements and deeds- that will ruin the love that has been legislated for the Muslims to have for one another, both males and females. Hasten towards the virtue of brotherhood and love for one another for the sake of Allaah due to its great and numerous rewards. Abu Hurairah reported that Allaah’s Messenger said, “Allaah will say on the Day of Judgement, ‘Where are those who love each other for the sake of My Glory? Today, I will shelter them in my shade on a day when there is no shade but mine [i.e. the shade from Allaah’s Throne (d)]'”. (e) (1)

Finally, reminder: Al-Allaamah Rabee’s request for Shaykh Muḥammad bin Hādī to justify his tabdīʿ of Salafī students and shaykhs and to explicitly name the major scholars he accused of being “affected” and “destroyed” by the “Ṣaʿāfiqah” – one month, no answer.

https://www.manhaj.com/manhaj/articles/uyryh-documents-and-resources-for-countering-and-exposing-the-musafiqah.cfm


https://abukhadeejah.com/muhammad-hadi-allegations-and-response-of-the-major-scholars/


[Ref 1: Awnul Ahadis Samad Sharhu Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 1/445-446’ by Shaikh Zaid Bin Haadi (rahimahullaah). paraphrased]

[Ref a: Reported by Imaam al-Bukhaari (rahimahullaah) in Al-Adabul Mufrad (401) and authenticated by Imaam Albaani (rahimahullaah) in As-Saheehah (637)]

[Ref b: Bukhaari 660]

[Ref c: Bukhaari Number 16]

[Ref d: Fat-hul Baaree 4/63] [Also Shaikh Rabee (hafidhahullaah) has a Risaalah on this topic. Visit link: http://www.rabee.net/ar/articles.php?cat=8&id=149

[Ref e: Muslim 2566]

The one who says “The Methodology of the Salaf is not Fit for Modern Times” – Shaykh Fawzaan

What do we say to some who people claim that the Methodology of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah is not suitable in these times?

The one who holds that the Methodology of the Salaf as-Saalih (pious predecessors) is not fit for these times, then this one is astray, guiding others astray. The methodology of the pious predecessors is the Methodology and Way which we were commanded to follow by Allah until the establishment of the Hour.

The prophet (Peace & Blessings of Allah upon him) said,

Indeed whosoever from among you lives (a long time) will see much differing, so (when you see this) it is upon to you adhere to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the rightly guided caliphs after me, hold on to it and bite onto it with your molar teeth. (1)

This was an address to this nation (and it remains valid) until the establishment of the Hour. This demonstrates to us that it’s a must to proceed upon the Methodology of the Salaf and that it is suitable for all places and all times.

Allah – The Most High – said, 

وَالسَّابِقُونَ الْأَوَّلُونَ مِنَ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ وَالْأَنصَارِ وَالَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوهُم بِإِحْسَانٍ رَّضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُوا عَنْهُ (100)

And the first to embrace Islam of the Muhajiroon (those who migrated from Makkah to Al-Madinah) and the Ansaar (the citizens of Al-Madinah who helped and gave aid to the Muhajiroon) and also those who followed them exactly (in Faith). Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him (At-Tawbah: 100)

وَالَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوهُم بِإِحْسَان

and also those who followed them exactly (in Faith).

This comprises the Ummah until the establishment of the Hour, therefore it is obligatory upon the Ummah to follow the Methodology of Muhajiroon and Ansaar. 

Imam Malik (rahimahullah) said, 

“Nothing will rectify the latter part of this nation, except that which rectified it’s beginning.”

Whoever wants to separate the Ummah from the Pious Predecessors (in reality) he desires evil for the Muslims. He desires to change Islam, he desires the occurrence of innovations and violations (of the sound religion and methodology), this person should be rejected and his “proofs” should be refuted and his evil warned against. 

It is a must to adhere to the methodology of the Salaf, taking them as an example, it’s required to proceed upon their methodology and that (requirement) is present in the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (Allah’s Peace and Blessings upon him) as we have mentioned.

So whoever desires to cut the khalaf (successors) of the Ummah from their Salaf (predecessors) then he is a person causing corruption in the lands, it is an obligation to reject his statement and to refute his speech, and to warn from him. 

The ones who this evil statement is known from are the Shia and those who agree with them, those who misguide others, so no attention is paid to them.


Al-Muntaqa min Fataawa Al-Fawzan vol.1 pgs. 499-500

Benefits of ‘Itikaaf on Safeguarding the Tongue and One’s Actions – Shaykh Al-Fawzan

(During ‘itikaaf and outside of ‘itikaaf) a person should speak for that which he needs for religious and worldly affairs as for pointless superfluous speech then there is no benefit in it from two angles:

1. The wasting of a persons time and busying him away from the remembrance of Allah.

2. It’s possible and refuge is sought with Allah, that the speech may be impermissible and his speech may nullify his actions, because he utters a statement which Allah is angered by. It is possible a person could nullify all of his actions and apostate from Islam (1), therefore speech can be dangerous for a person if he does not safeguard it, and there is no curing it except by ‘itikaaf because when a person isolates himself solely for the worship of Allah, he accustoms himself and trains himself upon little speech and upon the restraining of his tongue.


Ta’leeqaat ‘ala Mukhtasar Zaad al-Ma’aad pages 601-602

(1) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (Allah be pleased with him) that he heard the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah upon him) say,

‘Indeed a servant may utter a single word and because of it plummet into the Hellfire farther than the distance between the east and the west.’ Bukhari 6477 Muslim 2988

How to Attain and Actualise Sincerity in a Persons Actions? – Shaykh Abu Abdillah Khalid adh-Dhufayri (Allah preserve him)

There are many ways to actualise sincerity from them are the following,

(1) A person recognises the reality and status of this worldly life, it’s passing by and will not last.

(2) That it is has no value in reality.

(3) That a person remembers death frequently.

(4) He remembers the purpose for his creation.

(5) He ponders upon the names and attributes of Allah, he recognises and affirms that Allah is Al-‘Aleem He knows all, he has the Muraaqabah of Allah, meaning he is aware that Allah knows, hears and sees everything he does.

(6) He works towards rectifying his sincerity and realises it is from the highest levels of worship.

(7) There is no arrival to paradise except by the Pleasure of Allah.

There are many affairs and means which will aid a person rectify his sincerity and these are from them.


Shaykh Abu Abdillah Khalid Adh-Dhufayri (hafidahullah) (1st March 2020)

Responsibilities That Make You Upright & Spread the Daw’ah – Shaykh Rabee (Allah preserve him).

The salafi bears a responsibility; upon him is to study (beneficial) knowledge, to study the books of the salaf, the belief of the salaf, their exegesis of the Quran and their explanations of the messenger’s hadeeth (alayhis salaatu was salaam), so that he is grounded in (beneficial) knowledge, whilst he truthfully calls to Allah with knowledge and insight.

He (The Most High) said,

قُلْ هَٰذِهِۦ سَبِيلِىٓ أَدْعُوٓاْ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ ۚ عَلَىٰ بَصِيرَةٍ أَنَا۠ وَمَنِ ٱتَّبَعَنِى ۖ وَسُبْحَٰنَ ٱللَّهِ وَمَآ أَنَا۠ مِنَ ٱلْمُشْرِكِينَ

Say, “This is my way; I invite to Allah with insight, I and those who follow me. And exalted is Allah; and I am not of those who associate others with Him.” (12:108)

Meaning, I (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) and my true followers, call to Allah with sure sighted insight; ie upon knowledge.

The caller to ignorance (misguidance, evil, innovations), such as the callers of misguidance and innovation – they are ignoramuses, ignorant of the path of truth and the (correct) call to Allah; they call to falsehood.

The people of innovation and misguidance call to falsehood, even if they are characterised as having knowledge, and even if they have certificates, then they are (still) ignoramuses, just as some of the salaf said, ‘a scholar has never brought about an innovation, rather innovations are only brought about by the ignorant ones, even if they call themselves scholars, then they are (still) ignorant.’

So learn and study the Book of Allah, and the Sunnah of the Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wa salam), study the Oneness of Allah (The Blessed & Most High).

May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon our, Prophet Muhammad, his family and his companions.


Nafahaat al-Huda wal-Eemaan min Majaalis al-Qur’aan of Shaykh Rabee (Hafidahullah) Pg 69

Testifies to Eemaan In This Worldly Life Whilst Hiding Disbelief And Beguiled By An Increase In Provision Whilst Persisting Upon Sin

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Allaah [The Exalted] said:

يَوۡمَ يُكۡشَفُ عَن سَاقٍ۬ وَيُدۡعَوۡنَ إِلَى ٱلسُّجُودِ فَلَا يَسۡتَطِيعُونَ

خَـٰشِعَةً أَبۡصَـٰرُهُمۡ تَرۡهَقُهُمۡ ذِلَّةٌ۬‌ۖ وَقَدۡ كَانُواْ يُدۡعَوۡنَ إِلَى ٱلسُّجُودِ وَهُمۡ سَـٰلِمُونَ

(Remember) the Day when the Shin shall be laid bare and they shall be called to prostrate (to Allah), but they (hypocrites) shall not be able to do so. Their eyes will be cast down, ignominy will cover them; they used to be called to prostrate (offer prayers), while they were healthy and good (in the life of the world, but they did not). [Surah Al-Qalam. Aayah 42-43]

When the Day of Resurrection takes place,  anxiety, earthquakes and calamities appear and there will be no illusion regarding it, and the Creator comes to judge between the servants and recompense them, reveal His noble Shin which cannot be compared to anything, and the creation see something of Allaah Magnificence and Greatness that which cannot be described, then at that moment they will be called to prostrate to Allaah. The believers – those who used to prostrate to Allah willingly and by choice – will prostrate; then the wicked disbelievers and hypocrites will attempt to prostrate, but they will not be able to do so, rather their backs will be like horns of cattle- unable to bend. This is a recompense based on their deeds, because in the worldly life whilst they were in a state of wellbeing, they were called to prostrate to Allah, declare that Allah is the only true deity and worship Him alone, but they arrogantly turn away and refused. Therefore, do not ask about their state of affairs and evil destination on that day, because indeed Allah will be angry with them, the punishment will be justified against them and all their means to safety will be cut off from them, so neither will regret nor excuses benefit them on the Day of Resurrection. This should makes the heart tremble, prevents one from being disobedient and make an effort -as much as possible – to catch up with what one has missed. And due to this Allaah [The Exalted] said:

فَذَرۡنِى وَمَن يُكَذِّبُ بِہَـٰذَا ٱلۡحَدِيثِ‌ۖ سَنَسۡتَدۡرِجُهُم مِّنۡ حَيۡثُ لَا يَعۡلَمُونَ

وَأُمۡلِى لَهُمۡ‌ۚ إِنَّ كَيۡدِى مَتِينٌ

Then leave Me Alone with such as belie this Qur’an. We shall punish them gradually from directions they perceive not. And I will grant them a respite. Verily, My Plan is strong. [Surah Al-Qalam. Aayaat 44-45] [Ref 1]

Shaikh Rabee [may Allaah preserve him] stated regarding the hypocrites:

Allaah made known the state of affairs of these people, exposed them, made it known that they are liars and described their actions to be evil. And due to their state of loss, they took these oaths and swore by Allaah as a screen.. ..Allaah said:

إذا جاءك المنافقون قالوا نشهد إنك لرسول الله والله يعلم إنك لرسوله والله يشهد إن المنافقين لكاذبون ـ اتخذوا أيمانهم جُنة فصدوا عن سبيل الله إنهم ساء ما كانوا يعملون ـ ذلك بأنهم ءامنوا ثم كفروا فطُبع على قلوبهم فهم لا يفقهون ـ وإذا رأيتهم تعجبك أجسامهم وإن يقولوا تسمع لقولهم كأنهم خشب مسنّدة يحسبون كل صيحة عليهم هم العدو فاحذرهم قاتلهم الله أنى يؤفكون ـ وإذا قيل لهم تعالوا يستغفر لكم رسول الله لووا رءوسهم ورأيتهم يصدون وهم مستكبرون ـ سواء عليهم أستغفرت لهم أم لم تستغفر لهم لن يغفر الله لهم إن الله لا يهدي القوم الفاسقين

When the hypocrites come to you (O Muhammad), they say: “We bear witness that you are indeed the Messenger of Allah.” Allah knows that you are indeed His Messenger and Allah bears witness that the hypocrites are liars indeed. They have made their oaths a screen (for their hypocrisy). Thus they hinder (men) from the Path of Allah. Verily, evil is what they used to do. That is because they believed, then disbelieved, therefore their hearts are sealed, so they understand not. And when you look at them, their bodies please you; and when they speak, you listen to their words. They are as blocks of wood propped up. They think that every cry is against them. They are the enemies, so beware of them. May Allah curse them! How are they denying (or deviating from) the Right Path. And when it is said to them: “Come, so that the Messenger of Allah may ask forgiveness from Allah for you”, they turn aside their heads, and you would see them turning away their faces in pride. It is equal to them whether you (Muhammad) ask forgiveness or ask not forgiveness for them. Verily, Allah guides not the people who are the Fasiqin (rebellious, disobedient to Allah). [Surah Al-Munaafiqoon. Aayaat 1-6]

Allaah testified that they are liars. Even if they testified to the Messengership of Muhammad and that Allaah alone has the right to be worshipped, they are still liars and do not believe in that. Allaah exposed them, because He knows their reality- the disbelief and hypocrisy they hide in their hearts. Allaah made it known that they disbelieved and believed thereafter, then they disbelieved finally; and Allaah made it known that they do not understand and that even if Allaah’s Messenger – the most virtuous amongst the creation – sought forgiveness for them, they will not be forgiven and Allaah will not guide them to Eemaan and the truth due to their [wilful] wickedness and evil. And there maybe hypocrites in the Ummah who have these characteristics and thus receive this recompense from Allaah. Unfortunately, some people think that hypocrisy has ended, whilst in reality it is something that will continue. Hudhaifah [radiyallaahu-anhu] said, “The hypocrites at present are more evil than the hypocrites during the era of Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam]”, so he was asked about this, then he said, “Indeed, the hypocrites used to hide their hypocrisy and these people at present make it manifest”. Whenever time elapses, they become many amongst the groups of ahlul bidah, burdening Islaam and the Muslims with their evil, plots and hypocrisy; and all of that is done under the guise of Islaam and in the name of Islaam. Many of ahlul bidah or many innovations – in the past and thereafter – related to belief and affairs of shirk are from their plots and cunning ways. So, let the Muslims be careful of these hypocrites and infiltrators within the innovated groups. [Ref 2]

Consequences of Persisting Upon Evil, Whilst Receiving More Provision

Allaah [The Most High] said:

وَالَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا سَنَسْتَدْرِجُهُم مِّنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

وَأُمْلِي لَهُمْ ۚ إِنَّ كَيْدِي مَتِينٌ

Those who reject Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), We shall gradually seize them with punishment in ways they perceive not.  And I respite them; certainly My Plan is strong. [7:182-183]

[سَنَسْتَدْرِجُهُم  – We shall gradually seize them with punishment] – by granting them plentiful provision and respite until they think that they will neither be taken to task for their disobedience nor punished, so they increase in disbelief and transgression, and evil upon evil. And through this their punishment is increased and multiplied, so they harm themselves in ways they perceive not. This is why Allaah said: [إِنَّ كَيْدِي مَتِينٌ -certainly My Plan is strong] [End of Quote] [Ref 3]

[ سَنَسْتَدْرِجُهُم مِّنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ –  We shall gradually seize them with punishment in ways they perceive not]: Imaam Sufyaan Ath-Thawree [rahimahullaah] said that this means, ”Whenever they commit [major] sins, Allaah bestows a blessing on them and make them forgetful of seeking forgiveness. [Ref 4]


[Ref 1: Tafseer As-Sadi]

[Ref 2: Source: https://safeyoutube.net/w/4xWL . Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 3: An Excerpt from ‘Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam al-Mannaan’ by Imaam Sadi. slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 4: Al-Mukhallisaat  2352]

 

Purification of The Heart Can Only Be Attained Through Giving Precedence to Allaah Over Desires!

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said:

A slave is not afflicted with a punishment greater than the hardness of the heart and being distanced from Allaah. The farthest hearts from Allaah are the hardened hearts, and when the heart is hardened, the eyes become lacking in (discernment, perception, crying out of fear of Allaah etc). The hardness of the heart occurs due to four [affairs] when their limit is exceeded: Food, sleep, speech and mixing [with the people]. And just as the diseased body is not benefited by food and drink, likewise the heart is not benefited by admonitions when it is afflicted with [evil] desires. Whoever desires purification of his heart then let him give precedence to Allaah over his desires. The heart that is attached to desires is veiled from Allaah depending on the strength of its attachment to [such desires]. [Ref 1]

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] also said:

The heart does get sick just as the body gets sick and its cure is found in repentance and bring keen [to obey Allaah and the Messenger etc]. The heart does become rusty just as a mirror becomes rusty, and remembrance of Allaah polishes it. The heart does become unadorned just as the body, and fear of Allaah beautifies it. The heart does suffer from discomfort just as the body suffers from discomfort due to hunger, and its food and drink are knowledge and awareness of Allaah, love of Allaah, reliance upon Allaah, turning sincerely to Allaah in repentance and obedience with Tawheed, and carrying out acts of obedience to Allaah. [Ref 2]

Imaam Ibn Qudaamah [rahimahullaah] said:

Know that every limb was created to perform a specific action, so a sign of its [i.e. any limb] sickness is when guilt is established due to performing [an evil] act. A sign of the hand’s sickness is when it is guilty of striking unlawfully; a sign of eye’s sickness is when it is guilty of staring unlawfully; a sign of the heart’s sickness is when it is guilty of not doing what it was created for, such as acquiring knowledge and wisdom; love of Allaah, worshiping Allaah alone and preferring that over every other desire. Therefore, if a person was to possess knowledge of everything but he does not know Allaah (Gloried be He), then it is as if he knew nothing.  The sign of knowing Allaah is to love Allaah, for whoever truly knows Allaah will love Allaah, and a sign of having love for Allaah is that one does not give precedence to anything over Allaah. So whoever prefers something from the beloved things over Allaah, then his heart is sick, just like the stomach that prefers mud and not bread, due to losing the desire for bread. [Ref 3]


[Ref 1: Source: (Al-Fawaa-id: page: 153-154). slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 2:An Excerpt from ‘Al-Fawaa’id 143’]

[Ref 3: Source: An Excerpt from Mukhtasar Minhaaj Al-Qaasideen’ page. 64. Slightly paraphrased]

Seek Allaah’s Refuge Against Sin And Debt!

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Aa’isha [radiyallaahu-anhaa] narrated that the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] used to invoke Allaah in the salaah [before the Tasleem] saying:

للَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ فِتْنَةِ ‏‏الْمَسِيحِ الدَّجَّالِ ‏‏وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ فِتْنَةِ الْمَحْيَا وَفِتْنَةِ الْمَمَاتِ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ ‏الْمَأْثَمِ ‏ ‏وَالْمَغْرَمِ

O Allaah, I seek refuge with You from the punishment of the grave and from the trial and affliction of Maseeh Ad-Dajjaal and from trial and affliction of life and death. O Allaah, I seek refuge with You from sins and from being in debt.” So somebody said to him, ‘’Why do you so frequently seek refuge with Allaah from being in debt?’’ The Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) replied, “A person in debt tells lies whenever he speaks, and breaks promises whenever he makes (them)]”. [Ref 1]

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said: The Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] combined [in this supplication between seeking Allaah’s refuge] from sins and debt, for indeed sins necessitate loss in the afterlife and debt necessitates loss in the worldly life. [Ref 2]


[Ref 1: Bukhaari, Hadeeth Number: 832]

[Ref 2: Al-Fawaa-id: page: 97]

[2] Shaytaan’s Severe Enmity And The Constant Jihaad Required From Us Against Him and Our Souls!

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

And Allaah [The Exalted] stated that shaytaan said:

قَالَ فَبِمَا أَغْوَيْتَنِي لَأَقْعُدَنَّ لَهُمْ صِرَاطَكَ

الْمُسْتَقِيمَ

ثُمَّ لَآتِيَنَّهُمْ مِنْ بَيْنِ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ وَعَنْ أَيْمَانِهِمْ وَعَنْ شَمَائِلِهِمْ وَلاَ تَجِدُ أَكْثَرَهُمْ شَاكِرِينَ

(Iblis) said: “Because You have sent me astray, surely I will sit in wait against them (human beings) on Your Straight Path. Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their right and from their left, and You will not find most of them as thankful ones (i.e. they will not be dutiful to You).” [7:16-17]

[ثُمَّ لَآتِيَنَّهُم مِّن بَيْنِ أَيْدِيهِمْ – Then I will come to them from before them and behind them]; Ibn Abbaas [radiyallaahu-anhumaa] said this means, ‘’I [Iblees] will bring doubts to them about the Hereafter.’’[وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ – and behind them]; Ibn Abbaas [radiyallaahu-anhumaa] said that this means, ‘’I [Iblees] will make them covetous for the worldly things.’’ [وَعَنْ أَيْمَانِهِمْ  – and from their right]; Ibn Abbaas [radiyallaahu-anhumaa] said this means, ‘’I [Iblees] will make their religion obscure [by making them hold onto doubtful matters which they would consider to be the truth]. [وَعَن شَمَائِلِهِمْ – and from their left]; Al-Hasan [rahimahullaah] said this means, ‘’I [Iblees] will command them to commit evil deeds, urge them toward it and beautify it in their eyes [i.e. make it fair seeming to them]’’.

It has also been reported from Ibn Abbaas [radiyallaahu-anhumaa] who said that Iblees did not say ‘’And from above them’’ because he knows that Allaah is above them. Qataadah [rahimahullaah] said, ‘’O son of Adam! Shaytaan comes to you from every direction but not from above because he is not able to come between you and the Mercy of Allaah.[Ref 1]

The Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, “Be shy of Allaah [in a manner] shyness  should be [established]”, so they [i.e. the Sahaabah (radiyallaahu-anhum)] said, “We do feel of Allaah, and all praise and thanks be to Allaah”; the prophet said, “It is not like that; rather the one who is truly shy of Allaah, let him safeguard his head and what it carries; safeguards the stomach and what it carries; remembers death and affliction. And he who wants the Aakhirah should do away with the adornments of this life, then indeed he is truly shy of Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic]”. [Ref 2]

Al-Mubaarakfooree [rahmahullaah] stated regarding the statement of the Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi- wasallam], “Be shy of Allaah [in a manner] shyness  should be [established]”– meaning: “A firm, abiding and truthful shyness”. And regarding the statement of the Sahaabah, “We do feel shy of Allaah”, Al-Mubaarakfooree [rahimahullaah] said, “They said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah! We do feel shy of Allaah and all praise and thanks be to Allaah’ but they did not say, ‘We are truly shy of Allaah’ due to their acknowledgement of the fact that they are unable to do so. And regarding their statement, ‘And all praise and thanks be to Allaah’ – meaning, all praise and thanks be to Allaah for granting us Tawfeeq [i.e. for guiding and enabling us to perform righteous deeds]. And regarding the statement of the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], “It is not like that”, Al-Mubaarakfooree [rahimahullaah] said, “Meaning, true shyness is not what you think, rather it is to safeguard all the limbs against what is not pleasing to Allaah”.

And regarding the statement of the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], “Rather the one who is truly shy of Allaah, let him safeguard his head and what it carries; safeguards the stomach and what it carries; remembers death and affliction. And he who wants the Aakhirah should do away with the adornments of this life, then indeed he is truly shy of Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic]”; Al-Mubaarakfooree [rahimahullaah] said, “Meaning, safeguard the head by refraining from utilising it in disobedience to Allaah – that you do not make Sujood to other than Allaah; refrain from Riyaa whilst praying; do not lower your head [in humility] for other than the sake of Allaah, nor raise it out of pride. And with regards to what the head carries, such as the tongue, the eyes and the ears, do not utilise them for Haraam. Safeguard the stomach by refraining from eating Haraam as well as safeguarding what is connected to it – such as the private parts, the legs, the two hands and the heart- [from what is Haraam]”.

“Remembers death and affliction”– Meaning, remember death and your abode in the grave. “And he who wants the Aakhirah should do away with the adornments of this life”– Meaning, because the two cannot be combined in a perfect manner, even those who are strong [in Eemaan] cannot do so [i.e. perfect desire for the afterlife has to be combined with abandoning those enjoyable things of the worldly life which one can do without]. So, whoever does this [i.e. the things mentioned this hadeeth], then indeed he is truly shy of Allaah. [Ref 3]


[Ref 1: Ighaathatul lahfaan 1/105-107. slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 2: Source: An Excerpt from ‘Badaai at-Tafseer al-Jaami Limaa Fassarahu Al-Imaam Ibnul Qayyim’ Vol pages 377-379]

[Ref 3: Tuhfatul Ahwadhiy. 7/131. Slightly paraphrased]

 

Part 2: At-Takaathur – [An Admonition to Ourselves Regarding Being Wilfully Diverted By Mutual Rivalry Until It Diverts a Person From The Purpose of Life]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Allaah [The Exalted] said:

أَلۡهَٮٰكُمُ ٱلتَّكَاثُرُ

حَتَّىٰ زُرۡتُمُ ٱلۡمَقَابِرَ

كَلَّا سَوۡفَ تَعۡلَمُونَ

ثُمَّ كَلَّا سَوۡفَ تَعۡلَمُونَ

كَلَّا لَوۡ تَعۡلَمُونَ عِلۡمَ ٱلۡيَقِينِ

لَتَرَوُنَّ ٱلۡجَحِيمَ

ثُمَّ لَتَرَوُنَّہَا عَيۡنَ ٱلۡيَقِينِ

ثُمَّ لَتُسۡـَٔلُنَّ يَوۡمَٮِٕذٍ عَنِ ٱلنَّعِيمِ

The mutual rivalry for piling up of worldly things diverts you, until you visit the graves (i.e. till you die). Nay! You shall come to know! Again, Nay! You shall come to know! Nay! If you knew with a sure knowledge (the end result of piling up, you would not have occupied yourselves in worldly things); verily, You shall see the blazing Fire (Hell)! And again, you shall see it with certainty of sight! Then, on that Day, you shall be asked about the delight (you indulged in, in this world)! [Surah At-Takaathur]

The basis of being diverted is due to heedlessness, then it affects every pursuit of the person. Rivalry in amassing abundant worldly things and boasting about it, such as two groups of people saying to one another, “We have more”. [Ref 1] Busied through turning away from obedience to Allaah and worship; gathering wealth and children by way of mutual rivalry, boasting about your tribes and families, busy with livelihoods and trade by way of mutual rivalry. [Ref 2]

You have become preoccupied until you are diverted from what is more important such as remembrance of Allaah and fulfilling acts of obedience to Him. This is an address to all the Ummah except those whose preoccupation with the affairs of the afterlife diverts them from the affairs of the worldly life and they are few. [Ref 3]

Allaah [The Exalted] reprimanded His servants due to them busying themselves by tuning away from the purpose for which they were created, which is to worship Him alone without ascribing partners to Him, to know Him (by way of the signs He has created in the universe and the revelation given to the Messenger), turning to Him sincerely in obedience and repentance and giving precedence to loving Him over everything else; but you are diverted from this by mutual rivalry in pilling up worldly things. And Allaah did not mention the thing that causes the mutual rivalry in pilling up worldly things so this Aayah includes all things, such as wealth, children, supporters, armies, servants, status and other than that through which a competitor intends to compete another competitor and the intent is not sincerity to Allaah [The Exalted]. [Ref 4]

To be continued…InShaaAllaah


[Ref 1: An Excerpt from Roohul Ma’aanee 16/401. By Imaam Al-Aloosee (rahimahullaah). Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 2: Zaadul Maseer Fee Ilmit Tafseer by Imaam Ibn Jawzi (rahimahullaah). Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 3: Tafseer Juz Ammah by Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah). Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 4: An Excerpt from Tafseer As-Sadi. Slightly paraphrased]