Author: Abdullah Jallow

[7] Human Rights In Islaam [Excerpts From a Lecture By Shaikh Saaleh Aala Ash-Shaikh]- An Example of How Islam Laid The Solid Foundation of Equal Opportunities And Uprooted Structural Inequality

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

When the Muslims conquered the different regions of the earth and Islam spread, the affair became as if it started from the non-Arabs, until the people of Persia and other non-Arabs became the scholars and the Imams of the mosques, and people acquired knowledge from them. It is recorded in Islamic history that many non-Arabs led the Muslims in knowledge, in issuing religious verdicts and many affairs. Take for example Abu Haneefah [may Allaah have mercy on him] who was not an Arab, and Imam Al-Bukhaari [may Allaah have mercy on him] and how his book became an upright example, and there’s none amongst the Muslims except that he (or she) knows Imam Abu Abdillaah Muhammad Bin Ismaa’eel Al-Bukhaari. And consider other examples – besides Al-Bukhaari and Abu Haneefah – amongst the Imaams of Islaam. So when Islam came with its implementation, it abolished the differences that were initiated by the people and those non-Arabs became the leaders and Imaams of the Arabs; why? Because they carried the religion, raised the banner of pure Islamic monotheism – there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, and because there is no distinction in virtue between a non-Arab and an Arab, except through fear of Allaah. When the Muslims disciplined themselves with Islaam, there was no dispute between them regarding social class by way of that pre-Islamic dispute and distinction, because indeed neither did they accept leadership nor give precedence to anyone based on this; rather they accepted everyone because people are equal in this affair.

Quraish’s rulership, the Umayyad rulership and the Abbasid rulership ended; then the rulership of the Mamluks arose and thereafter the rulership of Banee Uthman – meaning in the beginning when it was upright; so the Muslims obeyed them and they became the leaders and rulers, because the Muslims saw that there was welfare for the people in doing so (based on the texts of the Qur’aan and the Sunnah, and understanding of the Sahaabah). Therefore, class differentiation and its practice was abolished from the beginning; rather no one had any reservation in implementing Islam. So, Islamic history attests to the implementation of this great principle [i.e. sound equality].

To be continued InShaaAllaah

Source: listen here: https://video.link/w/j4azb paraphrased

[Part 1]: A Brief Reminder to Heba Yosry – at Al-Arabiya News – Regarding The Muslim Brotherhood of Egypt And FGM [Female Genital Mutilation]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Indeed, Heba Yosry criticized the Muslim Brotherhood and stated that Saudi Arabia’s Council of Senior Scholars recently issued a statement announcing that the Muslim Brotherhood is a terrorist organization. This statement of Heba Yosry is truth and may Allaah reward her for stating the truth regarding this affair. The Salafi Scholars have also refuted the Muslim Brotherhood for many other reasons besides their terrorist activities; rather this organization gathers all the opponents of the authentic Prophetic tradition to pursue its corrupt political goals. This is why the Salafi Scholars and students of knowledge continue to warn against them. Salafi Scholar Zayd Bin Haadee Al-Madkhalee [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

“It is not permissible for the one who knows something about the religious innovations of Ikhwaan Al-Muslimeen [The Muslim Brotherhood] or other than them amongst the proponents of religious innovation that he remains silent, whilst he has the ability to clarify. That is because refuting the proponents of religious innovation is obligated on those who have the ability to do so from amongst the scholars. And when this obligation is established by some of them, the responsibility is lifted from the rest. As for fearing splitting as a result of refutation against the [deviant] sects, then there is no legislated Islamic excuse for refraining this deed, because love for unity [upon the sound creed and methodology of the Sahaabah] is what is correct and more deserving to be desired and followed. The innovator in religious affairs is the cause of splitting in the Ummah because splitting is connected to religious innovation and unity is connected to the Prophetic transition. The obligation of refutation against the one in opposition to the truth is not lifted from the scholar due to anticipation of harm, unless it is harm he is not able to bear, then in this case Allah does not burden a soul beyond what it can bear. The earth is not devoid of people of knowledge who will refute the innovator in religious affairs and the one in opposition to the truth”. [Ref 1]

Salafi Scholar Rabee Bin Haadi Al-Madkhalee [may Allaah preserve him] said:

“By Allaah! Islaam and the Muslims are not ruined except by these types of (people) amongst the proponents of religious innovation and misguidance, such as the khaarijites  and those similar to them, and those who are worse, such as the Rawaafid [i.e. Shiites of Iran and those upon their beliefs]. The Rawaafid are worse than the khaarijites and the Muslim brotherhood in Egypt and elsewhere ally with them and say: “They (rawaafid shiiites) are our brothers and the differing between us and them is like the differing between (Imaam) Maalik and (Imaam) Shaafi’ee”, meaning, the differing between us (i.e. Muslim Brotherhood) and them (i.e. rawaafid shiites) is based on Ijtihaad, and if Imaam (Maalik) and (Imaam) Shafee’ee differ in (some) affairs, they are all rewarded, and if we (Muslim Brotherhood) differ with the rawaafid shiites, then we are rewarded.

O deceivers! [i.e. Muslim Brotherhood], the rawaafid (shiites) revile the Sahaabah and declare them disbelievers. They revile the wives of the Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him], they say that the Qur’aan is distorted, they have shir’kiyyaat (beliefs and acts of major polytheism) and they deify the leaders of the Prophet’s family. So does all of this not harm them (i.e. harm their claim to Islaam)?” [Ref 2]

Must visit links

The Historical Influences and Effects of the Methodologies of al-Ikhwaan al-Muslimoon [The Muslim Brotherhood]

http://www.sahihalbukhari.com/sps/sp.cfm?secID=MNJ&subsecID=MNJ18&loadpage=displaysubsection.cfm

http://www.ikhwanis.com/index.cfm

The Sab’iyyah, Raafidah and Khaarijiyyah: Historical and Contemporary Interplay Between Rafd and Khaarijiyyah: http://www.ikhwanis.com/articles/fqfejnx-the-sabiyyah-raafidah-and-khaarijiyyah.cfm

 

As for Heba Yosry’s criticism against the Muslim Brotherhood regarding FGM, then indeed this affair requires elaboration and distinction. First, Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “The basis of Banee Aadam’s misguidance is as a result of ‘General Terms’ and ‘Ambiguous Meanings’ [i.e. terms & meanings which can either be utilised for truth or falsehood when not explained in detail and distinguished], especially if they come in contact with a confused mind, then how about when [evil] desires and misguided enthusiasm is added to that? Therefore, ask the One Who keeps the hearts steadfast [i.e. Allaah] to keep your heart firm upon His Religion and not allow you to fall into this darkness”. [Ref 3]

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] also said:

“It is obligated on you to give detail and make a distinction, because unrestricted and general [statements] without clarification has indeed corrupted this existence [i.e. the world], and misguided the intellects and views [of the people] in every era”.

Salafi Scholar Saaleh Al-Fawzaan [may Allaah preserve him] said:

“There has to be detail explanation. The one who is not proficient in giving detail should keep quiet, because benefit is not acquired from his speech. And every time error occurs, its cause is due to an absence of detail explanation regarding truth and falsehood. There has to be detail explanation and distinction and not to mix up [affairs]. Indeed, it may be that there is something of truth and falsehood in an opponent’s statement, so all of it is neither deemed to be false nor truth; rather there has to be a distinction between its truth and falsehood. All of it is neither rejected nor accepted; rather a distinction is made regarding the truth and what is correct and the falsehood and error in it. And if you are not proficient in giving detail, then you should not enter into this field”. [Ref 4]

Therefore, we learn from the above that detail and distinction is very important.

Second, just as Heba Yosry quoted the Council of Senior Scholars to establish the proofs against the deviant Muslim Brotherhood and we do commend her for doing so, but we also expect her to hold on to the truth and the sound position regarding FGM. Must read – On Female Genital Mutilation, Culture and Islam: A Refutation of Ayaan Hirsi Ali

FGM

http://www.aboutatheism.net/articles/kflqsjb-on-female-genital-mutilation-culture-and-islam-a-refutation-of-ayaan-hirsi-ali.cfm

To be continued InShaaAllaah


[Ref 1: Source: Al Ajwibah Al Mukhtasar Alaa As-ila Al-Ashrati Page43-44]

[Ref 2: An Excerpt from: لذريعة إلى بيان مقاصد كتاب الشريعة للإمام المحدث أبي بكر محمد بن الحسين الآجري   pages: Page: 162-slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 3: An Excerpt from ‘As-Sawaa’iq Al-Mursalah Alal Jahmiyyah Wal Mu’attilah’ – Vol 3. page 927. slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 4: Source: An Excerpt from At-Ta-leeqaat Al-Mukhtasar Alaa Al-Qaseedah an-Nooniyyah: Vol: 1 page: 216.

[6] Human Rights In Islaam [Excerpts From a Lecture By Shaikh Saaleh Aala Ash-Shaikh] – A Mighty Principle That Ended The Rife Class Struggle, Nationalism, Tribalism, Snobbery etc

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

After this presentation [see here: intro_humanrights ],  if you look at what the people were upon before the advent of the Prophet Muhammad [may peace and blessings be upon him]- whether the Arabs of Makkah and those who resided in its surrounding areas, or those in the Arabian peninsula, or those who lived in Syria and Iraq, or the people of Egypt, the Persians and the Romans, you will find that deprivation of liberties was rife and people were denied equality; rather, it was the law of the jungle, so the strong devoured the weak and the people subjugated one another. This is why when the Persian leader asked Rabee [may Allaah have mercy upon him], “What brought you?” Meaning, “You are Arabs, so what brought you to the land of Persia?” He replied, “Indeed, Allaah sent us to remove the one He wishes to be removed from the worship of the servants [i.e. people] and direct them towards the worship of the Lord [i.e. Allaah] of the servants, and remove them from the distress of the worldly life to the wellbeing [relief, security, ease, peace] of the worldly life and the Hereafter”.

The Prophet [peace and blessings be upon him] was sent, the Islamic legislation was revealed to him, Allaah commanded him to proclaim the truth, warn his closest family and then all the people. Allaah made his message a mercy for the entire creation. Allaah said:

[وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ إِلَّا رَحْمَةً لِلْعَالَمِينَ – And We have sent you (O Muhammad) not but as a mercy for the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)]. [Surah Al-Anbiyaa. Aayah 107]

When the Prophet [peace and blessings be upon him] came to that society, it was a society in which class struggle occurred and class distinction was rife – this tribe is better than this tribe, these are superior, those are dominant over others…!!!  And the other similar tribal norms, which differentiated and gave preference to some over others. So the Prophet [peace and blessings be upon him] came to them with a mighty principle and that is the statement of Allaah [The Exalted]:

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ مِنْ ذَكَرٍ وَأُنْثَى وَجَعَلْنَاكُمْ شُعُوباً وَقَبَائِلَ لِتَعَارَفُوا إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِنْدَ اللهِ أَتْقَاكُمْ

O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honourable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has more fear of Allaah. [Surah Al-Hujuraat. Aayah 13].

So nobility, virtuousness and distinction was attributed to the one who has more fear of Allaah, and not because of one’s gender, skin complexation, tribe or country; rather Allaah attributed virtuousness based on a person’s piety.

[إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِنْدَ اللهِ أَتْقَاكُمْ – Verily, the most honourable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has more fear of Allaah].

Our Prophet [may blessings and peace be upon him] said, “There is no superiority for an Arab over a non-Arab, except based on piety.”

 

People are equal in a manner similar to the teeth of a comb. This is well-known in relation to the obligations that are obligated on everyone who has reached the age of responsibility. Allaah [The Exalted] made everyone equal, meaning His speech is directed at all people – male, female, the free person, the slave, the rich and the poor regardless their different social statuses. All people are commanded to single out Allaah in worship, obey His commands and fear Him as much as they are able. This is a type of equality in that which everyone is commanded and held responsible.

Likewise, when Islam came, splitting and discord between the people ended; rather, the affair alternated into close brotherhood. The Prophet [may Allaah’s peace and blessings be upon him] nurtured and established brotherhood between the Muhaajoroon [migrants from Makkah] and the Ansaar [the indigenous inhabitants of Madeenah].  This – without a doubt – shows the absence of differentiation and extends beyond fulfilling the rights of a person or giving a person something, because of the fact that he (or she) is a child of Adam and that all humans are equal in their rights in the sight of Allaah- equal in fulfilling rights and obligations between themselves.

To be continued InShaaAllaah

Source: listen here: https://video.link/w/j4azb paraphrased

[5] Human Rights In Islaam [Excerpts From a Lecture By Shaikh Saaleh Aala Ash-Shaikh]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Equality

The equality that they proclaimed means equality between men and women in everything, and equality between all people when receiving and giving rights, such as wage equality, educational equality, the means to good health and medical treatment, equality when travelling, when determining the place in which one wishes to reside within the borders of one’s country as stipulated in their articles, the abolition of slavery etc. Some of the things in this equality are acceptable and some are unacceptable, as will be explained InShaaAllaah.

We are not here to refute that documentary declaration (of human rights), its corrections and the additions that followed; but rather we are clarifying that the perfect and lofty human rights are those which the Lord of humankind has given to the human being. When a human being wants to give rights to another person, he will not be free from desires, because the one who codifies laws, regardless of what that may be, will include his desires in it. And because of this, you will find that Western man made laws, such as French man made law, American man made law and other man made laws are subject to change from time to time – either because the law was first initiated for the sake of the country’s interests when it was established, or due to the influence of the [influential personalities or leaders etc] in that country in some matters, or because the time changed and thus the circumstances changed. And due to this, Allaah clarified that the pre-Islamic judgement is tantamount to a judgement based on desires. Allaah [Glorified be He] said: [وَأَنِ احْكُم بَيْنَهُم بِمَا أَنزَلَ اللَّهُ وَلَا تَتَّبِعْ أَهْوَاءَهُمْ – And so judge (you O Muhammad) between them by what Allah has revealed and follow not their vain desires]. [Surah Al-Maa’idah. Aayah 49]

Every ruling that contradicts the ruling of the divine Islamic legislation must have been dominated by desires and thus it is prevented from been correct (or upright). And there is no doubt that desires divert people from fulfilling rights in the manner it should be fulfilled. Therefore, those principles [regarding equality and human rights] were based on the opinions of human beings, so desires did interfere as well as the interests of the major powers and their desire to control weak countries or countries in which there is much good (or welfare).

To be continued InShaaAllaah

Source: listen here: https://video.link/w/j4azb paraphrased


NB: The implementation of Sharee’ah Law is the responsibility of Muslim governments and not the insurgents, such as ISIS and their ilk. Likewise, the call to Islaam does not begin with the call to establish an Islamic State, rather it begins with the call to pure Islamic Monotheism. See here the Methodology of the Prophets in calling to the path of Allaah:  http://www.troid.org/media/pdf/methodology.pdf

ISIS have NOT established the Khilaafah! [i.e. The Islamic State]- By Shaikh Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah preserve him] https://www.salafisounds.com/isis-have-not-established-the-khilaafah-short-clip-by-abu-khadeejah/

And even when Muslim rulers are oppressive, we do not initiate rebel against them. See here: The Tyranny Of The Rulers, A Reason For Rebellion?

https://www.abukhadeejah.com/the-tyranny-of-the-rulers-a-reason-for-rebellion/

Sharee’ah In The West

Shaikh Abdul Waahid Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah preserve him] stated:

Although Muslims in Britain are subject to British law and the British legal system, Sharī’ah tribunals are allowed in certain areas as an alternative way of resolving disputes. These are aimed at resolving commercial, civil and matrimonial disputes to the satisfaction of both sides. Read here: https://www.abukhadeejah.com/educate-yourself-ethics-1-2-shariah-redstone-academy/

Also, a Muslim is obligated to fulfil his obligations and refrain from treachery whilst living with non-Muslims. See here: Living With Non-Muslims In The West: With Fine Conduct

https://www.abukhadeejah.com/living-with-non-muslims-in-the-west-with-fine-conduct/

Alliance with the non-Muslims is of two types – misunderstanding this affair leads people astray

https://www.abukhadeejah.com/having-alliance-with-the-non-muslims-is-of-two-types-misunderstanding-this-affair-leads-people-astray/

Shaikh Ibn Uthaimeen on Interacting With Non-Muslims in Western Countries

http://www.salafipublications.com/sps/sp.cfm?subsecID=LSC01&articleID=LSC010001&articlePages=1

 

 

[4] Human Rights In Islaam [Excerpts From a Lecture By Shaikh Saaleh Aala Ash-Shaikh]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

The rights that come under the term ‘Human Rights’ are two types according to Westerners, namely Freedom and Equality.

Freedom: The word freedom – which they proclaim – does not exist unrestrictedly even in their own countries. The absolute and unrestricted freedom for a person to do whatever he wants – without being held accountable- does not exist anywhere on earth; rather, freedoms exist where they are found, but they have limits and the people are told that what is beyond that limit is forbidden and it is not freedom.

This gives you the understanding that the word freedom is not found in any place on the earth [i.e. human societies], except that it is restricted. As for absolute freedom in everything – in dealings related to wealth, politics, court judgements, one’s actions, sanctity of life and when dealing with one’s children, this does not exist without restriction in any place on the earth, but rather you will find that freedom is different in different countries -lacking in some countries and much more in others.

So the word freedom, which is part of human rights as they claim, is not unrestricted in their view. Therefore, when this is the case, and if they place restrictions on freedom based on the views of human beings, then we say: “Indeed, this principle indicates that placing restrictions on freedom makes the word unacceptable to every human being [due to its different interpretations in different places, situations, circumstances etc]. However, if it was possible to accept the word freedom [based on the interpretations of every individual], then you should give a person his freedom as he pleases and in that case you would be advocating absolute freedom. But if you restrict his freedom by way of man-made laws and also discreetly- taking over control of his wealth and his abilities discreetly, then indeed this freedom is not absolute.

Therefore, the basis of the freedom by way of which one advocates human rights must be looked at from the angle that absolute freedom does not exist; rather, it must be restricted, meaning that a person is not absolutely free in any place on the earth to act in the manner he wishes, instead this freedom has limits which they describe and distinguish, and due to this one finds what is called protocols and etiquettes. And there is that which is initiated to deal with those who do not adhere to what is related to official ceremonies as well as preventing a person from entering any place with any type of clothing. And in relation to one’s presence and speech, there is something that is tantamount to lack of freedom in every place [due to what is expected from a person in some situations, circumstances and places, and even how he should dress on some occasions]. This is due to what they saw that it is not appropriate to give a person the freedom he wants (unrestrictedly), because at times this freedom is incompatible with what is desired and at other times it is incompatible with one’s relationships and the rights of others. Therefore, this principle regarding absolute freedom is negated.

To be continued InShaaAllaah

Source: listen here: https://video.link/w/j4azb paraphrased


NB: The implementation of Sharee’ah Law is the responsibility of Muslim governments and not the insurgents, such as ISIS and their ilk. Likewise, the call to Islaam does not begin with the call to establish an Islamic State, rather it begins with the call to pure Islamic Monotheism. See here the Methodology of the Prophets in calling to the path of Allaah:  http://www.troid.org/media/pdf/methodology.pdf

ISIS have NOT established the Khilaafah! [i.e. The Islamic State]- By Shaikh Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah preserve him] https://www.salafisounds.com/isis-have-not-established-the-khilaafah-short-clip-by-abu-khadeejah/

And even when Muslim rulers are oppressive, we do not initiate rebel against them. See here: The Tyranny Of The Rulers, A Reason For Rebellion?

https://www.abukhadeejah.com/the-tyranny-of-the-rulers-a-reason-for-rebellion/

Sharee’ah In The West

Shaikh Abdul Waahid Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah preserve him] stated:

Although Muslims in Britain are subject to British law and the British legal system, Sharī’ah tribunals are allowed in certain areas as an alternative way of resolving disputes. These are aimed at resolving commercial, civil and matrimonial disputes to the satisfaction of both sides. Read here: https://www.abukhadeejah.com/educate-yourself-ethics-1-2-shariah-redstone-academy/

Also, a Muslim is obligated to fulfil his obligations and refrain from treachery whilst living with non-Muslims. See here: Living With Non-Muslims In The West: With Fine Conduct

https://www.abukhadeejah.com/living-with-non-muslims-in-the-west-with-fine-conduct/

Alliance with the non-Muslims is of two types – misunderstanding this affair leads people astray

https://www.abukhadeejah.com/having-alliance-with-the-non-muslims-is-of-two-types-misunderstanding-this-affair-leads-people-astray/

Shaikh Ibn Uthaimeen on Interacting With Non-Muslims in Western Countries

http://www.salafipublications.com/sps/sp.cfm?subsecID=LSC01&articleID=LSC010001&articlePages=1

[3] Human Rights In Islaam [Excerpts From a Lecture By Shaikh Saaleh Aala Ash-Shaikh]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

This lecture will not be enough for us to mention everything related to this topic, but we’ll give you a closer acquaintance so that it can be understood based on the fundamental principles of the Islamic legislation – an understanding that has no ambiguity. And it will be clear to you that what the disbelievers in Allaah and their followers proclaim regarding human rights – based on what the colonialists and the enemies of Islam want – is neither good for Islam nor the Muslims; rather it leads to interference in the affairs of the Muslims, diverts them from adherence to the religion and direct them towards following the footsteps of the West in affairs such as freedom, equality, the relationship between a man and woman, financial matters, rights, political affairs and so on.

The origin of the rights of a human being is referred back to the meaning of Allaah’s statement:

[ وَلَقَدْ كَرَّمْنَا بَنِي آدَم – And indeed We have honoured the Children of Adam]. [Surah Al-Israa. Aayah 70]

The honour Allaah has granted the children of Adam is based on two affairs: first, human beings are honoured due to their innate disposition, physical traits and that which Allaah subjugated to them in the skies and the earth. Second, Allaah raised the children of Adam above animals and the other creations, gave them preference above many of the created things in every affair through which they achieve happiness, the beneficial affairs in their livelihood and their relationships with other humans. And due to this, the divine legislation was sent in order to clarify the rights of Allaah and the rights of Allaah’s servants. Allaah [The Almighty] said:

 وَلَقَدۡ كَرَّمۡنَا بَنِىٓ ءَادَمَ وَحَمَلۡنَـٰهُمۡ فِى ٱلۡبَرِّ وَٱلۡبَحۡرِ وَرَزَقۡنَـٰهُم مِّنَ ٱلطَّيِّبَـٰتِ وَفَضَّلۡنَـٰهُمۡ عَلَىٰ ڪَثِيرٍ۬ مِّمَّنۡ خَلَقۡنَا تَفۡضِيلاً۬

And indeed We have honoured the Children of Adam, and We have carried them on land and sea, and have provided them with At-Taiyibat (lawful good things), and have preferred them above many of those whom We have created with a marked preference. [Surah Al-Israa. Aayah 70]

In the beginning of the Aayah, Allaah said, [وَلَقَدْ كَرَّمْنَا بَنِي آدَمَ- And indeed We have honoured the Children of Adam], and at the end of the Aayah, Allaah said, [وَفَضَّلۡنَـٰهُمۡ عَلَىٰ ڪَثِيرٍ۬ مِّمَّنۡ خَلَقۡنَا تَفۡضِيلاً۬  – and have preferred them above many of those whom We have created with a marked preference].

So, this above includes a mention of the creation, revelation of the divine legislation, the basis of social organisation, and the command that they worship Allaah alone and follow the Messengers [i.e. because Allaah created them, commanded them to fulfil His rights and the rights of their fellow human beings, sent them guidance – through the Messengers – which shows them how to live as individuals and members of society, and provided them with livelihood from the skies and the earth, without which they cannot survive – neither individually nor as a society].

To be continued InShaaAllaah

Source: listen here: https://video.link/w/j4azb paraphrased


NB: The implementation of Sharee’ah Law is the responsibility of Muslim governments and not the insurgents, such as ISIS and their ilk. Likewise, the call to Islaam does not begin with the call to establish an Islamic State, rather it begins with the call to pure Islamic Monotheism. See here the Methodology of the Prophets in calling to the path of Allaah:  http://www.troid.org/media/pdf/methodology.pdf

ISIS have NOT established the Khilaafah! [i.e. The Islamic State]- By Shaikh Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah preserve him] https://www.salafisounds.com/isis-have-not-established-the-khilaafah-short-clip-by-abu-khadeejah/

And even when Muslim rulers are oppressive, we do not initiate rebel against them. See here: The Tyranny Of The Rulers, A Reason For Rebellion?

https://www.abukhadeejah.com/the-tyranny-of-the-rulers-a-reason-for-rebellion/

Sharee’ah In The West

Shaikh Abdul Waahid Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah preserve him] stated:

 Although Muslims in Britain are subject to British law and the British legal system, Sharī’ah tribunals are allowed in certain areas as an alternative way of resolving disputes. These are aimed at resolving commercial, civil and matrimonial disputes to the satisfaction of both sides. Read here: https://www.abukhadeejah.com/educate-yourself-ethics-1-2-shariah-redstone-academy/

Also, a Muslim is obligated to fulfil his obligations and refrain from treachery whilst living with non-Muslims. See here: Living With Non-Muslims In The West: With Fine Conduct

https://www.abukhadeejah.com/living-with-non-muslims-in-the-west-with-fine-conduct/

Alliance with the non-Muslims is of two types – misunderstanding this affair leads people astray

https://www.abukhadeejah.com/having-alliance-with-the-non-muslims-is-of-two-types-misunderstanding-this-affair-leads-people-astray/

Shaikh Ibn Uthaimeen on Interacting With Non-Muslims in Western Countries

http://www.salafipublications.com/sps/sp.cfm?subsecID=LSC01&articleID=LSC010001&articlePages=1

[1] A Brief Reply to Reem Krimly at Al-Arabiya News – [Ruling On Shisha and The Beard]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

The Saudi Committee of Senior Scholars stated:

Shisha, hookah and smoking are from the khabaa’ith (evil, filthy, unlawful things) and they are haraam (prohibited) due to that which they contain of harm to the body and wealth.

And Allah [The Most High] said about the Prophet Muhammad [peace and blessings be upon him]:

وَيُحِلُّ لَهُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَيُحَرِّمُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْخَبَائِثَ

And He allows them as lawful At-Taiyibat [(i.e. all good and lawful) as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.], and prohibits them as unlawful Al-Khaba’ith (i.e. all evil and unlawful as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.) [Surah Al-A’raaf Verse 157]

And it is established that Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings be upon him] said, “
” There should be neither harming not reciprocating harm”. [Reported by Ibn Mājah, al-Dārqutnī].

Therefore it is impermissible to use these things, to sell them or to promote them. [Ref 1]

 

Saudi Scholar, Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

Smoking is forbidden due to the evidences found in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah, and based on sound opinion.  Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] said: [وَلا تَقْتُلُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِكُمْ رَحِيماً  – And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allah is Most Merciful to you]

[Soorah Nisaa: Ayah: 29]

It is well-known that smoking causes harm to the body which may appear sooner or later, and this is an affair agreed upon by the doctors of today after the advancement of medicine. Smoking also disfigures the teeth, the lips etc.

Also, Allaah [the Most High] said: [وَلا تُؤْتُوا السُّفَهَاءَ أَمْوَالَكُمُ الَّتِي جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ قِيَاماً – And give not unto the foolish your property which Allah has made a means of support for you]. Therefore, Allaah clarified the wisdom behind wealth and that He made it a means of support through which the Religious and worldly benefits are established. And it is well known that spending wealth on cigarettes neither supports Religious nor worldly benefits, rather it does the opposite.

And from the evidences in the Sunnah concerning the impermissibility of smoking is that the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] forbade the squandering of wealth, and squandering wealth is when it is spent in other than what is beneficial. It is well known that spending wealth on smoking is a spending in which there is no benefit, rather it is spending in that which is harmful.

As for sound opinion, then sound intellect necessitates that a person does not partake in that which harms him and wastes his wealth, whilst he is a believer and that he will be brought to account. Therefore, sound intellect necessitates that a person does what benefits him and leaves what harms him, and from the perfection of [one’s religion and character] is to leave that which is of no benefit.

The affairs are three: Beneficial things, Harmful things and Things in which there is neither harm nor benefit.  The first affair is sought after, the second affair is blameworthy, and regarding the third affair, a person refrains from it out of seeking perfection in his affairs, but there is no blame on him if he does it. Ref 2]

Saudi Scholar, Al-Allaamah Abdullah Bin Muhammad Bin Humaid [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

The Muslim scholars hold a consensus that it is not permissible to shave (one’s) beard, and likewise it is (not permissible) to shorten it; except what has been narrated from Ibn Umar (radiyallaahu-anhu) that when he used to perform hajj or umrah, he would take hold of his beard (i.e. a fist) and cut the excess. As for the moustache, it is obligatory to trim it. Indeed, the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Trim the moustache and leave the beard, and be different from the fire worshippers.” [Reported by Bukhaari: No: 5892] [Ref 3]

Saudi Scholar, Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr [may Allaah preserve him] said:

Firstly, every smoker should know that smoking is Haraam. Many scholars have issued verdicts to show that it is Haraam based on many evidences from the Qur’aan and the [authentic] Sunnah. [From them is the statement of Allaah]: ”And do not throw yourselves into destruction.” [Surah Al-Baqarah’ Aayah 195]. And Allaah said: ”He allows them as lawful At-Taiyibat [(i.e. all good and lawful) as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.], and prohibits them as unlawful Al-Khaba’ith (i.e. all evil and unlawful as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.)” [Surah Al-A’raaf. Aayah 157].  Smoking is khabeeth.

Secondly, all doctors are unanimously agreed on the fact that smoking harms a person’s health and it is one of the greatest causes of cancer.

Thirdly, smoking is a waste of wealth and a means of placing wealth in the hands of the enemies [of Islaam]. So, the cigarettes harm his health and strengthen his enemy. If the smoker was asked, “You have been smoking for forty or fifty years, what benefit have you acquired from it?!” There is not a single benefit; however the harms are great indeed. He will realise the harm on his health, wealth etc Therefore, the one afflicted with smoking should fear Allaah. [Ref 4]

 

Saudi Scholar, Al-Allaamah Saaleh Al-Fawzaan [may Allaah preserve him] was asked as follows:

What do you say regarding the one who when it is said to him, “Fear Allaah regarding sins, such as shaving the beard, smoking and Isbaal [i.e. wearing one’s garments below the ankles]”, he says, “Eemaan is in the heart and it is not about growing the beard, abandoning smoking and Isbaal”; and he says, “Indeed, Allaah does not look at your bodies, rather He looks at your hearts”; and he intends by this the growing of the beard, abandoning smoking and Isbaal [i.e. that Eemaan is not about these affairs, rather it is what is settles in the heart]?

Response: This statement is often uttered by some of the ignorant people or those who hold false and erroneous views. It [i.e. what is uttered by this person] is a statement of truth by way of which falsehood is intended, because he utters this statement to justify his sins – that even in the absence of deeds that are to be performed in obedience to Allaah as well as not abandoning forbidden deeds, Eemaan in the heart is sufficient. This false and erroneous view is clearly unveiled because Eemaan is not only something in the heart; rather Eemaan – as defined by Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaa’ah – is speech of the tongue [i.e. acts of worship carried out with the tongue], belief in the heart and deeds of the limbs. Imaam Al-Hasan Al-Basri [rahimahullaah] said, “Eemaan is not to merely say something nor mere hope, rather it is what settles in the heart and deeds testify to it”.

Deeds of disobedience and abandoning obedience is proof that either there is no Eemaan in one’s heart or it is deficient. Allaah [The Exalted] said: [يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تَأۡڪُلُواْ ٱلرِّبَوٰٓا – O you who believe! Eat not Riba (usury)]. [Surah Aal Imraan. Aayah 130]

Allaah said: [يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ ٱتَّقُواْ ٱللَّهَ – O you who believe! Do your duty to Allah and fear Him]. [Surah al-Maa’idah. Aayah 35]

Allaah said: [مَنۡ ءَامَنَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِ وَعَمِلَ صَـٰلِحً۬ا- whosoever believed in Allah and the Last Day and worked righteousness]. [Surah Al-Maa’idah. Aayah 69]

Allaah said: [إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَـٰتِ – Truly those who believe, and do deeds of righteousness]. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 277]

Allaah said: [مَنۡ ءَامَنَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِ وَعَمِلَ صَـٰلِحً۬ا – whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and do righteous good deeds]. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 62]

Eemaan cannot be regarded complete except when accompanied by righteous deeds and abandoning disobedience. Allaah [The Exalted] said:

وَٱلۡعَصۡرِ

إِنَّ ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنَ لَفِى خُسۡرٍ

إِلَّا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَـٰتِ وَتَوَاصَوۡاْ بِٱلۡحَقِّ وَتَوَاصَوۡاْ بِٱلصَّبۡرِ

By Al-‘Asr (the time). Verily! Man is in loss; except those who believe [in Islamic Monotheism] and do righteous good deeds, and recommend one another to the truth, and recommend one another to patience (for the sufferings, harms, and injuries which one may encounter in Allah’s Cause during preaching His religion of Islamic Monotheism etc] [Surah Al-Asr]

Allaah said: [يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ أَطِيعُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُواْ ٱلرَّسُولَ – O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger [Muhammad]. [Surah An-Nisaa. Aayah 59]

Allaah said: [يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ ٱسۡتَجِيبُواْ لِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذَا دَعَاكُمۡ لِمَا يُحۡيِيڪُمۡ‌ۖ- O you who believe! Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he calls you to that which will give you life [i.e. fill your hearts with Eemaan, guidance and lead you righteous deeds]. [Surah Al-Anfaal. Aayah 24]

Belief in the heart alone is not enough without uttering one’s Eemaan with the tongue and performing deeds with the limbs, because this [i.e. belief in the heart without performing deeds] is the Madhab of those Murji’ah amongst the Jahmiyyah and other than them, and it is a false Madhab; rather one has to believe in the heart, utter his Eemaan [i.e. what he believes in] and perform deeds with the limbs. Committing acts of disobedience to Allaah is a proof of  the weakness and deficiency of the Eemaan in one’s heart, because one’s Eemaan increases when Allaah is obeyed and decreases when Allaah is disobeyed. [Ref 5]

The Beard of the Muslim Man in Light of the Quran, the Sunnah and the Early Scholars- By Shaikh Abdul Waahid Abu Khadeejah

https://www.abukhadeejah.com/the-beard-of-the-muslim-man-in-light-of-the-quran-the-sunnah-and-the-early-scholars/  


[Ref 1: Fataawa Al-Lajnah Ad-Daa’imah 26/351. Shaykh bin Baz – Shaykh Abdul Aziz aal Shaykh – Shaykh Abdullah Al-Ghudyaan – Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan – Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd]

[Ref 2:  https://www.ajurry.com/vb/forum/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%86%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A5%D8%B3%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%85%D8%A9/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%86%D8%A8%D9%80%D9%80%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D9%80%D9%80%D8%A7%D9%85/8356-%D9%81%D8%AA%D8%A7%D9%88%D9%89-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%85%D8%A7%D8%A1-%D9%81%D9%8A-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AF%D8%AE%D8%A7%D9%86?t=8074

[Ref 3: Al-Fataawa-Wad-duroos Fil-Masjid al-Haraam: Page:157]

[Ref 4: Sharh Usool Ath-Thalaatha’ Audio lesson number 5]

[Ref 5: Al-Muntaqaa Min Fataawaa Ma’aal Ash-Shauikh Al-Allaamah Ad-Doctoor Saaleh Al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah). Vol 1. pages 19-20. Publisher Daar Al-Imaam Ahmad. 1st edition (2013). Slightly paraphrased]

 

[2] Human Rights In Islaam [Excerpts From a Lecture By Shaikh Saaleh Aala Ash-Shaikh]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Among the rights that have been mentioned – a lot – in this era is what is called Human Rights. This term, which is used as the title of this lecture, is related to many researches, whether regarding the Islamic legislation, creed, administration of justice, politics or financial matters. It is also related to what the major powers or the United Nations  call Human Rights. As you know, there is a story behind this term and it is a new term – neither found in the Qur’aan nor the Sunnah, nor have the Imaams and scholars of Islaam stipulated the issue of rights by way of this term; but rather rights (or the obligations we owe one another) can be found in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah.

When the second world war took place, which the allies won – America triumphed over the opponents and the United Nations was founded, they established a new world order. The term  New World Order did not come about after the Gulf War; rather it is a term that came with its principles and fundamentals after the Second World War. The major powers – amongst the countries – utter this term if they want to impose something new on nations, society and the people regardless of their countries and cultures. So, after the Second World War, they wanted to establish a new world order by way of which the major powers would be able to control all countries. At times this control is cultural, sometimes through strong opinions and the exercise of freedoms at other times, and power is exercised through interference in the affairs of the countries in which they want to interfere.

The new global organization included the declaration – in 1948 – they called the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and a document – from the United Nations – of thirty articles was drawn up; then amendments and additions were made to it. This document  – with the additions at present – is what they advocate and refer to as human rights.  The human rights advocated by the United Nations and the Western countries are based on two affairs, namely freedom and equality between people. Among the provisos were those that prevent various types of dealings and restricted the state’s right when dealing with the people. The Western countries and the United Nations interfered in the affairs of many countries and imposed things on them, and perhaps the media may publish things about some countries because they did not implement those rights. The interference may be greater due to interfering in their affairs, asking them about what they have done to achieve these freedoms and mentioning individual cases.

The Declaration of Human Rights has its own circumstances and motives, and it also has its objectives that serve the principles of the major colonial empires. This term [i.e. Human Rights] is oft-repeated, but it is obligated on a Muslim to be proud of his religion, confident that the rights a person has is great if granted by Allaah [The Almighty], because no one is more knowledgeable than Allaah regarding the affairs of the creation and what is best for them, as Allaah [The Almighty] said: [أَلَا يَعْلَمُ مَنْ خَلَقَ وَهُوَ اللَّطِيفُ الْخَبِيرُ – Should not He Who has created know? And He is the Most Kind and Courteous (to His slaves) All-Aware (of everything)]. [Surah Al-Mulk. Aayah 14]

فإذن الله سبحانه وتعالى -فيما شرع- هو الذي يحفظ حق الإنسان، وهو الذي يحفظ حقوق الناس على مختلف أنواعهم

Therefore, Allaah [Glorified and Exalted be He] – in what is legislated – is the one who preserves the rights of humankind. This is why many have carried out research in this subject matter  and proven that the Islamic legislation, the life story of our Prophet [may peace and blessings be upon him], the rulings in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah, the actions of the four caliphs and those who came after them are the greatest early document of human rights- lofty in its pronouncement and application. It was fully implemented in the era of the Prophet [peace and blessings be upon him] and in the era of the Rightly Guided Caliphs [may Allaah be pleased with them]. Many researchers have written on this topic, and among them are those who carried weak views and wanted to make every article of that declaration a precedent in the history of Islam or in Islamic law.  Others carried out a good and knowledge based research in various magazines and articles, and they clarified that some of the human rights declared in the West and by the United Nations has been affirmed by the Islamic legislation and some are in conflict with its very foundations. [End of quote]] [Source: listen here: https://video.link/w/j4azb paraphrased]


The implementation of Sharee’ah Law is the responsibility of Muslim governments and not the insurgents, such as ISIS and their ilk. Likewise, the call to Islaam does not begin with the call to establish an Islamic State, rather it begins with the call to pure Islamic Monotheism. See here the Methodology of the Prophets in calling to the path of Allaah:

http://www.troid.org/media/pdf/methodology.pdf

ISIS have NOT established the Khilaafah! [i.e. The Islamic State]- By Shaikh Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah preserve him] https://www.salafisounds.com/isis-have-not-established-the-khilaafah-short-clip-by-abu-khadeejah/

And even when Muslim rulers are oppressive, we do not initiate rebel against them. See here: The Tyranny Of The Rulers, A Reason For Rebellion?

https://www.abukhadeejah.com/the-tyranny-of-the-rulers-a-reason-for-rebellion/

Sharee’ah In The West

Shaikh Abdul Waahid Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah preserve him] stated:

Although Muslims in Britain are subject to British law and the British legal system, Sharī’ah tribunals are allowed in certain areas as an alternative way of resolving disputes. These are aimed at resolving commercial, civil and matrimonial disputes to the satisfaction of both sides. Read here: https://www.abukhadeejah.com/educate-yourself-ethics-1-2-shariah-redstone-academy/

Also, a Muslim is obligated to fulfil his obligations and refrain from treachery whilst living with non-Muslims. See here: Living With Non-Muslims In The West: With Fine Conduct

https://www.abukhadeejah.com/living-with-non-muslims-in-the-west-with-fine-conduct/

Alliance with the non-Muslims is of two types – misunderstanding this affair leads people astray

https://www.abukhadeejah.com/having-alliance-with-the-non-muslims-is-of-two-types-misunderstanding-this-affair-leads-people-astray/

Shaikh Ibn Uthaimeen on Interacting With Non-Muslims in Western Countries

http://www.salafipublications.com/sps/sp.cfm?subsecID=LSC01&articleID=LSC010001&articlePages=1

Muslim And Non-Muslim Doctors: [Neither Is This Information Anti-Science Nor Conspiracy Theory, Rather It Helps to Understand Why One Might Ask Questions Regarding Medications or Vaccines]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

The Praiseworthy Goals to Be Sought After In Medical Practice

Medical practice is one of the noblest occupations because its subject matter deals with life of the human being. Its aim and purpose is to preserve health, strengthen physical well-being and distance a person from illness. The need for medicine is great and a person is in need of it in all circumstances, because one is in need of good health in order to carry out work and fulfil obligations in this life, which is the purpose behind the creation of the human being. Allaah [The Most High] said: [وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ – And I (Allah) created not the jinns and humans except they should worship Me (Alone)]. [Surah Adh-Dhaariyaat. Aayah 56]

So the aim behind medicine is to preserve health, strengthen the body’s physical well-being and distance it from illness. Among the virtues of medicine is that it preserves life and this is one of the five necessities which Islaam preserves, namely religion, life, intellect (or the mind), lineage and wealth. It helps a Muslim and the society to repel harm, as it is well known that the Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said: [ لا ضرر ولا ضرار – There should be neither harming nor reciprocating harm]. [Ref 1]

It fulfils the obligation of co-operating upon righteousness and piety. Allaah said:

[وَتَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْبِرِّ وَالتَّقْوَىٰ – Help you one another in Al-Birr and At-Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety)]. [Surah Al-Maa’idah. Aayah 2]

It fulfils the command of the Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] found in the hadeeth of Usaamah bin Shareek [may Allaah be pleased with him] that a Bedouin said, “O Messenger of Allaah! Should we seek medical treatment?”  He said, “Seek medical treatment, because Allaah has not created any disease, except that He has also created a remedy for it, except for one disease: old age”. [Ref 2]

One should hope for Allaah’s reward and good recompense, sincere to Allaah in such a profession and not to practice medicine only for their status to be acknowledged; rather one should be sincere and hope for Allaah’s reward. Alqamah Ibn Waqqaas Al-Laythiy said, “I heard Umar Ibn Al-khattaab [may Allaah be pleased with him] saying whilst on the minbar, ‘I heard the Messenger of Allaah [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] saying, ‘Actions are (judged) by intentions and every person will have what he intended. So he whose migration was for Allah and His Messenger, his migration is for Allah and His Messenger. And he whose migration was for some worldly (gain) or for a woman to marry, then his migration is for that which he migrated’” [Ref 3]

The doctor must fear Allaah with regards to those affairs about which one is consulted, especially that which is related to the rights of the people, such as when a sick person approaches him for a sick note or when in need of a medical note to prove that he is fit for employment or when consulted regarding a particular type of medication, or whether the state of health of an individual (woman) allows her to utilise contraception in order not to get pregnant, or whether her state of health warrants the removal of her ovaries. It has been reported in a hadeeth by Abu Hurairah [may Allaah be pleased with him] who said that the Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said: [الْمُسْتَشَارُ مُؤْتَمَنٌ – The consultee is in a position of trust]. [Ref 4]

Few Reminders From The Above Hadeeth:

[الْمُسْتَشَارُ مُؤْتَمَنٌ   – The consultee is in a position of trust]

[المستشار -The Consultee]: He is the one whose opinion is sought regarding an affair of Maslahah (i.e. an affair that will bring about benefit and repel harm). He is in a position of trust with regards to what he is asked and it is not permissible for him to deceive the one who consults him, by concealing the affair that would bring about benefit. [Ref 5]

This hadeeth is an evidence to show that the consultee has to (advise) with the course of action  and opinion -in relation to the consultation – he would choose for himself and it is not permissible that he directs his Muslim brother to something he would not be pleased with for himself. [Ref 6]

The Muslim doctor should not make the patient a means of experimenting the effectiveness of a medication, especially if he fears that there would be severe side effects, because this experimentation would negate the honour Allaah has bestowed on the children of Aadam. Allaah [The Most High] said:

[وَلَقَدۡ كَرَّمۡنَا بَنِىٓ ءَادَمَ وَحَمَلۡنَـٰهُمۡ فِى ٱلۡبَرِّ وَٱلۡبَحۡرِ وَرَزَقۡنَـٰهُم مِّنَ ٱلطَّيِّبَـٰتِ وَفَضَّلۡنَـٰهُمۡ عَلَىٰ ڪَثِيرٍ۬ مِّمَّنۡ خَلَقۡنَا تَفۡضِيلاً۬ – And indeed We have honoured the Children of Adam, and We have carried them on land and sea, and have provided them with At-Taiyibat(lawful good things), and have preferred them above many of those whom We have created with a marked preference]. [Surah Al-Is’raa Aayah 70]

This deed [i.e. using the patient as a means to experimenting the effectiveness of a medication] negates the command given to person to safeguard the blood of a Muslim. The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “A Muslim is the brother of another Muslim, so he should not oppress him, nor should he hand him over to an oppressor. Whoever fulfilled the needs of his brother, Allaah will fulfil his needs; whoever brought his [Muslim] brother out of discomfort, Allaah will bring him out of a discomfort from the discomforts of the Day of Resurrection, and whoever screened a Muslim, Allaah will screen him on the Day of Resurrection. [Ref 7]

If the Muslim doctor is certain that the harm [or side effects] that will result from the medication is lesser than the harm caused by the continuation of the illness, then it is permissible to give the medication based on choosing the lesser harm between two.

The Muslim doctor should ask the scholars regarding affairs that occur in his profession and should not jump into affairs without background knowledge of the Islamic legislation!  He should be careful of (Sigmund) Freud’s absurdities, fictitious and false views and should not be deceived by (Charles) Darwin. Abu Hurairah [may Allaah be pleased with him] said that the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, ‘’A slave (of Allaah) may utter a word which pleases Allaah, without giving it much importance, and because of that Allaah will raise him to degrees (of reward); and a slave (of Allaah) may utter a word (carelessly) which displeases Allaah, without thinking of its gravity, and because of that he will be thrown into the Hell-fire.’’ [Ref 8]

The Muslim doctor should be careful of what is transmitted in the medical journals (or textbooks) and he should not accept everything transmitted in them without ascertaining its correctness, for indeed knowledge is established either through a trustworthy transmission or an unquestionable view point. The affairs of medicine attributed to the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] should be checked as to whether their chains of transmission are authentic, and the affairs of medicine that are established by way of opinions [i.e. through study and research etc] should be examined to find out whether they are [sound, unsound, or whether they contain flaws, sin, offence etc]. He should not be an easy and legitimate prey whom the enemies of Allaah use as a means to transmit that which opposes the Religion of Islaam and causes harm to the Muslims; rather he should know that everything that comes to him regarding modern medicine has to be subjected to research and has to be ascertained.

The doctor should believe that his knowledge of medicine is nothing else but only a means (of cure). As for the effects and effectiveness (of the cure), it is decided by Allaah (The Mighty and Majestic) if He (Allaah) wishes to give cure and well-being. Allaah (The Most High) stated (that Ibraaheem- alayhis-salaam said): [وَإِذَا مَرِضْتُ فَهُوَ يَشْفِينِ – And when I (i.e. Ibraaheem) am ill, it is He (Allaah) who cures me]. [26:80] So Allaah is the one who gives cure and not others. The doctor should make this known to the patient.

The doctor should be pleased with the Divine Will and Decree of Allaah. Abdullaah Ibn Abbaas [may Allaah be pleased with him and his father] said, “Once I was riding behind the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] so he said, ‘O young man! I shall teach you some words (of advice). Be mindful of Allaah, and Allaah will protect you. Be mindful of Allaah, and you will find Him in front of you. If you ask, ask Allaah (Alone). If you seek help, seek help from Allaah (alone). Know that if the nation were to gather together to benefit you with something, they would not benefit with anything except that which Allaah has already recorded for you. If they gather to harm you by something, they would not be able to harm you by anything except what Allaah has already recorded against you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried’’. [Ref 9]

So neither should a doctor be beguiled by his (or her) knowledge of medicine nor raise objections against Allaah’s Power and Position. He (or she) should know that the affairs of the creation alternate based on Allaah’s decree.

[Excerpt from Akhlaaq At-Tabeeb Al-Muslim pages 4- 18]


[Ref 1: Reported by Ibn Maajah 2341 & Ahmad 1/313]

[Ref 2: Reported by Abu Dawud Number 3855]

[Ref 3: Al-Bukhari Hadeeth Number 1]

[Ref 4: Reported by Abu Dawud Number 5128’ & declared Saheeh by Imaam Albaani (rahimahullaah) in his checking of Sunan Abee Dawud]

[Ref 5: See Hadeeth Number 5062′ Vol 4’ page 259′ in Mirqaat Al-Mafaateeh Sharh Mishkaat Al-Masaabeeh]

[Ref 6: Source: Awnul Ahadis Samadi, Sharhu Al-Adab Al-Mufrad’ Vol 1′ Hadeeth Number 256′ page 283]

[Ref 7: Bukhaari Hadeeth Number 2442]

[Ref 8: Saheeh al-Bukhaari Number 6478]

[Ref 9: Recorded by Tirmidhee who said it is a Hasan saheeh hadith. Number 20516]

 

 

[Part 1]: Brief Rebuttal Against a Bewildered Philosopher Who Ascribes to Islaam But Calls to Socialism And An Extremist Who Calls to Rebellion In The Name of Islaam!

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

There is no doubt that what is obligated on the rulers and leaders of the Muslims is that they judge by the Islamic Sharee’ah in all their affairs and that they wage war against what is in opposition to it. This is an affair about which the scholars of Islaam hold a consensus and all praise and thanks be to Allaah there is no differing regarding it. The proofs in the Qur’an and Sunnah regarding it are many and well known to the people of knowledge, and from them is the statement of Allaah [Glorified be He]:

فَلَا وَرَبِّكَ لَا يُؤۡمِنُونَ حَتَّىٰ يُحَكِّمُوكَ فِيمَا شَجَرَ بَيۡنَهُمۡ ثُمَّ لَا يَجِدُواْ فِىٓ أَنفُسِہِمۡ حَرَجً۬ا مِّمَّا قَضَيۡتَ وَيُسَلِّمُواْ تَسۡلِيمً۬ا

But no, by your Lord, they can have no Faith, until they make you (O Muhammad) judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept (them) with full submission. [Surah An-Nisaa. Aayah 65]

And the statement of Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic]:

يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ أَطِيعُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُواْ ٱلرَّسُولَ وَأُوْلِى ٱلۡأَمۡرِ مِنكُمۡ‌ۖ فَإِن تَنَـٰزَعۡتُمۡ فِى شَىۡءٍ۬ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ وَٱلرَّسُولِ إِن كُنتُمۡ تُؤۡمِنُونَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِ‌ۚ ذَٲلِكَ خَيۡرٌ۬ وَأَحۡسَنُ تَأۡوِيلاً

O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad ), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority. (And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger, if you believe in Allah and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination.

[Surah An-Nisaa. Aayah 59]

 

And the statement of Allaah [Glorified be He]:

وَمَا ٱخۡتَلَفۡتُمۡ فِيهِ مِن شَىۡءٍ۬ فَحُكۡمُهُ ۥۤ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ

And in whatsoever you differ, the decision thereof is with Allah (He is the ruling Judge).

[Surah Ash-Shooraa. Aayah 42]

And the statement of Allaah [Glorified be He]:

أَفَحُكۡمَ ٱلۡجَـٰهِلِيَّةِ يَبۡغُونَ‌ۚ وَمَنۡ أَحۡسَنُ مِنَ ٱللَّهِ حُكۡمً۬ا لِّقَوۡمٍ۬ يُوقِنُونَ

Do they then seek the judgement of (the Days of) Ignorance? And who is better in judgement than Allah for a people who have firm Faith. [Surah al-Maa’idah. Aayah 50]

And the statement of Allaah [Glorified be He]:

وَمَن لَّمۡ يَحۡكُم بِمَآ أَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ فَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡكَـٰفِرُونَ

And whosoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed, such are the disbelievers – of a lesser degree as they do not act on Allah’s Laws. [Surah Al-Maa’idah. Aayah 44] [Read here when does a person become a disbeliever due to ruling by other than what Allaah has revealed: https://www.abukhadeejah.com/ibn-taymiyyah-and-ibn-baaz-on-judging-by-other-than-the-shareeah/   https://www.abukhadeejah.com/the-meaning-of-taghut-according-to-the-early-scholars/        http://www.salafipublications.com/sps/sp.cfm?subsecID=MNJ05&articleID=MNJ050003&pfriend=

 

وَمَن لَّمۡ يَحۡڪُم بِمَآ أَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ فَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلظَّـٰلِمُونَ

And whosoever does not judge by that which Allah has revealed, such are the wrong-doers.

[Surah Al-Maa’idah. Aayah 45]

 

وَمَن لَّمۡ يَحۡڪُم بِمَآ أَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ فَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡفَـٰسِقُونَ

And whosoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed (then) such (people) are the rebellious sinners.

[Surah Al-Maa’idah. Aayah 47]

The verses that convey this meaning are many. Indeed, the scholars hold a consensus that the one who claims that judging by other than Allaah’s judgement is better or that guidance other than the Messenger’s guidance is better, then he is an unbeliever, just as they also hold a consensus that the one who claims that it is permissible to act [i.e. worship] outside the Sharee’ah of Muhammad or judge with other than it, then he is misguided and an unbeliever.  Therefore, based on what we have mentioned from the Qur’aanic evidences and the consensus of the scholars, the questioner knows that those who call to socialism, communism or the other destructive ideologies that are in opposition to the judgement of Islam are misguided and unbelievers. It is not permissible to place one of them as a khateeb and an Imaam in the mosques of the Muslims and prayer behind them is not valid. [Ref 1] [Must read here: https://www.abukhadeejah.com/ibn-taymiyyah-and-ibn-baaz-on-judging-by-other-than-the-shareeah/   https://www.abukhadeejah.com/the-meaning-of-taghut-according-to-the-early-scholars/     http://www.salafipublications.com/sps/sp.cfm?subsecID=MNJ05&articleID=MNJ050003&pfriend= ]

 

Separation Between Religion And State

What is Siyaasah? It means to regulate the affairs of the citizens; rules related to behaviour and upright rectification. It has jurisdiction over the individual’s behaviour and the society as a whole, and it involves Islamic jurisprudence by way of which the rulers are facilitated with knowledge and understanding of the rulings related to looking after the affairs of the state, its set-ups and Sharee’ah principles. [Ref 2]

Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen [rahimahullaah] said:

What is intended by ‘Separation between religion and Siyaasah’ is that the ruler can do what he wants based on what he thinks is a means of fulfilling (responsibilities related to) affairs of the state, whether it agrees with Sharee’ah or not; or even if what he does is based on the judgement of the religion, because the meaning of separation is to distinguish between two things and give them specific definitions. Therefore, in relation to this, the ruler looks at what he considers to be beneficial even if it opposes the Sharee’ah. There is no doubt that this is a false and sinful statement, because the religion itself is Siyaasah and Siyaasah itself is the religion, but what we mean by Siyaasah is the Siyaasah that is based on equity and not oppression. The religion of Islaam came to bring about wellbeing [and upright conduct] for the people in their behaviour towards their Lord and between themselves. It establishes the Rights of Allaah, rights for the people- rights for parents, relatives, wives and the Muslims – in general. And even for non-Muslims, Islam has given them rights that are well-known to the scholars. It laid down the means and conditions for war and peace making, punishments for crimes – some of which are determined by way of specific texts and some are left to the jurisdiction of the ruler, as well as other affairs which clearly shows that Islaam in its entirety is Siyaasah. The root of this word Siyaasah is Saa’is and that is the person who is responsible for looking after the affairs of animals – fulfilling that which brings them wellbeing and repelling that which will harm them. This is Siyaasah.

We find this meaning when we contemplate on affairs of the religion, and that Allaah has legislated –  for the servants – things without which humans will not be able to establish [a fruitful, stable, orderly, safe] life, and forbade them from things that will corrupt their state of affairs – either affecting everyone or specific individuals. Therefore, in reality the entire religion is Siyaasah. And we are certain that anyone who separates Siyaasah from the Religion and establishes Siyaasah based on what he sees fit and what he forbids, then indeed his Siyaasah is corrupt, and it will cause more harm than good. If it rectifies one affair based on his limited [or deficient] opinions, then indeed it greatly corrupts from another angle. So, this makes it incumbent that one contemplates on the state of affairs of those who base their Siyaasah on their desires and opinions, and became distanced from the religion of Islaam, you will find -after contemplating – that either all that Siyaasah is corrupt or most of it, and that if it rectifies an affair from one angle, it corrupts from another angle. So, based on this, separation between Siyaasah and Religion is a sinful deed and it is obligated on the one who seeks to rectify himself and others that he does so only based on the religion of Islaam. [Ref 3]

Rebuttal Against The Extremists – Those Who Initiate Rebellion And Bloodshed

Even though ruling by other than the Sharee’ah is a sin, however neither is it allowed to rush and declare that a Muslim ruler is an unbeliever nor can this judgement be given by anyone besides the upright scholars. Also, even if a Muslim ruler is declared an unbeliever by the upright scholars, it does not mean that the Muslims are to remove him from the position of rulership by way of rebellion. Must read articles in the links below:

Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamā’ah believe that rebellion against the rulers is forbidden

https://www.abukhadeejah.com/ahlus-sunnah-wal-jamaah-believe-that-rebellion-against-the-rulers-is-forbidden/

 

The Tyranny Of The Rulers, A Reason For Rebellion?

https://www.abukhadeejah.com/the-tyranny-of-the-rulers-a-reason-for-rebellion/

 

The Meaning of Tāghūt and its Relation to Kufr and Judging the Rulers to be Disbelievers

https://www.abukhadeejah.com/the-meaning-of-taghut-according-to-the-early-scholars/

 

Shaykh al-Fawzaan: Applying the Label of ‘Kharijite’ to Those Involved in Bombings and Who Resemble the Baatiniyyah and Secret Orders

http://www.takfiris.com/takfir/articles/ocpfv-shaykh-al-fawzaan-applying-the-label-of-kharijite-to-those-involved-in-bombings.cfm

 

A Lesson from History: The Kharijite Who Engineered the Slaughter of Sunni Scholars at the Hands of the Ubaydi Baatini Shi’ah

http://www.takfiris.com/takfir/articles/dvbrv-the-kharijite-who-engineered-the-slaughter-of-sunni-scholars-at-the-hands-of-the-ubaydi-baatini-shiah.cfm

 

All of the Khārijite Sects Hold the View of Rebellion Against the Oppressive Ruler

http://www.kharijites.com/kj/articles/oewnjbddv-all-of-the-kharijite-sects-hold-the-view-of-rebellion-against-the-oppressive-ruler.cfm


[Ref 1: Majmoo Fataawaa Wa Maqaalaat Mutanawwi’ah 1/268]

[Ref 2: See At-taleeq Alaa As-Siyaasah Ash-Shar’iyyah. Slightly paraphrased. Page 5 by Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saaleh al-Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah)]

[Ref 3:  https://binothaimeen.net/content/7366. Paraphrased]